632 article(s) in Knygotyra

Knyga Apie Antikvarą Ir Bibliofilą H. Bukowskį

haykowski, michał. henryk bukowski. imię żyje nadal. warszawa: polonika, 2019. 498 s. isbn 978-83-66172-18-0 Show More ... ... Show Less

The Lithuanian American Cultural Press In English (1950-1990) In The Aspect Of The Dissemination Of The Lithuanian Identity

the article examines the publication of the cultural press in english by the lithuanian community in the united states (1950-1990), focusing on the analysis of the need for such a press and its intended addressee. the article is based on the analysis of the content of the mentioned publishing production, works dedicated to the history of the lithuanian diaspora of this period. by reviewing the research of the lithuanian press in the usa in the 2nd half of the 20th century, it has to be noticed that this field of research has not yet sufficiently exhausted, although the general research of the lithuanian diaspora is really abundant. however, they mainly focus on the historical, sociological, literary, linguistic description of the problems of the diaspora and migration. research on publishing of the lithuanian diaspora in the lithuanian language in the early period (end of the 19th century – first half of the 20th century) has been carried out and published in the scientific works of ass. prof. dr. bronius raguotis, prof. dr. remigijus misiūnas. at the end of world war ii, the tendencies of the press of other languages of lithuanians, who chose a forced exile, in the conditions of dp (dp – displaced people) were also presented by prof. dr. r. misiūnas. a detailed analysis of the lithuanian cultural press published in the german dp camps was presented in the monograph by prof. dr. dalia kuizinienė. meanwhile, the press of other languages of lithuanian communities in both the united states and other foreign countries had not yet reached the attention of researchers. in the presented study, pierre bourdieu, a theorist of literary sociology, uses the insights of literature as an important social factor covering all elements of cultural practice and allows for a systematic interpretation of their interrelationships; the approaches of the communication strategy of the lithuanian american cultural press in english are analyzed. the article presents the main content of the cultural press and the social and cultural environment that formed the background of its creation, as well as the efforts of the creators of the cultural press and the ideological attitudes of the intellectuals and ideological leaders of the community that determined them. the article concludes that the main addressee of this press – members of the us communities, while the main focus of the content is the representation of symbols of the lithuanian national identity Show More ... ... Show Less

  • 20Th Century
  • The United States
  • The Press
  • World War
Peculiarities Of Dissemination And Functioning Of Incunabula: Cases Of Collections Of Lithuanian Memory Institutions

incunabula are considered a particularly important part of the documentary heritage. 520 incunabula are preserved in eight different lithuanian memory institutions. the engagement of lithuanian libraries in the development of the international database of incunabula provenances, material evidence in incunabula (mei: https://data.cerl.org/mei/_search), intensified research on incunabulistics, as it led to a closer examination of the marks of the former owners. the article presents the latest data on the distribution of incunabula in different lithuanian memory institutions, as well as analyzes various book marks that were not recorded in nojus feigelmanas’ catalog of lithuanian incunabula or was revised and supplemented, and evaluates their significance in the printed book culture of the grand duchy of lithuania. the analysis is performed using the provenance method, however is not limited to property marks, but also includes margins – marks left by a reader on the pages of books, and other marks not related to property or reading, providing significant information on book history, culture and peculiarities of reading at that time. in the 15th century, there were no printing houses in the grand duchy of lithuania, so the main spread of books was by trade. the entries with prices identified in the incunabula reveal a relatively early time of purchase of the incunabula and testify that the books in the 16th-17th centuries were an expensive commodity. they usually mention groschen, the common currency in the territory of lithuania-poland, less often – florins or ducats. in this case, the large variety of prices does not allow to draw more specific conclusions on the prices of incunabula in the relevant period, but these data as a source of book history will serve in general when studying the value of the old books and the circumstances of their acquisition. purchase records usually also provide information about a former owner of a book. the article focuses more on lesser-known owners on whom new information has been found or existing data have been updated, attention is also paid to female donators. the article also discusses the records left by the incunabula rubricators, which allows to determine the period of the book entry into the grand duchy of lithuania, as well as to look at them as one of the first readers. various inscriptions left by anonymous owners require the most effort. entries of the 15th-16th centuries, mostly in latin, many of which are abstracts of an existing book or notes on it, additions to the text, are still awaiting detailed reading and research. identified lithuanian words will be a valuable source of the language history for researchers of the old lithuanian language. various marginalia – reviews on a book, notes from everyday life, counting the year of the book, as well as graffiti, different drawings that can be seen as feather attempts, amateur illustrations, caricatures or even as an expression of reading boredom, will be an important material to describe a reader’s relationship to the book at the time, for which the incunabula, like books of other ages, were not only the object of study or research, but also a kind of notebook for important thoughts, synopses, everyday details Show More ... ... Show Less

  • Grand Duchy Of Lithuania
  • Book History
  • The Common
  • Existing Data
The Books Of Sigismund II Augustus In Vilnius University Library: Decorations Of Book Covers And New Data About Provenances

in this article, the latest data about the personal book collection items of king of poland and grand duke of lithuania sigismund ii augustus in vilnius university (vu) library are presented. the authors that have been doing research on these books have not ascertained all of the embossed images that were used for cover decoration and have not identified the locations of where these books were bound and have not disclosed all of the provenances. in order to amend the lack of knowledge about the books of sigismund ii augustus in vu library, the book covers of the king’s personal library were reviewed de visu and decorative ornaments were described. the ownership signs of the books were registered once again. while describing and comparing these books with the copies in various libraries of the world, the number of physical books (14) and publications in composite volumes (21) kept in vu library was assessed. the name of one book and a publisher’s imprint of two books were specified, eight provenances that were not mentioned by previous authors were registered. while describing book covers, the embossed images were given provisory names. connections between the supralibros, dates of binding, decorative wheels, single embossed images, and other decorative elements were detected and lead to a reasonable conclusion that eight out of fourteen books from the sigismund ii augustus collection were bound in kraków, five were bound by bookbinders in vilnius, while one was rebound in the 18th century. the identification of tools used by craftsmen that worked in kraków and vilnius will allow to ascertain the manufacturing location of similar book covers made in the middle of the 16th century Show More ... ... Show Less

