dual energy
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2022 ◽  
Vol Publish Ahead of Print ◽  
Tristan Pascart ◽  
Jean-François Budzik

2022 ◽  
Nicola Dalbeth ◽  
Mariam Alhilali ◽  
Peter Riordan ◽  
Ravi Narang ◽  
Ashika Chhana ◽  

Delaram Pakravan ◽  
Farshid Babapour Mofrad ◽  
Mohammad Reza Deevband ◽  
Mahdi Ghorbani ◽  
Hamidreza Pouraliakbar

Energies ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 15 (2) ◽  
pp. 479
Marvin Sperling ◽  
Tommi Kivelä

Due to the growing number of automated guided vehicles (AGVs) in use in industry, as well as the increasing demand for limited raw materials, such as lithium for electric vehicles (EV), a more sustainable solution for mobile energy storage in AGVs is being sought. This paper presents a dual energy storage system (DESS) concept, based on a combination of an electrical (supercapacitors) and an electro-chemical energy storage system (battery), used separately depending on the required transport distance. Each energy storage unit (ESU) in this DESS is capable of supplying the AGV completely. The concept takes into account requirements for a complex material flow as well as minimizing the energy storage capacity required for the operation of the AGV. An energy flow analysis is performed and further used as a basis to derive three possible circuit concepts for the technical realization. The circuit concepts are compared to other approaches from related work, differentiating the functionality to hybrid energy storage systems (HESS). The functionality of the concepts was validated by mapping the energy flow states to active circuit components. Finally, an approach for implementing the control strategy as a state machine is given, and conclusions for further investigations are drawn.

2022 ◽  
pp. 084653712110651
Yet Yen Yan ◽  
Hugue A. Ouellette ◽  
Mayuran Saththianathan ◽  
Peter L. Munk ◽  
Paul I. Mallinson ◽  

Purpose: To determine the sensitivity and specificity of dual-energy CT (DECT) virtual noncalcium images (VNCa) with bone and soft tissue reconstructions in the diagnosis of osteomyelitis. Materials & Methods: Between December 1, 2014 to December 1, 2020, 91 patients who had 99 DECT performed for a clinical indication of osteomyelitis with corresponding MRI, triphasic bone scan and/or white blood cell scintigraphy with CT/SPECT performed either 2 weeks before or 1 month after the DECT were retrospectively identified. The presence or absence of osteomyelitis was established using a second imaging test, bone biopsy or surgery. Two radiologists interpreted VNCa images alone and with bone and soft tissue reconstructions for osteomyelitis. Fleiss k statistics was used to assess inter-level agreement. Results: Osteomyelitis was present in 26 cases (26.2%), of which 4 cases (4%) had co-existing septic arthritis. DECT was performed at the following sites: ankle/foot (n = 59), calf (n = 12), knee (n = 3), thigh (n = 7), hip (n = 9), pelvis (n = 6), wrist/hand (n = 1), and shoulder (n = 2). Sensitivity with VNCa images alone was 53.8% and 73.1% and specificity was 84.9% and 71.2%. Sensitivity with VNCa images and bone and soft tissue reconstructions was 80.8% and 80.8% and specificity was 80.8% and 72.6%. Interobserver agreement was 76.7% (76 of 99 cases), for VNCa images alone (k = .487), and 66.7% (66 of 99 patients) for bone and soft tissue reconstructions with VNCa images together (k = .390). Conclusion: When VNCa images were combined with bone and soft tissue reconstructions, there is improved sensitivity in the diagnosis of osteomyelitis.

Fuminari Tatsugami ◽  
Toru Higaki ◽  
Yuko Nakamura ◽  
Yukiko Honda ◽  
Kazuo Awai

AbstractDual-energy CT, the object is scanned at two different energies, makes it possible to identify the characteristics of materials that cannot be evaluated on conventional single-energy CT images. This imaging method can be used to perform material decomposition based on differences in the material-attenuation coefficients at different energies. Dual-energy analyses can be classified as image data-based- and raw data-based analysis. The beam-hardening effect is lower with raw data-based analysis, resulting in more accurate dual-energy analysis. On virtual monochromatic images, the iodine contrast increases as the energy level decreases; this improves visualization of contrast-enhanced lesions. Also, the application of material decomposition, such as iodine- and edema images, increases the detectability of lesions due to diseases encountered in daily clinical practice. In this review, the minimal essentials of dual-energy CT scanning are presented and its usefulness in daily clinical practice is discussed.

2022 ◽  
Vol 2022 ◽  
pp. 1-8
Jinping Li ◽  
Sheng Zhao ◽  
Zaisheng Ling ◽  
Daqing Li ◽  
Guangsheng Jia ◽  

Background. This study aims to evaluate the application of dual-energy computed tomography (DECT) for multiparameter quantitative measurement in early-stage hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Methods. The study retrospectively enrolled 30 patients with early-stage HCC and 43 patients with early-stage HCC who received radiofrequency ablation (RFA) and underwent abdomen enhanced CT scans in GSI mode. The GSI viewer was used for image display and data analysis. The regions of interest (ROIs) were delineated in the arterial phase and the venous phase. The optimal single energy value, CT values on different energy levels (40 keV, 70 keV, 100 keV, and 140 keV), the optimal energy level, the slope of the spectral attenuation curve, the effective atomic number (Zeff), iodine concentration (IC), water concentration (WC), normalized iodine concentration (NIC), and normalized water concentration (NWC) are measured and quantitatively analyzed. Results. The CT values of early-stage HCC at different single energy levels in dual phases were significantly different, and the single energy values were negatively correlated with the CT values. In the arterial phase and the venous phase, the optimal energy values for the best contrast-to-noise ratio were (68.34 ± 3.20) keV and (70.14 ± 2.01) keV, respectively. The slope of the spectral attenuation curve showed a downward trend at 40 keV, 70 keV, 100 keV, and 140 keV, but there was no statistically significant difference P > 0.05 . Zeff was positively correlated with IC and standardized IC, but has no significant correlation with WC and NWC in dual phases. Conclusion. DECT imaging contains multiparameter information and has different application values for early-stage HCC, and it is necessary to select the parameters reasonably for personalized and comprehensive evaluation.

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