<p>The main aim of this paper is to present a novel control approach of an induction machine (IM) using an improved space vector modulation based direct torque control (SVM-DTC) on the basis of imaginary swapping instant technique. The improved control strategy is presented to surmount the drawbacks of the classical direct torque control (DTC) and to enhance the dynamic performance of the induction motor. This method requires neither angle identification nor sector determination; the imaginary swapping instant vector is used to fix the effective period in which the power is transferred to the IM. Both the classical DTC method and the suggested adaptive DTC techniques have been carried out in MATLAB/SimulinkTM. Simulation results shows the effectiveness of the enhanced control strategy and demonstrate that torque and flux ripples are massively diminished compared to the conventional DTC (CDTC) which gives a better performance. Finally, the system will also be tested for its robustness against variations in the IM parameters.</p>
A zero-inertia micro-grid is a power system consisting of multiple renewable energy power sources and energy storage systems without the presence of conventional synchronous generators. In such a system, a large variation of the load or source sides during the islanded mode of operation extremely degrades the micro-grid's voltage and frequency stability. This study presents a virtual inertia-based predictive control strategy for a small-scale zero-inertia multiple distributed generators (DGs) micro-grid. In islanded mode, Voltage Model Predictive Control (VMPC) was implemented to control and maintain the voltage and frequency of the micro-grid. However, instabilities in frequency and voltage may rise at the Point of Common Coupling (PCC) due to large variations at both source and load sides. Therefore, the proposed virtual inertia loop calculates the amount of active power to be delivered or absorbed by each DG, and its effect is reflected in the estimated d current component of the VMPC, thus providing better frequency regulation. In grid-connected mode, Direct Power Model Predictive Control (DPMPC) was implemented to manage the power flow between each DG and the utility grid. The control approach also enables the DG plug and play characteristics. The performance of the control strategy was investigated and verified using the PSCAD/EMTDC software platform.
A velocity-free state feedback fault-tolerant control approach is proposed for the rigid satellite attitude stabilization problem subject to velocity-free measurements and actuator and sensor faults. First, multiplicative faults and additive faults are considered in the actuator and the sensor. The faults and system states are extended into a new augmented vector. Then, an improved sliding mode observer based on the augmented vector is presented to estimate unknown system states and actuator and sensor faults simultaneously. Next, a velocity-free state feedback attitude controller is designed based on the information from the observer. The controller compensates for the effects of actuator and sensor faults and asymptotically stabilizes the attitude. Finally, simulation results demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed scheme.
This paper presents a novel capacitor voltage balancing control approach for cascaded multilevel inverters with an arbitrary number of series-connected H-Bridge modules (floating capacitor modules) with asymmetric voltages, tiered by a factor of two (binary asymmetric). Using a nearest-level reference waveform, the balancing approach uses a one-step-ahead approach to find the optimal switching-state combination among all redundant switching-state combinations to balance the capacitor voltages as quickly as possible. Moreover, using a Lyapunov function candidate and considering LaSalle’s invariance principle, it is shown that an offline calculated trajectory of optimal switching-state combinations for each discrete output voltage level can be used to operate (asymptotically stable) the inverter without measuring any of the capacitor voltages, achieving a novel sensorless control as well. To verify the stability of the one-step-ahead balancing approach and its sensorless variant, a demonstrator inverter with 33 levels is operated in grid-tied mode. For the chosen 33-level converter, the NPC main-stage and the individual H-bridge modules are operated with an individual switching frequency of about 1 kHz and 2 kHz, respectively. The sensorless approach slightly reduced the dynamic system response and, furthermore, the current THD for the chosen operating point was increased from 3.28 to 4.58 in comparison with that of using the capacitor voltage feedback.
Advanced driver assistance control faces great challenges in cooperating with the nearby vehicles. The assistance controller of an intelligent vehicle has to provide control efforts properly to prevent possible collisions without interfering with the drivers. This paper proposes a novel driver assistance control method for intelligent ground vehicles to cooperate with the nearby vehicles, using the stochastic model predictive control algorithm. The assistance controller is designed to correct the drivers’ steering maneuvers when there is a risk of possible collisions, so that the drivers are not interfered. To enhance the cooperation between the vehicles, the nearby vehicle motion is predicted and included in the assistance controller design. The position uncertainties of the nearby vehicle are considered by the stochastic model predictive control approach via chance constraints. Simulation studies are conducted to validate the proposed control method. The results show that the assistance controller can help the drivers avoid possible collisions with the nearby vehicles and the driving safety can be guaranteed.
This paper investigates the multi-agent persistent monitoring problem via a novel distributed submodular receding horizon control approach. In order to approximate global monitoring performance, with the definition of sub-modularity, the original persistent monitoring objective is divided into several local objectives in a receding horizon framework, and the optimal trajectories of each agent are obtained by taking into account the neighborhood information. Specifically, the optimization horizon of each local objective is derived from the local target states and the information received from their neighboring agents. Based on the sub-modularity of each local objective, the distributed greedy algorithm is proposed. As a result, each agent coordinates with neighboring agents asynchronously and optimizes its trajectory independently, which reduces the computational complexity while achieving the global performance as much as possible. The conditions are established to ensure the estimation error converges to a bounded global performance. Finally, simulation results show the effectiveness of the proposed method.