Education And Training
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2021 ◽  
Vol ahead-of-print (ahead-of-print) ◽  
Barbara Jayne Orser ◽  
Catherine Jane Elliott

Purpose This study aims to problematize how gender is enacted within entrepreneurship education and training (EET). Design/methodology/approach Using a social feminist lens, this study advances principles, a conceptual framework, assessment criteria and illustrative performance metrics to inform gender-sensitive EET programs and courses. Findings are based on a cross-case thematic analysis of two large-scale case studies conducted in Canada and Jordan. Findings The findings bridge social feminist theory and EET studies. The originality of the research rests in its utilization of the principles and conceptual framework to examine EET and to inform the development, design and assessment of gender-sensitive programs and courses. Research limitations/implications The framework and criteria do not differentiate types or levels of EET. The investigators lead the assessment of curricula and co-construction of gender-sensitive course content. Interpreter bias cannot be ruled out. Practical implications The proposed principles, framework, criteria and performance will assist stakeholders in EET program/course design, content, delivery and evaluation. Social implications Aligned with the United Nation Sustain Development Goal 5 (gender equity), the findings demonstrate the value of adapting a critical lens across all elements of EET and responding to biases in participant selection and engagement, program design and curricula. Originality/value To the best of the authors’ knowledge, this is among the first studies to use a social feminist perspective and case study methodology to inform criteria to assess EET.

2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (12) ◽  
pp. 786
Hyun Jeong Seo ◽  
Gyu Mi Park ◽  
Minjie Son ◽  
Ah-Jeong Hong

The current safety education and training system has a number of problems, namely that the actual risks in the field are not reflected and that workers cannot be engaged in safety education. Therefore, we conducted a study to build a VR-based safety education system that reflects the problems actually occurring in the field. The risk points of the electrical construction sites were derived through in-depth interviews with various stakeholders such as field workers, safety managers, and management. A risk scenario was also constructed by analyzing the causes and effects of existing accident cases. A safety education system was constructed to which the established risk scenario was applied. In the virtual construction site, the site’s own model, safety equipment, and members were implemented in a 3D model to form a virtual reality environment. This environment is intended to provide an educational environment wherein workers can immerse themselves in safety, specifically because this VR-based environment can induce active participation by providing safety information through various experiences. In addition, in this study, a VR-based safety education system that reflects the field conditions was designed to prepare basic data for the modernization and activation of safety education.

2021 ◽  
Vol 4 (6) ◽  
pp. 1448-1458
Fazdria Fazdria ◽  
Nora Veri ◽  
Cut Mutiah ◽  
Dewita Dewita

