friction and wear
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2022 ◽  
Vol ahead-of-print (ahead-of-print) ◽  
Xincong Zhou ◽  
Chaozhen Yang ◽  
Jian Huang ◽  
Xueshen Liu ◽  
Da Zhong ◽  

Purpose Ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) is adopted in water-lubricated bearings for its excellent performance. This paper aims to investigate the tribological properties of UHMWPE with a molecular weight of 10.2 million (g mol‐1) under different molding temperatures. Design/methodology/approach The UHMWPE samples were prepared by mold pressing under constant pressure and different molding temperatures (140°C, 160°C, 180°C, 200°C, 220°C). The friction and wear tests in water were conducted at the RTEC tribo-tester. Findings The friction coefficient and wear loss decreased first and rose later with the increasing molding temperature. The minimums of the friction coefficient and wear loss were found at the molding temperatures of 200°C. At low melting temperatures, the UHMWPE molecular chains could not unwrap thoroughly, leading to greater abrasive wear. On the other hand, high melting temperatures will cause the UHMWPE molecular chains to break up and decompose. The optimal molding temperatures for UHMWPE were found to be 200°C. Originality/value Findings are of great significance for the design of water-lubricated UHMWPE bearings.

2022 ◽  
Vol ahead-of-print (ahead-of-print) ◽  
Liwu Wang ◽  
Yanfeng Han ◽  
Dongxing Tang ◽  
Jianlin Cai

Purpose The purpose of this paper is to verify the effectiveness of the proposed transient mixed lubrication and wear coupling model [mixed lubrication and wear (MLW) coupling model] under water lubricated conditions by comparing with the experimental results. Design/methodology/approach Water lubricated bearings are the key parts of the transmission system of an underwater vehicle and some surface ships. In this study, the friction and wear behaviors of rubber, nylon and polyether ether ketone (PEEK) samples with stainless steel underwater lubrication were compared by using ring-block contact structure on multifunctional friction and wear test bench-5000 friction and wear tester. Findings The results show that the transient wear depth and wear amount of PEEK, nylon and rubber samples under water lubrication are in good agreement with the calculated results of the theoretical model, which verifies the rationality and scientific nature of the MLW coupling model. Thus, the numerical model is applicable for the wear prediction of the journal bearing under water-lubricated conditions. Furthermore, numerical and experimental results reveal that the anti-wear performance among three water-lubricated materials can be ranked by: PEEK > nylon > rubber. Originality/value It is expected that this study can provide more information for experimental and numerical research of water-lubricated bearings under water-lubricated conditions.

2022 ◽  
Vol 13 ◽  
pp. 63-73
Robin Vacher ◽  
Astrid S de Wijn

Friction and wear of polymers at the nanoscale is a challenging problem due to the complex viscoelastic properties and structure. Using molecular dynamics simulations, we investigate how a graphene sheet on top of the semicrystalline polymer polyvinyl alcohol affects the friction and wear. Our setup is meant to resemble an AFM experiment with a silicon tip. We have used two different graphene sheets, namely an unstrained, flat sheet, and one that has been crumpled before being deposited on the polymer. The graphene protects the top layer of the polymer from wear and reduces the friction. The unstrained flat graphene is stiffer, and we find that it constrains the polymer chains and reduces the indentation depth.

Fan Yang ◽  
Yuting Li ◽  
Zhaofan Yue ◽  
Qingbo Fan ◽  
Hao Li ◽  

Abstract Solid-liquid composite lubrication system has attracted an increased interest for low friction and wear. Nevertheless, the effect of mechanical and surface properties of the solid materials, especially the mechanical and surface properties governed by doping elements, on the tribological performance solid-liquid composite lubrication system is still not well comprehended. Here, we reported the effect of W content on the mechanical and surface properties of W-DLC coatings as well as the tribological properties of W-DLC coatings under (choline chloride-urea and choline chloride-thiourea) deep eutectic solvents lubrication. Although the wear of W-DLC coatings under dry friction increases with W content, the wear under DESs is slight when coatings show excellent wettability to DESs or a DES-derived tribochemical film is formed. We demonstrate that the tribological behavior of W-DLC and DESs composite lubrication system is related to the mechanical properties of W-DLC coatings together with the contact angle and tribochemical interaction between DESs and W-DLC coatings.

Amine Charfi ◽  
Ruttba Aziz ◽  
Mohamed Kharrat ◽  
Mohd Farooq Wani ◽  
Maher Dammak ◽  

2022 ◽  
pp. 225-232
M. Sivanesh Prabhu ◽  
A. Elayaperumal ◽  
M. Wasim Khan ◽  
M. S. Jagatheeshwaran

Materials ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 15 (2) ◽  
pp. 492
Yuanyuan Kang ◽  
Guowei Zhang ◽  
Zhaojie Wang ◽  
Hong Xu ◽  
An Wan

In this paper, the solid–liquid composite method is used to prepare the steel–copper bimetal sample through two-stage cooling process (forced air cooling and oil cooling). The relationship between the different microstructures and friction properties of the bimetal copper layer is clarified. The results show that: the friction and wear parameters are 250 N, the speed is 1500 r/min (3.86 m/s), the friction coefficient fluctuates in the range of 0.06–0.1, and the lowest point is 0.06 at 700 °C. The microstructure of the copper layer was α-Cu, δ, Cu3P, and Pb phases, and Pb was free between α-Cu dendrites. When the solidification temperature is 900 °C, the secondary dendrite of α-Cu develops. With the decrease temperature, the growth of primary and secondary dendrites gradually tends to balance at 700 °C. During the wear process, Pb forms a self-lubricating film uniformly distributed on the surface of α-Cu, and the Cu3P and δ phases are distributed in the wear mark to increase α-Cu wear resistance.

Lubricants ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 10 (1) ◽  
pp. 7
Parikshit Tonge ◽  
Amit Roy ◽  
Payank Patel ◽  
Charles J. Beall ◽  
Pantcho Stoyanov

Solid lubricants, such as MoS2 have been widely used in the aerospace industry with the primary purpose of reducing the friction and wear of tribological interfaces. MoS2 based solid film lubricants are generally doped with other compounds, which can help overcome some of their limitations related to environmental conditions. For instance, compounds like Sb2O3 and Pb have been traditionally used to improve the endurance life of these lubricants. However, with the recent zest in transferring to eco-friendly lubricants, there is a strong push to eliminate Pb based compounds. The main purpose of this work is to better understand the influence of Pb based compounds on the tribological behavior of MoS2 based solid film lubricants as well as to critically evaluate the performance of Pb free lubrication strategies. More specifically, the baseline ‘non-green’ lubricant was doped with Pb compound and Sb2O3 and the Pb compound in the ‘Green’ alternative lubricant was replaced by more Sb2O3. The wear test was done using a ball-on-disk tribometer for specific loads and for 5000 cycles. Ex-situ analysis was conducted using Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM), Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM), and micro-Raman to capture the interfacial processes of these lubricants at different loads. Overall, the non-green lubricant performed better in terms of the tribological behavior (i.e., lower friction and wear), which was attributed to the formation of a dense MoS2-based tribo-/transfer-film with the basal planes oriented in the parallel direction to the sliding. The finding on the interfacial phenomena provided critical insights into the development of novel green alternatives that may have the ability to replace Pb based compounds in the future for a sustainable environment.

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