lactobacillus rhamnosus
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2022 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Anh Duy Do ◽  
Chiu-Hsian Su ◽  
Yuan-Man Hsu

Helicobacter pylori is a Gram-negative pathogen that can increase the risk of stomach cancer in infected patients. H. pylori exploits lipid rafts to infect host cells. Infection triggers clustering of Lewis x antigen (Lex) and integrins in lipid rafts to facilitate H. pylori adherence to the gastric epithelium. H. pylori infection can be treated with probiotics containing lactic acid bacteria that offer numerous benefits to the host while lacking the side effects associated with antibiotic therapy. Previously, we showed that the cell-free supernatant (CFS) derived from Lactobacillus rhamnosus JB3 (LR-JB3) at a multiplicity of infection (MOI) of 25 attenuated the pathogenicity of H. pylori. In this study, we established a mucin model to simulate the gastric environment and to further understand the influence of mucin on the pathogenesis of H. pylori. Porcine stomach mucin dramatically upregulated H. pylori virulence gene expression, including that of babA, sabA, fucT, vacA, hp0499, cagA, and cagL, as well as the adhesion and invasion ability of H. pylori and induced increased levels of IL-8 in infected-AGS cells. The CFS derived from LR-JB3 at a MOI of 25 reduced the expression of H. pylori sabA, fucT, and hp0499 in mucin, as well as that of the Lex antigen and the α5β1 integrin in AGS cells during co-cultivation. These inhibitory effects of LR-JB3 also suppressed lipid raft clustering and attenuated Lewis antigen-dependent adherence, type IV secretion system-mediated cell contact, and lipid raft-mediated entry of VacA to host cells. In conclusion, LR-JB3 could affect H. pylori infection through mediating lipid raft formation of the host cells. The currently unknown cues secreted from LR-JB3 are valuable not only for treating H. pylori infection, but also for treating diseases that are also mediated by lipid raft signaling, such as cancer and aging-associated and neurodegenerative conditions.

2022 ◽  
Tatyana V. Fedorova ◽  
Olga S. Savinova ◽  
Anna V. Begunova ◽  
Konstantin V. Moiseenko ◽  
Irina V. Rozhkova

This study was conducted to evaluate and comparethe probiotic propertiesofLactobacillus helveticusNK1, Lactobacillus rhamnosusF and Lactobacillus reuteriLR1lactobacilli strains.Changes in pH, cell growth, proteolytic activity, antioxidantactivity, and angiotensin-converting enzyme(ACE)inhibitoryactivity were monitored during fermentation ofreconstituted skim milk (RSM) by pure cultures of lactobacilli.Among the tested strains, L. helveticusNK1 showed the highest proteolytic, ACE inhibitoryand antioxidantactivitiesduring milk fermentation,followed by L. rhamnosus F and L. reuteriLR1.The promising capability of all of the lactobacilli strains to release bioactivepeptides from the milk proteins was demonstrated. Keywords: Lactobacillus, probiotic, milk fermentation, bioactive peptides

Mohamed K. Morsy ◽  
Osama M. Morsy ◽  
Mohamed A. Abdelmonem ◽  
Rasha Elsabagh

AbstractProbiotic microencapsulation is a promising way to produce functional food, while their stability and sensory acceptability still a challenge. This study aims to enhance the functional properties of strawberry (Fragaria × ananassa, cultivar Camarosa) nectar and sensory acceptance using novel anthocyanin-colored microencapsulation of Lactobacillus rhamnosus. Four formulations (F1–F4) of coated materials (alginate, whey protein, and pullulan) integrated with anthocyanin pigment were used for encapsulation. The physical properties of microencapsulated probiotics (size, color, efficiency, stability, and survival rate) and quality parameters of nectar (pH, anthocyanin, and sensory acceptability) during 4 weeks of storage at 4 and 25 °C were evaluated. All formulations exhibited high encapsulation efficiency (> 89%), medium bead size (406–504 μm), and proper color (red color). The microencapsulated cells were stable in simulated gastrointestinal and processing conditions (up 7 log10 CFU mL−1) compared to free cells. F4 (alginate 2% + anthocyanin 0.1% + whey protein 2% + pullulan 2% + cocoa butter 1% + L. rhamnosus GG) showed the greatest viability in nectar during storage (6.72 log10 CFU mL−1/4 °C/4 weeks), while a significant decrease in pH (< 2) and anthocyanin (< 60 mg 100 g−1) was observed in nectar-containing free cells. The sensory scores with a difference-preference test as exploratory and preliminary responses revealed that colored probiotic microcapsules enhanced the sensory characters (up to 4 weeks) and commercially accepted (> 80% agreed) of strawberry nectar. Results demonstrated that anthocyanin-colored alginate-whey protein-pullulan matrix had the potential to enhance probiotic viability in functional nectar without negative impact.

