Progression Free Survival
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2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
Mohammad Zuhdy ◽  
Reham Alghandour ◽  
Omar Hamdy ◽  
Islam H Metwally

Abstract Purpose: Ovarian cancer is the commonest gynecologic malignancy in Egypt. Although metastasis from ovarian cancer is common, there are still sites with rarely reported deposits as non-regional nodes, bone, and brain. Methods: This is a chorort study were we retrospectively a group of patients over 7 years period recruited from the data system of a cancer centre. All the recruited patients suffered a rare distant metastasis from ovarian cancer. Results: Nearly half of the patients already had metastasis at the time of the initial presentation, while the rest developed during the disease course. Debulking was feasible in nearly half of the patients with long overall and progression-free survival. Tumours with non-regional nodal metastases tend to have excellent survival. Conclusion: we recommend offering these patients optimal debulking and considering those with a non-regional nodal spread as having a curable disease.


2021 ◽  
pp. 107815522110501
Author(s):  
Coral Olazagasti ◽  
Chung-Shien Lee ◽  
Angel Liu ◽  
Dimitre Stefanov ◽  
Kit Cheng

Background Cyclin-dependent kinase 4/6 inhibitors have become part of the standard of care in the treatment of hormone receptor positive, Her2Neu negative metastatic breast cancer. There is concern regarding the efficacy and potential increased cyclin-dependent kinase 4/6 inhibitors toxicity in the geriatric population in the community compared to the clinical trial population. Methods We evaluated patients treated with cyclin-dependent kinase 4/6 inhibitors from 2015 to 2019 and stratified according to age ≥70 and <70 years. Complete blood count from the first two cycles was recorded. Rates of hematologic toxicities, dose interruptions and reductions, progression-free survival, and overall survival were compared between both groups. We sought to assess the hematologic toxicities between the age groups and the relationship between previous chemotherapy exposure, bone metastasis and starting cyclin-dependent kinase 4/6 inhibitors dose with progression-free survival and overall survival. Results A total of 202 patients were included, 73 were ≥70 years and 129 were <70 years of age. There was no association between age group and grade of neutropenia or thrombocytopenia. There was a profound association between progression-free survival and overall survival and starting dose, where patients with recommended starting dose had higher progression-free survival and overall survival than those with a reduced dose ( p = 0.0003 and p = 0.04). Conclusions Our study showed similar progression-free survival and overall survival between age groups without significant differences in neutropenia or thrombocytopenia toxicity. Nevertheless, we found an association between starting dose and progression-free survival and overall survival that has not been previously reported. Given the good tolerability across age groups and the improvement in progression-free survival and overall survival, patients should be treated at the cyclin-dependent kinase 4/6 inhibitors recommended dose and monitored appropriately.


2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
Mohamed A. Naser ◽  
Kareem A. Wahid ◽  
Abdallah Sherif Radwan Mohamed ◽  
Moamen Abobakr Abdelaal ◽  
Renjie He ◽  
...  

Determining progression-free survival (PFS) for head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) patients is a challenging but pertinent task that could help stratify patients for improved overall outcomes. PET/CT images provide a rich source of anatomical and metabolic data for potential clinical biomarkers that would inform treatment decisions and could help improve PFS. In this study, we participate in the 2021 HECKTOR Challenge to predict PFS in a large dataset of HNSCC PET/CT images using deep learning approaches. We develop a series of deep learning models based on the DenseNet architecture using a negative log-likelihood loss function that utilizes PET/CT images and clinical data as separate input channels to predict PFS in days. Internal model validation based on 10-fold cross-validation using the training data (N=224) yielded C-index values up to 0.622 (without) and 0.842 (with) censoring status considered in C-index computation, respectively. We then implemented model ensembling approaches based on the training data cross-validation folds to predict the PFS of the test set patients (N=101). External validation on the test set for the best ensembling method yielded a C-index value of 0.694. Our results are a promising example of how deep learning approaches can effectively utilize imaging and clinical data for medical outcome prediction in HNSCC, but further work in optimizing these processes is needed.


2021 ◽  
pp. 2004503
Author(s):  
Janine Schniering ◽  
Malgorzata Maciukiewicz ◽  
Hubert S. Gabrys ◽  
Matthias Brunner ◽  
Christian Blüthgen ◽  
...  

BackgroundRadiomic features calculated from routine medical images show great potential for personalized medicine in cancer. Patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc), a rare, multi-organ autoimmune disorder, have a similarly poor prognosis due to interstitial lung disease (ILD).ObjectivesTo explore computed tomography (CT)-based high-dimensional image analysis (radiomics) for disease characterisation, risk stratification, and relaying information on lung pathophysiology in SSc-ILD.MethodsWe investigated two independent, prospectively followed SSc-ILD cohorts (Zurich, derivation cohort, n=90; Oslo, validation cohort, n=66). For every subject, we defined 1′355 robust radiomic features from standard-of-care CT images. We performed unsupervised clustering to identify and characterize imaging-based patient clusters. A clinically applicable prognostic quantitative radiomic risk score (qRISSc) for progression-free survival was derived from radiomic profiles using supervised analysis. The biological basis of qRISSc was assessed in a cross-species approach by correlation with lung proteomics, histological and gene expression data derived from mice with bleomycin-induced lung fibrosis.ResultsRadiomic profiling identified two clinically and prognostically distinct SSc-ILD patient clusters. To evaluate the clinical applicability, we derived and externally validated a binary, quantitative radiomic risk score composed of 26 features, qRISSc, that accurately predicted progression-free survival and significantly improved upon clinical risk stratification parameters in multivariable Cox regression analyses in the pooled cohorts. A high qRISSc score, which identifies patients at risk for progression, was reverse translatable from human to experimental ILD and correlated with fibrotic pathway activation.ConclusionsRadiomics-based risk stratification using routine CT images provides complementary phenotypic, clinical and prognostic information significantly impacting clinical decision-making in SSc-ILD.


