obese patients
Recently Published Documents





Cancers ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 14 (2) ◽  
pp. 437
Valentin Suteau ◽  
John Bukasa-Kakamba ◽  
Beatrice Virjogh-Cenciu ◽  
Antoine Adenis ◽  
Nadia Sabbah ◽  

The prevalence of obesity and type 2 diabetes is higher in French Guiana compared to mainland France. These metabolic disorders are associated with an increased risk of cancer. One of the factors involved is hyperinsulinemia that promotes the action of glucose transporter 1 (GLUT-1). The objective of this study is to characterize the expression of GLUT-1 in breast cancers cells in diabetic and obese patients compared to those who are not and to describe the clinical and histological prognostic factors of breast cancer in this population. We conducted a monocentric study including patients with breast cancer diagnosed between 2014 and 2020. Patients were classified into three groups: diabetes, obesity, and control group. The GLUT-1 expression was assessed by immunohistochemistry. In total, 199 patients were included in this study. The median age was 53.5 years, and the median tumor size was 2.8 cm. Luminal A was the most frequent molecular type (58.1%), followed by the triple-negative type (19.9%). The breast cancer in our population was characterized by a younger age at diagnosis, more aggressive molecular types, and larger tumor size. Thus, we suggest the advancement of the age of breast cancer screening in this territory. A total of 144 patients (31 diabetes, 22 obese, and 91 control group) were included for the study of GLUT-1 expression. Overexpression of GLUT-1 was observed in 60.4% of cases and in all carcinoma in situ lesions. GLUT-1 overexpression was associated with more aggressive cancers. This overexpression is correlated with high histological grade, high proliferation index, and aggressive molecular types. Our study found no difference in GLUT-1 expression between the diabetic or obese patients and the control group. These results highlight the potential role of GLUT-1 as a tumor metabolic prognostic marker and also as an interesting target therapy, independently of patient metabolic disorder.

2022 ◽  
Vol 21 (1) ◽  
Jiaqi Chen ◽  
Shihui Lei ◽  
Yueye Huang ◽  
Xiaojuan Zha ◽  
Lei Gu ◽  

Abstract Background Lipocalin-2 (LCN2) has a critical effect on obesity as well as its associated comorbidities. The present study focused on analyzing serum LCN2 levels of obese patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and on determining relationship of hepatic steatosis improvement with LCN2 levels after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG). Methods This work enrolled ninety patients with obesity and NAFLD. Twenty-three of them underwent LSG. Anthropometric and biochemical parameters and serum LCN2 levels were determined at baseline and those at 6-month post-LSG. Controlled attenuation parameter (CAP) measured by FibroScan was adopted for evaluating hepatic steatosis. Results Among severe obesity patients, serum LCN2 levels were significantly increased (111.59 ± 51.16 ng/mL vs. 92.68 ± 32.68 ng/mL, P = 0.035). The CAP value was higher indicating higher liver fat content (360.51 ± 45.14 dB/m vs. 340.78 ± 45.02 dB/m, P = 0.044). With regard to surgical patients, liver function, glucose, and lipid levels were significantly improved after surgery. Serum LCN2 levels significantly decreased (119.74 ± 36.15 ng/mL vs. 87.38 ± 51.65 ng/mL, P = 0.001). Decreased CAP indicated a significant decrease in liver fat content (358.48 ± 46.13 dB/m vs. 260.83 ± 69.64 dB/m, P < 0.001). The decrease in LCN2 levels was significantly related to the reduced hepatic fat content and improvement in steatosis grade after adjusting for gender, age, and BMI decrease. Conclusions Serum LCN2 levels are related to obesity and NAFLD. The decreased serum LCN2 levels could be an indicator of hepatic steatosis improvement.

