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Agronomy ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
pp. 177
Gianfranco Gagliardi ◽  
Antonio Igor Maria Cosma ◽  
Francesco Marasco

The high demand of information and communication technology (ICT) in agriculture applications has led to the introduction of the concept of smart farming. In this respect, moving from the main features of the Fourth Industrial Revolution (Industry 4.0) promoted by the European Community, new approaches have been suggested and adopted in agriculture, giving rise to the so-called Agriculture 4.0. Improvements in automation, advanced information systems and Internet technologies allow for farmers to increase the productivity and to allocate the resources reasonably. For these reasons, agricultural decision support systems (DSS) for Agriculture 4.0 have become a very interesting research topic. DSS are interactive tools that enable users to make informed decisions about unstructured problems, and can be either fully computerized, human or a combination of both. In general, a DSS analyzes and synthesizes large amounts of data to assist in decision making. This paper presents an innovative decision support system solution to address the issues faced by coconut oil producers in making strategic decisions, particularly in the comparison of different methods of oil extraction. In more detail, the adopted methodology describes how to address the problems of coconut oil extraction in order to minimize the processing time and processing cost and to obtain energy savings. To this end, the coconut oil extraction process of the Leão São Tomé and Principe Company is presented as a case study: a DSS instance that analyzes the problem of the optimal selection between two different oil coconut extraction methods (fermentation-based and standard extraction processes) is developed as a meta-heuristics with a mixed integer linear programming problem. The obtained results show that there is clearly a trade-off between the increase in cost and reliability that the decision-maker may be willing to evaluate. In this respect, the proposed model provides a tool to support the decision-maker in choosing the best combination between the two different coconut oil extraction methods. The proposed DSS has been tested in a real application context through an experimental campaign.

Firoz Ahmad ◽  
Ahmad Yusuf Adhami ◽  
Boby John ◽  
Amit Reza

Many decision-making problems can solve successfully by traditional optimization methods with a well-defined configuration.  The formulation of such optimization problems depends on crisply objective functions and a specific system of constraints.  Nevertheless, in reality, in any decision-making process, it is often observed that due to some doubt or hesitation, it is pretty tricky for decision-maker(s) to specify the precise/crisp value of any parameters and compelled to take opinions from different experts which leads towards a set of conflicting values regarding satisfaction level of decision-maker(s). Therefore the real decision-making problem cannot always be deterministic. Various types of uncertainties in parameters make it fuzzy.  This paper presents a practical mathematical framework to reflect the reality involved in any decision-making process. The proposed method has taken advantage of the hesitant fuzzy aggregation operator and presents a particular way to emerge in a decision-making process. For this purpose,  we have discussed a couple of different hesitant fuzzy aggregation operators and developed linear and hyperbolic membership functions under hesitant fuzziness, which contains the concept of hesitant degrees for different objectives.  Finally, an example based on a multiobjective optimization problem is presented to illustrate the validity and applicability of our proposed models.

2022 ◽  
Yabin Shao ◽  
Ning Wang ◽  
Zengtai Gong

Abstract The confidence levels can reduce the influence of the unreasonable evaluation value was given by the decision maker on the decision-making results. The Archimedean t-norm and t-conorm (ATS) also have many advantages for the processing of uncertain data. Under this environment, the confidence q-rung orthopair fuzzy aggregation operators based on ATS is one of the most successful extensions of confidence q-rung orthopair fuzzy numbers (Cq-ROFNs) in which decrease the deviation caused by the subjective perspective of the decision maker in the multicriteria group decision-making (MCGDM) problems. In this paper, we propose weighted, ordered weighted averaging aggregation operators and weighted, ordered weighted geometric aggregation operators based on ATS, respectively. Moreover, the properties and four specific forms associated with aggregation operators are also investigated. In this study, a novel MCGDM approach is introduced by using the proposed operator. A reasonable example is proposed and compared the results which are obtained by our operators and that in existing literature, so as to verify the rationality and flexible of our method. From the study, we concluded that the proposed method can reduce the impact of extreme data, and makes decision-making results more reasonable by considering the attitudes of decision-makers.

Stefania Basiglio ◽  
Paola De Vincentiis ◽  
Eleonora Isaia ◽  
Mariacristina Rossi

AbstractThis work focuses on credit access and demand in Italian firms using the RIL dataset, a sample representative of Italian firms, for the year 2015. We investigate whether the gender of the firm’s decision-maker plays a role in requesting and obtaining a loan. Our results suggest that women are significantly less likely to ask for credit, while no significant differences in credit approval are found between the two genders. Moreover, the gender gap disappears for more educated women, as well as for firms in the north of the country.

