3404 External validation of a nomogram predicting disease-free (DFS) and overall survival (OS) in patients (pts) with primary retroperitoneal sarcoma (pRPS)

2015 ◽  
Vol 51 ◽  
pp. S689-S690
C. Raut ◽  
R. Miceli ◽  
D. Strauss ◽  
C. Swallow ◽  
P. Hohenberger ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 39 (15_suppl) ◽  
pp. 11571-11571
Lorenzo D'ambrosio ◽  
Francesco Tolomeo ◽  
Maria Cristina Bruna ◽  
Sandra Aliberti ◽  
Alessandra Merlini ◽  

11571 Background: Despite surgically resectable pulmonary metastases may lead to cure patients with B-STS (Chudgar NP 2017), a substantial proportion of patients will eventually relapse. Presently, patient selection is based on unique organ involvement, number of metastases, interval between previous surgery and pulmonary progression or relapse. We assessed the impact of anatomical site of metastasis into the lung (as if the pleural site might ease further tumor spreading) and nodule growth rate as additional predictive/prognostic factors of lung progression-free survival (L-PFS) and overall survival (OS). Methods: In our prospectively collected database, we retrospectively evaluated patients operated for B-STS pulmonary progression at 3 different centers from 2005 to 2019. Beyond patients’ clinical features at both baseline and disease progression in the lungs, we focused on whether the relapse occurred into the parenchyma or nearby the pleura (Welter S 2012); secondly, we estimated lung metastasis growth rate, defined as tumor doubling time (TDT) (Nakamura T 2011). Statistical analyses were carried out with IBM SPSS (v. 20.0). Survival outcomes were estimated by Kaplan-Meier method. Hazard ratios (HR) were estimated by Cox regression. Multivariate analysis was performed for both L-PFS and OS according to Cox proportional hazard model. All tests were 2-sided with their corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CI95%). Results: We identified 138 patients who underwent lung metastasectomy [(F=66 (48%); median age at surgery 50 (14-78)]. Median PFS and L-PFS were 8.7 months (CI95% 6.6-10.9) and 8.6 months (CI95% 6.2-11.0), respectively. Median OS was 40.6 months (CI 95% 32.8-48.5). Univariate analysis showed a statistically significant impact of the following variables for both L-PFS and OS: ECOG 0, nodule number <3, being disease-free after first-line treatment, no pleural involvement, and TDT >40 days. Disease-free interval ≤ 24 months and absence of metastases at diagnosis showed significant correlation with L-PFS and OS, respectively. At multivariate analyses the following variables retained statistical significance for L-PFS: TDT >40 days (HR 0.53, CI95% 0.31-0.93, p=0.028); nodule number <3 (HR 0.54, 95%CI 0.29-0.99, p=0.048), no pleural involvement (HR 0.39, CI95% 0.22-0.70, p=0.001); and for OS: TDT >40 days (HR 0.36, CI95% 0.18-0.72, p=0.004), nodule number <3 (HR 0.35, 95%CI 0.18-0.71, p=0.004), no pleural involvement (HR 0.49, CI95% 0.24-0.98, p=0.045), and ECOG 0 (HR 0.29, 95%CI 0.14-0.59, p=0.001). Conclusions: Acknowledging its retrospective nature and the need for an external validation, our series highlights the key-role of the anatomical site of relapse within the lung and the impact of tumor growth rate. If confirmed, these two clinical parameters should be factored in the decision making on performing pulmonary metastasectomy.

2013 ◽  
Vol 31 (13) ◽  
pp. 1649-1655 ◽  
Alessandro Gronchi ◽  
Rosalba Miceli ◽  
Elizabeth Shurell ◽  
Fritz C. Eilber ◽  
Frederick R. Eilber ◽  