ABSTRAK Di Indonesia, meskipun sejarah pemijatan berawal dari nenek moyang masa lampau, namun pijat bayi yang diperkenalkan bukanlah pijat tradisional yang dilakukan oleh dukun bayi atau dukun pijat yang pijatannya tidak aman. Pijat bayi yang dimasyarakatkan adalah pijat modern yang memadukan antara ilmiah (kesehatan), seni, dan kasih sayang. Pijat bayi akan membuat bayi tidur lebih lelap dan meningkatkan kosentrasi kesiagaan (alertness) atau kosentrasi. Hal ini disebabkan pijatan dapat mengubah gelombang otak. Pengubahan ini terjadi dengan cara menurunkan gelombang alpha dan peningkatan gelombang beta, serta tetha yang dapat dibuktikan dengan penggunaan EEG (electro enchephalogram). Tujuan kegiatan adalah meningkatkan pengetahuan dan keterampilan ibu dalam melakukan pijat bayi di Desa Pondok Kelapa, Pondok Nias dan Pondok Kemuning Kec. Langsa Baro Kota Langsa. Metode pengabdian yang digunakan dalam kegiatan ini adalah program pendidikan masyarakat melalui edukasi dan pelatihan pijat bayi pada ibu bayi dan balita. Hasil pengabdian kepada masyarakat yang telah dilakukan oleh Dosen Prodi D-III Kebidanan Langsa pada tanggal 30 September s/d 2 Oktober 2020 didapatkan hasil mayoritas peserta pengabdian kepada masyarakat memiliki pengetahuan yang baik tentang pijat bayi yaitu sebanyak 17 orang (56,7%) dan mayoritas terampil dalam melakukan pijat bayi yaitu sebanyak 22 orang (73,3%). Kata Kunci : Pengetahuan, Keterampilan, Pijat Bayi  ABSTRACT In Indonesia, although the history of massage dates back to the ancestors of the past, the baby massage introduced is not a traditional massage performed by a baby shaman or a massage shaman whose massage is not safe. A popularized baby massage is a modern massage that blends scientific (health), art, and compassion. Baby massage will make the baby sleep better and increase alertness or concentration. This is because massage can alter brain waves. This conversion occurs by lowering alpha waves and increasing beta waves, as well as tetha which can be proven by the use of EEG (electroencephalogram). The purpose of the activity is to improve the knowledge and skills of mothers in performing baby massage in Pondok Kelapa Village, Pondok Nias, and Pondok Kemuning Kec. Langsa Baro Langsa City. The method of devotion used in this activity is a community education program through the education and training of baby massage in infants and toddler mothers. The results of community service that has been done by Lecturers of Prodi D-III Midwifery Langsa on September 30 to October 2, 2020, obtained the results of the majority of participants of community service have good knowledge about baby massage that is as many as 17 people (56.7%) and the majority are skilled in performing baby massage that is as many as 22 people (73.3%). Keywords: Knowledge, Skills, Baby Massage

2021 ◽  
Vol 22 (3) ◽  
Glenn D. Walters

The goal of the current investigation was to determine whether prosocial peer associations can serve as protective factors by interacting with key components of the peer influence effect. A moderated mediation analysis performed on 2,474 youth (52% female) from the Gang Resistance Education and Training (GREAT) study (mean age = 12.13 years) revealed that Wave 2 prosocial peer associations moderated the peer delinquency–neutralization relationship. Alternately, Wave 3 prosocial peer associations moderated the neutralization–violent offending relationship. Hence, neutralization beliefs were disproportionately weaker in participants with fewer delinquent peer associations and more prosocial peer associations, whereas the effect of neutralization on delinquency was attenuated, though not eliminated, by strong prosocial peer associations. These results suggest that prosocial peer associations may serve a protective function at different points in the peer influence sequence and that they may be more than simply the converse of peer delinquency.

Animals ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (12) ◽  
pp. 3432
Giuliano M. Corte ◽  
Melanie Humpenöder ◽  
Marcel Pfützner ◽  
Roswitha Merle ◽  
Mechthild Wiegard ◽  

According to the European Directive 63/2010/EU, education and training involving living rats and mice are classified as an animal experiment and demands the implementation of the 3Rs. Therefore, as a method of refinement, rat and mouse simulators were developed to serve as an initial training device for various techniques, prior to working on living animals. Nevertheless, little is known about the implementation, anatomical correctness, learning efficiency and practical suitability of these simulators. With this in mind, a collaborative research project called “SimulRATor” was initiated to systematically evaluate the existing rat and mouse simulators in a multi-perspective approach. The objective of the study presented here was to identify the anatomical strengths and weaknesses of the available rat and mouse simulators and to determine anatomical requirements for a new anatomically correct rat simulator, specifically adapted to the needs of Laboratory Animal Science (LAS) training courses. Consequently, experts of Veterinary Anatomy and LAS evaluated the anatomy of all currently available rat and mouse simulators. The evaluation showed that compared to the anatomy of living rats and mice, the tails were perceived as the most anatomically realistic body part, followed by the general exterior and the limbs. The heads were rated as the least favored body part.