  • Book Covers
  • Vilnius University
  • 16Th Century
  • The World
  • Made In
Women’S Literature In Emigration In 1950–1990: The Issue Of The Canon

the article was inspired by the world congress of lithuanian writers held in vilnius, in may 2019, during which the literary canon was discussed – not only in lithuania, but abroad as well: what determines the entry of some books into the school canon, their assessment with literary prizes, various nominations, and why other books remain less noticed by readers and / or literary critics. the theme of this article was further highlighted by the heated debate on the elections of the book of the year that took place throughout the autumn (and is still ongoing). various top five, top ten, top twelve lists, debates over the update of the contents of the curriculum of secondary schools inevitably raise the issue of the literary canon. therefore, it is considered that perhaps the problem is not what falls or does not fall into the literary canon, but rather how much power society gives to the literary canon itself. the main tasks of the research: to introduce the main theoretical aspects of the literary canon; to discuss the issue of literary canon and women’s creative works; to identify the dominants of the literary canon in the diaspora. the article discusses the issue of the literary canon precisely in women’s literature that was created and is still being created in the diaspora. research sources: various literary and cultural presses of the lithuanian diaspora in the us (aidai (the echoes), darbininkas (the worker), draugas (the friend), gabija, naujienos (the news) etc.), literatūros lankai (literary folios) (buenos aires, 1952-1959), the book by vladas kulbokas lithuanian literary criticism in exile (rome, 1982). the main reason for this discussion of (non)canonization of women’s literature is that statistically female authors write more on emigration topics. there were more women writers outside lithuania in the second wave of emigration (dps); more women than men give a sense to their exile experience even today. the article emphasizes that women’s involvement in public life has never been either simple or natural. even greater challenges awaited the creating women in 1944, when they moved to the west – germany, austria, and from 1949 – to the us, canada, australia. questions are raised as to how and why public attitudes towards the writing, creative woman have changed; how the community of the lithuanian diaspora, influenced by a new context, new economic and political conditions in the us, thought about new creative challenges, what kind of goals and objectives were set for it. if feminization processes call for rebellion against the dominant (male) canon, if today we are talking about not a single existing canon, but rather about canons, if it is emphasized that the canon is nonetheless a changing thing related with a system of certain time values, then the canon may not exist at all and it cannot exist? the article also actualizes modern migration processes and their reflections in literature (created both in lithuania and abroad, outside lithuania; written not only in lithuanian but also in english) as well, opens new possibilities for reading and interpreting women’s works – and above all – the article dedicated to the world lithuanian year, seeks to create a dialogue field that can help deepen the understanding of today’s (e)migration Show More ... ... Show Less

  • Literary Canon
  • Women's Literature
  • The Us
  • The World
  • Political Conditions
The Significance Of The Bernardine Fund In The Study Of Historiographical Narratives On Kmicic’S Armia Krajowa Brigade

during world war ii, in 1939–1944, there was a polish armed resistance movement in eastern lithuania, which was called armia krajowa (home army) in the abstract. in researching the activities of armia krajowa (ak) in eastern lithuania, not only historiography is valuable, but also surviving documents and memoirs, as well as the bernardine fund preserved in the lithuanian central state archives. so far, this fund does not seem to receive much attention from scientists researching the activities of ak in lithuania, as well as archives compiled by poles residing in other countries. based on the concept of storage medium, the article analyzes the case of the bernardine fund in the context of archival research of the polish diaspora. during the analysis of the documents kept in the bernardine fund, it was observed that the said fund held significant documents that could supplement / replace the existing narrative about kmicic’s ak partisan brigade. kmicic’s ak partisan brigade is noteworthy, as it is the first armed ak unit to launch a consistent armed resistance, but so far there are no separate studies dedicated to the activities of this brigade. the storage medium is the basis of memory communication that gives authenticity to the constructed memory narrative. the bernardine fund is a storage medium that originated in the past and reached the present unchanged / slightly changed, and that contains a certain memory narrative about ak. the bernardine fund and the documents contained in it are valuable storage media that can help reveal the situation of the residents of eastern lithuania during world war ii and shed new light on the military activities of ak. in the context of research and preservation of the written heritage of the polish diaspora, this medium has not yet received the attention of scientists, although the example of the kmicic’s ak brigade proved that this fund contains documents that reveal hitherto unknown aspects of ak activities. a fact turns into an event only when certain groups draw their attention to it, when they give meaning to it and start talking and writing about it, and it begins to be remembered. all significant events are just someone’s creations, created just to justify the present in a way that is convenient for the collective, the political elite, or the heads of state. the case of kmicic’s brigade has proven that no fact is completely lost. if a fact is not currently updated and used, it does not mean that it will be the case all the time. the documents kept in the fund reflect that during the formation of the historiographical narrative, the collective memory of the said brigade, part of the events was deliberately omitted in order to give integrity to the narrative being formed Show More ... ... Show Less