Purpose Integration of numerous prognostic variables not included in the conventional staging of retroperitoneal soft tissue sarcomas (RPS) is essential in providing effective treatment. The purpose of this study was to build a specific nomogram for predicting postoperative overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) in patients with primary RPS. Patients and Methods Data registered in three institutional prospective sarcoma databases were used. We included patients with primary localized RPS resected between 1999 and 2009. Univariate (Kaplan and Meier plots) and multivariate (Cox model) analyses were carried out. The a priori chosen prognostic covariates were age, tumor size, grade, histologic subtype, multifocality, quality of surgery, and radiation therapy. External validation was performed by applying the nomograms to the patients of an external cohort. The model's discriminative ability was estimated by means of the bootstrap-corrected Harrell C statistic. Results In all, 523 patients were identified at the three institutions (developing set). At a median follow-up of 45 months (interquartile range, 22 to 72 months), 171 deaths were recorded. Five- and 7-year OS rates were 56.8% (95% CI, 51.4% to 62.6%) and 46.7% (95% CI, 39.9% to 54.6%. Two hundred twenty-one patients had disease recurrence. Five- and 7-year DFS rates were 39.4% (95% CI, 34.5% to 45.0%) and 35.7% (95% CI, 30.3% to 42.1%). The validation set consisted of 135 patients who were identified at the fourth institution for external validation. The bootstrap-corrected Harrell C statistics for OS and DFS were 0.74 and 0.71 in the developing set and 0.68 and 0.69 in the validating set. Conclusion These nomograms accurately predict OS and DFS. They should be used for patient counseling in clinical practice and stratification in clinical trials.

2021 ◽  
Vol 108 (Supplement_9) ◽  
Timothy Gilbert ◽  
Marc Quinn ◽  
Nick Bird ◽  
Rafael Diaz-Nieto ◽  
Robert Jones ◽  

Abstract Background Hilar cholangiocarcinoma is an aggressive cancer with poor prognosis. Complex pre-operative workup is required prior to major surgery that frequently involves an extended hepatectomy with biliary reconstruction and is associated with high levels of post-operative morbidity and mortality. Tools to predict overall and disease-specific outcome are required to better tailor pre-habilitation interventions and selection of patients for surgery. Here we investigate whether body morphometrics are associated with disease-free and overall survival. Methods Consecutive patients undergoing resection of hilar cholangiocarcinoma were identified within a prospectively maintained database in a single institution. The CoreSlicer web-based app was used to calculate body morphometrics at the L3 vertebral level (muscle, visceral and subcutaneous fat areas) from portal-phase CT images. Median cut-offs defined patient groups and height-normalised morphometric values were compared at diagnostic and subsequent pre-operative imaging. Multivariate analysis was used to identify relationships between body morphometrics at time of diagnosis, changes in body morphometrics in the pre-operative period and outcome. Results Body morphometrics were assessed in 88 patients at the time of diagnosis. Of these patients, 53 underwent re-staging enabling an assessment of change in body morphometrics during the pre-operative period. Men displayed significantly higher muscle area, visceral fat and lower subcutaneous fat than women. High visceral fat area at diagnosis was an independent predictor of reduced overall survival (HR 1.81, 95% CI 1.1-3.3, P = 0.03), whilst loss of skeletal muscle area during the pre-operative period was an independent predictor of reduced disease-free survival (HR 2.90, 95% CI 1.0-8.8, P = 0.05). Patients with higher visceral fat at diagnosis also appear at increased risk of post-hepatectomy liver failure (PHLF) and experience significantly higher 30-day mortality than those without elevated visceral fat. Conclusions The presented results identify potential value in assessing body morphometrics as a prognostic tool in patients undergoing surgery for hilar cholangiocarcinoma. External validation of these findings in larger patient cohorts will help to determine whether this can be utilised to guide pre-habilitation interventions and appropriately select patients for surgery.

Cecilia Tetta ◽  
Maria Carpenzano ◽  
Areej Tawfiq J Algargoush ◽  
Marwah Algargoosh ◽  
Francesco Londero ◽  

Background: Radio-frequency ablation (RFA) and Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy (SBRT) are two emerging therapies for lung metastases. Introduction: We performed a literature review to evaluate outcomes and complications of these procedures in patients with lung metastases from soft tissue sarcoma (STS). Method: After selection, seven studies were included for each treatment encompassing a total of 424 patients: 218 in the SBRT group and 206 in the RFA group. Results: The mean age ranged from 47.9 to 64 years in the SBRT group and from 48 to 62.7 years in the RFA group. The most common histologic subtype was, in both groups, leiomyosarcoma. : In the SBRT group, median overall survival ranged from 25.2 to 69 months and median disease-free interval from 8.4 to 45 months. Two out of seven studies reported G3 and one G3 toxicity, respectively. In RFA patients, overall survival ranged from 15 to 50 months. The most frequent complication was pneumothorax. : Local control showed high percentage for both procedures. Conclusion: SBRT is recommended in patients unsuitable to surgery, in synchronous bilateral pulmonary metastases, in case of deep lesions and in patients receiving high-risk systemic therapies. RFA is indicated in case of a long disease-free interval, in oligometastatic disease, when only the lung is involved, in small size lesions far from large vessels. : Further large randomized studies are necessary to establish whether these treatments may also represent a reliable alternative to surgery.

