crack detection
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2022 ◽  
Vol 134 ◽  
pp. 104065
Author(s):  
Paulina Stałowska ◽  
Czesław Suchocki ◽  
Miłosława Rutkowska

2022 ◽  
Vol 315 ◽  
pp. 110798
Author(s):  
Bhavya Botta ◽  
Sai Swaroop Reddy Gattam ◽  
Ashis Kumar Datta

Author(s):  
Bo Chen ◽  
Hua Zhang ◽  
Yonglong Li ◽  
Shuang Wang ◽  
Huaifang Zhou ◽  
...  

Abstract An increasing number of detection methods based on computer vision are applied to detect cracks in water conservancy infrastructure. However, most studies directly use existing feature extraction networks to extract cracks information, which are proposed for open-source datasets. As the cracks distribution and pixel features are different from these data, the extracted cracks information is incomplete. In this paper, a deep learning-based network for dam surface crack detection is proposed, which mainly addresses the semantic segmentation of cracks on the dam surface. Particularly, we design a shallow encoding network to extract features of crack images based on the statistical analysis of cracks. Further, to enhance the relevance of contextual information, we introduce an attention module into the decoding network. During the training, we use the sum of Cross-Entropy and Dice Loss as the loss function to overcome data imbalance. The quantitative information of cracks is extracted by the imaging principle after using morphological algorithms to extract the morphological features of the predicted result. We built a manual annotation dataset containing 1577 images to verify the effectiveness of the proposed method. This method achieves the state-of-the-art performance on our dataset. Specifically, the precision, recall, IoU, F1_measure, and accuracy achieve 90.81%, 81.54%, 75.23%, 85.93%, 99.76%, respectively. And the quantization error of cracks is less than 4%.


2022 ◽  
Vol ahead-of-print (ahead-of-print) ◽  
Author(s):  
Ilesanmi Daniyan ◽  
Khumbulani Mpofu ◽  
Samuel Nwankwo

PurposeThe need to examine the integrity of infrastructure in the rail industry in order to improve its reliability and reduce the chances of breakdown due to defects has brought about development of an inspection and diagnostic robot.Design/methodology/approachIn this study, an inspection robot was designed for detecting crack, corrosion, missing clips and wear on rail track facilities. The robot is designed to use infrared and ultrasonic sensors for obstacles avoidance and crack detection, two 3D-profilometer for wear detection as well as cameras with high resolution to capture real time images and colour sensors for corrosion detection. The robot is also designed with cameras placed in front of it with colour sensors at each side to assist in the detection of corrosion in the rail track. The image processing capability of the robot will permit the analysis of the type and depth of the crack and corrosion captured in the track. The computer aided design and modeling of the robot was carried out using the Solidworks software version 2018 while the simulation of the proposed system was carried out in the MATLAB 2020b environment.FindingsThe results obtained present three frameworks for wear, corrosion and missing clips as well as crack detection. In addition, the design data for the development of the integrated robotic system is also presented in the work. The confusion matrix resulting from the simulation of the proposed system indicates significant sensitivity and accuracy of the system to the presence and detection of fault respectively. Hence, the work provides a design framework for detecting and analysing the presence of defects on the rail track.Practical implicationsThe development and the implementation of the designed robot will bring about a more proactive way to monitor rail track conditions and detect rail track defects so that effort can be geared towards its restoration before it becomes a major problem thus increasing the rail network capacity and availability.Originality/valueThe novelty of this work is based on the fact that the system is designed to work autonomously to avoid obstacles and check for cracks, missing clips, wear and corrosion in the rail tracks with a system of integrated and coordinated components.


2022 ◽  
Vol 2022 ◽  
pp. 1-14
Author(s):  
Liming Li ◽  
Shubin Zheng ◽  
Chenxi Wang ◽  
Shuguang Zhao ◽  
Xiaodong Chai ◽  
...  

