appropriate treatment
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2022 ◽  
Vol 11 (1) ◽  
pp. 130
Oscar Navarro-Martinez ◽  
Beatriz Peña-Acuña

In the last two decades, the great technological advances sweeping society have made inroads into the educational sphere. The use of information and communication technology and social networks has opened up new possibilities for student learning, which require appropriate treatment by family and teachers. This quantitative study takes a new approach to investigating the relationship between Spanish teenage students’ academic success and their use of technology and social networks. It analyses data published in the 2018 PISA report to assess whether the use of these resources is appropriate, and to determine their impact on students’ learning and performance in reading, mathematics and science. The study takes a new approach in terms of the variables selected and the analysis of the data through two statistical measures. The results suggest that excessive use of technology and social networks, both during the week and at weekends, impairs performance. This finding is more acute in the case of male students, as the data indicates that they start at an earlier age and are more likely to use social media for the detrimental activity of online gaming.

Tomoyuki Nagai ◽  
Muneaki Shimada ◽  
Hideki Tokunaga ◽  
Mitsuya Ishikawa ◽  
Nobuo Yaegashi

Abstract Objective The mainstay of treatment for uterine endometrial cancer is surgery, and recurrent-risk cases require multidisciplinary treatment, including surgery, chemotherapy and radiation therapy. Methods The standard surgery for uterine endometrial cancer is hysterectomy and bilateral salpingooophorectomy, with additional retroperitoneal lymph node dissection and omentectomy, depending on the case. The appropriate treatment is determined based on the risk classification, such as the depth of invasion into the myometrium, diagnosis of histological type and grade, and risk assessment of lymph node metastasis. Results Recently, minimally invasive surgery has been widely used not only in low-risk patients but also in intermediate- and high-risk patients. In low-risk patients, the possibility of ovarian preservation is discussed from a healthcare perspective for young women. Determining the need for retroperitoneal lymph node dissection based on sentinel lymph node evaluation may contribute in minimizing the incidence of post-operative lymphedema while ensuring accurate diagnosis of lymph node metastasis. Recently, many studies using sentinel lymph nodes have been reported for patients with uterine endometrial cancer, and the feasibility of sentinel lymph node mapping surgery has been proven. Unfortunately, sentinel lymph node biopsy and sentinel lymph node mapping surgery have not been widely adopted in surgery for uterine cancer in Japan. In addition, the search for biomarkers, such as RNA sequencing using The Cancer Genome Atlas, metabolic profile and lipidomic profile for early detection and prognostic evaluation, has been actively pursued. Conclusions Gynecologic oncologists expect to be able to provide uterine endometrial cancer patients with appropriate treatment that preserves their quality of life without compromising oncologic outcomes in the near future.

2022 ◽  
Vol 7 (2) ◽  
pp. 87-89
Anupam Kaur ◽  
Amandeep Kaur

Macrodactyly is a rare congenital malformation with clinical manifestations such as enlargement of soft tissue and osseous elements. It causes various health issues such as pain, difficulty in wearing shoes, impairment in ambulatory ability and gait development, aesthetic problem, and psychological issues. The aetiology of macrodactyly is ambiguous; however, its association with PIK3CA /AKT1 genes has been reported recently. In the present study, a rare congenital macrodactyly of second and third toe of right foot along with deformed leg in 16-year-old girl has been reported. A progressive increase in the size of the second and third toe of the right foot and deformed reddish swollen area on the same lower leg below knee was seen in the patient. The malformation was present at the time of birth and at the age of one year the patient was operated for macrodactyly, but again the toe progressively increased to the previous size. She was presented with multiple health problems. There was no positive family history and/or other congenital malformation. Thus, it was suggested that due to variable phenotypic manifestations, appropriate treatment should be chosen for the patient individually.

2022 ◽  
Jyostna Bodapati ◽  
Rohith V N ◽  
Venkatesulu Dondeti

Abstract Pneumonia is the primary cause of death in children under the age of 5 years. Faster and more accurate laboratory testing aids in the prescription of appropriate treatment for children suspected of having pneumonia, lowering mortality. In this work, we implement a deep neural network model to efficiently evaluate pediatric pneumonia from chest radio graph images. Our network uses a combination of convolutional and capsule layers to capture abstract details as well as low level hidden features from the the radio graphic images, allowing the model to generate more generic predictions. Furthermore, we combine several capsule networks by stacking them together and connected them with dense layers. The joint model is trained as a single model using joint loss and the weights of the capsule layers are updated using the dynamic routing algorithm. The proposed model is evaluated using benchmark pneumonia dataset\cite{kermany2018identifying}, and the outcomes of our experimental studies indicate that the capsules employed in the network enhance the learning of disease level features that are essential in diagnosing pneumonia. According to our comparison studies, the proposed model with Convolution base from InceptionV3 attached with Capsule layers at the end surpasses several existing models by achieving an accuracy of 94.84\%. The proposed model is superior in terms of various performance measures such as accuracy and recall, and is well suited to real-time pediatric pneumonia diagnosis, substituting manual chest radiography examination.

