scholarly journals The Clinical Impact of Combining Neutrophil-to-Lymphocyte Ratio with Sarcopenia for Improved Discrimination of Progression-Free Survival in Patients with Colorectal Cancer

2022 ◽  
Vol 11 (2) ◽  
pp. 431
Su Young Lee ◽  
Eric Chung ◽  
Eun-Suk Cho ◽  
Jae-Hoon Lee ◽  
Eun Jung Park ◽  

This study aimed to evaluate the clinical impact of combined sarcopenia and inflammation classification (CSIC) in patients with colorectal cancer (CRC). The skeletal muscle index (SMI) and neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) were measured in 1270 patients who underwent surgery between January 2005 and April 2014. A Cox proportional hazards model was used to evaluate the correlation of sarcopenia, NLR, and CSIC, with progression-free survival (PFS). The integrated area under the curve (iAUC) was used to compare the discriminatory performance of each model. Using the cut-off values for SMI suggested by Martin et al. and for an NLR of 2.26, the CSIC was defined as follows: nonsarcopenia with low NLR (group 1), nonsarcopenia with high NLR (group 2), sarcopenia with low NLR (group 3), and sarcopenia with high NLR (group 4). Sarcopenia alone was not statistically significant. Multivariate analysis identified that CSIC (group 4 vs. group 1; hazard ratio (HR), 1.726; 95% CI, 1.130–2.634; p = 0.011) and NLR (HR, 1.600; 95% CI, 1.203–2.128; p = 0.001) were independently associated with PFS. The CSIC improved the prediction accuracy of PFS compared with NLR (iAUC mean difference = 0.011; 95% CI, 0.0018–0.028). In conclusion, the combination of sarcopenia and NLR could improve prognostic accuracy, and thus compensate for the limitation of sarcopenia.

2020 ◽  
Xueqi Xie ◽  
Xiaolin Li ◽  
Wenjie Tang ◽  
Jinlong Chen ◽  
Minghuan Li ◽  

Abstract Background: Targeted therapy with the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) has improved the field of metastatic non-small cell lung cancer treatment. Higher neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and lower relative lymphocyte counts as inflammatory indicators and associated with worse overall survival and progression free survival (PFS) in several tumor types. Few studies focused on these inflammation markers in context of TKIs eras. Methods: Patients with advanced EGFR mutation NSCLC treated with TKIs were included. Pre-treatment NLR means neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio measured in peripheral blood within one week before treating with TKIs. The baseline clinical characteristics of each group were compared by chi-square and t tests. Cox regression analyses were used to evaluate prognostic value of peripheral blood parameters on progression free survival (PFS). All prognostic factors were explored with multivariable regression. Results: We retrospectively analyzed 221 patients with metastatic NSCLC harboring exon 19 deletion, 21 L858R or rare mutation and receiving TKIs. Finally, a total of 190 patients were analyzed. The optimal cutoff values for pretreatment absolute lymphocyte count (Lym), lymphocyte percentage (Lym%), absolute neutrophil count (Neu), the percentage of neutrophil granulocytes (Neu%) and NLR were 1.625 B, 18.8%, 3.675a, 51.8% and 4.965, respectively. Patients with high neutrophil percent (13.0 months vs 18.8 months, P=0.003), absolute neutrophil counts (12.0 months vs 14.5 months, P=0.014) and NLR (7.0 months vs 15.2 months, P<0.001, one-year PFS Rate, 55.3%, respectively) had worse PFS. In contrast, patients with high absolute lymphocyte counts (13.0 months vs 16.5 months, P=0.012) and lymphocyte percent (8.8 months vs 15.3months, P<0.001) had a better PFS. Besides, tumor location was also an important factor for prognosis (11.6 months vs 14.3 months, P=0.003). On multivariate analysis, NLR and primary tumor location were both identified as independent and significantly risk indicators for worse PFS. Conclusion: NLR and primary location are both independent prognostic factors for PFS in patients with metastatic EGFR mutated lung tumor. Whether or not NLR and primary location could be usefulmarkers in efficacy prediction of TKIs in advanced NSCLC calls for further investigation.

Xiaona Fan ◽  
Dan Wang ◽  
Wenjing Zhang ◽  
Jinshuang Liu ◽  
Chao Liu ◽  

There is a lack of useful biomarkers for predicting the efficacy of anti–programmed death-1 (PD-1) therapy for advanced gastric and colorectal cancer. To address this issue, in this study we investigated the correlation between inflammatory marker expression and survival in patients with advanced gastric and colorectal cancer. Data for 111 patients with advanced gastric and colorectal cancer treated with anti–PD-1 regimens were retrospectively analyzed. Neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), monocyte-to-lymphocyte ratio (MLR), platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR), and clinical characteristics of each patient were selected as the main variables. Overall response rate, disease control rate, and progression-free survival were primary endpoints, and overall survival and immune-related adverse events (irAEs) were secondary endpoints. The chi-squared test and Fisher’s exact test were used to evaluate relationships between categorical variables. Uni- and multivariate Cox regression analyses were performed, and median progression-free survival and overall survival were estimated with the Kaplan–Meier method. The overall response rate and disease control rate of anti–PD-1therapy in advanced gastric and colorectal tumors were 12.61 and 66.66%, respectively. The patients with MLR &lt; 0.31, NLR &lt; 5, and PLR &lt; 135 had a significantly higher disease control rate than those with MLR &gt; 0.31, NLR &gt; 5, and PLR &gt; 135 (P &lt; 0.05). The multivariate analysis revealed that MLR &lt; 0.31, BMI &gt; 18.5, and anti–PD-1 therapy in first-line were associated with prolonged PFS. MLR &lt; 0.31 and BMI &gt; 18.5 were associated with prolonged overall survival. The irAE rate differed significantly between PLR groups, and PLR &lt; 135 was associated with an increased rate of irAEs (P = 0.028). These results indicate that the inflammatory markers NLR, MLR, and PLR have clinical utility for predicting survival or risk of irAEs in patients with advanced gastric cancer and colorectal cancer.

