gamma knife radiosurgery
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2022 ◽  
Yavuz Samanci ◽  
Gokce Deniz Ardor ◽  
Selcuk Peker

Abstract Background: Outcomes of Gamma Knife Radiosurgery (GKRS) for tuberculum sellae meningiomas (TSMs) have not been reported explicitly within any meningioma series. We present the first and largest TSM series with clinical, radiosurgical, and outcome features for 78 consecutive patients managed with GKRS. Methods: Patients who underwent GKRS for TSMs between 2005 and 2021 and had a minimum of 6 months of follow-up were included. Medical records, imaging studies, and follow-up examinations were evaluated retrospectively.Results: A total of 78 patients with a median age of 50.5 years were included. SRS was conducted as an upfront treatment for 38 patients (48.7%). The median target volume was 1.7 cm3 (range, 0.1-14.6). During a median follow-up of 78.5 months, the cumulative PFS rates of the whole cohort at 1, 5, and 10 years by Kaplan-Meier analysis were 100%, 97.9%, and 94.5%, respectively. Of 47 patients with impaired vision, improvement and/or preservation of visual acuity and visual field were achieved in 55.3% and 42.6%, respectively. No new-onset hormonal deficits were observed.Conclusions: Based on our data, SRS represents an effective and safe modality for unresected or recurrent/residual TSMs. SRS should be offered to patients who are not willing or not ideal candidates for surgery.

2022 ◽  
Vol 3 (2) ◽  

BACKGROUND Late pathology after vestibular schwannoma radiosurgery is uncommon. The authors presented a case of a resected hemorrhagic mass 13 years after radiosurgery, when no residual tumor was found. OBSERVATIONS A 56-year-old man with multiple comorbidities, including myelodysplastic syndrome cirrhosis, received Gamma Knife surgery for a left vestibular schwannoma. After 11 years of stable imaging assessments, the lesion showed gradual growth until a syncopal event occurred 2 years later, accompanied by progressive facial weakness and evidence of intralesional hemorrhage, which led to resection. However, histopathological analysis of the resected specimen showed hemorrhage and reactive tissue but no definitive residual tumor. LESSONS This case demonstrated histopathological evidence for the role of radiosurgery in complete elimination of tumor tissue. Radiosurgery for vestibular schwannoma carries a rare risk for intralesional hemorrhage in select patients.

Gaurav Tyagi ◽  
Karthik Kulanthaivelu ◽  
Jitender Saini ◽  
Aravind Gowda ◽  
Dwarakanath Srinivas

AbstractCoronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has led to significant reduction in specialty care causing delayed presentations and decreased resources for elective procedures. We present here a case of a 29-year-old female, 34 weeks primigravida who presented with a twice ruptured right choroidal artery arteriovenous malformation (AVM). She underwent an immediate external ventricular drain placement followed by an emergency cesarean. She underwent a diagnostic angiogram showing a right choroidal AVM with a feeder artery aneurysm along with small supply to its cortical component by the M4 segment of right middle cerebral artery, draining into the basal vein of Rosenthal and vein of Labbe. The patient underwent embolization of the aneurysm and the choroidal feeders. She improved symptomatically following the procedure with external cerebrospinal fluid diversion for 5 days. At follow-up magnetic resonance imaging, the residual AVM remained stable and is planned for Gamma knife radiosurgery. The newborn was taken care at a neonatal intensive care unit and was started on breastfeed on 16th day of birth once the mother had a negative COVID-19 reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. In this study, we highlight our experience with the above-mentioned patient profile, the multidisciplinary effort during the pandemic, and the measures taken (isolation ward, COVID-19 dedicated Cath-lab and personal precautions) and advised for tackling COVID-19 patients for endovascular procedures.