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
Geetha Parthasarathy ◽  
Shiva Kumar Goud Gadila

AbstractEven after appropriate treatment, a proportion of Lyme disease patients suffer from a constellation of symptoms, collectively called Post-Treatment Lyme Disease Syndrome (PTLDS). Brain PET scan of patients with PTLDS have demonstrated likely glial activation indicating persistent neuroinflammatory processes. It is possible that unresolved bacterial remnants can continue to cause neuroinflammation. In previous studies, we have shown that non-viable Borrelia burgdorferi can induce neuroinflammation and apoptosis in an oligodendrocyte cell line. In this follow-up study, we analyze the effect of sonicated remnants of B. burgdorferi on primary rhesus frontal cortex (FC) and dorsal root ganglion (DRG) explants. Five FC and three DRG tissue fragments from rhesus macaques were exposed to sonicated B. burgdorferi and analyzed for 26 inflammatory mediators. Live bacteria and medium alone served as positive and negative control, respectively. Tissues were also analyzed for cell types mediating inflammation and overall apoptotic changes. Non-viable B. burgdorferi induced significant levels of several inflammatory mediators in both FC and DRG, similar to live bacteria. However, the levels induced by non-viable B. burgdorferi was often (several fold) higher than those induced by live ones, especially for IL-6, CXCL8 and CCL2. This effect was also more profound in the FC than in the DRG. Although the levels often differed, both live and dead fragments induced the same mediators, with significant overlap between FC and DRG. In the FC, immunohistochemical staining for several inflammatory mediators showed the presence of multiple mediators in astrocytes, followed by microglia and oligodendrocytes, in response to bacterial remnants. Staining was also seen in endothelial cells. In the DRG, chemokine/cytokine staining was predominantly seen in S100 positive (glial) cells. B. burgdorferi remnants also induced significant levels of apoptosis in both the FC and DRG. Apoptosis was confined to S100 + cells in the DRG while distinct neuronal apoptosis was also detected in most FC tissues in response to sonicated bacteria. Non-viable B. burgdorferi can continue to be neuropathogenic to both CNS and PNS tissues with effects likely more profound in the former. Persistence of remnant-induced neuroinflammatory processes can lead to long term health consequences.

2022 ◽  
Vol 8 ◽  
Qilong Wang ◽  
Zhihua Cheng ◽  
Liang Tang ◽  
Qi Wang ◽  
Ping Zhang ◽  

Herein, we report the case of a 59-year-old man with intermittent claudication of ~100 m, who complained of resting pain in his lower right extremity. A pelvic, contrast-enhanced, computed tomography scan showed the presence of cystic density in the lower segment of the right common femoral artery. Faced with the risk of acute limb ischemia, we navigated a challenging diagnostic procedure to choose an appropriate treatment for him. Additionally, we performed a pathological investigation of the excised common femoral artery following the excision bypass. On postoperative day 5, the patient was discharged from the hospital. During the 2-year follow-up, no new cysts were discovered, and the patient had favorable prognosis.

F1000Research ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 11 ◽  
pp. 30
Hani A. Naseef ◽  
Ula Mohammad ◽  
Nimeh Al-Shami ◽  
Yousef Sahoury ◽  
Abdallah D. Abukhalil ◽  

Background: Diagnosis of co-infections with multiple pathogens among hospitalized coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients can be jointly challenging and essential for appropriate treatment, shortening hospital stays and preventing antimicrobial resistance. This study proposes to investigate the burden of bacterial and fungal co-infections outcomes on COVID-19 patients. It is a single center cross-sectional study of hospitalized COVID-19 patients at Beit-Jala hospital in Palestine. Methods: The study included 321 hospitalized patients admitted to the ICU between June 2020 and March 2021 aged ≥20 years, with a confirmed diagnosis of COVID-19 via reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction assay conducted on a nasopharyngeal swab. The patient's information was gathered using graded data forms from electronic medical reports. Results: The diagnosis of bacterial and fungal infection was proved through the patient’s clinical presentation and positive blood or sputum culture results. All cases had received empirical antimicrobial therapy before the intensive care unit (ICU) admission, and different regimens during the ICU stay. The rate of bacterial co-infection was 51.1%, mainly from gram-negative isolates (Enterobacter species and K.pneumoniae). The rate of fungal co-infection caused by A.fumigatus was 48.9%, and the mortality rate was 8.1%. However, it is unclear if it had been attributed to SARS-CoV-2 or coincidental. Conclusions: Bacterial and fungal co-infection is common among COVID-19 patients at the ICU in Palestine, but it is not obvious if these cases are attributed to SARS-CoV-2 or coincidental, because little data is available to compare it with the rates of secondary infection in local ICU departments before the pandemic. Comprehensively, those conclusions present data supporting a conservative antibiotic administration for severely unwell COVID-19 infected patients. Our examination regarding the impacts of employing antifungals to manage COVID-19 patients can work as a successful reference for future COVID-19 therapy.

