emotional experience
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2022 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Enyun Liu ◽  
Jingxian Zhao ◽  
Noorzareith Sofeia

In recent years, deep learning as the requirement of higher education for students has attracted the attention of many scholars, and previous studies focused on defining deep learning as the deep processing of knowledge of the brain, however, in the process of knowledge processing, the brain not only involves the deep processing of information but also participates in learning consciously and emotionally. Therefore, this research proposed a four-factor model hypothesis for deep learning that includes deep learning investment, deep cognitive-emotional experience, deep information processing, and deep learning meta-cognitive. In addition, the research proposed teachers’ emotional support perceived by students has an effect on the four factors of deep learning. Through SPSS 26 and AMOS 24, this research has verified the four-factor model of deep learning applying exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) and verified that the perceived teacher emotional support has an impact on the four factors of students’ deep learning using the SEM.

PLoS ONE ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 17 (1) ◽  
pp. e0262216
Pierre Fauvé ◽  
Louise Tyvaert ◽  
Cyril Husson ◽  
Emmanuelle Hologne ◽  
Xiaoqing Gao ◽  

Background Psychogenic non epileptic seizures (PNES) are a frequent, disabling and costly disorder for which there is no consensual caring. They are considered as a dissociative disorder and they share many common characteristics with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Nevertheless, their pathophysiology is still unclear. In this study, we plan to obtain new data comparing functional brain activity of participants suffering from PNES, from PTSD and healthy controls via functional brain MRI during resting state and under emotional visual stimulation. The protocol presented hereunder describes an observational study with no direct treatment implication. Nevertheless, it could lead to a better understanding of PNES and to identifying targets for specialised cares of post-traumatic or dissociative disorders, like repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation. Methods & analysis This is a prospective, single-centre, interventional, non-randomized, open, controlled and exploratory clinical study. It will involve 75 adult French, right-handed women in 3 groups, either suffering from PNES or PTSD, or healthy controls. An informed consent will be signed by each participant. All of them will be given psychiatric tests to assess dissociation and alexithymia, psychopathological profile and history, and emotional recognition. Each participant will undergo a functional brain MRI. We will record anatomical images and five functional imaging sequences including emotional periodic oscillatory stimulation, standard emotional stimulation, Go / No Go task under emotional stimulation, and resting state. Analysis will include a descriptive analysis of all participants and the treatment for functional magnetic resonance imaging images of each sequence. Registration, ethics & dissemination This study was approved the regional Protection of Persons Committee under the reference 16.10.01 and by the French National Medical Security Agency under the reference 2016-A01295-46. The protocol and results will be published in peer-reviewed academic medical journals and disseminated to research teams, databases, specialised media and concerned patients’ organisations.

2022 ◽  
Vol 15 ◽  
Nynke J. van den Hoogen ◽  
Erika K. Harding ◽  
Chloé E. D. Davidson ◽  
Tuan Trang

Chronic pain is a complex sensory, cognitive, and emotional experience that imposes a great personal, psychological, and socioeconomic burden on patients. An estimated 1.5 billion people worldwide are afflicted with chronic pain, which is often difficult to treat and may be resistant to the potent pain-relieving effects of opioid analgesics. Attention has therefore focused on advancing new pain therapies directed at the cannabinoid system because of its key role in pain modulation. Endocannabinoids and exogenous cannabinoids exert their actions primarily through Gi/o-protein coupled cannabinoid CB1 and CB2 receptors expressed throughout the nervous system. CB1 receptors are found at key nodes along the pain pathway and their activity gates both the sensory and affective components of pain. CB2 receptors are typically expressed at low levels on microglia, astrocytes, and peripheral immune cells. In chronic pain states, there is a marked increase in CB2 expression which modulates the activity of these central and peripheral immune cells with important consequences for the surrounding pain circuitry. Growing evidence indicate that interventions targeting CB1 or CB2 receptors improve pain outcomes in a variety of preclinical pain models. In this mini-review, we will highlight recent advances in understanding how cannabinoids modulate microglia function and its implications for cannabinoid-mediated analgesia, focusing on microglia-neuron interactions within the spinal nociceptive circuitry.

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
pp. 19-31
Serap Türkyılmaz ◽  
Erkut Altindag

Smart homes, which are an important component of the Internet of Things (IoT) provides an effective service for users by communicating with various digital devices based on IoT. IoT-based smart home technology has transformed the lives of humans by providing everyone with a connection independently from time and space. However, due to various challenges such as privacy, security, and price, problems are experienced by consumers in terms of accepting smart home technologies. In the study, it was aimed to develop a model for accepting smart home technologies, and based on the results obtained, it was attempted to determine what factors affect the consumers' intention to buy smart home systems. In this context, with the help of Technology Acceptance Model (TAM), a research model was designed for the purchaser of a home as a product. In the research model, it was investigated what kind of effects perceived psychological factors (perceived ease of use, perceived intelligence, perceived suitability, perceived price, and perceived risk of privacy) have on the purpose and behavior of using IoT systems through perceived benefit. In addition, the relationship between sensory and emotional experiences of consumers, psychological perception factors and perceived usefulness was tested.  Data was collected by conducting an online survey questionnaire completed by 430 respondents. Partial least squares (PLSs) was explored to test the theoretical model. The research results show that perceived psychological factors (perceived ease of use, perceived connectivity, perceived intelligence, perceived convenience, and perceived privacy risk) have significant effect on the intention and behavior of IOT systems usage through perceived benefit. In terms of sensory and emotional experience, it only softens the relationship between the perceived privacy risk of emotional experience and the perceived benefit.

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