visible spectra
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Astrid S. Tarleton ◽  
Jorge C. Garcia-Alvarez ◽  
Anah Wynn ◽  
Cade M. Awbrey ◽  
Tomas P. Roberts ◽  

Nanomaterials ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (2) ◽  
pp. 213
Hongli Ye ◽  
Lukai Zhao ◽  
Xinghui Ren ◽  
Youqiong Cai ◽  
Hai Chi

An approach to the detection of F− ions in food samples was developed based on a “switch-off-on” fluorescence probe of silicon nanoparticles (SiNPs). The fluorescence of the synthetic SiNPs was gradually quenched in the presence of Fe3+ ion and slightly recovered with the addition of F− ion owing to the formation of a stable and colorless ferric fluoride. The fluorescence recovery exhibited a good linear relationship (R2 = 0.9992) as the concentration of F− ion increased from 0 to 100 μmol·L−1. The detection limit of the established method of F− ion was 0.05 μmol·L−1. The recovery experiments confirmed the accuracy and reliability of the proposed method. The ultraviolet–visible spectra, fluorescence decays, and zeta potentials evidenced the fluorescence quenching mechanism involving the electron transfer between the SiNPs and Fe3+ ion, while the fluorescence recovery resulted from the formation of ferric fluoride. Finally, SiNPs were successfully applied to detect F− ions in tap water, Antarctic krill, and Antarctic krill powder.

Sensors ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 22 (2) ◽  
pp. 492
Jordi-Roger Riba ◽  
Manuel Moreno-Eguilaz ◽  
Maxence Boizieau ◽  
Tamerlan Ibrayemov

Unpressurized aircraft circuits facilitate the initiation of electrical discharges in wiring systems, with consequent damage to related insulation materials and safety hazards, that can and have already caused severe incidents and accidents. Specific sensors and solutions must be developed to detect these types of faults at a very incipient stage, before further damage occurs. Electrical discharges in air generate the corona effect, which is characterized by emissions of bluish light, which are found in the ultraviolet (UV) and visible spectra. However, due to sunlight interference, the corona effect is very difficult to detect at the very initial stage, so the use of solar-blind sensors can be a possible solution. This work analyzes the feasibility of using inexpensive non-invasive solar-blind sensors in a range of pressures compatible with aircraft environments to detect the electrical discharges at a very incipient stage. Their behavior and sensitivity compared with other alternatives, i.e., an antenna sensor and a CMOS imaging sensor, is also assessed. Experimental results presented in this paper show that the analyzed solar-blind sensors can be applied for the on-line detection of electrical discharges in unpressurized aircraft environments at the very initial stage, thus facilitating and enabling the application of predictive maintenance strategies. They also offer the possibility to be combined with existing electrical protections to expand their capabilities and improve their sensitivity to detect very early discharges, thus allowing the timely identification of their occurrence.

2021 ◽  
Vol 10 (4) ◽  
pp. 13-18
K. Balachandran ◽  
G. Vijayakumar ◽  
S. Mageswari ◽  
A. Preethi ◽  
M.S. Viswak Senan

TiO2 nanoparticles (TiO2) and Ag-doped TiO2 nanocomposites (Ag-TiO2) were synthesized by the Sol-Gel process using titanium tetra isopropoxide as TiO2 and AgNO3 as Ag precursors, respectively. The synthesized nanocomposites were characterized by XRD, SEM, TEM, FT-IR, and UV­-Visible analysis. The XRD results show that Ag doping increases the grain size from 22 nm to 36 nm. From the UV-Visible spectra, the redshift in absorbance was observed, which indicates the increase in grain size and it reduces the bandgap. The TEM analysis shows that all the particles are exhibited in the nanometer range. The synthesized nanoparticles show good photocatalytic activity, and they decompose the methyl orange dye within 5 hours.