JAMA ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 327 (2) ◽  
pp. 181
Cheng-Yi Wang ◽  
Chao-Hsien Chen ◽  
Chih-Cheng Lai

JAMA ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 327 (2) ◽  
pp. 182
Jennie Johnstone ◽  
Diane Heels-Ansdell ◽  
Deborah Cook

2022 ◽  
Vol 10 (1) ◽  
pp. 137
Ning Liu ◽  
Xue Wang ◽  
Qiang Shan ◽  
Le Xu ◽  
Yanan Li ◽  

Bacillus cereus, considered a worldwide human food-borne pathogen, has brought serious health risks to humans and animals and huge losses to animal husbandry. The plethora of diverse toxins and drug resistance are the focus for B. cereus. As an alternative treatment to antibiotics, probiotics can effectively alleviate the hazards of super bacteria, food safety, and antibiotic resistance. This study aimed to investigate the frequency and distribution of B. cereus in dairy cows and to evaluate the effects of Lactobacillus rhamnosus in a model of endometritis induced by multi-drug-resistant B. cereus. A strong poisonous strain with a variety of drug resistances was used to establish an endometrial epithelial cell infection model. B. cereus was shown to cause damage to the internal structure, impair the integrity of cells, and activate the inflammatory response, while L. rhamnosus could inhibit cell apoptosis and alleviate this damage. This study indicates that the B. cereus-induced activation of the NLRP3 signal pathway involves K+ efflux. We conclude that LGR-1 may relieve cell destruction by reducing K+ efflux to the extracellular caused by the perforation of the toxins secreted by B. cereus on the cell membrane surface.

David Ibarra-Martínez ◽  
Martin Humberto Muñoz-Ortega ◽  
Andrés Quintanar-Stephano ◽  
Sandra Luz Martínez-Hernández ◽  
Manuel Enrique Ávila-Blanco ◽  

2022 ◽  
Paul E Wischmeyer ◽  
Helen Tang ◽  
Yi Ren ◽  
Lauren Bohannon ◽  
Zeni E Ramirez ◽  

Background: The COVID-19 pandemic continues to pose unprecedented challenges to worldwide health. While vaccines are effective, supplemental strategies to mitigate the spread and severity of COVID-19 are urgently needed. Emerging evidence suggests susceptibility to infections, including respiratory tract infections, may be reduced by probiotic interventions. Therefore, probiotics may be a low-risk, widely implementable modality to mitigate risk of COVID-19 disease, particularly in areas with low vaccine availability and/or uptake. Methods: We conducted a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial across the United States testing the probiotic Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG (LGG) as post-COVID-19-exposure prophylaxis. We enrolled individuals > 1 year of age with a household contact with a recent (≤ 7 days) diagnosis of COVID-19. Participants were randomized to receive daily LGG or placebo for 28 days. Stool was collected to evaluate the microbiome. The primary outcome was development of symptoms of illness compatible with COVID-19 within 28 days. Findings: We enrolled 182 COVID-19-exposed participants. Intention-to-treat analysis showed that participants randomized to LGG were less likely to develop symptoms versus those randomized to placebo (26.4% vs. 42.9%, p=0.02). Further, LGG was associated with a statistically significant reduction in COVID-19 diagnosis (log rank p=0.049) via time-to-event analysis. Overall incidence of COVID-19 diagnosis was not significantly different between LGG (8.8%) and placebo (15.4%) (p=0.17). LGG was well-tolerated with no increased side effects versus placebo. Interpretation: These findings suggest that LGG probiotic may protect against the development of COVID-19 infection and symptoms when used as post-exposure prophylaxis within 7 days after exposure. Funding: This work was supported by a grant from the Duke Microbiome Center to A.D.S. and P.E.W. and private philanthropic donations to A.D.S. DSM/iHealth donated the LGG and placebo for the trial but had no role in its design, conduct, analysis, or writing. Trial registration: NCT04399252

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