Temperature Evolution
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2021 ◽  
Vol 922 (2) ◽  
pp. 136
Author(s):  
Yunyang Li ◽  
Adam D. Hincks ◽  
Stefania Amodeo ◽  
Elia S. Battistelli ◽  
J. Richard Bond ◽  
...  

Abstract The Sunyaev–Zel’dovich (SZ) effect introduces a specific distortion of the blackbody spectrum of the cosmic microwave background (CMB) radiation when it scatters off hot gas in clusters of galaxies. The frequency dependence of the distortion is only independent of the cluster redshift when the evolution of the CMB radiation is adiabatic. Using 370 clusters within the redshift range 0.07 ≲ z ≲ 1.4 from the largest SZ-selected cluster sample to date from the Atacama Cosmology Telescope, we provide new constraints on the deviation of CMB temperature evolution from the standard model α = 0.017 − 0.032 + 0.029 , where T ( z ) = T 0 1 + z 1 − α . This result is consistent with no deviation from the standard adiabatic model. Combining it with previous, independent data sets we obtain a joint constraint of α = −0.001 ± 0.012. Attributing deviation from adiabaticity to the decay of dark energy, this result constrains its effective equation of state w eff = − 0.998 − 0.010 + 0.008 .


2021 ◽  
Vol 104 (19) ◽  
Author(s):  
Ayanesh Maiti ◽  
Ram Prakash Pandeya ◽  
Bahadur Singh ◽  
Kartik K. Iyer ◽  
A. Thamizhavel ◽  
...  

Photonics ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 8 (10) ◽  
pp. 423
Author(s):  
Natalia Sapogova ◽  
Vladimir Bredikhin ◽  
Andrey Afanasiev ◽  
Vladislav Kamensky ◽  
Nikita Bityurin

Light–heat converters are promising for further development of contact laser surgery. The simplest converter consists of an optical fiber with a strong absorbing layer at the tip. We studied the time dependence of the tip temperature at different CW laser powers and revealed that, in several seconds, the temperature evolution becomes almost power-independent. Mathematical modeling showed that laser ablation of the tip coating is the main reason for this phenomenon.


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