scholarly journals Acute Pancreatitis Coincided with Multiple Arteriolar Aneurysms in a Patient with Polyarteritis Nodosa

Ko Takamatsu ◽  
Yasuyoshi Kusanagi ◽  
Hideyuki Horikoshi ◽  
Takashi Nakanishi ◽  
Akinori Wada ◽  

Abstract A 78-year-old man presented to our hospital with a history of 10kg weight loss within 6 months previously, and general fatigue and fever for 2 and 1 months, respectively. On hospitalization, the patient was diagnosed with polyarteritis nodosa after multiple microaneurysms were observed in the liver, kidney, pancreas, and mesenteries. He achieved remission with the administration of 1,000mg methylprednisolone for 3 days, followed by prednisolone (55mg/day). Steroids were successfully tapered with no re-elevation in inflammation. Two months after the administration of steroids, the patient complained of acute abdominal pain, and developed severe acute pancreatitis. During treatment for pancreatitis, the patient died due to septic shock and disseminated intravascular coagulation. An autopsy revealed necrotizing vasculitis in the intrapancreatic arteries and ischemia of the downstream arterioles resulting in acute pancreatitis.

1993 ◽  
Vol 27 (1) ◽  
pp. 36-37 ◽  
Anthony E. Zimmermann ◽  
Brian G. Katona ◽  
Joginder S. Jodhka ◽  
Richard B. Williams

OBJECTIVE: To report a case of probable ceftriaxone-induced acute pancreatitis. CASE SUMMARY: A patient with a history of short-bowel syndrome on home total parenteral nutrition developed fever, chills, and right flank pain. She was diagnosed with gram-negative catheter sepsis and prescribed antibiotic therapy to be administered for four weeks. After completion of the first week of therapy, the antibiotic regimen was changed to intravenous injections of ceftriaxone to be given daily at home. Prior to discharge the patient developed acute abdominal pain, leukocytosis, jaundice, and markedly elevated lipase and amylase concentrations consistent with acute pancreatitis. The patient's condition improved upon discontinuation of the ceftriaxone and the remainder of her stay was uneventful. DISCUSSION: There is only one other case report in the literature of probable ceftriaxone-induced pancreatitis. Multiple other medications have been implicated in causing acute pancreatitis. The exact mechanism of this uncommon adverse effect of ceftriaxone is unknown. CONCLUSIONS: There was a temporal relationship between the development of this patient's signs and symptoms and the administration of ceftriaxone. We could not identify any other factors that may have been responsible for the development of her acute pancreatitis. Ceftriaxone should be considered as a possible etiologic agent in patients who present with acute abdominal pain and elevated lipase and amylase concentrations.

2021 ◽  
Vol 8 (3) ◽  
pp. 1020
Oseen Hajilal Shaikh ◽  
Suresh Chilaka ◽  
Gopal Balasubramanian ◽  
Uday Shamrao Kumbhar ◽  
Muhamed Tajudeen

Acute or chronic pancreatitis can cause pseudoaneurysm of visceral arteries. The splenic artery is the most common to get affected. Here, we report a case of acute pancreatitis with pseudoaneurysm of the splenic artery. A 40 year old male, a chronic alcoholic with a known history of acute pancreatitis, presented with acute abdominal pain, haematemesis, and melena. Diagnosis of pseudoaneurysm of splenic artery was confirmed by computed tomography abdomen. The endovascular coil embolization was done successfully, following which the patient made an uneventful recovery

2015 ◽  
Vol 18 (3) ◽  
pp. 088
Ye-tao Li ◽  
Xiao-bin Liu ◽  
Tao Wang

<p class="p1"><span class="s1">Mycotic aneurysm of the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) is a rare complication of infective endocarditis. We report a case with infective endocarditis involving the aortic valve complicated by multiple septic embolisms. The patient was treated with antibiotics for 6 weeks. During preparation for surgical treatment, the patient developed acute abdominal pain and was diagnosed with a ruptured SMA aneurysm, which was successfully treated with an emergency operation of aneurysm ligation. The aortic valve was replaced 17 days later and the patient recovered uneventfully. In conclusion, we present a rare case with infective endocarditis (IE) complicated by SMA aneurysm. Antibiotic treatment did not prevent the rupture of SMA aneurysm. Abdominal pain in a patient with a recent history of IE should be excluded with ruptured aneurysm.</span></p>