2022 ◽  
Vol 11 (2) ◽  
pp. 409
Claudia Bures ◽  
Yasmin Uluk ◽  
Mona Besmens ◽  
Aycan Akca ◽  
Eva-Maria Dobrindt ◽  

Parathyroidectomy (PTX) is a mainstay of treating secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) in patients with kidney failure in order to reduce the incidence of cardiovascular events (CVE), increase overall survival and improve quality of life. Perioperative hyperkalemia may lead to devastating cardiac complications. Distinct preoperative thresholds for serum potassium levels (SPL) were defined, but neither their usefulness nor consecutive risks are understood. This study compared the results and efficacy of different clinical procedures in preventing or treating perioperative hyperkalemia, including postoperative urgent hemodialysis (UHD). Methods: Patients from Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin and Rheinland Klinikum Lukaskrankenhaus, Neuss, undergoing PTX due to SHPT between 2008 and 2018 were analyzed retrospectively with regard to demographic parameters, surgery specific conditions and perioperative laboratory results. Comparisons of patient values from both centers with focus on perioperative hyperkalemia and the need for UHD were performed. Results: A total of 251 patients undergoing PTX for SHPT were included (Neuss: n = 121 (48%); Berlin: n = 130 (52%)). Perioperative hyperkalemia (SPL ≥ 5.5 mmol/L) was noted in 134 patients (53%). UHD on the day of surgery was performed especially in patients with intraoperative hyperkalemia, in females (n = 40 (16%) vs. n = 27 (11%); p = 0.023), in obese patients (n = 27 (40%) vs. n = 50 (28%), p = 0.040) and more often in patients treated in Neuss (n = 42 (35%) vs. 25 (19%); p = 0.006). For patients treated in Neuss, the intraoperative hyperkalemia cut-off level above 5.75 mmol/L was the most predictive factor for UHD (n = 30 (71%) vs. n = 8 (10%); p < 0.001). Concerning secondary effects of hyperkalemia or UHD, no patient died within the postoperative period, and only three patients suffered from acute CVE, with SPL > 5.5 mmol/L measured in only one patient. Conclusion: Perioperative values could not predict postoperative hyperkalemia with the need for UHD. Previously defined cut-off levels for SPL should be reconsidered, especially for patients undergoing PTX. Early postoperative dialysis in patients with postoperative hyperkalemia can be performed with a low risk for complications and may be indicated for all patients with increased perioperative SPL.

2022 ◽  
Vol 23 (2) ◽  
pp. 818
Merel van Nuland ◽  
Tessa F. Ververs ◽  
Marnix G. E. H. Lam

The prevalence of obesity has increased dramatically in the Western population. Obesity is known to influence not only the proportion of adipose tissue but also physiological processes that could alter drug pharmacokinetics. Yet, there are no specific dosing recommendations for radiopharmaceuticals in this patient population. This could potentially lead to underdosing and thus suboptimal treatment in obese patients, while it could also lead to drug toxicity due to high levels of radioactivity. In this review, relevant literature is summarized on radiopharmaceutical dosing and pharmacokinetic properties, and we aimed to translate these data into practical guidelines for dosing of radiopharmaceuticals in obese patients. For radium-223, dosing in obese patients is well established. Furthermore, for samarium-153-ethylenediaminetetramethylene (EDTMP), dose-escalation studies show that the maximum tolerated dose will probably not be reached in obese patients when dosing on MBq/kg. On the other hand, there is insufficient evidence to support dose recommendations in obese patients for rhenium-168-hydroxyethylidene diphosphonate (HEDP), sodium iodide-131, iodide 131-metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG), lutetium-177-dotatate, and lutetium-177-prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA). From a pharmacokinetic perspective, fixed dosing may be appropriate for these drugs. More research into obese patient populations is needed, especially in the light of increasing prevalence of obesity worldwide.