  • Storage Medium
  • World War Ii
  • Armed Resistance
  • Significant Events
From Sandwich To Santara: Frivolously Sserious Publications By Lithuanian Students In The US

following world war ii, lithuanian academic youth, who found themselves and continued their studies at the us universities, joined various organizations, as a result active social, cultural and societal life of students took place. the main organizations uniting lithuanian students in the us (the lithuanian student union, the catholic student union ateitis, the academic scout movement, the lithuanian student group santara) perceiving the impact of information, took special care of their press publications that had become one of the main tools in helping to gather academic youth, to disseminate organizational / ideological ideas not only among students but also among the wider society. this article presents and analyzes one-time and continuous publications published by lithuanian students in the us, which have not received wider attention from researchers so far. the main attention is focused on the publications published by one of the organizations - lithuanian student group santara (since 1957 santara-šviesa federations), as well as the analysis of the publications published by other organizations - the lithuanian student union, the academic scout movement, the catholic student union ateitis - their repertoire, content, significance in student life. the study covers the period of the 1950s-1960s allowing the observation of the most intensive activity of lithuanian students in the us, their active participation in the public life of the lithuanian community and a great deal of attention to own press problems. at that time, the main lithuanian student organizations published various publications for their members and the general public: from one-time (humorous, occasional or camp) publications, newsletters intended for members only to successful and none too successful attempts to publish their own periodicals. the lithuanian american student union established in 1951 for the purpose of informing members since march 1954 began publishing lietuvių studentų sąjungos jav biuletenis (the us newsletter of the lithuanian student union), which soon became a serious student magazine, studentų gairės (student guidelines), published by in a printing house, and from 1954, students launched the english-language magazine lituanus, which became an academic magazine for foreigners, published to this day. ideological organizations (scouts, members of ateitis and santara), which had student columns in the major lithuanian press, and published various one-time or continuous publications, took a very active part in the press work. the organizations had their own newsletters: the academic scout movement (asm) published the newsletter ad meliorem for asm members, the catholic student union ateitis in cleveland since 1951 published gaudeamus, in 1957-1961, santara published the newsletter žvilgsniai (glances). newsletters of separate columns (such as new yorko santara - new york santara) also appeared, although they were irregular, often only published for a short time. various one-off publications were popular among young people: occasional, humoristic (e. g. krambambulis, sumuštinis - sandwich), a gathering or a camp publications (arielkon – to homemade vodka, niekšybės paslaptis - the secret of villainy, po nemigos - after insomnia etc.). these publications were self-published in a very small circulation and distributed only among members of the organization. many of them have not survived or if survived are kept by private archives or archival institutions. the place of publication and circulation of these publications were usually not indicated, unmarked; publishers, editors, authors of articles and illustrations are left unknown, periodicity of publications and even the number of published publications – unclear. the content of most student published publications was analogous. the publications contained a variety of information – from serious texts analyzing issues on lithuanian identity and social activities relevant to the young generation of the diaspora, as well as brief organizational information, humour columns, photographs and friendly banter addressed to self and colleagues. despite their quality and sometimes seemingly insignificant content, these publications become an important, often the only one source revealing to researchers the peculiarities of the little-known american youth camping, the peculiarities of student social and community life Show More ... ... Show Less

  • Student Union
  • The Us
  • Student Group
  • World War
  • The Impact
Uppsala Latvian Library And Its Donation To Latvia In 1989

in the ussr-reoccupied latvia (1944−1990), almost all the latvian literature, published abroad after world war ii, was forbidden to the general public. there were only two incomplete and restricted collections of emigration literature, available to prominent scientists and highest soviet officials. as the soviet censorship weakened in the late 1980s, libraries could begin start a systematic acquisition of exile books and some periodicals. the donation of the whole library of the uppsala latvian society to the state library of latvia (now the national library of latvia) in 1989, before the renewal of latvia’s independence, started the flow of emigration books, documents, and artefacts to the memory institutions of latvia, where the most important cultural heritage from the latvian exile has found its home. using the documents of the uppsala latvian society kept at the national archives of latvia, the national library of latvia, and the academic library of the university of latvia, the history of the library and the importance of its donation in the accumulation of exile cultural heritage in latvia has been characterized. the study shows that despite the library manager’s efforts to provide readers with the best emigrant latvian literature, the library collection in exile was not properly valued − its readership gradually decreased as latvians became more and more integrated into swedish society. after the transfer to latvia, the library became the basis of the of the unified collection of latvian literature, in which exile publications are constantly utilised as an important part of the national cultural heritage Show More ... ... Show Less

  • Cultural Heritage
  • National Library
  • General Public
  • Academic Library
  • World War
History Of One Document From The US National Archives: Memorandum Of Conversation Of The US Department Of State

the article briefly presents the us national archives, where a number of documents important for the history of the lithuanian diplomacy, as well as a document significant for the history of the lithuanian diaspora and its political organizations, are preserved. one of them is memorandum of conversation dated 2 february 1949 and prepared by john d. hickerson, an official of the us department of state. it extensively describes his meeting and conversations with members of the supreme committee for the liberation of lithuania, the prelate mykolas krupavičius and vaclovas sidzikauskas, who for the first time visited the us and were accompanied to the meeting by the then lithuanian envoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary povilas žadeikis. memorandum of conversation is introduced into scientific circulation through methods of archival document monitoring and case analysis, as well as additional tools (such as periodicals and memoirs, archival documents) and based on the principles of document publication. the document published for the first time, as a primary source, supplements the data of lithuanian historiography, gives a broader content to the known fact, reinforces the scientific research base on the history of lithuanian diplomacy, the history of the lithuanian diaspora’s political organizations and separately – the history of lithuanian-the us bilateral diplomatic relations Show More ... ... Show Less

  • The Us
  • Political Organizations
  • National Archives
  • First Time
Lithuanica An Baltica Aliter

lemeškin, ilja. lithuanica aliter. vilnius: lietuvių kalbos institutas, 2019. 440 p. isbn 978-609-411-255-3 Show More ... ... Show Less

The Forbidden Book Of The 18Th C.: Count Nikolaus Ludwig Von Zinzendorf’S „Stebuklingo Meile Warginga Griekininko=Sʒirdis“ (1752

this article studies the lithuanian treatise „stebuklingo meile warginga griekininko=szirdis priesz jezaus kruwinos ronus“, published in 1752 and currently stored in berlin, in the secret archive of prussian cultural heritage. questions are raised regarding the attribution of the original version as well as the translation of the treatise, its composition and contents are discussed. the article provides the historical context of the 18th c. as well as the penetration of the moravian movement and its attempts to consolidate within prussian lithuania. it was determined that the treatise is a lithuanian translation of a theological treatise written by count nikolaus ludwig von zinzendorf (1700–1760), leader of the moravian movement, and titled „die erstaunliche verliebtheit eines armen sünder-herzens gegen die blutigen wunden jesu“. this publication is unknown to book historians and is not registered in lithuanian bibliographical issues. the translation was most probably done by adam friedrich schimmelpfennig the younger (1699–1763), priest of papelkiai, a well-known author of prussian lithuania, editor of the lithuanian bible (1755), translator of religious hymns and compiler of the official evangelical lutheran church hymnal (1750 Show More ... ... Show Less

