argon oxygen decarburization
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2021 ◽  
pp. 550-588
Olle Wijk

In this chapter steelmaking processes and reactions are covered. A brief historical summary of important process developments is given and different types of converters are described. Then important chemical factors are detailed for the removal of the undesirable elements sulfur and phosphorus, and for the decarburization reactions. The refining of stainless steels in the argon oxygen decarburization (AOD) process is explained in detail, and a model for the AOD process is presented. Example simulations with the model illustrate how process changes may be introduced to improve productivity and reduce production costs.

2021 ◽  
Vol 410 ◽  
pp. 293-298
Anatolij A. Babenko ◽  
Ruslan R. Shartdinov ◽  
Alena G. Upolovnikova

The use of fluorspar in modern metallurgical slags, incl. slags of the argon-oxygen decarburization (AOD) process, as a fluxing agent, is associated with many disadvantages. Those disadvantages can be solved by using boron oxide as an alternative, which also provides conditions for direct microalloying of steel with boron. The paper presents the results of thermodynamic modeling of the effect of basicity and boron oxide content in slags of the CaO–SiO2–B2O3–Cr2O3–Al2O3–MgO system on the equilibrium interphase distribution of sulfur and boron, and their equilibrium content in the metal. Modeling was carried out using the HSC 8.03 Chemistry software package (Outokumpu). Slag from the desulfurization period of the AOD-process was used as the oxide phase. As a result, it was shown that, in the range of basicities 2.0-2.5 and a content of 2-4% B2O3, it is possible to carry out desulfurization of the metal, providing a sulfur content of 0.001-0.007%, and simultaneous microalloying of steel with boron in an amount of up to 0.0103%.

Crystals ◽  
2020 ◽  
Vol 10 (10) ◽  
pp. 876
Ya-Jun Wang ◽  
Ya-Nan Zeng ◽  
Jun-Guo Li ◽  
Yu-Zhu Zhang

The study mainly aims at the potential of Argon Oxygen Decarburization Slag (AODS) as a supplementary cementitious material and explores the mechanisms of stabilization/solidification (S/S) of chromium in cement-based composite pastes. The basic cementitious parameters, such as water requirement, setting time, soundness, hydration characteristics, and strength indexes of composite binders, were examined through standard methods. The results showed that the most beneficial mineral phase in AODS for cementitious behavior was beta dicalcium silicate (β-C2S). The utilization of a higher AODS dosage in composite binders increased the water requirement and the setting time, while it decreased the hydration heat and the strength indexes. Although the AODS possessed limited cementitious properties, it conformed the Grade II steel slag powder qualified for concrete and cement. Sequential leaching tests were conducted targeting the leachability of chromium in the pastes with different AODS dosage and curing time. Results showed that with the lower AODS dosage and the longer curing time, the S/S efficiency for chromium leaching from the composite paste was better. Utilization of AODS as a cement substitute not only can recycle this solid waste and decrease the emission of CO2 concerning cement production, but also helps to effectively reduce the chromium leaching risk.

2020 ◽  
Vol 261 ◽  
pp. 121182 ◽  
Xianfeng Hu ◽  
Tova Jarnerud ◽  
Andrey Karasev ◽  
Pär G. Jönsson ◽  
Chuan Wang

2020 ◽  
Vol 91 (11) ◽  
pp. 2000054
Aki Kärnä ◽  
Ville-Valtteri Visuri ◽  
Eetu-Pekka Heikkinen ◽  
Petri Sulasalmi ◽  
Pauli Torvinen ◽  

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