First Trimester
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Author(s):  
Fadi Bsat ◽  
Barbra M. Fisher ◽  
Trisha Malisch ◽  
Vanita Jain

The American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine and multiple national organizations have published the indications for fetal echocardiogram and for the detailed first trimester obstetric ultrasound. We present the corresponding International Classification of Diseases, 10th Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-10-CM) codes for those indications. Key Points


Author(s):  
Daniel L. Rolnik ◽  
Roshan J. Selvaratnam ◽  
Dagmar Wertaschnigg ◽  
Simon Meagher ◽  
Euan Wallace ◽  
...  

GYNECOLOGY ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 23 (5) ◽  
pp. 448-453
Author(s):  
Iuliia E. Dobrokhotova ◽  
Sonia Zh. Danelian ◽  
Ekaterina I. Borovkova ◽  
Elena A. Nagaitseva ◽  
Dzhamilia Kh. Sarakhova ◽  
...  

Uterine fibroids (UF) are the most common tumor in women of reproductive age. The growth of myomatous nodes during pregnancy is non-linear and mainly occurs in the first trimester. In most cases, UF do not burden the course of pregnancy. Large size (5 cm), retroplacental location, and/or deformity of the uterine cavity by the myomatous node are associated with increased risks of spontaneous miscarriage, placental abruption, bleeding, preterm birth, and cesarean section. Myomectomy during pregnancy is undesirable, with the development of pain syndrome, the use of acetaminophen is safe. Indications for cesarean section in UF are the presence of a large size of fibroids that prevent delivery through the natural birth canal, red degeneration of myomatous nodes, torsion of the subserous myomatous node (degree 2C).


Author(s):  
Dyuti Dubey ◽  
Usha Agrawal ◽  
Rekha Sapkal

Background: Around half of all pregnant women experience vomiting, and more than 80% of women experience nausea in the first 12 weeks. Women with severe nausea and vomiting during pregnancy may have hyperemesis gravidarum (HG), an entity distinct from nausea and vomiting of pregnancy (NVP), which if left untreated may lead to significant maternal and foetal morbidity. In our study, we studied, clinical and laboratory parameters in patients presenting with excessive vomiting. The study may help in evaluating what is the major clinical problem encountered during treatment and how many days of care are needed in such cases.Methods: The study design was a prospective observational study. Patients attending the ANC clinic and emergency indoor cases at Peoples college of medical sciences, Bhopal were considered as study population. 100 patients who satisfied inclusion and exclusion criteria were included in the study. Patient’s sociodemographic variables, detailed obstetric history, clinical and laboratory parameters were recorded. Results obtained were analysed and tabulated.Results: Persistence of vomiting in the first trimester leading to dehydration and hospitalization was documented in 12% of patients. The 5% of then had metabolic acidosis and 1% required correction of starvation ketoacidosis, but there was not significant weight loss observed in any of the case. Liver function test were normal in almost in all cases except 9% had raised serum alkaline phosphatase levels.Conclusions: All cases with vomiting in early pregnancy should receive attention and exclusion of all emergency clinical conditions. Patient should be screened for urine tract infection and diabetes in all cases. 


Author(s):  
Sharanbasappa Japatti ◽  
Bhavesh Dhoke ◽  
Georgina Dhalwale ◽  
Priyanka Taneja

<p>Aplasia of mandibular condyle is one of the several facial manifestations of many syndromes. It is considered as an extremely exceptional stipulation, if it is not seen as a part of any syndrome. The incidence expected 1 in 5600. It occurs due to the growth instability in development of condyle in the intrauterine life, late in the first trimester. It is not discernible at birth and seems to be steadily acquired during the growth. We report a case of condylar aplasia on the right side in an 18-year-old female. The patient reported to the department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery at ACPM dental College, Dhule, with a chief complaint of underdeveloped lower jaw. The etiology of this condition was unknown, clinical examination and conventional radiographs revealed complete absence of condyle on the right side. A proper diagnosis along with the differentiation from the syndromic cases is of importance. The aim of this article is to present a case with peculiar type of non-syndromic condylar aplasia. <strong></strong></p>


2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
Jia-Ning Tong ◽  
Lin-Lin Wu ◽  
Yi-Xuan Chen ◽  
Xiao-Nian Guan ◽  
Kan Liu ◽  
...  

Abstract Purpose Previous studies have suggested that first-trimester fasting plasma glucose (FPG) is associated with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and is a predictor of GDM. The aim of the present study was to explore whether first-trimester FPG levels can be used as a screening and diagnostic test for GDM in pregnant women. Methods This retrospective study included pregnant women who had their first-trimester FPG recorded at 9-13+6 weeks and underwent screening for GDM using the 2-hour 75 g oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) between 24th and 28th gestational weeks. The cut-off values were calculated using a receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. Results The medical records of 28,030 pregnant women were analysed, and 4,669 (16.66%) of them were diagnosed with GDM. The mean first-trimester FPG was 4.62 ± 0.37 mmol/L. The total trend in the optimal cut-off value of first-trimester FPG in pregnant women was 4.735 mmol/L, with a sensitivity of 49%, a specificity of 67.6% and AUC of 0.608 (95% CI: 0.598-0.617, p༜0.001). Moreover, as the maternal age increased, the optimal cut-off values increased, respectively. The results suggest that first-trimester FPG can be considered a marker for identifying pregnant women with GDM. Conclusion The level of first-trimester FPG increased slightly with maternal age and, as maternal age increased, the optimal cut-off values increased, especially after age 30. The first-trimester FPG should be considered a screening marker when diagnosing GDM in pregnant women.


2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
Mathilde Bergamelli ◽  
Hélène Martin ◽  
Yann Aubert ◽  
Jean-Michel Mansuy ◽  
Marlène Marcellin ◽  
...  

Although placental small extracellular vesicles (sEVs) are extensively studied in the context of pregnancy, little is known about their role during human cytomegalovirus (hCMV) congenital infection, especially at the beginning of pregnancy. In this study, we examined the consequences of hCMV infection on sEVs production and composition using an immortalized human cytotrophoblast cell line derived from first trimester placenta. By combining complementary approaches of biochemistry, imaging techniques and quantitative proteomic analysis, we showed that hCMV infection increased the yield of sEVs produced by cytotrophoblasts and modified their protein composition towards a proviral phenotype. We further demonstrated that sEVs secreted by hCMV-infected cytotrophoblasts potentiated infection in naive recipient cells of fetal origin, including neural stem cells. Importantly, the enhancement of hCMV infection was also observed with sEVs prepared from either an ex vivo model of infected histocultures from early placenta or from the amniotic fluid of patients naturally infected by hCMV at the beginning of pregnancy. Based on these findings, we propose that placental sEVs could be key actors favoring viral dissemination to the fetal brain during hCMV congenital infection.


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