2021 ◽  
Vol 41 (6) ◽  
pp. 62-68
Andrea Paddock

Background Evidence demonstrates that shocking patients in ventricular fibrillation or pulseless ventricular tachycardia in 2 minutes or less leads to improved outcomes. At our facility in Orlando, Florida, 4 of 7 time to first shock fallouts occurred in the intensive care unit. No standardization for conducting code situations existed in the intensive care unit. Objective To develop nurse simulation education and training to standardize intensive care unit code processes and improve compliance with timely defibrillation. Methods The sample consisted of intensive care unit nurses. Interventions included online education, simulation, and a postintervention survey. Analysis was conducted using the Get With the Guidelines program as well as descriptive statistics. Interventions Online education assigned to all intensive care unit nurses included electrocardiogram recognition and code documentation. Nurses and physicians collaborated to develop a diagram to identify roles needed for successful conduct of a code situation. A code simulation video was created, reflecting these roles, and embedded in the online education. The education was graded and remediated one-on-one with nurses. Intensive care unit nurses completed structured code simulations, allowing them to practice serving as the leader. Three months after the intervention, a survey was distributed to nurses. Results The time to first shock fallouts in the intensive care unit decreased by 100%, and the facility’s fallouts decreased by 71%. The facility’s adherence to the time to first shock metric increased from 42% to 83%. In a postintervention survey, 89% of nurses reported perceived improvement in knowledge, team leadership and communication, and confidence associated with code events. Conclusions Online education and code simulation positively affected time to first shock in code situations and empowered nurses to confidently function in these situations.

2021 ◽  
Vol ahead-of-print (ahead-of-print) ◽  
Theresa Chinyere Ogbuanya ◽  
Taiwo Olabanji Shodipe

Purpose With critical reviews of previous studies in workplace learning, this paper aims to investigate workplace learning for pre-service teachers’ practice and quality teaching and learning in technical vocational education and training: key to professional development. Design/methodology/approach The study adopted multistage sampling technique to select sample for the study. Empirical analysis was adopted to analyse the data collected from technical vocational education and training pre-service teachers. Findings The result of the study revealed that the constructs of social learning theory had a stronger linkage with the constructive teaching than traditional management. Originality/value This study emphasizes the need to adequately train pre-service teachers on instructional delivery processes, building strong relationship with learners and build the ability to organize and execute necessary actions required to successfully carry out a specific educational task in a particular context.

2021 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Binwu Hu ◽  
Qiang Zheng ◽  
Jie Wu ◽  
Zhibin Tang ◽  
Jianchun Zhu ◽  

Farmers have been very precious for societies for ages. Their active experiments, valuable knowledge about their surroundings, environment, and crops’ requirements have been a vital part of society. However, the psychological perspectives have been a hole in the loop of farming. Hence, this study has investigated the antecedents of entrepreneurial behaviors of farmers with the mediating risk of their entrepreneurial self-efficacy (ESE). The population chosen for this study was the farming community of suburbs of China, and a sample size of 300 was selected for the data collection. This is a survey study, where a structured questionnaire was adapted on a five-point Likert scale. The data were collected from the farming community to know their psychological and behavioral preferences about their profession. This study has produced interesting results that education, training, and intrinsic motivation play a vital role in farmers’ ESE, affecting their entrepreneurial behaviors. This study will add to the body of knowledge and provide an eminent path for emerging entrepreneurs to find more mentorship opportunities to overcome the limitations in upcoming endeavors influencing education and training.

2021 ◽  
Vol 13 (3) ◽  
pp. 30-38
Anh Thi Nguyen ◽  
Thi Ngoc Lien Nguyen

The present study aims to investigate perceptions of pre-service teachers of English on the quality of a training course on English Language Teacher Education. Thirty-nine pre-service teachers who had just completed their training program at a university participated in the study. Data were collected through semi-structured interviews. The results show that the pre-service teachers on the whole showed a high level of satisfaction with the quality of the training course. However, the results indicate certain variances in the way the pre-service teachers responded to the issue of quality. The study also indicates suggestions proposed by pre-service teachers regarding how to help the university improve the quality of education and training as well as the services it offers. Accordingly, this study brings significant insights for related stakeholders in achieving a better quality for education.

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