mixed ligand complexes
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Polyhedron ◽  
2022 ◽  
pp. 115649
Allen T. Gordon ◽  
Olufunso O. Abosede ◽  
Songeziwe Ntsimango ◽  
Eric C Hosten ◽  
Nonzuzo Myeza ◽  

Yu. G. Kropyvka ◽  
V. S. Bomko ◽  
S. Y. Kropyvka

The article deals with the results of research on the economic efficiency of the use of mixed ligand complexes of Zinc, Manganese and Cobalt in the feeding rations of highlyproductive cows of Ukrainian Red-Spotted Dairy breed in the first 100 days of lactation. The research was performed on five groups (one control and four experimental) of analogous cows in the conditions of ALC “Terezyne” Bila Tserkva district of Kyiv region. The control was the optimal dose of mixed ligand complexes of Zinc, Manganese and Cobalt, which was previously established with a concentration of 1 kg of dry matter (DM) of the feed mixture (FM), mg: Zinc – 60.8; Manganese – 60.8 and Cobalt – 0.78. For the 2nd experimental group, the concentration of these trace elements was increased by 10 %, and in the 3rd, 4th and 5th experimental groups – on the contrary, the concentration of Zinc, Manganese and Cobalt in 1 kg of DM of feed mixture was reduced by 10 %, 20 and 30 %, respectively, compared with the control. The best results on milk yield of natural and basic fat content were got from cows of the 4th experimental group, where the concentration of Zinc, Manganese and Cobalt due to their mixed ligand complexes in 1 kg of DM of feed mixture was, mg: Zinc – 48.6; Manganese – 48.6; Cobalt – 0.62. The cost of products got from experimental cows ranged from UAH 12702.3 up to UAH 13783.7 and it was the highest in the 4th experimental group. It was set up that for cows of Ukrainian Red-Spotted Dairy breed in the first 100 days of lactation the most economically advantageous was the dose of mixed ligand complexes, in which the concentration of Zinc and Manganese was 48.6 mg, and Cobalt – 0.62 mg/kg DM, which allowed to obtain a profit of 14.37 % more than in the control group. Doses of mixed ligand complexes with a concentration of Zinc and Manganese – 66.9 mg; 54.7 and 42.6 mg, and Cobalt – 0.86 mg; 0.7 and 0.55 mg/kg CF gave a much lower economic effect. Additional profit in the 2nd experimental group amounted to UAH 66.8 or 1.34 %; in the 3rd – UAH 95.6 or 1.92 % and in the 5th – UAH 561.6 or 11.28 %, compared with the control group.

2021 ◽  
pp. 132227
Emaad M.A. Al-Janabi ◽  
Mohammad R. Hatshan ◽  
Syed Farooq Adil ◽  
Wesam R. Kadhum ◽  
Subhi A. Al-Jibori ◽  

2021 ◽  
Vol 69 (2) ◽  
pp. 76-81
Sumaia Abdullah ◽  
MS Rahman ◽  
Humaira Yeasmin ◽  
AA Shaikh ◽  
Pradip K Bakshi

Three mixed ligand complexes of copper(II) with adenine and dicarboxylic acids have been synthesized. The resulting complexes were characterized by their melting point, solubility, metal content analysis, FT-IR and UV-visible spectroscopy, magnetic measurement, thermal analysis, cyclic voltammetric measurement and X-ray powder diffraction study. The products are microcrystalline powder, slightly soluble in water and decompose at high temperature. Under experimental condition, the ligands adenine (Ade) behaves as a neutral ligand, whereas oxalic acid (OxH2), succinic acid (SucH2) and tartaric acid (TarH2) are doubly deprotonated to form dianionic ligands that are coordinated to the Cu(II) ion. The Cu(II) content analysis of the complexes confine to their stoichiometry [Cu(Ade)(L)(H2O)] (L = Ox, Suc, or Tar dianion). Electrochemical redox behavior of the complexes in their reaction medium was also examined. They exhibit quasi-reversible one-electron transfer processes. Dhaka Univ. J. Sci. 69(2): 76-81, 2021 (July)

2021 ◽  
Vol 9 (2) ◽  
pp. 057-064
Nkeruwem Udo Nyah ◽  
Etiowo George Ukpong ◽  
Okon Effiong Okon ◽  
Ekemini Johnson Obosi

Tetra dentate Schiff base N, N’-bis [2-hydroxyacetophenone] ethylendiamine (OAcPh-en) were formed by the 2:1 molar condensation of 2-hydroxyacetophenone with ethylenediamine. Their Ni(II), Cu(II), Co(II), Mn(II), Fe(II) and Zn(II) diaquo complexes (I) were synthesized. The neutral bidentate ligand derived from benzaldehyde and ethylenediamine or o-phenylenediamine in 1:1 molar ratio in alcoholic solution yield bis[benzylidene] ethylenediamine (Ben-en) or bis [benzylidene] o-phenylinediamine (Ben-opd) (II). Further reaction between (I) and (II) in alcohol yielded mixed ligand complexes. The characterization of these newly synthesized mixed-ligand complexes were done by elemental analysis, magnetic measurements, infrared spectra and uv-visible spectra, thermo gravimetric analysis, anti-microbial studies have also been under taken

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