seismic excitations
Recently Published Documents





2021 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
pp. 318
Mati Ullah Shah ◽  
Muhammad Usman ◽  
Syed Hassan Farooq ◽  
In-Ho Kim

This paper reports the theoretical findings of the new modified type of tuned liquid column ball damper (TLCBD), called a tuned liquid column ball spring damper (TLCBSD). In this new modified form, the ball inside the horizontal section of the damper is attached to the spring. Furthermore, two types of this modified version are proposed, known as a tuned liquid column ball spring sliding damper (TLCBSSD) and a tuned liquid column ball spring rolling damper (TLCBSRD). In the former, the rotational motion of the ball attached to the spring is restricted, whereas in the latter, the ball attached to the spring can translate as well as rotate. Mathematical models and optimum design parameters are formulated for both types. The performance of these new modified damper versions is assessed numerically and subjected to harmonic, seismic, and impulse loadings. The results show that the performance of the newly proposed dampers is relatively better than traditional TLCBDs in harmonic and seismic excitations. The peak response reduction soon after the impact load becomes zero is comparatively better in TLCBSDs over TLCBDs. Overall, the newly proposed passive vibration control devices performed excellently in structure response reduction over TLCBDs.

Buildings ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
pp. 8
Jiarui Zhang ◽  
Yaoyang Zhu ◽  
Zhao Li ◽  
Jianwei Tu

Presently, most of the common placement methods of actuators are based on the structural response and system energy to select the optimal locations. In these methods, the contribution of controllability and the energy of seismic excitations to each mode of the structure are not considered, and a large number of cases need to be calculated. To solve this problem, the Clough–Penzien spectral model is combined with the Luenberger observable normal form of the system to calculate the energy of each state. The modal disturbance degree, considering modal energy and controllability, is defined by using the controllability gramian matrix and PBH system controllability index, and the modes are divided into the main disturbance modes (MDMs) and the secondary disturbance modes (SDMs). A novel optimal placement method of actuators based on modal controllability degree is proposed, which uses MDMs as the main control modes. The optimal placement of actuators and the vibration control simulation of a 20-story building model are carried out. The results show that the vibration reduction effect of the proposed placement method is significantly better than that of the method of uniformly distributed actuators (Uniform method) and the classical placement method of actuators based on the system controllability gramian matrix (Classical method).

2021 ◽  
Vol 16 (6) ◽  
pp. 683-689
Mohammed Noori Hussein ◽  
Ahmed Alkadhimi ◽  
Wisam Abdullah Najim ◽  
Hashim A. Almousawi

Seismic responses of cracked scaled-down arch dams were investigated by experiment on a shaking table. Two different curvature models (M1 and M2) were cast by using a plan concrete. Dams properties, including materials and dimensions, were carefully simulated. A significant earthquake magnitude with (7.7M) and water pressure were applied on the dam's models. Considering water and seismic loadings, the dynamic reactions of the arch dam's system were investigated. Both models showed crack overstresses or propagation on the dam's model as a result of seismic excitations. The arch dam with a higher degree of curvature was recorded 44 Mpa of stress evaluation which less by 30.7% of the arch dam with the lowest degree of curvature. The results indicated that raising the degree of curvature led to raising the dam's stability, earthquake resistance, less displacement, and less growth of tensile cracks.

2021 ◽  
pp. 329-340
Sourabh Vern ◽  
Sunita Tolani ◽  
Shiv Dayal Bharti ◽  
Mahendra Kumar Shrimali

Materials ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 14 (22) ◽  
pp. 6987
Jingbo Wu ◽  
Bo Chen ◽  
Lunhai Zhi ◽  
Xinxin Song

High-rise television transmission towers are of low damping and may vibrate excessively when subjected to strong earthquakes. Various dynamic absorbers and dampers are proposed to protect television transmission towers from excessive vibrations and damages. Up to now, the seismic damage reduction in television towers, using SMA dampers under seismic excitations, has not been conducted. To this end, the response reduction in a flexible television tower, disturbed by earthquakes using SMA dampers, is conducted in this study. A two-dimensional dynamic model is developed for dynamic computation at first. The mathematical model of an SMA damper is proposed, and the equations of motion of the tower, without and with, are established, respectively. The structural dynamic responses are examined in the time and the frequency domain, respectively. The effects of damper stiffness, service temperature, hysteresis loops, and earthquake intensity on control efficacy are investigated in detail. In addition, the power spectrum density curves, of dynamic responses and the energy responses, are compared to provide deep insights into the developed control approach. The control performance of SMA dampers is compared with that of widely-used friction dampers. The analytical observations indicate that SMA dampers with optimal parameters can substantially reduce the vibrations of TV transmission towers under seismic excitations.

Sign in / Sign up

Export Citation Format

Share Document