frequency response
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Marino Godoy Arcia ◽  
Zaid Garcia Sanchez ◽  
Hernan Hernandez Herrera ◽  
José Antonio Gonzalez Cueto Cruz ◽  
Jorge Iván Silva Ortega ◽  

The renewable energy sources (RESs) projects are solutions with environmental benefits that are changing the traditional power system operation and concept. Transient stability analysis has opened new research trends to guarantee a secure operation high penetration. Problems such as frequency fluctuations, decoupling between generator angular speed, network frequency fluctuation and kinetic energy storing absence are the main non-conventional RESs penetration in power systems. This paper analyzes short-circuit influence on frequency response, focusing on weak distribution networks and isolated, to demonstrate relevance in frequency stability. A study case considered a generation outage and a load input to analyze frequency response. The paper compares frequency response during a generation outage with a short-circuit occurrence. In addition, modular value and angle generator terminal voltage affectation by electric arc and network ratio R⁄X, failure type influence in power delivered behavior, considering fault location, arc resistance and load. The arc resistance is defined as an added resistance that appears during failure and influences voltage modulus and angle value results showing that intermittent non-conventional RES participation can lead to frequency fluctuations. Results showed that arc resistance, type of failure, location and loadability determine the influence of frequency response factors in weak power systems.

2022 ◽  
Vol 166 ◽  
pp. 108457
Noriaki Yamamoto ◽  
Tomoya Tsuji ◽  
Michio Murase ◽  
Koji Urakabe ◽  
Takuya Yoshimura

2022 ◽  
Vol 164 ◽  
pp. 108218
Vijaya V.N. Sriram Malladi ◽  
Mohammad I. Albakri ◽  
Manu Krishnan ◽  
Serkan Gugercin ◽  
Pablo A. Tarazaga

2022 ◽  
Vol 168 ◽  
pp. 104588
A. Lindenmann ◽  
E. Heyden ◽  
V. Mas ◽  
D. Krause ◽  
S. Matthiesen

2022 ◽  
Vol 9 ◽  
Hongbo Liu ◽  
Yongfa Liu ◽  
Chong Zhang ◽  
Li Sun ◽  
Xinge Wu

The high proportion of renewable energy sources (RESs) in the system reduces the frequency support capacity and aggravates the generation of unbalanced power, while the dynamic frequency dispersion makes it difficult for a centralized energy storage system (ESS) to take into account the frequency requirements of different regions. In this context, the research takes the region with high penetration of RESs and frequent power fluctuations as the grid node of the ESS. By configuring the parameters of the ESS under the control strategy of virtual synchronous generators, the inertia and the primary frequency reserve of the system are supplemented, and the regulation characteristics of the ESS are depicted. Taking the steady-state recovery time and the amplitude coefficient as the evaluation indexes, the effects of the virtual inertia constant, the virtual damping coefficient, and the virtual frequency regulation coefficient on the behavior of the ESS are deeply analyzed. Finally, the quantitative configuration of the ESS is realized by considering the frequency response and the dynamic frequency dispersion.

2022 ◽  
Dominik Meyer ◽  
Jannik Schumacher ◽  
Jens Friedland ◽  
Robert Güttel

The utilization of renewable electricity for power-to-gas (PtG) applications induces fluctuations in the H2 availability from water electrolysis. For subsequent methanation of CO or CO2 the unsteady-state operation of the respective reactor allows to minimize H2 storage capacities. However, the impact of temporal fluctuations in feed gas composition on the methanation reaction and the respective transient kinetics has not yet been fully understood. We investigated the methanation of various CO/CO2 (COx) feed gas mixtures under periodically changing gas compositions with emphasis on the effect of the frequency on the reactor response. We show that the frequency response of CH4 exhibits a characteristic hysteresis, which depends on the switching direction between COx-lean and COx-rich feeds and their composition. From the shape of the hysteresis we are able to conclude on the preferred COx species being hydrogenated to CH4 under respective conditions, which also provides mechanistic insights. By applying high cycling frequencies, the highly reactive species present under CO methanation conditions can even selectively be activated, which explains the higher reactivity compared to steady-state conditions reported, frequently.

Materials ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 15 (2) ◽  
pp. 538
Heng Zhang ◽  
Xiaohong Ding ◽  
Weiyu Ni ◽  
Yanyu Chen ◽  
Xiaopeng Zhang ◽  

This paper proposes a novel density-based concurrent topology optimization method to support the two-scale design of composite plates for vibration mitigation. To have exceptional damping performance, dynamic compliance of the composite plate is taken as the objective function. The complex stiffness model is used to describe the material damping and accurately consider the variation of structural response due to the change of damping composite material configurations. The mode superposition method is used to calculate the complex frequency response of the composite plates to reduce the heavy computational burden caused by a large number of sample points in the frequency range during each iteration. Both microstructural configurations and macroscopic distribution are optimized in an integrated manner. At the microscale, the damping layer consists of periodic composites with distinct damping and stiffness. The effective properties of the periodic composites are homogenized and then are fed into the complex frequency response analysis at the macroscale. To implement the concurrent topology optimization at two different scales, the design variables are assigned for both macro- and micro-scales. The adjoint sensitivity analysis is presented to compute the derivatives of dynamic compliance of composite plates with respect to the micro and macro design variables. Several numerical examples with different excitation inputs and boundary conditions are presented to confirm the validity of the proposed methodologies. This paper represents a first step towards designing two-scale composite plates with optional dynamic performance under harmonic loading using an inverse design method.

Processes ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 10 (1) ◽  
pp. 127
Jan Kyzioł ◽  
Andrzej Okniński

In this paper, we study the bifurcations of non-linear dynamical systems. We continue to develop the analytical approach, permitting the prediction of the bifurcation of dynamics. Our approach is based on implicit (approximate) amplitude-frequency response equations of the form FΩ,A;c̲=0, where c̲ denotes the parameters. We demonstrate that tools of differential geometry make possible the discovery of the change of differential properties of solutions of the equation FΩ,A;c̲=0. Such qualitative changes of the solutions of the amplitude-frequency response equation, referred to as metamorphoses, lead to qualitative changes of dynamics (bifurcations). We show that the analytical prediction of metamorphoses is of great help in numerical simulation.

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