2022 ◽  
Vol 18 ◽  
Khatereh Khamenehpour ◽  
Abolfazl Mahyar ◽  
Fatemeh Bagherabadi ◽  
Samaneh Rouhi ◽  
Zahra Sadat Mohammadi

Background: Children are one of the most important groups at risk of catching the influenza infection. The consequences of influenza in some children, especially children with chronic and underlying diseases, can be very severe and lead to hospitalization. Objective: Purpose of this research was to determine children with influenza and their clinical and laboratory findings in Qazvin children hospital between 2015 to 2020 years. Methods: In this descriptive cross-sectional study, epidemiological and clinical finding of children hospitalized due to confirmed influenza were considered. A total of 1468 children with a suspected diagnosis to influenza were included in this study. Then, based on the Real-time Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) a total of 229 were confirmed positive to influenza. Statistical analysis was done using software SPSS 23.0, Analysis Of Variance (ANOVA) and t-test (p≤0.05). Results: Most of patients (53.7%) were infected with influenza H1N1 type. Most comorbidity was observed with Central Nervous System (CNS) disease and febrile seizure (each one 3.10%). Highest clinical feature was fever (83.4%). Significant relationship was observed between the season (p=0.001), sore in throat (p=0.001), febrile seizure (p=0.051), muscle and joint pain (p=0.059), rhinorrhea (p=0.006) and shiver (p=0.051) and occurrence of influenza. Also 4 children had died from influenza during hospitalization. Conclusion: Children with influenza disease were found in this study. Influenza has some side effects on children health. Due to the irreversible and dangerous effects of the influenza, early diagnosis and appropriate treatment in children is important.

Rahmathulla Safiyul Rahman ◽  
Ali Saeed Alharbi ◽  
Bassam Ahmed Basaben ◽  
Ahmad Adnan Alsalman ◽  
Anas Sulaiman Aljohani ◽  

Colon polyps might originate from the submucosa including lymphoid aggregates, carcinoids and lipomas. On the other hand, most polyps usually arise from the mucosa and include various types, whether neoplastic or not. The prognosis and treatment of these lesions depend on establishing an adequate diagnosis to rule out the presence of malignancy. Therefore, clinicians should be aware of each subclassification's different types and presentations to achieve the best outcomes. When conducting colonoscopy screening for colorectal cancer, colorectal polyps are commonly discovered. The prevalence of these lesions is high. However, most of them do not have any clinical significance. On the other hand, evidence shows that some polyps might have premalignant characteristics, which are usually challenging to manage in clinical practice. Therefore, evidence shows that the most appropriate approach to managing these lesions and achieving the best prognosis would be identifying and treating them as early as possible before complications appear to intervene against potential morbidities and mortality. Clinicians should consider the wide variations of colorectal cancer to establish the most appropriate diagnosis. A histological diagnosis is essential in these events to exclude malignancy and decide the most appropriate treatment plan.

Antibiotics ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 11 (1) ◽  
pp. 83
Sander G. Kuiper ◽  
Maarten Ploeger ◽  
Erik B. Wilms ◽  
Marleen M. van Dijk ◽  
Emiel Leegwater ◽  

Chronic bacterial prostatitis is increasingly difficult to treat due to rising antimicrobial resistance limiting oral treatment options. In this case series, 11 men with CBP (including patients with urological comorbidities) due to multi-resistant E. coli were treated with once-daily ceftriaxone intravenously for 6 weeks. Nine patients were clinically cured at 3 months follow up. No early withdrawal of medication due to side effects occurred. A literature review was conducted to describe the prostate pharmacokinetics of ceftriaxone and its use in prostatic infection. In conclusion, ceftriaxone can be considered an appropriate treatment of chronic bacterial prostatitis.

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