2021 ◽  
Astrid Tarleton ◽  
Jorge Garcia-Alvarez ◽  
Anah Wynn ◽  
Cade Awbrey ◽  
Tomas Roberts ◽  

Excited-state quantum chemical calculations typically report excitation energies and oscillator strengths, ƒ, for each electronic transition. On the other hand, UV-visible spectrophotometric experiments report energy-dependent molar extinction/attenuation coefficients, ε(v), that determine the absorption band line shapes. ε(v) and ƒ are related, but this relation is complicated by various broadening and solvation effects. We fit and integrated experimental UV-visible spectra to obtain ƒexp values for absorption bands and estimated the uncertainty in the fitting. We derived 164 ƒexp values from 100 organic molecules ranging in size from 6-34 atoms. The corresponding computed oscillator strengths (ƒcomp) were obtained with time-dependent density functional theory and a polarizable continuum solvent model. By expressing experimental and computed absorption strengths using a common quantity, we directly compared ƒcomp and ƒexp. While ƒcomp and ƒexp are well correlated (linear regression R2=0. 921), ƒcomp in most cases significantly overestimates ƒexp (regression slope=1.34). The agreement between absolute ƒcomp and ƒexp values was substantially improved by accounting for a solvent refractive index factor, as suggested in some derivations in the literature. The 100 digitized UV-visible spectra are included as plain text files in the supporting information to aid in benchmarking computational or machine-learning approaches that aim to simulate realistic UV-visible absorption spectra.

2021 ◽  
Vol 18 (4(Suppl.)) ◽  
pp. 1545
Anaam M. Rasheed ◽  
Sinan M. M. Al-Bayati ◽  
Dr.Rehab A.M. Al-Hasani ◽  
Muna Ali Shakir

Two Schiff bases, namely, 3-(benzylidene amino) -2-thioxo-6-methyl 2,5-dihydropyrimidine-4(3H)-one (LS])and 3-(benzylidene amino)-6-methyl pyrimidine 4(3H, 5H)-dione(LA)as chelating ligands), were used to prepare some complexes of Cr(III), La(III), and Ce(III)] ions. Standard physico-chemical procedures including metal analysis M%, element microanalysis (C.H.N.S) , magnetic susceptibility, conductometric measurements, FT-IR and UV-visible Spectra were used to identify Metal (III) complexes and  Schiff bases (LS) and (LA). According to findings, a [Cr(III) complex] showed six coordinated octahedral geometry, while [La(III), and Ce(III) complexes]were structured with coordination number seven.  Schiff's bases and mineral complexes were examined in vitro to investigate potential inhibition against Gram-positive bacteria such as Pseudonomous aerugionosa and Gram-negative bacteria such as Staphylococcus aureus. The low concentration for inhibition has been also determined by studying the minimal inhibitory concentrations MIC .Antibiotics (Ampicillin, Amoxicillin) have been chosen to contrast their activity. Furthermore, Anti-fungal activity against two types of fungi ʺAspergillus flavusʺ and ʺPenicillum Spp.ʺ was studied for these compounds. The results of the antibacterial activity were better compared to the standard drugs.

Coatings ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (12) ◽  
pp. 1545
Emeka Charles Nwanna ◽  
Patrick Ehi Imoisili ◽  
Sarah Oluwabunmi Bitire ◽  
Tien-Chien Jen

This study aimed to synthesize copper oxide (CuO) thin films using an eco-friendly green synthetic approach. A sol-gel spin coating technique was employed for the synthesis of the CuO thin film using Allium cepa as a reducing agent. The fabricated CuO thin film was investigated using the Fourier Transform-Infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, Ultraviolet-visible spectra studies (UV-Vis), energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and the Four-Point Probe measurement. The SEM micrographs revealed that the particles were spherically shaped, while the EDX analysis revealed that the CuO thin film was composed of copper and oxygen elements. Furthermore, the XRD analysis confirmed the monoclinic crystalline structure of the CuO thin film, while the FTIR spectroscopy investigated the chemical bonds formed during the production process. Contrarily, the UV-Vis spectroscopy reported a strong absorption of the film at the visible spectra with an estimated optical energy band gap of 1.48 eV. The electrical analysis, however, disclosed that the synthesized thin film portrayed good semiconducting behaviors.

2021 ◽  
Ivan Egorov ◽  
Anton Klimkin ◽  
Artem Poloskov ◽  
Daniil Pomazkin ◽  
Maksim Serebrennikov ◽  

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