  • Cultural Heritage
  • Historical Context
  • Original Version
  • Lutheran Church
  • Evangelical Lutheran
Translations Of Non-Russian Soviet Literature In The Estonian Book Production (1940S-1980S

this paper explores the dynamics of publishing of non-russian soviet literatures in soviet estonia, establishing the output of titles and the most popular source literatures. the analysis follows the position of soviet national literatures during four periods in political history: the stalinist years, the thaw, stagnation, and perestroika. the study uses statistical yearbooks, bibliographies, archival material, as well as research literature as sources. the publishing of soviet literature was strongly regulated by the publishing authorities and dependent on ideological directions. the analysis demonstrates that the proportion of the non-russian soviet literatures started to increase during the thaw period, but the peak of its production was reached during the 1970s and the beginning of the 1980s due to official pressure. the total number of source literatures was 49, demonstrating the diversity of translation production, although they were represented equally. the top source literatures were latvian, lithuanian, and ukrainian. the interest of the literary circles and reading audiences in the translations was rather weak, although the top authors attracted the attention of the more intellectual segment of readers Show More ... ... Show Less

  • Soviet Literature
  • Political History
  • Research Literature
  • Book Production
  • Archival Material
The Personal Archive Of Martin Ludwig Rhesa: A Reconstruction

this article deals with materials and data on the manuscripts that were present in the personal archive of martin ludwig rhesa (or ludwig jedemin rhesa, 1776–1840) – professor at the university of königsberg, scholar of folklore, editor and researcher of the bible, church historian, publisher of kristijonas donelaitis’s “metai” and his fables. these manuscripts are traditionally referred to in lithuanian literary historiography as the rhesa archive. the history of the manuscripts’ preservation after 1840 is described: relocation to the royal secret archive in königsberg, the placing of a part of the archive in the state archive of gdańsk in 1903, and its appearance in lithuanian libraries after the second world war. the principal aim of this study is to determine the manuscripts that had belonged to rhesa’s personal archive in the 19th c., i.e., to reconstruct his previous archive. it is sought to determine the current location where it is being kept (the library or fund). in evaluating rhesa’s attempts to collect sources on the lithuanian language, literature, history, and folklore, the scholarly and cultural interests that these writings attest to are demonstrated Show More ... ... Show Less

  • Second World War
  • The State
  • State Archive
  • Language Literature
Act Of Vandalism Or Memory Communication? Some Thoughts On Polish-Lithuanian Graffiti Writing Tradition

as a form of literacy, graffiti has existed throughout the ages. many researches on epigraphy show that many examples of graffiti were left intact from the period of the polish-lithuanian commonwealth. however, the purpose of their appearance was merely disputed in the scientific community.the main aim of this research is to ascertain the motives of the habits of inscribing graffiti among polish-lithuanian commonwealths citizens. this study is a qualitative research that seeks an in-depth understanding of the phenomena of writing graffiti. basic material for the research was gathered from ego-documents that are focused on the personal lives and experiences of the writers. the research is based on a detailed contextual analysis of several cases (case study method).this article examines several cases and gives some light on how and why graffiti were made. however, for more ample and accurate results, more extensive research must be done Show More ... ... Show Less

  • Qualitative Research
  • Contextual Analysis
  • Basic Material
  • Case Study Method
An Archivist And A Records Manager: Professional Education In Ukraine (Case Study Of The National Aviation University

 a higher education reform in ukraine, and the emergence of the new integrated program “information, library and archival studies” instead of “records management and information activity” in the educational space in particular, brought about various interpretations and sharp discussions. in general, the university community met these innovations without enthusiasm. the scientific thought of ukrainian scholars on how to develop archival education in ukraine was generally based on the tradition enshrined in the complex of the developed academic disciplines and tested in practice in conditions of intense competition among students.the approach of the department of history and records management of the national aviation university to modern training of the archivist was prompted by the needs of the labor market and the challenges of the digital society.1 it consists of finding ways to train modern specialists who possess interdisciplinary competences in the field of archival studies, records management, information activity, and socio-communicative sciences. this led to a study aimed at finding an up-to-date profile of a records manager/archivist.the research analyzes the approaches to the education of archivists in ukraine at various stages of its socio-economic development and summarizes the current experience of the national aviation university in this sphere Show More ... ... Show Less

  • Records Management
  • Archival Studies
  • Information Activity
  • Program Information
  • Current Experience
Vilnius Printers’ Ornaments In The Second Half Of The Eighteenth Century As A Source Of The History Of The Books

this article focuses on the 18th century printers’ ornaments as an important group of sources of the history of the book. until now, most studies in lithuanian had focused on the decorations of books from the 16th– 17th centuries as well as contemporary publications. the present study through several perspectives analyzes the ornaments of the institutional printing houses of vilnius from the second half of the 18th c. the importance of the chosen topic is substantiated not only with the scarcity of studies but also with the issues associated with the attribution of anonymous publications that had been disseminated during the hand-press period. the study’s sources were images of ornaments in the early printed books as well as european printers’ manuals and inventories of vilnius printing houses from the period of 18th–early 19th c. the first part of the study has found that in the late 18th c., the vilnius printers had used printers’ flowers (ornamental pieces of type) and six kinds of decorative blocks, which were carved in wood or metal (i.e., headpieces, tailpieces, vignettes, initials, factotums, and decorations of initial letters). despite the clear function of these blocks, vilnius printers freely experimented by placing them in unorthodox places within the books. in the second part of this study, based on a comparison of the printers’ ornaments, the ways of interaction between the vilnius printing houses are disclosed and interpreted: ornament inheritance, division of labor, the renewal of publications in another printing house, and the falsification of publications. also, the article discusses cases of ornaments migrating and being copied, which complicates the attribution of anonymous publications. despite the exploratory nature of the study, it reveals new facts from the operations of 18th c. vilnius printing houses and allows us to perceive some peculiarities of late gdl culture Show More ... ... Show Less

