flow analysis
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2022 ◽  
Vol 179 ◽  
pp. 106085
Neha Mehta ◽  
Eoin Cunningham ◽  
Martin Doherty ◽  
Peter Sainsbury ◽  
Ife Bolaji ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 180 ◽  
pp. 106166
Minghang Li ◽  
Professor Yong Geng ◽  
Gang Liu ◽  
Ziyan Gao ◽  
Xue Rui ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 178 ◽  
pp. 106031
R. Sinha ◽  
J.-B.E. Thomas ◽  
Å. Strand ◽  
T. Söderqvist ◽  
J. Stadmark ◽  

Atmosphere ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 13 (1) ◽  
pp. 128
Zhonggen Li ◽  
Yiming Huang ◽  
Xinyu Li ◽  
Guan Wang ◽  
Qingfeng Wang ◽  

Atmospheric emission of heavy metals from different anthropogenic sources is a great concern to human beings due to their toxicities. In order to disclose the emission levels and the distribution patterns of zinc (Zn) in the modern cement industry with respect to its low boiling point (~900 °C) comparing to the high-temperature (1450 °C) clinker production process, solid samples representing the input and output flow of Zn during the entire production process in two preheater–precalciner cement plants (CPs) were collected and analyzed. For the first time, it was found that the behaviour of Zn inside different precalciner CPs was similar despite a huge difference in the Zn inputs to the CPs; namely, almost all the Zn input was output in clinker, which was then mixed with different additives and retarder to make cement products. The high-temperature clinkerisation process would incorporate Zn into the aluminosilicate of clinker. As a result, there was no enrichment of Zn during clinker production and the atmospheric emission factor was relatively low at 0.002%, or 1.28–9.39 mg Zn·t−1 clinker. Our result for the atmospheric Zn emissions from CPs was much lower than most previous reports, implying the CPs were not a crucial Zn emission source. However, the higher load of Zn in some raw/alternative materials—like nonferrous smelting slag with a Zn content of ~2%—could greatly increase the content of Zn in clinker and cement products. Therefore, further investigation on the environmental stability of Zn in such Zn-laden cement and concrete should be carried out.

Energies ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 15 (2) ◽  
pp. 488
Tomasz Dudek ◽  
Tygran Dzhuguryan ◽  
Bogusz Wiśnicki ◽  
Kamil Pędziwiatr

This study focuses on management ways within a city multi-floor manufacturing cluster (MFMC). The application of MFMC in megapolises is closely related to the problem of urban spatial development and the problem of matching transport and logistics services. The operation of the MFMC depends on the efficiency of production and transport management considering technical, economic, end environmental factors. Therefore, conditions affecting decision-making in the field of production planning by MFMCs and accompanying transports within the agglomeration area with the use of the production-service platform were presented. Assumptions were created for the decision model, allowing for the selection of partners within the MFMC to execute the production order. A simplified decision model using the Hungarian algorithm was proposed, which was verified with the use of test data. The model is universal for material flow analysis and is an assessments basis for smart sustainable supply chain decision-making and planning. Despite the narrowing of the scope of the analysis and the simplifications applied, the presented model using the Hungarian algorithm demonstrated its potential to solve the problem of partner selection for the execution of the contract by MFMC.

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