scholarly journals De novo mutations identified by whole-genome sequencing implicate chromatin modifications in obsessive-compulsive disorder

2022 ◽  
Vol 8 (2) ◽  
Guan Ning Lin ◽  
Weichen Song ◽  
Weidi Wang ◽  
Pei Wang ◽  
Huan Yu ◽  

Trio-based whole-genome sequencing identified the role of chromatin modification in OCD pathology.

2015 ◽  
Vol 25 (3) ◽  
pp. 426-434 ◽  
Brock A. Peters ◽  
Bahram G. Kermani ◽  
Oleg Alferov ◽  
Misha R. Agarwal ◽  
Mark A. McElwain ◽  

2021 ◽  
Waheed Awotoye ◽  
Peter A. Mossey ◽  
Jacqueline B. Hetmanski ◽  
Lord Jephthah Joojo Gowans ◽  
Mekonen A. Eshete ◽  

Abstract The majority (85%) of nonsyndromic cleft lip with or without cleft palate (nsCL/P) cases occur sporadically, suggesting a role for de novo mutations (DNMs) in the etiology of nsCL/P. To identify high impact DNMs that contribute to the risk of nsCL/P, we conducted whole genome sequencing (WGS) analyses in 130 African case-parent trios (affected probands and unaffected parents). We identified 162 high confidence protein-altering DNMs that contribute to the risk of nsCL/P. These include novel loss-of-function DNMs in the ACTL6A, ARHGAP10, MINK1, TMEM5 and TTN genes; as well as missense variants in ACAN, DHRS3, DLX6, EPHB2, FKBP10, KMT2D, RECQL4, SEMA3C, SEMA4D, SHH, TP63, and TULP4. Experimental evidence showed that ACAN, DHRS3, DLX6, EPHB2, FKBP10, KMT2D, MINK1, RECQL4, SEMA3C, SEMA4D, SHH, TP63, and TTN genes contribute to facial development and mutations in these genes could contribute to CL/P. Association studies have identified TULP4 as a potential cleft candidate gene, while ARHGAP10 interacts with CTNNB1 to control WNT signaling. DLX6, EPHB2, SEMA3C and SEMA4D harbor novel damaging DNMs that may affect their role in neural crest migration and palatal development. This discovery of pathogenic DNMs also confirms the power of WGS analysis of trios in the discovery of potential pathogenic variants.

2017 ◽  
Vol 27 ◽  
pp. S384
Fernando Goes ◽  
Mehdi Pirooznia ◽  
Martin Tehan ◽  
Paula Wolyniec ◽  
John McGrath ◽  

Dang Nguyen ◽  
Hai Nguyen ◽  
Thuy Nguyen ◽  
Thi Nguyen ◽  
Kaoru Nakano ◽  

Although it has been a half-century since dioxin-contaminated herbicides were used to defoliate the landscape during the Vietnam War, dioxin contamination “hotspots” still remain in Vietnam. Environmental and health impacts of these hotspots need to be evaluated. Intellectual disability (ID) is one of the diseases found in the children of people exposed to the herbicides. This study aims to identify genetic alterations of a patient whose family lived in a dioxin hotspot. The patient’s father had a highly elevated dioxin concentration. He was affected with undiagnosed moderate ID. To analyze de novo mutations and genetic variations, and to identify causal gene(s) for ID, we performed whole genome sequencing (WGS) of the proband and his parents. Two de novo missense mutations were detected, each one in ETS2 and ZNF408 genes, respectively. Compound heterozygosity was identified in CENPF and TTN genes. Existing knowledge on the genes and bioinformatics analyses suggest that EST2, ZNF408, and CENPF might be promising candidates for ID causative genes.

2018 ◽  
Vol 102 (6) ◽  
pp. 1031-1047 ◽  
Yuwen Liu ◽  
Yanyu Liang ◽  
A. Ercument Cicek ◽  
Zhongshan Li ◽  
Jinchen Li ◽  

2021 ◽  
Vol 6 (1) ◽  
Brent S. Pedersen ◽  
Joe M. Brown ◽  
Harriet Dashnow ◽  
Amelia D. Wallace ◽  
Matt Velinder ◽  

AbstractIn studies of families with rare disease, it is common to screen for de novo mutations, as well as recessive or dominant variants that explain the phenotype. However, the filtering strategies and software used to prioritize high-confidence variants vary from study to study. In an effort to establish recommendations for rare disease research, we explore effective guidelines for variant (SNP and INDEL) filtering and report the expected number of candidates for de novo dominant, recessive, and autosomal dominant modes of inheritance. We derived these guidelines using two large family-based cohorts that underwent whole-genome sequencing, as well as two family cohorts with whole-exome sequencing. The filters are applied to common attributes, including genotype-quality, sequencing depth, allele balance, and population allele frequency. The resulting guidelines yield ~10 candidate SNP and INDEL variants per exome, and 18 per genome for recessive and de novo dominant modes of inheritance, with substantially more candidates for autosomal dominant inheritance. For family-based, whole-genome sequencing studies, this number includes an average of three de novo, ten compound heterozygous, one autosomal recessive, four X-linked variants, and roughly 100 candidate variants following autosomal dominant inheritance. The slivar software we developed to establish and rapidly apply these filters to VCF files is available at under an MIT license, and includes documentation and recommendations for best practices for rare disease analysis.

Pathogens ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 10 (3) ◽  
pp. 331
Montserrat Palau ◽  
Núria Piqué ◽  
M. José Ramírez-Lázaro ◽  
Sergio Lario ◽  
Xavier Calvet ◽  

Helicobacter pylori is a common pathogen associated with several severe digestive diseases. Although multiple virulence factors have been described, it is still unclear the role of virulence factors on H. pylori pathogenesis and disease progression. Whole genome sequencing could help to find genetic markers of virulence strains. In this work, we analyzed three complete genomes from isolates obtained at the same point in time from a stomach of a patient with adenocarcinoma, using multiple available bioinformatics tools. The genome analysis of the strains B508A-S1, B508A-T2A and B508A-T4 revealed that they were cagA, babA and sabB/hopO negative. The differences among the three genomes were mainly related to outer membrane proteins, methylases, restriction modification systems and flagellar biosynthesis proteins. The strain B508A-T2A was the only one presenting the genotype vacA s1, and had the most distinct genome as it exhibited fewer shared genes, higher number of unique genes, and more polymorphisms were found in this genome. With all the accumulated information, no significant differences were found among the isolates regarding virulence and origin of the isolates. Nevertheless, some B508A-T2A genome characteristics could be linked to the pathogenicity of H. pylori.

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