cardiovascular morbidity
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2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (1) ◽  
pp. 167
Leonie Arnold ◽  
Martina Bacova ◽  
Robert Dalla-Pozza ◽  
Nikolaus Alexander Haas ◽  
Felix Sebastian Oberhoffer

Turner syndrome (TS) is a rare chromosomal disease with increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of physical activity and diet quality on cardiovascular morbidity in German TS women. An anonymous online questionnaire was established. The questionnaire was based on the 2020 WHO recommendations on physical activity and sedentary behaviour and included the 14-Item Mediterranean Diet Assessment Tool. In addition, TS patients were asked about existing cardiovascular conditions. In total, 83 TS women were included in the final analysis. The achievement of <600 Metabolic Equivalent-minutes per week for recreational activities was significantly associated with the presence of arterial hypertension (p = 0.006). High adherence to the Mediterranean diet was achieved by only 20.5% of TS subjects and tended to be inversely associated with the presence of lipid metabolism disorders (p = 0.063). Only 37.3% of TS participants received nutritional counselling. Given the increased cardiovascular risk, specific counselling for lifestyle optimisation may play an important role in the management of TS. Further studies are required to evaluate the effects of regular aerobic physical training and different nutritional programs on cardiovascular morbidity in TS.

Ludwig Cáceres-Farfán ◽  
Milagros Moreno-Loaiza ◽  
W. Samir Cubas

The ankle-brachial index (ABI) is the relationship between the systolic blood pressure taken at the ankle level and the brachial artery. A pathological ABI (<0.90 or >1.40) indicates the presence of peripheral artery disease (PAD). Many studies indicate the great utility of this test in the diagnosis of PAD due to its ease of use, reproducibility, low cost, and high cost-effectiveness. This evaluation can be directly correlated with cardiovascular morbidity and mortality; however, it has recently been confirmed that a low ABI can be a predictor of major cardiovascular events, as it is related to diabetes mellitus, chronic coronary disease, stroke, and more. The objective of this work was to review the current evidence on the importance of ABI in the diagnosis of PAD and its main role as a predictor of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality.

2021 ◽  
Vol 9 ◽  
Qin Chen ◽  
Yang Che ◽  
Yue Xiao ◽  
Feng Jiang ◽  
Yanfei Chen ◽  

Background: Multimorbidity is defined as the existence of two or more chronic health conditions in the same individual. While patients with tuberculosis commonly have multiple conditions at diagnosis, such as HIV, diabetes, and depression, to the authors' knowledge, there is limited information on the patterns of multimorbidity, and how the types and combinations of conditions could impact the healthcare utilization, expenditure, and TB outcomes.Methods: An observational cohort study of adult patients diagnosed with tuberculosis was conducted using the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)'s National TB Information System (NTBIS) linked to the Ningbo Regional Health Care Database (NRHCD) (2015–2020). Latent class analysis was used to identify comorbidity groups among the subset with ≥2 conditions including TB. Group-level health care use, expenditure, and treatment outcomes were compared with patients without chronic conditions using multivariate regression models.Results: A total of 9,651 patients with TB were identified, of whom approximately 61.4% had no chronic conditions, 17.4% had 1 chronic condition, and 21.3% had ≥2 chronic conditions. Among those with ≥1 chronic condition other than TB, 4 groups emerged: (1) general morbidity (54.4%); (2) cardiovascular morbidity without complications (34.7%); (3) cardiovascular morbidity with complications (5.0%); (4) respiratory morbidity (5.9%). The respiratory morbidity group experienced the highest expenditures, at 16,360 CNY more overall (95% CI, CNY 12,615–21,215) after adjustment compared with TB patients without chronic conditions. The respiratory morbidity and cardiovascular morbidity with complications group also had the lowest odds of favorable TB outcomes [adjusted odds ratio (aOR), 0.68; 95% CI, 0.49–0.93] and (aOR 0.59, 95% CI 0.42–0.83), respectively. The cardiovascular morbidity without complications group had the highest odds of successful TB treatment (aOR, 1.40; 95% CI, 1.15–1.71).Conclusions: Multimorbidity is common among patients with TB. The current study identified four distinct comorbidity subgroups, all of which experienced high, yet differential, rates of health care use. These findings highlight the need for urgent reforms to transform current fragmented TB care delivery and improve access to other specialists and financial assistance.

2021 ◽  
Vol 42 (Supplement_1) ◽  
A Aker ◽  
L Khalaili ◽  
I Naoum ◽  
A Abedalghani ◽  
R Zoubi ◽  

Abstract Background The calcium score in cardiac CT scan represents an effective tool in the diagnosis of coronary artery disease. However, few studies have examined the value of incidental arterial calcification (AC) in non-cardiac CT scans, especially in young adults with no prior cardiovascular morbidity. Purpose To evaluate the association between incidental AC and the incidence of cardiovascular events, as well as the association between atherosclerotic risk factors and AC in young adults with no known cardiovascular disease. Methods A retrospective study in patients aged 40–50 years old with no history of cardiovascular disease that underwent chest CT scan between 1.9.2012–31.8.2013 for reasons not related to cardiovascular disease. We assessed the presence of AC in the aorta and coronary arteries and its association with the rates of coronary catheterization for acute coronary syndrome (CCACS), emergency room (ER) visits or hospitalizations for cardiovascular disease and cardiac mortality. Furthermore, we examined the association between atherosclerotic risk factors (hypertension, smoking, hyperlipidemia and diabetes) and AC. Results 308 patients were included in the study, 150 men and 158 women with average follow-up period of 7.2+0.29 years. AC was found in 88 (28.6%) patients. AC was more frequent in men than in women (35% vs. 20.9%, OR=2.18, P=0.006). Patients with AC underwent more CCACS than those without (11.6% vs. 0.5%, OR = 29.1, P=0.0001). Patients with AC had more ER and hospital admissions (33.7% vs. 14.4%, P&lt;0.0001, OR=3). Individuals with hypertension, smoking, and hyperlipidemia exhibited higher rates of AC (OR=2.66, 4, and 1.9, respectively). A statistically significant excess mortality in those with AC was not demonstrated (P=0.076). Conclusion AC appears to be associated with cardiovascular morbidity and increased incidence of CCACS. Primary preventive strategies in patients with AC may reduce cardiovascular morbidity. FUNDunding Acknowledgement Type of funding sources: None.

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