Soumyatanu Mukherjee ◽  
Sidhartha S. Padhi

AbstractSupply chains are customarily associated with multiple interconnected risks originated from supply side, demand side, or from the unanticipated background uncertainties faced by a firm. Also, effective functioning of supply chain hinges on sourcing decisions of inputs (raw materials). Therefore, there is a striking need to analyse the risk preference of the decision maker while going for optimal sourcing decision under varying degree of interconnected supply chain risks. This study addresses this issue by analysing the comparative static effects under interconnected supply chain risks for a risk averse decision-maker, manufacturing and selling products in a regulated market under perfect competition. The decision-maker faces not only supply-side risk (due to random input material prices) but also interconnected risks arising out of background risk (setup costs risk) and demand-side risk (output prices risk). With preferences defined over the mean and standard deviation of the uncertain final profit, this study illustrates the effects of the changes in the pairwise correlations between the three above mentioned risks on the optimum input choice of the manufacturer. To contextualise this study, an India-based generic drug manufacturer cum seller has been considered as a case in the parametric example of our model. Adaptation of the mean–variance framework helps obtaining all the results in terms of the relative trade-off between risk and return, with simple yet intuitive interpretations.

Dieudonné Dieudo Ecike Ewanga

This paper presents the behavior of decision makers, the possible choices and the strategies 1 resulting from the uncertainties related to the integration of renewable energies. Its uncertainties 2 are the risks associated with the volatility of renewable sources, the dynamics of energy production 3 as well as the planning and operation of the electricity grid. The goal is to model the risk-averse 4 decision-maker’s behavior and the choice of integrating renewable energies into the electrical system. 5 Following a bibliographic approach, we expose a methodology to model the decision-maker’s 6 behavior(risk aversion and predilection for risk) to risk taking. The risk-averse decision maker may 7 adopt nonlinear utility functions. Risk aversion is a behavior that reflects the desire to avoid risk 8 decisions and thus reduces the risk of adverse consequences. A decision support tool is provided to 9 the decision-maker to choose a best-fit strategy based on his preferences. The rational and risk-averse 10 decision-maker would seek to maximize a concave utility function instead of seeking to minimize its 11 cost. Taste or aversion to risk can be modeled by a thematic function of utility.

Xi Chen ◽  
Yunxiao Chen ◽  
Xiaoou Li

A sequential design problem for rank aggregation is commonly encountered in psychology, politics, marketing, sports, etc. In this problem, a decision maker is responsible for ranking K items by sequentially collecting noisy pairwise comparisons from judges. The decision maker needs to choose a pair of items for comparison in each step, decide when to stop data collection, and make a final decision after stopping based on a sequential flow of information. Because of the complex ranking structure, existing sequential analysis methods are not suitable. In this paper, we formulate the problem under a Bayesian decision framework and propose sequential procedures that are asymptotically optimal. These procedures achieve asymptotic optimality by seeking a balance between exploration (i.e., finding the most indistinguishable pair of items) and exploitation (i.e., comparing the most indistinguishable pair based on the current information). New analytical tools are developed for proving the asymptotic results, combining advanced change of measure techniques for handling the level crossing of likelihood ratios and classic large deviation results for martingales, which are of separate theoretical interest in solving complex sequential design problems. A mirror-descent algorithm is developed for the computation of the proposed sequential procedures.

Bhupinder Singh Saini ◽  
Michael Emmerich ◽  
Atanu Mazumdar ◽  
Bekir Afsar ◽  
Babooshka Shavazipour ◽  

AbstractWe introduce novel concepts to solve multiobjective optimization problems involving (computationally) expensive function evaluations and propose a new interactive method called O-NAUTILUS. It combines ideas of trade-off free search and navigation (where a decision maker sees changes in objective function values in real time) and extends the NAUTILUS Navigator method to surrogate-assisted optimization. Importantly, it utilizes uncertainty quantification from surrogate models like Kriging or properties like Lipschitz continuity to approximate a so-called optimistic Pareto optimal set. This enables the decision maker to search in unexplored parts of the Pareto optimal set and requires a small amount of expensive function evaluations. We share the implementation of O-NAUTILUS as open source code. Thanks to its graphical user interface, a decision maker can see in real time how the preferences provided affect the direction of the search. We demonstrate the potential and benefits of O-NAUTILUS with a problem related to the design of vehicles.

2022 ◽  
Vol 13 (1) ◽  
pp. 72-83
Zengchao Duan ◽  
Aohan Li ◽  
Norihiro Okada ◽  
Yusuke Ito ◽  
Nicolas Chauvet ◽  

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