Ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) is adopted in water-lubricated bearings for its excellent performance. This paper aims to investigate the tribological properties of UHMWPE with a molecular weight of 10.2 million (g mol‐1) under different molding temperatures.
The UHMWPE samples were prepared by mold pressing under constant pressure and different molding temperatures (140°C, 160°C, 180°C, 200°C, 220°C). The friction and wear tests in water were conducted at the RTEC tribo-tester.
The friction coefficient and wear loss decreased first and rose later with the increasing molding temperature. The minimums of the friction coefficient and wear loss were found at the molding temperatures of 200°C. At low melting temperatures, the UHMWPE molecular chains could not unwrap thoroughly, leading to greater abrasive wear. On the other hand, high melting temperatures will cause the UHMWPE molecular chains to break up and decompose. The optimal molding temperatures for UHMWPE were found to be 200°C.
Findings are of great significance for the design of water-lubricated UHMWPE bearings.
Three-dimensional (3D) flat-knitted fabrics have become a topic of interest in the field of composites in recent years because of the growing need for rapid preparation of complicated shape preforms. In order to improve the mechanical properties of 3D flat-knitted fabrics, two types of 3D flat-knitted fabrics with reinforcement yarn (FKFR) were developed using ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) yarn. Their basic structures were composed of plain structure and interlock structure with tuck stitch, respectively, and the reinforcement yarn was integrated into the fabric as the weft inlay. The tensile, bending, drape, and bursting properties of the two fabrics were characterized. Results showed that the basic structure of the fabric has impacted on the mechanical properties of the fabric significantly. The tensile and bending properties of the fabric with interlock structure were better than that of the fabric with plain structure. During the transverse stretching process, the surface structure of the fabric with interlock structure was more stable. Moreover, transverse yarn strength utilization of the fabric with interlock structure was 1.05, which reached the level of ordinary woven fabric. In addition, the bursting force of the fabric with excellent tensile properties was lower than that of the fabric with a plain structure because the latter has better extensibility.
Regularities of statistical distributions of a complex of mechanical properties, including the module of elasticity (E), strength () and strain at break (b), high-strength industrial oriented polypropylene (PP) fibers have been analyzed using the Weibull and Gauss models based on large a wide array of measurements (50 identical samples in each series). The values of the statistical Weibull modulus (m) - a parameter characterizing the scatter of the measured values of the data arrays of E, and b – have been estimated for the PP samples of two types: single fibers (monofilaments) and multifilament fibers consisting from several hundred single fibers. For the PP multifilament fibers, a more correct description of the distributions of E, and b has been received both in the framework of the normal distribution (Gaussian distribution) and in the framework of the Weibull distribution in comparison with the description of such distributions for the PP monofilaments. The influence of the polymer chain conformation on the regularities of the statistical distributions of E, and b for the high-strength oriented polymeric materials with different chemical chain structures and the correctness of their descriptions in the framework of the Gauss and Weibull models have been analyzed. For this purpose, the values of m calculated in this work for PP with a helical chain conformation have been compared with the values of m determined by us earlier for ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene and polyamide-6 with the chain conformations in the form of an in-plane trans-zigzag.