Biomolecules ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
pp. 116
Imre Juhász ◽  
Szilvia Ujfalusi ◽  
Ildikó Seres ◽  
Hajnalka Lőrincz ◽  
Viktória Evelin Varga ◽  

Background: Afamin is a liver-produced bioactive protein and features α- and γ-tocopherol binding sites. Afamin levels are elevated in metabolic syndrome and obesity and correlate well with components of metabolic syndrome. Afamin concentrations, correlations between afamin and vitamin E, afamin and lipoprotein subfractions in non-diabetic, obese patients have not been fully examined. Methods: Fifty non-diabetic, morbidly obese patients and thirty-two healthy, normal-weight individuals were involved in our study. The afamin concentrations were measured by ELISA. Lipoprotein subfractions were determined with gel electrophoresis. Gas chromatography–mass spectrometry was used to measure α- and γ tocopherol levels. Results: Afamin concentrations were significantly higher in the obese patients compared to the healthy control (70.4 ± 12.8 vs. 47.6 ± 8.5 μg/mL, p < 0.001). Positive correlations were found between afamin and fasting glucose, HbA1c, hsCRP, triglyceride, and oxidized LDL level, as well as the amount and ratio of small HDL subfractions. Negative correlations were observed between afamin and mean LDL size, as well as the amount and ratio of large HDL subfractions. After multiple regression analysis, HbA1c levels and small HDL turned out to be independent predictors of afamin. Conclusions: Afamin may be involved in the development of obesity-related oxidative stress via the development of insulin resistance and not by affecting α- and γ-tocopherol levels.

2022 ◽  
Vol 2022 ◽  
pp. 1-8
Daniel de Luis ◽  
David Primo ◽  
Olatz Izaola ◽  
Rocío Aller

Background. Few studies have examined gene expression in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) after a dietary intervention. Objective. Our study is aimed at evaluating in a pilot study the peripheral blood gene expression in obese patients after weight loss secondary to a hypocaloric Mediterranean diet. Design. A sample of 11 obese subjects without metabolic syndrome was enrolled. Biochemical, anthropometric parameters and microarray analysis were performed at baseline and after 6 months of dietary intervention. Results. The mean age was 43.1 ± 6.3 years, and the mean body mass index (BMI) was 38.6 ± 8.1  kg/m2. All the next improvements were statistically significant: body weight − 7.4 ± 1.9  kg, BMI - 2.5 ± 0.2  kg, fat mass − 5.7 ± 1.2  kg, waist circumference − 5.8 ± 1.2  cm, triglycerides − 17.4 ± 6.5  mg/dl, C-reactive protein − 3.1 ± 1.5  mg/dL, insulin − 2.1 ± 1.0  mUI/L, and HOMA-IR − 0.7 ± 0.2  units. We identified 634 differentially expressed genes: 262 genes with relative higher expression levels and 372 with lower expression levels. Cluster analysis showed 35 genes in nutritional disease and 17 genes in endocrine system. The most relevant gene was thyroid peroxidase (TPO), and this gene was overexpressed, and the next genes carbonic anhydrase VI (CA6), caveolin protein 1 (CAV1) and solute carrier family type 12 (SLLC12A3), soluble carrier family type 12 (SLLC12A3), beta 3 receptor (ADRB3), and glutamate receptor ionotropic N methyl D aspartate 2 A (GRIN2A) were all underexpressed. Conclusion. In PBMC from obese patients after a diet with a Mediterranean pattern, the expression of 634 genes, of the endocrine system and of nutritional disease, is modified.

2022 ◽  
Maike E. Lindemann ◽  
Marcel Gratz ◽  
Jan Ole Blumhagen ◽  
Bjoern Jakoby ◽  
Harald H. Quick

Processes ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 10 (1) ◽  
pp. 138
Marcos E. Fernández-Cuadros ◽  
Olga S. Pérez-Moro ◽  
María J. Albaladejo-Florín ◽  
María M. Tobar-Izquierdo ◽  
Amelia Magaña-Sánchez ◽  