2019 ◽  
Vol 9 ◽  
pp. 23
Giulia Frauenfelder ◽  
Annamaria Maraziti ◽  
Vincenzo Ciccone ◽  
Giuliano Maraziti ◽  
Oliviero Caleo ◽  

Lemmel syndrome is a rare and misdiagnosed cause of acute abdominal pain due to a juxtapapillary duodenal diverticulum causing mechanical obstruction of the common bile duct. Frequently, patients suffering from Lemmel syndrome have a history of recurrent access to the emergency room for acute abdominal pain referable to a biliopancreatic obstruction, in the absence of lithiasis nuclei or solid lesions at radiological examinations. Ultrasonography (US) may be helpful in evaluation of upstream dilatation of extra-/intra-hepatic biliary duct, but computed tomography (CT) is the reference imaging modality for the diagnosis of periampullary duodenal diverticula compressing the intrapancreatic portion of the common bile duct. Recognition of this entity is crucial for targeted, timely therapy avoiding mismanagement and therapeutic delay. The aim of this paper is to report CT imaging findings and our experience in two patients affected by Lemmel syndrome.

2011 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
pp. 81-85
Mohammad Robed Amin ◽  
Farzana Shumi ◽  
Hasibuddin Khan ◽  
Syed Ahmed Abdullah ◽  
Shafiul Alam ◽  

An elderly patient presented with prolonged fever, gross weight loss, recurrent haemoptysis and abdominal pain. He had a background history of adrenal tuberculosis with completion of treatment without any obvious improvement. Clinically he was diagnosed as a case of adrenocotical insufficiency. Evaluation including histopathology revealed the diagnosis as disseminated histoplasmosis involving adrenal gland and lungs. The disease is a rarity without any underneath immunosuppression and hence high index of suspicion with appropriate steps for investigation is the key to achieve a diagnosis of disseminated histoplasmosis in Bangladesh. Keyword: . DOI: 10.3329/jom.v12i1.6936J Medicine 2011; 12 : 81-85

2001 ◽  
Vol 15 (2) ◽  
pp. 127-130 ◽  
Mary Anne Cooper ◽  
Aubrey Groll

A 14-year-old child treated with valproic acid over several years for a seizure disorder developed abdominal pain with radiological evidence of acute pancreatitis. The association with valproic acid was not recognized, and the child continued to take the drug. The patient eventually developed steatorrhea and weight loss that improved with pancreatic enzyme replacement. Radiological evaluation showed an atrophic pancreas. Without evidence of other etiological factors, valproic acid by itself appeared to be the cause of chronic pancreatitis with exocrine pancreatic insufficiency in this patient.

Surgery Today ◽  
1999 ◽  
Vol 29 (11) ◽  
pp. 1177-1182 ◽  
Yoshihiro Asanuma ◽  
Tomoki Furuya ◽  
Jun-ichi Tanaka ◽  
Tsutomu Sato ◽  
Satoshi Shibata ◽  

2016 ◽  
Vol 64 (4) ◽  
pp. 942.1-942 ◽  
N Vyas ◽  
H Alkhawam ◽  
R Sogomonian ◽  
RA Ching Companioni ◽  
M Tiba ◽  