2021 ◽  
pp. 680-725
Author(s):  
Elena Locci ◽  
Silvia Raymond

The CARTITUDE-1 study is a stage 1B / II clinical trial. The trial targeted B-cell maturation antigen by targeting CAR-T cell therapy in patients with multiple myeloma who had received at least three previous lines of treatment with standard drugs, including proteasome inhibitors, immunosuppressive drugs, and CD38 antibodies. Cilta-cel is made from the patient's own T cells, which is genetically engineered and is given as a single injection. The overall response rate to treatment was 97%, while the complete response rate and progression-free survival rate were 67% and 77%, respectively. The overall survival rate was 89%. Updates to this study were recently presented at the annual meeting of the American Clinical Oncology Association after our paper was accepted for publication in The Lancet. Our ASCO presentation showed a deeper response for patients receiving this treatment. These results are very impressive for patients with myeloma who have already undergone many treatment lines for their disease. It will be important to better understand the clinical features of patients who have experienced long-term recovery from this treatment and the mechanisms by which patients’ relapse. While it is not possible to formally conduct two separate single-arm studies on the idea of cells and cilia, the rate of dramatic response and progression-free survival of eyelash-treated patients is very interesting. Keywords: Cancer; Cells; Tissues; Tumors; Prevention; Prognosis; Diagnosis; Imaging; Screening; Treatment; Management


Author(s):  
Andrew J. Wagner ◽  
Vinod Ravi ◽  
Richard F. Riedel ◽  
Kristen Ganjoo ◽  
Brian A. Van Tine ◽  
...  

PURPOSE Malignant perivascular epithelioid cell tumor (PEComa) is a rare aggressive sarcoma, with no approved treatment. To our knowledge, this phase II, single-arm, registration trial is the first prospective clinical trial in this disease, investigating the safety and efficacy of the mammalian target of rapamycin inhibitor nab-sirolimus (AMPECT, NCT02494570 ). PATIENTS AND METHODS Patients with malignant PEComa were treated with nab-sirolimus 100 mg/m2 intravenously once weekly for 2 weeks in 3-week cycles. The primary end point was objective response rate evaluated by independent radiology review. Key secondary end points included duration of response, progression-free survival, and safety. A key exploratory end point was tumor biomarker analysis. RESULTS Thirty-four patients were treated (safety evaluable), and 31 were evaluable for efficacy. The overall response rate was 39% (12 of 31; 95% CI, 22 to 58) with one complete and 11 partial responses, 52% (16 of 31) of patients had stable disease, and 10% (3 of 31) had progressive disease. Responses were of rapid onset (67% by week 6) and durable. Median duration of response was not reached after a median follow-up for response of 2.5 years, with 7 of 12 responders with treatment ongoing (range 5.6-47.2+ months). Twenty-five of 31 patients had tumor mutation profiling: 8 of 9 (89%) patients with a TSC2 mutation achieved a confirmed response versus 2 of 16 (13%) without TSC2 mutation ( P < .001). The median progression-free survival was 10.6 months (95% CI, 5.5 months to not reached), and the median overall survival was 40.8 months (95% CI, 22.2 months to not reached). Most treatment-related adverse events were grade 1 or 2 and were manageable for long-term treatment. No grade ≥ 4 treatment-related events occurred. CONCLUSION nab-Sirolimus is active in patients with malignant PEComa. The response rate, durability of response, disease control rate, and safety profile support that nab-sirolimus represents an important new treatment option for this disease.


2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
George R. Yang ◽  
Isildinha M. Reis ◽  
Laura G. Acosta ◽  
Emma A. Schindler ◽  
Cristiane Takita ◽  
...  

Abstract Background Inflammatory biomarker C-reactive protein (CRP) is associated with breast cancer risk and survival. We examined whether CRP levels before radiotherapy (pre-RT), after RT (post-RT), and RT-induced change impact breast cancer progression-free survival (PFS). Methods Plasma high-sensitivity CRP was measured, and patients were followed for up to 13 years after RT. PFS was calculated from the date of diagnosis to the date of disease progression or the last date of follow-up. Univariable and multivariable Cox proportional hazards regression models were used to evaluate the associations between CRP and PFS adjusted for other patient/clinical variables. Results In 469 patients (64 non-Hispanic Whites, 303 Hispanic Whites, and 102 African Americans), post-RT CRP levels were significantly higher in patients with progression compared to progression-free patients (mean±SD: 12.2±15.4 mg/L vs. 7.3±11.5, p=0.011). In univariable analyses, worse PFS was significantly associated with post-RT CRP ≥5.1 mg/L (hazard ratio [HR]: 2.67; 95% confidence interval [95% CI]: 1.65-4.30) and CRP change ≥2.3 mg/L (HR: 3.55; 95% CI: 2.25-5.64). In multivariable models, post-RT CRP ≥5.1 mg/L was associated with worse PFS in all (HR: 2.10; 95% CI: 1.29-3.42) or patients with tumor stage III (HR: 2.93, 95% CI: 1.20-7.18). CRP change ≥2.3 mg/L was associated with worse PFS in all (HR: 2.38; 95% CI: 1.45-3.92) or patients with tumor stage III (HR: 2.41, 95% CI: 1.09-5.33). Conclusions Our data suggest that an RT-induced hyper-inflammatory response may contribute to worse breast cancer PFS. Future larger studies are warranted to validate our findings and guide follow-up surveillance and targeted interventions.


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