Objectives: (1) to demonstrate the anti-inflammatory and anabolic effect of Ozone by determining in serum samples the biochemical levels of IL-6 and IGF-1 in knee osteoarthritis (OA) patients in a real world rehabilitation setting; (2) to differentiate Ozone effect in diabetic (DM)/obese and non-DM/non-obese patients; (3) to evaluate clinical effectiveness by visual analog scale (VAS) and WOMAC scale, and biochemical effect by C-reactive protein (CRP), uric acid and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR). Material and methods: 65 patients with knee OA Kellgren Lawrence (KL) grade 2 or more were analyzed in a retrospective observational study. The study ran from January 2018 to September 2021. Inclusion criteria: (a) patients 18 years or older; (b) with knee OA KL 2° or more; (c) biochemical analysis before-and-after treatment; (d) pain more than 3 on VAS. Exclusion Criteria: (a) previous knee surgery; (b) favism; (c) pregnancy; (d) any other disease that originates lack of collaboration for infiltration. Primary Outcome variables: (a) IL-6; (b) IGF-1 in diabetes mellitus (DM)/obese and non-DM/non-obese patients; both before-and-after Ozone treatment. Secondary Outcome variables: (a) CRP, (b) ESR, (c) uric acid, (d) VAS pain, (e) WOMAC pain, function and stiffness. Ozone protocol consisted of four sessions (once a week) of an intra-articular infiltration of 20 mL (20 µg/mL concentration) of a gas mixture of Oxygen-Ozone 95-5% (produced by Ozone generator Ozonosan-α Plus®). For biochemical evaluation, SNIBE MAGLUMI ™ IL-6 (CLIA) and SNIBE MAGLUMI ™ IGF-1 (CLIA) kits were used. CRP and uric acid were analyzed by a Abbott Alinity c kit; and ESR was evaluated by DIESSE VES MATIC CUBE 30. Results: There is a linear correlation between age and OA severity. IL-6 decreased both in DM and non-DM patients and in all OA KL grades (from 2.70 to 1.59 pg/mL). IGF-1 decreased in total group (OA + DM + obesity) from 112.09 to 107.19 ng/mL. When only non-DM/non-obese knee OA patients were analyzed, Ozone improved IGF-1 levels (from 100.17 to 102.03 ng/mL). Ozone decreased CRP, ESR, uric acid, and improved VAS pain, WOMAC pain, function and stiffness (p < 0.05). Conclusions: Ozone is a valid option for the management of knee osteoarthritis in a real world rehabilitation setting, because of its anti-inflammatory, metabolic and anabolic properties. Ozone tends to downregulate pro-inflammatory IL-6 cytokine. Ozone has a metabolic/hypoglycemic effect on obese/diabetic knee osteoarthritis patients by reducing IGF-1. Ozone has an anabolic effect on non-diabetic/non-obese patients by improving IGF-1. Ozone reduces other biomarkers of inflammation (CRP, ESR and uric acid) and improves, pain, function and quality of life.

Obesity Facts ◽  
2022 ◽  
Dughyun Choi ◽  
Sewon Kim ◽  
Jeyoung Woo ◽  
Haekyung Lee ◽  
Hyongane Kim ◽  

Introduction: Various kidney diseases reportedly show different urinary extracellular vesicles (EVs) RNA profiles. Although obesity is one of the main causes of chronic kidney disease, the expression pattern of urinary EVs RNA in obesity is uncertain. Our aim was to sequence the small RNA profiles of urinary EVs in obese patients before and after weight reduction and compared them to those of healthy volunteers (HVs). Methods: We recruited age-sex matched obese patients and HVs. The small RNA profiles of urinary EVs were analyzed using RNA sequencing. To evaluate the effect of weight reduction, small RNA profiles of urinary EVs 6 months after bariatric surgery were also analyzed. Results: The proportion of urinary EVs transfer RNA and microRNA of obese patients differed from that of HVs. Obese patients showed differential expression of 1343 small RNAs in urinary EVs compared to HVs (|fold change| ≥ 2 and p value < 0.05). Among those, 61 small RNAs were upregulated in obese patients and downregulated after weight reduction, whereas 167 small RNAs were downregulated in obese patients and upregulated after weight reduction. RNA sequencing revealed the correlation between the specific urinary EVs small RNAs and clinical parameters including body weight, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, triglyceride, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, serum glucose, estimated glomerular filtration rate, and albuminuria. Conclusion: Obese patients showed distinct urinary EVs small RNA profiles compared to HVs. Weight reduction altered urinary EVs small RNA profiles in obese patients.

Sign in / Sign up

Export Citation Format

Share Document