  • Eighteenth Century
  • Division Of Labor
  • 18Th Century
  • Important Group
Interview With Longterm Editor-In-Chief Of Knygotyra, Professor Domas Kaunas (Full Member Of The Lithuanian Academy Of Sciences

knygotyra (“book science”) is one of the longest existing scholarly journals among the periodicals published by vilnius university. it has been in print since 1961. until 1969, it was published under the title bibliotekininkystės ir bibliografijos klausimai (“issues of librarianship and bibliography”). during 1981–1991, as part of the series “research work of the higher education institutions of the lithuanian ssr,” it appeared in two volumes: one devoted to the problems of book history, publishing and distribution, and the other – to issues of libraries, bibliography, and information science. in 1990, the first volumes were turned into knygotyra, a serial published by vilnius university, while the second volumes were published independently under the title informacijos mokslai (“information sciences”). since 2003, knygotyra has been regularly published twice a year as a scholarly journal. for decades, it has been referred to in lithuanian and international databases as an open access, peer-reviewed journal and, since 2018, it is included into the elsevier scopus database. domas kaunas is the most experienced member of the editorial board and has been an editor-in-chief till 2019. docent genovaitė raguotienė had been in this position for three years (1970‒1973), professor levas vladimirovas – for fifteen years (1974‒1989), when domas kaunas subsequently joined the editorial board in 1979 and served as the editor-in-chief for three decades Show More ... ... Show Less

  • Editorial Board
  • Vilnius University
  • Higher Education
  • Open Access
  • Scopus Database
Images Of Klaipėda: Paintings Traveling Across The Flow Of Time

pluhařová-grigienė, eva. die migration der bilder. das memelgebiet in fotografisch illustrierten büchern (1889–1991). böhlau verlag köln weimar wien, 2017. 495 p. isbn 978-3-412-50585-1 Show More ... ... Show Less

  • Flow Of Time
Diffusion Of The Discourse On Love Of Reading In Europe From The 18Th Till The 20Th Century

when reading in the 18th century became an activity common among an ever growing part of the european population and thereby a socially more visible cultural phenomenon, a need arose to create concepts and linguistic terms to refer to the new types of reading behavior. the new masses of readers did not seemingly have a rational goal for their reading, they just read for the sake of reading itself. therefore, an explanation for their behavior was that they had a love of reading. to speak about people’s love of reading became a recurrent feature of the discourse on reading, a sub-discourse of its own, the discourse on the love of reading. the birthplace of the discourse may have been in 17th century france, wherefrom it was mediated into other countries and language areas. even the contemporaries believed that the reading mania was contagious, and expected, feared, or hoped that something similar would happen in their own country. this caused debate and the use, even invention, of words and phrases that belong to the discourse on love of reading. even the words and phrases used for speaking about reading migrated over linguistic, political, and social borders. the initiation, growth, and diffusion of the discourse can be followed by searching the typical words and phrases that indicate the presence of the discourse. data were obtained from google books ngram viewer and national full-text databases of books and newspapers. a map representing the geographical diffusion of the discourse in europe until the 20th century is constructed. the historical conditions for the diffusion of the discourse are discussed. methodological problems are discussed and future research is outlined Show More ... ... Show Less

  • 20Th Century
  • Full Text
  • Future Research
  • Text Databases
  • And Diffusion
The Symbolic And Propaganda Message Of The Heraldic Programmes In Two 17Th-Century Marriage Prints (Epithalamia) Of The Pacas Family

this article presents two printed epithalamia from the 17th c. related to marriages contracted in the pacas family. each of them was adorned with a graphic decoration conforming with the allegoric meaning of the gozdawa coat-of-arms. this determined not only individual virtues but also, together with the relevant quotations and symbols, became a prognostic of a satisfactory marital life. it also demonstrated the connections of the pacas family, which were crucial in terms of strengthening the position of both the family and its individuals against public and family issues Show More ... ... Show Less

  • 17Th Century
  • The Family
  • Family Issues
Eduards Volters And The Institutionalization Of Book Science In The Early 20Th Century

eduardas volteris (1856‒1941) is one of the first book theorists in the eastern european region and developer of the most important memory and higher education institutions of independent lithuania. this article analyzes the early 20th c. phenomenon of the institutionalization of book science. it attempts to answer the question of how eduardas volteris contributed to establishing the very first eastern european societies of book researchers, to consolidating the sciences of bibliography, bibliology and book science within the realm of academia, and to professionalising of book scholarship. the sources for examination of the social aspects of book science are: documents belonging to the russian society of bibliology, which was active in st. petersburg in 1899–1931, materials in scholarly serial publications on book science of the early 20th c., theoretical papers published by e. volteris, and the results of the historical studies on the history of european book science Show More ... ... Show Less