This work presents a new method for sleeper crack identification based on cascade convolutional neural network (CNN) to address the problem of low efficiency and poor accuracy in the traditional detection method of sleeper crack identification. The proposed algorithm mainly includes improved You Only Look Once version 3 (YOLOv3) and the crack recognition network, where the crack recognition network includes two modules, the crack encoder-decoder network (CEDNet) and the crack residual refinement network (CRRNet). The improved YOLOv3 network is used to identify and locate cracks on sleepers and segment them after the sleeper on the ballast bed is extracted by using the gray projection method. The sleeper is inputted into CEDNet for crack feature extraction to predict the coarse crack saliency map. The prediction graph is inputted into CRRNet to improve its edge information and local region to achieve optimization. The accuracy of the crack identification model is improved by using a mixed loss function of binary cross-entropy (BCE), structural similarity index measure (SSIM), and intersection over union (IOU). Results show that this method can accurately detect the sleeper crack image. During object detection, the proposed method is compared with YOLOv3 in terms of directly locating sleeper cracks. It has an accuracy of 96.3%, a recall rate of 91.2%, a mean average precision (mAP) of 91.5%, and frames per second (FPS) of 76.6/s. In the crack extraction part, the F-weighted is 0.831, mean absolute error (MAE) is 0.0157, and area under the curve (AUC) is 0.9453. The proposed method has better recognition, higher efficiency, and robustness compared with the other network models.


2022 ◽  
pp. 147592172110535
Author(s):  
Yang Yu ◽  
Maria Rashidi ◽  
Bijan Samali ◽  
Masoud Mohammadi ◽  
Thuc N Nguyen ◽  
...  

With the rapid increase of ageing infrastructures worldwide, effective and robust inspection techniques are highly demanding to evaluate structural conditions and residual lifetime. The damages on structural surfaces, for example, spalling, crack, rebar buckling and exposure, are important indicators to assess the structural condition. In fact, several state-of-the-art automated inspection techniques using these indicators have been developed to reduce human-conducted onsite inspection activities. However, the efficiency of these techniques is still required to be improved in terms of accuracy and computational cost. In this study, a vision-based crack diagnosis method is developed using deep convolutional neural network (DCNN) and enhanced chicken swarm algorithm (ECSA). A DCNN model is designed with a deep architecture, consisting of six convolutional layers, two pooling layers and three fully connected layers. To enhance the generalisation capacity of trained model, ECSA is introduced to optimize meta-parameters of the DCNN model. The model is trained and tested using image patches cropped from raw images obtained from damaged concrete samples. Finally, a comparative study on different crack detection techniques is conducted to evaluate performance of the proposed method via a group of statistical evaluation indicators.


Metals ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
pp. 88
Author(s):  
Christine Lozano ◽  
Maggie Langston ◽  
Mohammad H. Kashefizadeh ◽  
Gary S. Prinz

Lock gates are an important part of the transportation infrastructure within the United States (US). Unfortunately, many existing lock gates have reached or exceeded their initial design lives and require frequent repairs to remain in service. Unscheduled repairs often increase as gates age, having a local economic impact on freight transport, which can create economic ripples throughout the nation. Metal fatigue is a key cause of unscheduled service interruptions, degrading lock gate components over time. Additionally, because lock gates are submerged during operation, crack detection prior to component failure can be difficult, and repair costs can be high. This paper presents an analytical and experimental investigation into fatigue damage within common lock gate geometries, as well as fatigue mitigation strategies with a focus on extending gate service lives. Detailed finite element analyses are combined with fatigue and fracture mechanics theories to predict critical fatigue regions within common gate details and develop retrofit strategies for mitigating fatigue cracking. Full-scale experimental fatigue testing of a critical lock gate component is conducted to provide a baseline for the evaluation of retrofit strategies. Retrofit strategies and issues in using carbon fiber reinforced polymer (CFRP) plates having optimized pre-stress levels are discussed.


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