IntroductionPegaspargase (Oncaspar) is a modified version of L-asparaginase conjugated with polyethylene glycol. In leukemic cells, asparaginase hydrolyzes L- asparagine to ammonia and L-aspartic acid leading to depletion of asparagine. Despite its potential benefits there are a wide range of side effects. One rare but potentially deadly complication is severe pancreatitis.CaseThe patient was a 24 year old Mexican male with a history of Acute T-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL) on recent chemotherapy including pegaspargase, admitted for abdominal pain, found to have acute pancreatitis secondary to hypertriglyceridemia. Heart rate was 127 bpm, chest revealed decreased air entry in right lung bases, and a distended severely tender abdomen. Laboratory tests were remarkable for elevated liver enzymes ALP 360 U/L, AST 310 U/L, GGT 216 U/L, ALT 44 U/L, LDH 829 U/L, elevated lipase 228 U/L, and hypertriglyceridemia >3,000 mg/dL. Abdominal CT showed pancreatitis with necrosis; peripancreatic, intraperitoneal and extensive retroperitoneal fluid. Subsequently his severe pancreatitis was associated with acute kidney injury and respiratory failure which is illustrated by his (BUN 22 Creatinine 2.16, and persistent hypoxia.) According to the Atlanta Classification, patient is classified under severe acute pancreatitis.DiscussionPegaspargase is used for treatment of ALL and is gaining in popularity over Asparaginase therapy due to it having fewer incidences of hypersensitivity reactions and because of its long half life (367 hrs) allowing dosing every 14 days as opposed to Asparaginase which is dosed daily. Pegaspargase definitely has its benefits but we can't lose sight of one of its rare, but potentially deadly complications, pancreatitis. In one study nine of the 50 patients (18%) with ALL treated with pegaspargase were diagnosed to have pancreatitis. In contrast, only one out of 52 (1.9%) ALL patients who received native E. coli L-asparaginase during the same time period developed pancreatitis. One proposed mechanism of this drug-induced pancreatitis is hypertriglyceridemia, which is seen in our case. It is suggested that apolipoprotein E polymorphism may influence the development of hyperlipidemia in ALL patients receiving pegaspargase therapy.We report a case to increase the awareness of higher incidence of pegaspargase-induced pancreatitis, which is a rare but potentially deadly complication. Clinicians should monitor triglycerides while on treatment and suspect pancreatitis if patient develops abdominal pain. If pancreatitis occurs, therapy should be stopped and not reinstituted. For patients with hypertriglyceridemia without pancreatitis discontinuation of therapy should be considered.Abstract ID: 36 Figure 1Impression: Severe acute pancreatitis. Significant interval worsening.

2020 ◽  
Vol 4 (Supplement_1) ◽  
Priyanka Majety ◽  
Richard D Siegel

Abstract Background: Hypertriglyceridemia (HTG) is a well-established cause of acute pancreatitis (AP) in up to 14% of all cases & up to 56% cases during pregnancy. The triad of HTG, Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) and AP is rarely seen posing diagnostic challenges. Early recognition of HTG-induced pancreatitis (HTGP) is important to provide appropriate therapy & prevent recurrence. In this case series, we discuss the diagnostic challenges and clinical features of HTGP. Clinical cases: Our first patient was a 65-year-old male with a history of hypertension who presented to the ER with abdominal pain and new-onset pruritic skin rash after a heavy meal. His exam and labs were notable for a diffuse papular rash on his back, triglycerides (TG) of 7073mg/dL (normal: &lt;150mg/dL). The rash improved with the resolution of HTG. Our second patient was a 29-year-old male with a history of alcohol dependence who was found to have AP complicated by ARDS requiring intubation. Further testing revealed that his TG was 12,862mg/dL & his sodium (Na) was 102mEq/L. Although HTG was known to cause pseudohyponatremia, it was a diagnostic challenge to estimate the true Na level. In a third scenario, a 28-year-old female with a history of T2DM on Insulin presented with nausea & abdominal pain. Labs were suggestive of DKA and lipase was normal. CT abdomen showed changes consistent with AP. The TG level that was later added on was elevated to 4413mg/dL. She was treated with insulin that improved her TG level. Discussion: We present three cases of hypertriglyceridemic pancreatitis. While the presentation can be similar to other causes of acute pancreatitis (AP), there are factors in the diagnosis and management of HTGP that are important to understand. Occasionally, physical exam findings can be suggestive of underlying HTG. In the first scenario, our patient presented with eruptive xanthomas - a sudden eruption of crops of papules that can be pruritic. They are highly suggestive of HTG, often associated with serum TG levels &gt; 1500mg/dL. Our second patient presented with pseudohyponatremia. HTG falsely lowers Na level, by affecting the percentage of water in plasma. Identifying this condition is important to prevent possible complications from aggressive treatment. This can be corrected either by using direct ion-specific electrodes or with the formula: Na change = TG * 0.002. DKA is associated with mild-moderate HTG in 30–50% cases. This is due to insulin deficiency causing activation of lipolysis in adipocytes & decreased activity of lipoprotein lipase (LPL). However, severe HTG is a rare complication of DKA, increasing the risk of AP. Diagnosis of AP in DKA poses many challenges: the common presenting complaint of abdominal pain, non-specific hyperlipasemia in DKA. AP with DKA has also been associated with normal lipase levels. A high clinical index of suspicion is required to diagnose HTGP in patients with DKA.

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