  • Eastern European
  • Higher Education
  • Early 20Th Century
  • Russian Society
The Library Of Ignace Oginski (1755–1786): A Reflection Of Geneological And Religious Identity

this article examines the development and the contents of the library of ignacy oginski, appointed elder of the darsūniškis and vaiguva communities; his collection of books is discussed with an emphasis on how the sense of self as well as geneological and religious identity are expressed. the library of i.oginski is discussed within the context of the history of his family and closest relatives as well as his connections with the bernardines of trakai. the bibliographical and provenance analysis is founded on i. oginski’s books, which are stored in vilnius university library (10 specimens); also published at the end of this paper is a list of books bestowed by i. oginski to the trakai bernardine monastery, which itself was added into the 1787 catalogue of the monastery’s library. it was determined that i. oginski belonged to the third order of the franciscan tertiaries and was a financial affairs trustee (i.e., a syndic, lat. sindicus apostolicus) of the trakai bernardine monastery, which he, together with his mother antonina oginska, had amply sponsored and to which he bequeathed upon death a sum of 7 thousand lithuanian zloty. i. oginski bestowed his personal library, which consisted of 201 volume, to the bernardines on march 29, 1786 based on a testament written in kruonis. it contained not only the more traditional printed materials but also some sheet music characteristic of courtly culture, ledgers, and silva rerum manuscripts. noteworthy is the prayer “on the appeal for a fulfilling life” (pol. o uproszenie stanu życia przyzwoitego), handwritten by i. oginski himself. a large part of the library consisted of ascetic lectures, spiritual exercises, and sermons typical of the bernardine monks, but the collection was not limited in this aspect, as it also had some secular french works from the enlightenment period and textbooks printed by the publishing house of the vilnius piarists. the considerable number of historical works and books containing dedications with references to the merits of the oginskis to the state and the church shows that i. oginski was particularly attentive of his family history. generally, the library demonstrates quite clearly a promotional-religious aspect of i. oginski’s genealogical sense of self and identity. and here, too, the ascetic literature supplements the data from other sources regarding i. oginski’s piety and his belonging to the tertiary community. the carried out study of i. oginski’s identity and his personal library’s development and the relevant associations confirms the available possibilities of using the approaches and methodologies of cultural anthropology and social communication in book science studies Show More ... ... Show Less

  • Religious Identity
  • Sense Of Self
  • Family History
  • Religious Aspect
  • The Church
Ignoto Oginskio (1755–1786) Biblioteka: Genealoginio Ir Religinio Tapatumo Atspindys

straipsnyje taikant šaltiniotyrinį, biografinį, bibliografinį, proveniencinį ir kt. metodus nagrinėjamos darsūniškio ir vaiguvos seniūno ignoto oginskio (1755–1786) asmeninės bibliotekos (201 vienetas) perdavimo 1787 m. trakų bernardinų vienuolynui aplinkybės, bendrais bruožais aptariama dovanotojo biografija ir bibliotekos sudėtis, pristatomi veikalai, žadinę istorinę atmintį apie oginskių giminę ir teikiantys nuorodų apie i. oginskio pamaldumą, ryšius su bernardinų vienuolija. nustatyta, kad i. oginskio, sirgusio nežinoma liga ir anksti mirusio, šeima ir giminė rėmė trakų bernardinų vienuolyną, užrašė jam nemažas sumas. i. oginskis, be kita ko, buvo tretininkas ir – galimai – minėto vienuolyno finansinių reikalų patikėtinis (sindikas), o asmeninę biblioteką bernardinams skyrė 1786 m. kovo 29 d. kruonyje sudarytu testamentu. bibliotekos didesnę dalį sudarė bernardinams, ypač tretininkams, būdinga asketinė lektūra, dvasinės pratybos, pamokslai, nors yra ir apšvietos epochos pasaulietinių veikalų prancūzų kalba, vilniaus pijorų spaustuvėje leistų vadovėlių, teikiančių nuorodų į i. oginskio studijas. istorijos veikalų, taip pat knygų, kurių dedikacijose minimi oginskių nuopelnai valstybei ir bažnyčiai, gausa rodo i. oginskį puoselėjus ldk istorinę atmintį ir vertinus priklausymą kilmingai giminei. o štai asketinė literatūra patvirtina šaltinių duomenis apie tai, kad i. oginskis buvo įstojęs į pranciškonų observantų (bernardinų) trečiąjį (tretininkų) ordiną Show More ... ... Show Less

Rygoje Saugomos Martyno Liudviko Rėzos Abrahamui Jakobui Penzeliui Siųstos Knygos

straipsnyje pristatoma ir aprašoma su dviem martyno liudviko rėzos siuntomis abrahamui jakobui penzeliui susijusi problematika. daugiausia dėmesio jame skiriama pirmajai siuntai (1818), kurios egzempliorių yra žinoma de visu. straipsnio tikslas – apžvelgti latvijos universiteto akademinėje bibliotekoje rygoje saugomas rėzos 1818 m. penzeliui siųstas knygas, objektas – jose esantys įrašai. akstinas tyrimui buvo nauji užtikti įrašai, leidžiantys teigti, kad rygoje saugomos ne dvi ar trys lietuviškos rėzos siųstos knygos, bet yra pagrindo manyti, kad penkios. straipsnyje pateikiama naujos ir aktualios informacijos, papildančios ankstesnių rėzos veiklos tyrėjų įžvalgas, tačiau klausimas dėl baigtinio siųstų knygų sąrašo vis dar lieka atviras ateities tyrimams Show More ... ... Show Less

Europoje Išleisti Lietuviški Ir Lituanistiniai Leidiniai JAV Lietuvių Spaudoje (Iki 1904 M

straipsnyje analizuojama informavimo apie naujus leidinius situacija jav lietuvių spaudoje lietuviškos spaudos draudimo metais iki 1904 m., pagrindinį dėmesį skiriant pranešimams apie naujus europos lietuvių spaudinius bei kitakalbę lituanistinę literatūrą. tyrimas buvo atliktas remiantis tokių leidinių sąrašu, sudarytu peržiūrėjus to meto lietuvišką periodinę spaudą. jo pagrindu rekonstruojama informavimo apie naujus leidinius lietuvių literatūros augimo metu kylant tautiniam judėjimui sistema jav lietuvių spaudoje, dėmesys europos lietuvių spaudai ir kitakalbei lituanistinei literatūrai, informacijos pateikimo specifika, pristatytų leidinių repertuaras, kur dominavo pasaulietinė literatūra Show More ... ... Show Less