Zhen Yang ◽  
Hengjun Gao ◽  
Jun Lu ◽  
Zheyu Niu ◽  
Huaqiang Zhu ◽  

Abstract Objective There are limited data from retrospective studies on whether therapeutic outcomes after regular pancreatectomy are superior to those after enucleation in patients with small, peripheral and well-differentiated non-functional pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors. This study aimed to compare the short- and long-term outcomes of regular pancreatectomy and enucleation in patients with non-functional pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors. Methods Between January 2007 and July 2020, 227 patients with non-functional pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors who underwent either enucleation (n = 89) or regular pancreatectomy (n = 138) were included. Perioperative complications, disease-free survival, and overall survival probabilities were compared. Propensity score matching was performed to balance the baseline differences between the two groups. Results The median follow-up period was 60.76 months in the enucleation group and 43.29 months in the regular pancreatectomy group. In total, 34 paired patients were identified after propensity score matching. The average operative duration in the enucleation group was significantly shorter than that in the regular pancreatectomy group (147.94 ± 42.39 min versus 217.94 ± 74.60 min, P &lt; 0.001), and the estimated blood loss was also significantly lesser (P &lt; 0.001). The matched patients who underwent enucleation displayed a similar overall incidence of postoperative complications (P = 0.765), and a comparable length of hospital stay (11.12 ± 3.90 days versus 9.94 ± 2.62 days, P = 0.084) compared with those who underwent regular pancreatectomy. There were no statistically significant differences between the two groups in disease-free survival and overall survival after propensity score matching. Conclusion Enucleation in patients with non-functional pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors was associated with shorter operative time, lesser intraoperative bleeding, similar overall morbidity of postoperative complications, and comparable 5-year disease-free survival and overall survival when compared with regular pancreatectomy.

BMC Cancer ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 21 (1) ◽  
Suyu Wang ◽  
Yue Yu ◽  
Wenting Xu ◽  
Xin Lv ◽  
Yufeng Zhang ◽  

Abstract Background The prognostic roles of three lymph node classifications, number of positive lymph nodes (NPLN), log odds of positive lymph nodes (LODDS), and lymph node ratio (LNR) in lung adenocarcinoma are unclear. We aim to find the classification with the strongest predictive power and combine it with the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) 8th TNM stage to establish an optimal prognostic nomogram. Methods 25,005 patients with T1-4N0–2M0 lung adenocarcinoma after surgery between 2004 to 2016 from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database were included. The study cohort was divided into training cohort (13,551 patients) and external validation cohort (11,454 patients) according to different geographic region. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses were performed on the training cohort to evaluate the predictive performance of NPLN (Model 1), LODDS (Model 2), LNR (Model 3) or LODDS+LNR (Model 4) respectively for cancer-specific survival and overall survival. Likelihood-ratio χ2 test, Akaike Information Criterion, Harrell concordance index, integrated discrimination improvement (IDI) and net reclassification improvement (NRI) were used to evaluate the predictive performance of the models. Nomograms were established according to the optimal models. They’re put into internal validation using bootstrapping technique and external validation using calibration curves. Nomograms were compared with AJCC 8th TNM stage using decision curve analysis. Results NPLN, LODDS and LNR were independent prognostic factors for cancer-specific survival and overall survival. LODDS+LNR (Model 4) demonstrated the highest Likelihood-ratio χ2 test, highest Harrell concordance index, and lowest Akaike Information Criterion, and IDI and NRI values suggested Model 4 had better prediction accuracy than other models. Internal and external validations showed that the nomograms combining TNM stage with LODDS+LNR were convincingly precise. Decision curve analysis suggested the nomograms performed better than AJCC 8th TNM stage in clinical practicability. Conclusions We constructed online nomograms for cancer-specific survival and overall survival of lung adenocarcinoma patients after surgery, which may facilitate doctors to provide highly individualized therapy.

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