uterine anomalies
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2022 ◽  
Vol 9 (3) ◽  
pp. 8-11
Pranay Kumar Madasi ◽  
Arshad Rajmohammed Shaikh

Abstract Background: Due to the high prevalence and possible impact on the reproductive health of the of woman, congenital uterine malformation of female genital tract is a challenge for the therapeutic decision-making process. The current study aimed to evaluate the morphological anomalies of the uterus as observed by modern investigation techniques. Methods: This cross-sectional observational study was done in Prathima Institute of Medical Sciences, Nagnoor, Karimnagar, Telangana state. Women who were infertile and anxious to conceive and women were subjected to 2D ultrasound Screening followed by Hysterosalpingography. Those women who were fertile and found to have uterine anomalies and needed reconfirmation of the provisional diagnosis were subjected to Hysterosalpingography. Results: Out of n=300 cases studied n=288 (96%) were with normal uterine anatomy and n=12 (4%) cases were detected with uterine malformations as seen by USG. N=5 (40.5%) had a Bicornuate Uterus. While uterus didelphys and unicornuate uterus were seen in n=2 (16.67%) each. Arcuate uterus, uterine septum, uterine Aplasia/Hypoplasia were seen in n=1(8.33%) women each respectively. Conclusion: Due to the psychological consequences associated with infertility, the effects of uterine anomalies on the life of women are very important. It is critical to know the exact nature of the anomaly, to plan for the most appropriate treatment modality. As most of these anomalies cannot be rectified by medical management, they need surgical correction. For optimal results, it is important to know the exact type of anomaly for surgical correction. The 2D USG can be recommended as the basic modality to evaluate uterine anomalies. HSG/MRI may be used to delineate detail of anomalies if initially detected by the 2D scan.

Mukta Jain ◽  
Komal Vijaywargiya ◽  
Aayushi Ruia

Congenital uterine anomalies occur due to abnormal fusion of Mullerian duct during embryonic life. It is associated with high incidences of reproductive failures and adverse obstetrical outcomes. It may be associated with malpresentation, preterm labour or recurrent pregnancy losses. The association of congenital anomalies and early pregnancy loss has been well established but its adverse effect on late pregnancy in form of malpresentation, preterm deliveries has not yet been elaborated. Hence, this case series aimed to summarize the incidence and perinatal outcome of pregnancy in women with congenital uterine anomalies undergoing cesarean section. This was a case series which was conducted on women who underwent cesarean section at P. C. Sethi hospital, Indore between time period of October 2020 to September 2021. Out of total 1835 cesarean undergoing patients, 12 patients were found to have uterine anomalies. Out of 12 patients, 9 (75%) patients were associated with malpresentation, 4 (33.3%) patients had preterm delivery and 6 (50%) patients had low birth weight babies. Hence it can be said that women with congenital uterine anomalies were at higher incidence of malpresentation and preterm deliveries. Presence of congenital uterine anomalies were associated with adverse obstetrical outcome. This knowledge warrants the need for a larger case control study to extrapolate these findings to the general population and also to recommend the need for universal prenatal screening for uterine anomalies to improve the obstetrical and perinatal outcome in patients with uterine anomalies.

2021 ◽  
Vol 9 ◽  
Mark J. C. M. van Dam ◽  
Bas S. H. J. Zegers ◽  
Michiel F. Schreuder

Unilateral renal agenesis and multicystic dysplastic kidney, resulting in a contralateral solitary functioning kidney (SFK), are part of the broad spectrum of congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract (CAKUT). In girls with SFK, screening for asymptomatic Müllerian anomalies of uterus and vagina is not yet routinely performed, and therefore often overlooked until clinical complications in the menstrual cycle or fertility process occur. In this case series, we report on four teenagers with congenital SFK presenting with menstrual problems due to a Müllerian anomaly. Routine peri-menarchal screening for Müllerian anomalies in girls with SFK may provide timely counseling, surgical treatment and prevention of associated complications such as endometriosis, infertility and miscarriages.

Veena Rajput

Dysmenorrhea is a common ailment among women that can cause substantial physical and emotional suffering as well as life disruption. Women, on the other hand, may not seek professional help in order to alleviate this ailment. It is usually primary (functional) in teens and young adults, and is linked with normal ovulatory cycles and no pelvic disease. Reproductive age. Pelvic abnormalities such as endometriosis or uterine anomalies are observed in about 10% of adolescents and young adults with severe dysmenorrhea symptoms. Dysmenorrhea is the most prevalent cause of recurring short-term school absence in adolescent girls and a common condition in reproductive-age women.

2021 ◽  
pp. 1-4
Zuhdi Khalid Nagshabandi ◽  
Bindu Isaac ◽  
Inshia Begum

Congenital uterine anomalies are an uncommon type of female genital malformations caused by abnormal development of müllerian ducts during embryogenesis. Patients with an obstructive uterine anomaly have a higher risk of developing gynecological and obstetric complications that may present at menarche or later in life. We present a case of severe dysmenorrhea in a young teenager caused by obstructive hematometra in a noncommunicating horn of the unicornuate uterus. A differential diagnosis of a possible anomaly was made using 2-dimensional pelvic ultrasonography, which was later confirmed using MRI that revealed an anomalous uterine cavity with a single left-sided cornua communicating with the cervix and a distended right-sided rudimentary horn. She underwent a right salpingectomy with rudimentary horn excision, which was successfully managed laparoscopically. This case emphasizes the importance of physicians being cognizant in identifying patients with uterine anomaly to provide appropriate treatment and prevent adverse reproductive outcomes.

Tanaya Acharyya ◽  
Bandana Shyam Gohain ◽  
Kripanath Morang

Congenital uterine anomalies or mullerian anomalies are prevalent in 0.4 to 10% of women in general and are often manifested by reproductive challenges like miscarriage, premature labor, premature rupture of membranes or malpresentation. Having a bilateral pregnancy in a bicornuate uterus is extremely rare, especially if it is a spontaneous conception.

2021 ◽  
Vol 10 (21) ◽  
pp. 4797
Min-A Kim ◽  
Hyo Sun Kim ◽  
Young-Han Kim

Congenital uterine anomalies (CUA) may influence reproductive performance, resulting in adverse pregnancy associated complications. This study aimed to assess the association of CUA subtypes with reproductive, obstetric, and perinatal outcomes. We performed a systematic search of the MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane libraries for studies comparing pregnancy outcomes between women with CUA and those with a normal uterus. The random effects model was used to estimate the odds ratios (ORs) with a 95% confidence interval (CI). Women with CUA had a lower rate of live births (OR 0.47; 95% CI 0.33–0.69), and a higher rate of first trimester miscarriage (OR, 1.79; 95% CI 1.34–2.4), second trimester miscarriage (OR 2.92; 95% CI 1.35–6.32), preterm birth (OR 2.98; 95% CI 2.43–3.65), malpresentation (OR 9.1; 95% CI 5.88–14.08), cesarean section (OR 2.87; 95% CI 1.56–5.26), and placental abruption (OR 3.12; 95% CI 1.58–6.18). Women with canalization defects appear to have the poorest reproductive performance during early pregnancy. However, unification defects were associated with obstetric and neonatal outcomes throughout the course of pregnancy. It may be beneficial for clinicians to advise on potential complications that may be increased depending on the type and severity of CUA.

Reut Rotem ◽  
Moshe Barg ◽  
Hen Y. Sela ◽  
Sorina Grisaru-Granovsky ◽  
Misgav Rottenstreich

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