Naujoji Ar Nenaujoji Knygos Enciklopedija

encyklopedia książki. t. 1: eseje, a-j. t. 2: k-z, pod red. anny żbikowskiej-migoń i marty skalskiej-zlat, wrocław: wydawnictwo uniwersytetu wrocławskiego, 2017, 776, 770, [2] s., faksymilia, fotografie, errata, isbn 978-83-229-3543-9 Show More ... ... Show Less

Rankraštinė Jano Heve­Lijaus Selenografija Vilniuje

straipsnyje nagrinėjama abiejų tautų respublikos astronomo jano hevelijaus (1611–1687) veikalo selenografija (1647), skirto mėnulio stebėjimams, vertimo nuorašo kirilika istorija. tyrimo objektu tapo lmavb saugomas rankraštinis kodeksas (lmavb rs f19–318), o lyginamai analizei buvo naudojama ciuricho mokslo ir technikos universiteto eth bibliotekoje saugomo egzemplioriaus skaitmeninė kopija. pasitelkus literatūros analizę, trumpai aptariama astronomijos mokslo istorija xvii a. europoje, lietuvos didžiojoje kunigaikštystėje bei j. hevelijaus veikalo vieta joje. kodikologinė vieneto analizė leido atidžiau pažvelgti į kodekso sukūrimo būdą, o kartu ir pabandyti tikslinti jo gamybos vietą bei funkcionavimo istoriją. pirminiai tyrimo duomenys patvirtina, kad tai pasiuntinių tarnyboje dirbusio stepano čižinskio vertimo nuorašas. tačiau kodekso gamybos vieta ir paskirtis nėra iki galo aiškios, nes knygos parengimas nėra išbaigtas (trūksta daugelio iliustracijų, lentelių). pavieniai požymiai leidžia jį priskirti pasiuntinių tarnybos „leidyklai“, o knygos blokui panaudotas popierius turi bendrų bruožų su ldk perrašytomis knygomis. atskleista kodekso patekimo į vilniaus viešąją biblioteką istorija leistų patikslinti tiek kodekso paskirtį, tiek funkcionavimo istoriją Show More ... ... Show Less

Iš Vrublevskių Bibliotekos Istorijos: Platerių Pustinios Dvaro Knygų Rinkinio Įsigijimo Atvejis

lietuvos mokslų akademijos vrublevskių bibliotekos fundatorius tadas stanislovas vrublevskis (1858–1925), 1891 m. iš tėvų paveldėjęs biblioteką, toliau pats ją ėmė pildyti, įsigydamas knygų, rankraščių, periodinių leidinių, ikonografinių dokumentų kolekcijų ir kitų vertybių iš asmeninių to meto bibliotekų, sukauptų aristokratų dvaruose ar mokslininkų namuose. vienas iš tokių knygų rinkinių 1907 m. buvo pasiūlytas nupirkti iš grafo henriko de broel-platerio (1868 – po 1926 m.) pustinios dvaro, buvusio netoli kraslavos miestelio tuometinėje vitebsko gubernijoje (kraslava – dab. to paties pavadinimo savivaldybės centras, esantis latvijos respublikoje, daugpilio apskrityje, šalia sienos su rusijos federacija). straipsnyje, remiantis lietuvos mokslų akademijos vrublevskių bibliotekoje saugoma archyvine medžiaga ir surinktais duomenimis apie šiuo metu identifikuotus leidinius su pustinios dvaro bibliotekos prove­niencija (apie 350 egzempliorių), aptariamos grafo henriko platerio knygų rinkinio įsigijimo aplinkybės, apžvelgiami bibliotekos raidos bruožai, apibūdinamas jos turinys Show More ... ... Show Less

LDK 1613 M. Žemėla­Pio Laidos: Istoriografinis Aspektas

mikalojaus kristupo radvilos našlaitėlio (1549–1616) suburto profesionalų kolektyvo parengtas ir 1613 m. amsterdame išspausdintas ldk žemėlapis jau yra nagrinėtas kartografijos, kultūros, meno istorikų, semiotikų ir kitų sričių specialistų lietuvoje ir užsienyje. straipsnyje šis žemėlapis analizuojamas knygotyriniu žvilgsniu – pateikiama ldk 1613 m. žemėlapiui skirtų publikacijų analizė jo leidybos (laidų) aspektu. nesiekiama išsamaus ir visa apimančio ldk 1613 m. žemėlapio istoriografinio tyrimo. istoriografinėje retrospekcijoje chronologine tvarka nagrinėjant užsienio ir lietuvos autorių darbus ryškinama, kaip įvairūs autoriai, rašę apie šį žemėlapį, traktavo žemėlapio bibliografinę informaciją, kaip kito požiūris į šio žemėlapio sandarą ir pan. istoriografinė publikacijų apie ldk 1613 m. žemėlapį analizė parodė, kad ldk 1613 m. žemėlapio kaip spaudos objekto formalieji radimosi dalykai (kokios vario plokštės buvo parengtos sieniniam žemėlapiui, kaip ir kokios sandaros žemėlapis naudotas williamo janszoono blaeu leidyklos atlasuose ir pan.) yra svarbūs žemėlapio funkcionavimo raidai nustatyti Show More ... ... Show Less

