whole genome
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2022 ◽  
Vol 3 (1) ◽  
pp. 101023
Author(s):  
Martyna O. Urbanek-Trzeciak ◽  
Piotr Kozlowski ◽  
Paulina Galka-Marciniak

2022 ◽  
Author(s):  
Kim Van der Eecken ◽  
Malaïka Van der Linden ◽  
Lennart Raman ◽  
David Creytens ◽  
Franceska Dedeurwaerdere ◽  
...  

Cancers ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 14 (2) ◽  
pp. 436
Author(s):  
Luuk J. Schipper ◽  
Kim Monkhorst ◽  
Kris G. Samsom ◽  
Linda J.W. Bosch ◽  
Petur Snaebjornsson ◽  
...  

With more than 70 different histological sarcoma subtypes, accurate classification can be challenging. Although characteristic genetic events can largely facilitate pathological assessment, large-scale molecular profiling generally is not part of regular diagnostic workflows for sarcoma patients. We hypothesized that whole genome sequencing (WGS) optimizes clinical care of sarcoma patients by detection of diagnostic and actionable genomic characteristics, and of underlying hereditary conditions. WGS of tumor and germline DNA was incorporated in the diagnostic work-up of 83 patients with a (presumed) sarcomas in a tertiary referral center. Clinical follow-up data were collected prospectively to assess impact of WGS on clinical decision making. In 12/83 patients (14%), the genomic profile led to revision of cancer diagnosis, with change of treatment plan in eight. All twelve patients had undergone multiple tissue retrieval procedures and immunohistopathological assessments by regional and expert pathologists prior to WGS analysis. Actionable biomarkers with therapeutic potential were identified for 30/83 patients. Pathogenic germline variants were present in seven patients. In conclusion, unbiased genomic characterization with WGS identifies genomic biomarkers with direct clinical implications for sarcoma patients. Given the diagnostic complexity and high unmet need for new treatment opportunities in sarcoma patients, WGS can be an important extension of the diagnostic arsenal of pathologists.


2022 ◽  
Author(s):  
Jason Nguyen ◽  
Rebecca Hickman ◽  
Tracy Lee ◽  
Natalie Prystajecky ◽  
John Tyson

This procedure provides instructions on how to prepare DNA libraries for whole genome sequencing on an Illumina MiSeq or NextSeq using Illumina’s DNA Prep Library Preparation Kit scaled to half reaction volumes with modifications to the post-PCR procedures; tagmentation stop buffer and associated washes are removed and libraries are pooled post PCR then a single size selection is performed. This protocol is used to sequence SARS-CoV-2 using the cDNA/PCR protocol: https://dx.doi.org/10.17504/protocols.io.b3viqn4e


2022 ◽  
Author(s):  
jason.nguyen not provided ◽  
Tracy Lee ◽  
Rebecca Hickman ◽  
Natalie Prystajecky ◽  
John Tyson

This procedure provides instructions for how to generate amplicons across the entire SARS-CoV-2 genome to be used for downstream whole genome sequencing applications, including Illumina MiSeq/NextSeq or Oxford Nanopore MinION sequencing platforms. The steps involved in this protocol were derived from version 3 of Freed et al protocol nCoV-2019 sequencing protocol (RAPID barcoding, 1200bp amplicon)V.3 available at https://dx.doi.org/10.17504/protocols.io.bgggjttw


Viruses ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 14 (1) ◽  
pp. 154
Author(s):  
Kame A. Galán-Huerta ◽  
Samantha Flores-Treviño ◽  
Daniel Salas-Treviño ◽  
Paola Bocanegra-Ibarias ◽  
Ana M. Rivas-Estilla ◽  
...  

SARS-CoV-2 variants of concern (VOCs) or of interest (VOIs) causing vaccine breakthrough infections pose an increased risk to worldwide public health. An observational case-control study was performed of SARS-CoV-2 vaccine breakthrough infections in hospitalized or ambulatory patients in Monterrey, Mexico, from April through August 2021. Vaccination breakthrough was defined as a SARS-CoV-2 infection that occurred any time after 7 days of inoculation with partial (e.g., first dose of two-dose vaccines) or complete immunization (e.g., second dose of two-dose vaccines or single-dose vaccine, accordingly). Case group patients (n = 53) had partial or complete vaccination schemes with CanSino (45%), Sinovac (19%), Pfizer/BioNTech (15%), and AstraZeneca/Oxford (15%). CanSino was administered most frequently in ambulatory patients (p < 0.01). The control group (n = 19) received no COVID-19 vaccines. Among SARS-CoV-2 variants detected by whole-genome sequencing, VOC Delta B.1.617.2 predominated in vaccinated ambulatory patients (p < 0.01) and AY.4 in hospitalized patients (p = 0.04); VOI Mu B.1.621 was detected in four (7.55%) vaccinated patients. SARS-CoV-2 breakthrough infections in our hospital occurred mostly in patients vaccinated with CanSino due to the higher prevalence of CanSino vaccine administration in our population. These patients developed mild COVID-19 symptoms not requiring hospitalization. The significance of this study lies on the detection of SARS-CoV-2 variants compromising the efficacy of local immunization therapies in Monterrey, Mexico.


2022 ◽  
Vol 23 (2) ◽  
pp. 906
Author(s):  
Tao Li ◽  
Nianzhi Ning ◽  
Angelo Iacobino ◽  
Liangyan Zhang ◽  
Hui Wang ◽  
...  

Previously, a whole-genome comparison of three Clostridium butyricum type E strains from Italy and the United States with different C. botulinum type E strains indicated that the bont/e gene might be transferred between the two clostridia species through transposition. However, transposable elements (TEs) have never been identified close to the bont/e gene. Herein, we report the whole genome sequences for four neurotoxigenic C. butyricum type E strains that originated in China. An analysis of the obtained genome sequences revealed the presence of a novel putative TE upstream of the bont/e gene in the genome of all four strains. Two strains of environmental origin possessed an additional copy of the putative TE in their megaplasmid. Similar putative TEs were found in the megaplasmids and, less frequently, in the chromosomes of several C. butyricum strains, of which two were neurotoxigenic C. butyricum type E strains, and in the chromosome of a single C. botulinum type E strain. We speculate that the putative TE might potentially transpose the bont/e gene at the intracellular and inter-cellular levels. However, the occasional TE occurrence in the clostridia genomes might reflect rare transposition events.


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