Sanjeev Pattankar ◽  
Milind Sankhe ◽  
Kersi Chavda

Abstract Background Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a chronic debilitating psychiatric condition with adverse impact on patient's sociooccupational health. Refractoriness to pharmacotherapy and psychotherapy is not uncommon. Gamma Knife radiosurgery (GKRS) is the comprehensively used and reviewed treatment modality in refractory OCD worldwide. In India, the past two decades of increasing GKRS availability has failed to create the necessary local awareness of its usefulness in refractory OCD. Limited native literature deepens the problem. Objective To analyze our experience with GKRS in refractory OCD, and report the safety and efficacy/long-term outcome in patients using the Yale–Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale (Y-BOCS). Materials and Methods A retrospective review of patients receiving GKRS for refractory OCD between 2000 and 2020 was carried out. Case files of the eligible (n = 9) patients were reviewed for clinical, radiotherapeutic, and outcome data. Additionally, patients were contacted via telephone to enquire about their experiences, and to obtain retroactive consent for GKRS in June 2021. Information obtained was collated, computed, and analyzed. Results Male-to-female sex ratio was 8:1. Mean age at the time of GKRS and mean duration of OCD prior to GKRS was 30.1 ± 9.4 and 10.2 ± 5.8 years, respectively. Mean baseline Y-BOCS score was 29.6 ± 4.7. Our first patient received cingulotomy, while the rest underwent anterior capsulotomy. Median margin dose (50% isodose) was 70 Gy. Also, 23.8 ± 7.7 was the mean Y-BOCS score at the last follow-up (median = 30 months). Overall, 44.4% patients showed full/partial response (≥25% reduction in Y-BOCS score) at the last follow-up. In anterior capsulotomy (eight patients), patients with moderate/severe OCD showed better response (4/5 responders) than those with extreme OCD (0/3 responders). Single case of cingulotomy resulted in no response (<25% reduction in Y-BOCS score). No adverse radiation effects were noted. Also, 55.6% patients gave retroactive consent telephonically. Conclusion GKRS is a safe and effective noninvasive treatment modality for refractory OCD. Ventral anterior capsule is the preferred target. Maximum radiation doses of 120 to 160 Gy are well tolerated. Extremely severe OCD cases fared poorer. Proper awareness about the availability and efficacy of GKRS in refractory OCD is required in India.

2022 ◽  
Ke Su ◽  
Tao Gu ◽  
Ke Xu ◽  
Jing Wang ◽  
Hongfei Liao ◽  

Abstract BackgroundThe optimal management for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients with portal vein tumor thrombus (PVTT) is unclear. This study aimed to investigate the efficacy of Gamma knife radiosurgery (GKR) versus transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) in HCC patients with PVTT. MethodsThis retrospective study included 572 HCC patients with PVTT (GKR, 207; TACE, 365). Propensity score matching (PSM) analysis identified 188 matched pairs of patients. The primary endpoint was overall survival (OS).ResultsBefore PSM, the GKR group demonstrated significantly median OS (mOS) than TACE group (17.4 vs. 8.0 months, p < 0.001). In the subgroup analysis, GKR was associated with significantly longer OS for patients with PVTT II-IV (17.5 vs. 8.2 months, p < 0.001; 19.3 vs. 7.4 months, p < 0.001; 14.5 vs. 6.6 months, p = 0.008, respectively) and comparable OS for patients with PVTT I. After PSM, the GKR group had also a longer OS (mOS) than TACE group (15.8 vs. 9.8 months, p < 0.001). In the subgroup analysis, the GKR group demonstrated superior mOS for patients with PVTT II-IV (all P < 0.05) and comparable OS for patients with PVTT I. ConclusionsGKR was associated better OS than TACE in HCC patients with PVTT, especially for patients with PVTT II-IV.

2022 ◽  
Vol 95 ◽  
pp. 159-163
Fatih Yakar ◽  
Emrah Egemen ◽  
Ümit A Dere ◽  
Halil Sağınç ◽  
Ulaş Gökdeniz ◽  

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