red blood cells
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2022 ◽  
Vol 140 ◽  
pp. 104281
Author(s):  
Toru Hyakutake ◽  
Hiroki Abe ◽  
Yohei Miyoshi ◽  
Manabu Yasui ◽  
Rina Suzuki ◽  
...  

2024 ◽  
Vol 84 ◽  
Author(s):  
G. S. Vicente-Ferreira ◽  
G. S. Martins ◽  
N. A. Chaves ◽  
D. G. H. Silva ◽  
C. R. Bonini-Domingos

Abstract Hibernation is a natural condition of animals that lives in the temperate zone, although some tropical lizards also experience hibernation annually, such as the lizard native from South America, Salvator merianae, or “tegu” lizard. Even though physiological and metabolic characteristic associated with hibernation have been extensively studied, possible alterations in the red blood cells (RBC) integrity during this period remains unclear. Dehydration and fasting are natural consequences of hibernating for several months and it could be related to some cellular modifications. In this study, we investigated if the osmotic tolerance of RBCs of tegu lizard under hibernation is different from the cells obtained from animals while normal activity. Additionally, we indirectly investigated if the RBCs membrane of hibernating tegus could be associated with oxidation by quantifying oxidized biomolecules and the activity of antioxidant enzymes. Our findings suggest that RBCs are more fragile during the hibernation period, although we did not find evidence of an oxidative stress scenario associated with the accentuated fragility. Even though we did not exclude the possibility of oxidative damage during hibernation, we suggested that an increased RBCs volume as a consequence of hypoosmotic blood during hibernation could also affect RBCs integrity as noted.


2022 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Author(s):  
Pak Hin Chow ◽  
Charles D. Cox ◽  
Jinxin V. Pei ◽  
Nancy Anabaraonye ◽  
Saeed Nourmohammadi ◽  
...  

In sickle cell disease (SCD), the pathological shift of red blood cells (RBCs) into distorted morphologies under hypoxic conditions follows activation of a cationic leak current (Psickle) and cell dehydration. Prior work showed sickling was reduced by 5-hydroxylmethyl-2-furfural (5-HMF), which stabilized mutant hemoglobin and also blocked the Psickle current in RBCs, though the molecular basis of this 5-HMF-sensitive cation current remained a mystery. Work here is the first to test the hypothesis that Aquaporin-1 (AQP1) cation channels contribute to the monovalent component of Psickle. Human AQP1 channels expressed in Xenopus oocytes were evaluated for sensitivity to 5-HMF and four derivatives known to have differential efficacies in preventing RBC sickling. Ion conductances were measured by two-electrode voltage clamp, and osmotic water permeability by optical swelling assays. Compounds tested were: 5-HMF; 5-PMFC (5-(phenoxymethyl)furan-2-carbaldehyde); 5-CMFC (5-(4-chlorophenoxymethyl)furan-2-carbaldehyde); 5-NMFC (5-(2-nitrophenoxymethyl)-furan-2-carbaldehyde); and VZHE006 (tert-butyl (5-formylfuran-2-yl)methyl carbonate). The most effective anti-sickling agent, 5-PMFC, was the most potent inhibitor of the AQP1 ion conductance (98% block at 100 µM). The order of sensitivity of the AQP1 conductance to inhibition was 5-PMFC > VZHE006 > 5-CMFC ≥ 5-NMFC, which corresponded with effectiveness in protecting RBCs from sickling. None of the compounds altered AQP1 water channel activity. Combined application of a selective AQP1 ion channel blocker AqB011 (80 µM) with a selective hemoglobin modifying agent 5-NMFC (2.5 mM) increased anti-sickling effectiveness in red blood cells from human SCD patients. Another non-selective cation channel known to be expressed in RBCs, Piezo1, was unaffected by 2 mM 5-HMF. Results suggest that inhibition of AQP1 ion channels and capacity to modify hemoglobin are combined features of the most effective anti-sickling agents. Future therapeutics aimed at both targets could hold promise for improved treatments for SCD.


2022 ◽  
Vol 8 (4) ◽  
pp. 239-241
Author(s):  
Vinayaka Ambujakshi Manjunatha ◽  
Trinath Kishore Damera ◽  
Akshay Kumar T K ◽  
Rupinder Jyot Singh ◽  
Tanmay Popat ◽  
...  

AlbPRF is a blood by-product, without additives, using only autologous blood, which after centrifugation will be produced in two stages: heating and incorporation: heating of the serum and low platelet plasma and incorporation of cells (GF and PRF cytokines liquid, removed from the junction of the leukocyte zone and the red blood cells). This new biomaterial has already been tested in vitro and translational research with this new material has already started. Excellent results can be expected from the use of AlbPRF, not only for oral/periodontal surgery applications but also for use in facial medicine and aesthetics.


2022 ◽  
Author(s):  
LK Metthew Lam ◽  
Jane Dobkin ◽  
Kaitlyn A. Eckart ◽  
Ian Gereg ◽  
Andrew DiSalvo ◽  
...  

Red blood cells (RBCs) demonstrate immunomodulatory capabilities through the expression of nucleic acid sensors. Little is known about bat RBCs, and no studies have examined the immune function of bat erythrocytes. Here we show that bat RBCs express the nucleic acid-sensing Toll-like receptors TLR7 and TLR9 and bind the nucleic acid ligands, single-stranded RNA, and CpG DNA. Collectively, these data suggest that, like human RBCs, bat erythrocytes possess immune function and may be reservoirs for nucleic acids. These findings provide unique insight into bat immunity and may uncover potential mechanisms by which virulent pathogens in humans are concealed in bats.


2022 ◽  
pp. JPET-AR-2021-000743
Author(s):  
Patricia Schroeder ◽  
Keertik Fulzele ◽  
Sanjeev Forsyth ◽  
Maria D Ribadeneira ◽  
Sylvie Guichard ◽  
...  

Physiology ◽  
2022 ◽  
Author(s):  
Francisco C. Villafuerte ◽  
Tatum S Simonson ◽  
Daniela Bermudez ◽  
Fabiola León-Velarde

Erythrocytosis, or increased production of red blood cells, is one of the most well-documented physiological traits that varies within and among in high-altitude populations. Although a modest increase in blood O2-carrying capacity may be beneficial for life in highland environments, erythrocytosis can also become excessive and lead to maladaptive syndromes such as Chronic Mountain Sickness (CMS).


2022 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Author(s):  
Achille Iolascon ◽  
Roberta Russo ◽  
Immacolata Andolfo

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