2016 ◽  
Vol 111 ◽  
pp. S68-S69
Mohamad Mouchli ◽  
Shahrooz Rashtak ◽  
Xiaoyang Ruan ◽  
Brooke Druliner ◽  
Ruth Johnson ◽  

2016 ◽  
Vol 2016 ◽  
pp. 1-5 ◽  
Shinji Ohtake ◽  
Takashi Kawahara ◽  
Ryo Kasahara ◽  
Hiroki Ito ◽  
Kimito Osaka ◽  

Introduction and Objectives. Neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) has been suggested to be a simple marker of the systemic inflammatory response in critical care patients. We previously assessed the utility of NLR as a biomarker to predict tumor recurrence and cancer death in bladder cancer patients who underwent radical cystectomy. In this study, we evaluated the prognostic impact of NLR in bladder cancer patients who received gemcitabine and nedaplatin (GN) chemotherapy.Methods. A total of 23 patients who received GN chemotherapy for advanced bladder cancer were enrolled in this study. The cut-off point of NLR according to the sensitivity and specificity levels was derived from the area under receiver operator characteristics (AUROC) curve plotted for disease progression or overall mortality.Results. The NLR cut-off point was determined as 4.14 for both tumor progression and overall mortality. Median progression-free survival (PFS)/overall survival (OS) in the higher NLR group (NLR ≥ 4.14) and lower NLR group (NLR < 4.14) were 194/468 days versus 73/237 days, respectively. Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that higher NLR significantly correlated with poorer PFS (p=0.011) and OS (p=0.045).Conclusions. NLR may serve as a new biomarker to predict responses to GN-based chemotherapy in advanced bladder cancer patients and/or their prognosis.

2018 ◽  
Vol 25 (8) ◽  
pp. 1839-1845 ◽  
Hannah E Rhinehart ◽  
Michelle A Phillips ◽  
Nathaniel Wade ◽  
Andrea Baran

Background Capecitabine is an oral chemotherapeutic agent used in colorectal cancer. Two prior studies found a negative impact with the concomitant use of proton pump inhibitor agents during treatment with capecitabine in patients with early colorectal and gastroesophageal cancers. Objective To determine if there is a clinical impact of the concomitant use of capecitabine and acid suppression therapy in patients with local and metastatic colorectal cancer. Methods This was a single-center retrospective cohort study of adult patients with colorectal cancer on capecitabine monotherapy between 2011 and 2017. Progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival were compared between patients on acid suppression therapy and those not on acid suppression therapy. Results A total of 70 patients were included. Patients on acid suppression therapy at capecitabine initiation (21%) had decreased progression-free survival versus those not on acid suppression therapy (HR 2.24, 95% CI 1.06–4.41, p = 0.035), after adjusting for disease severity and age. Acid suppression therapy use was associated with a numerical decrease in overall survival (HR 1.86, 95% CI 0.81–3.91, p = 0.14). In patients on any concomitant acid suppression therapy (25%), there was a decreased rate of progression-free survival (HR 6.21, 95% CI 2.56–14.32, p = 0.0001) but not overall survival (HR 1.64, 95% CI 0.68–3.54, p = 0.25) versus those without concomitant acid suppression therapy, after adjusting for age and disease severity. Conclusions Concurrent use of acid suppression therapy and capecitabine was associated with decreased progression-free survival, and there was a trend towards decreased overall survival. Due to the demonstrated potential of decreased efficacy, concurrent use of proton pump inhibitors or histamine 2 receptor antagonists should be avoided in colorectal cancer patients on treatment with capecitabine monotherapy.

Immunotherapy ◽  
2020 ◽  
Vol 12 (11) ◽  
pp. 785-798
Adi Kartolo ◽  
Ryan Holstead ◽  
Sidra Khalid ◽  
Jeffrey Emack ◽  
Wilma Hopman ◽  

Aim: To examine neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) in prognosticating immunotherapy efficacy. Methods: A retrospective study of 156 patients with metastatic melanoma and non-small-cell lung cancer on PD-1 inhibitors. Results: Baseline NLR ≥5 was associated with worse progression-free survival (hazard ratio [HR]: 1.53; 95% CI: 1.01–2.31; p = 0.043) but nonsignificant worse overall survival trend (HR: 1.51; 95% CI: 0.98–2.34; p = 0.064). PLR ≥200 was associated with worse overall survival (HR: 1.94; 95% CI: 1.29–2.94; p = 0.002) and worse progression-free survival (HR: 1.894; 95% CI: 1.27–2.82; p = 0.002). NLR or PLR are prognosticating factors regardless of cancer types, with PLR having a stronger association with outcomes than NLR. Conclusion: High baseline NLR or PLR (alone and combined) were associated with worse immunotherapy efficacy regardless of cancer type, indicating their potential role as an agnostic marker for immunotherapy efficacy.

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