Martyno Liudviko Rėzos Susirašinėjimas Su Lietuvių Dainų Rinkėjais Provincijoje

karaliaučiaus universiteto profesorius martynas liudvikas rėza (rhesa, 1776–1840) kreipimesi į lietuvių literatūros bičiulius (1817) ragino rinkti prūsijos lietuvių dainas ir siųsti jam į karaliaučių. apie 1937 m. kauno universiteto profesorius juozas eretas rėzos archyve karaliaučiuje surado keletą dainų siuntėjų laiškų – brėdausių dvaro mokyklos mokytojo endrikio budriaus (1783–1852) ir pamario žvejybos vyriausiojo inspektoriaus ernsto vilhelmo berbomo (beerbohm, 1786–1865) – ir juos nusirašė, deja, su kupiūromis. po antrojo pasaulinio karo pervežtame į vilnių rėzos archyve kai kurių laiškų jau nebebuvo. išlikę trys budriaus ir keturi berbomo laiškai, dabar saugomi lmavb rankraščių skyriuje. 1964 m. juos paskelbė albinas jovaišas, tačiau nepublikavo gausių laiškų priedų, tai – dainos ir regioninė leksika, žvejų frazeologija, pamario augalų ir marių žuvų lietuviški pavadinimai ir kt. berbomo atsiųsti vytinių valčių bei poledinės žūklės proceso brėžiniai ir schemos su lietuviškais terminais yra pirmieji lietuviški aiškinamieji ir vaizduojamieji žodynėliai. šiame straipsnyje plačiau pristatomi respondentai, pateikiamas platesnis susirašinėjimo kontekstas, publikuojamas ereto kupiūruotas budriaus laiško fragmentas ir keletas berbomo laiškų priedų fragmentų. rėzos laiškų nerasta, tačiau galima teigti, kad šiems respondentams jis parašė mažiausiai keturis–penkis laiškus Show More ... ... Show Less

Sūduvių Knygelės Autorystės Problema

remiantis tipologiniu ir analitiniu aprašomuoju metodais bei gematrijos numerologine grafinių žymenų dešifravimo sistema, straipsnyje įvardijami sūduvių knygelės, arba der vnglaubigen ‖ sudauen ihrer bockheiligung mit sambt andern ceremonien, so sie tzu brauchen gepflegeth, – jotvingių genties bene išsamiausio ir svarbiausio etnokultūrinės tradicijos, užfiksuotos reformacijos laikotarpiu, aprašo iki šiol nenustatyto autoriaus identifikavimo kriterijai. taip pat pateikiama šio šaltinio mitonimų sekos latentiniu akrostichu užkoduoto autonimo analizė. iškeliama hipotezė, kad šio rankraštinio xvi a. pradžios veikalo kūrėjas – johannesas poliandras, arba johannas graumannas, hebrajišką savo tapatybės įvardijimą – išmǝrai sābā bēn āḏām – nurodęs ne tik skaitmenine, bet ir grafemų retrogradine avgaḏ seka Show More ... ... Show Less

Tarptautinių Daugiakalbių Lietuviškųjų Periodinių Leidinių Leidyba (1904–1940

straipsnyje analizuojama daugiakalbių tarptautinių leidinių, kuriuose buvo spausdinami ir lietuviški tekstai, leidyba. 1904–1940 m. iš viso tokių leidinių leista 26. jų poreikis subrendo dėl xx a. pirmojoje pusėje susidariusių naujų kultūrinių, ekonominių ir politinių sąlygų. daugiakalbė periodinė spauda startavo kultūrinio bendradarbiavimo plotmėje, bet, po pirmojo pasaulinio karo pabaltijyje susikūrus nepriklausomoms valstybėms, dėmesys šiai sričiai sumenko, labiau plėtoti ekonominiai ir politiniai ryšiai. lietuvos, vokietijos, latvijos, lenkijos ir kt. šalių leidėjams buvo aktualesnė ekonominių ryšių plėtotė. svarbos įgavo ir baltijos šalių (estija, latvija ir lietuva) politinis bendradarbiavimas. propagandos tikslais nemažai daugiakalbių leidinių pirmojo pasaulinio karo metais leido vokietija. daugiakalbiuose leidiniuose šalia lietuvių kalbos buvo pasitelkiamos vokiečių, lenkų, prancūzų, latvių, rusų ir kitos užsienio kalbos. daugiakalbės periodinės spaudos atsiradimas ir lietuvių kalbos pasirodymas juose atspindėjo lietuvių tautos ir lietuvos valstybės tarptautinį pripažinimą, savitų poreikių suvokimą, politinį, ekonominį ir kultūrinį dialogą Show More ... ... Show Less

Knygos Ir Visuomenė Latvijoje Iki 1945 M

grāmata un sabiedrība latvijā līdz 1945. gadam: rakstu krājums. latvijas nacionālā bibliotēka; galvenais redaktors andris vilks; atbildīgā redaktore sanita briežkalne. rīga: latvijas nacionālā bibliotēka, 2019. 367 p.: diagramma, faksimili, ilustrācijas, portreti, shēmas. issn 1691-5941. (zinātniskie raksti, 4 (xxiv Show More ... ... Show Less

On The Time And Place Of The Printing Of Francysk Skaryna’S Little Traveler’S Book

as we continue to solve the issues of book science of the 16th century, we have to be very guarded in questions of terminology. this is of particular importance when we talk about the little traveler’s book, which begins the history of typography in the grand duchy of lithuania. there is a widespread belief that the abovementioned book was printed in vilnius approximately in 1522. it would be more correct to say that the little traveler’s book was completed in vilnius. one of its parts – a set of eight akathists and eight canons – could have been printed earlier in prague. this hypothesis can be supported with several arguments. in contrast with the acts and epistles of the apostles (the apostle, 1525), the little traveler’s book is not dated anywhere and in terms of content, it is a heterogeneous (composite) publication. considering the content of the little traveler’s book, the elements that particularly stand out are the akathists and canons that contain unique wood engravings, endpieces, vignettes, borders, and initials. two wood engravings were made by one “master of the new testament,” whose works were published in the prague book of psalms (1517). the autonomy of an akathist as a particular publication is accented by the publisher’s acrostic colophon, written in the last akathist via initials. the akathists housed in wroclaw (wroclaw university library, no. 305071) can represent the prague period of typography. e. nemirovkij’s “evidence” regarding the vilnius origin of the akathist is incorrect Show More ... ... Show Less

  • 16Th Century
  • Widespread Belief
  • The New Testament
  • Grand Duchy