autologous blood
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2022 ◽  
Vol 8 (4) ◽  
pp. 239-241
Vinayaka Ambujakshi Manjunatha ◽  
Trinath Kishore Damera ◽  
Akshay Kumar T K ◽  
Rupinder Jyot Singh ◽  
Tanmay Popat ◽  

AlbPRF is a blood by-product, without additives, using only autologous blood, which after centrifugation will be produced in two stages: heating and incorporation: heating of the serum and low platelet plasma and incorporation of cells (GF and PRF cytokines liquid, removed from the junction of the leukocyte zone and the red blood cells). This new biomaterial has already been tested in vitro and translational research with this new material has already started. Excellent results can be expected from the use of AlbPRF, not only for oral/periodontal surgery applications but also for use in facial medicine and aesthetics.

2022 ◽  
Vol 10 (2) ◽  
pp. 671-676
Huang-Fang Ying ◽  
Shuang-Qing Wu ◽  
Wei-Ping Hu ◽  
Li-Yang Ni ◽  
Zi-Long Zhang ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Laura Warner ◽  
Annika Bach-Hagemann ◽  
Walid Albanna ◽  
Hans Clusmann ◽  
Gerrit A. Schubert ◽  

Objective: Impaired cerebral blood flow (CBF) regulation, such as reduced reactivity to hypercapnia, contributes to the pathophysiology after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), but temporal dynamics in the acute phase are unknown. Featuring comparable molecular regulation mechanisms, the retinal vessels participate in chronic and subacute stroke- and SAH-associated vessel alterations in patients and can be studied non-invasively. This study is aimed to characterize the temporal course of the cerebral and retinal vascular reactivity to hypercapnia in the acute phase after experimental SAH and compare the potential degree of impairment.Methods: Subarachnoid hemorrhage was induced by injecting 0.5 ml of heparinized autologous blood into the cisterna magna of male Wistar rats using two anesthesia protocols [isoflurane/fentanyl n = 25 (Sham + SAH): Iso—Group, ketamine/xylazine n = 32 (Sham + SAH): K/X—Group]. CBF (laser speckle contrast analysis) and physiological parameters were measured continuously for 6 h. At six predefined time points, hypercapnia was induced by hypoventilation controlled via blood gas analysis, and retinal vessel diameter (RVD) was determined non-invasively.Results: Cerebral reactivity and retinal reactivity in Sham groups were stable with only a slight attenuation after 2 h in RVD of the K/X—Group. In the SAH Iso—Group, cerebral and retinal CO2 reactivity compared to baseline was immediately impaired starting at 30 min after SAH (CBF p = 0.0090, RVD p = 0.0135) and lasting up to 4 h (p = 0.0136, resp. p = 0.0263). Similarly, in the K/X—Group, cerebral CO2 reactivity was disturbed early after SAH (30 min, p = 0.003) albeit showing a recovery to baseline after 2 h while retinal CO2 reactivity was impaired over the whole observation period (360 min, p = 0.0001) in the K/X—Group. After normalization to baseline, both vascular beds showed a parallel behavior regarding the temporal course and extent of impairment.Conclusion: This study provides a detailed temporal analysis of impaired cerebral vascular CO2 reactivity starting immediately after SAH and lasting up to 6 h. Importantly, the retinal vessels participate in these acute changes underscoring the promising role of the retina as a potential non-invasive screening tool after SAH. Further studies will be required to determine the correlation with functional outcomes.

T. Brezina ◽  
H. von Dewitz ◽  
T. Schroeder ◽  
S. Ullrich ◽  
K. Nachtkamp ◽  

AbstractPrimary central nervous system non-Hodgkin lymphomas (PCNS-NHLs) are extranodal B-cell lymphomas with poor prognosis. The role of high-dose therapy (HDT) followed by autologous blood stem cell transplantation (ASCT) as first-line therapy is still not clear. We retrospectively collected long-term follow up data of 61 consecutive patients with PCNS-NHL at the University Hospital Düsseldorf from January 2004 to December 2016. Thirty-six patients were treated with conventional chemoimmunotherapy (cCIT) only (CT-group). Seventeen patients received an induction cCIT followed by HDT and ASCT. In the CT-group, the overall response rate (ORR) was 61% (CR 47%, PR 14%), and there were 8% treatment-related deaths (TRD). Progression-free survival (PFS) was 31.8 months, and overall survival (OS) was 57.3 months. In the HDT-group, the ORR was 88% (59% CR, 29% PR), and there were 6% TRD. Median PFS and OS were not reached at 5 years. The 5-year PFS and OS were 64.7%. After a median follow up of 71 months, 10 patients (59%) were still alive in CR/PR following HDT and ASCT, one patient was treated for progressive disease (PD), and 7 had died (41%, 6 PD, 1 TRD). All patients achieving CR prior to HDT achieved durable CR. In the CT-group, 8 patients (22%) were alive in CR/PR after a median follow-up of 100 months. Twenty-eight patients died (78%, 24 PD, 2 TRD, 2 deaths in remission). In the univariate analysis, the HDT-group patients had significantly better PFS (not reached vs 31.8 months, p = 0.004) and OS (not reached vs 57.3 months, p = 0.021). The multivariate analysis showed HDT was not predictive for survival. Treatment with HDT + ASCT is feasible and offers the chance for long-term survival with low treatment-related mortality in younger patients. In this analysis, ORR, PFS and OS were better with HDT than with conventional cCIT alone. This result was not confirmed in the multivariate analysis, and further studies need to be done to examine the role of HDT in PCNSL.

2022 ◽  
Vol 14 (4) ◽  
pp. 15-21
E. V. Fedoseeva ◽  
E. V. Chentsova ◽  
N. V. Borovkova ◽  
I. N. Ponomarev ◽  
V. A. Vlasova ◽  

Purpose: to study the effectiveness of the use of thrombofibrin clot of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) in patients with corneal ulcers. Material and methods. A clinical study, conducted by the Department of Traumatology and Reconstructive Surgery of Helmholtz National Medical Research Center of Eye Diseases, involved 20 patients, aged from 22 to 82, with corneal ulcers of inflammatory and burn genesis more than 100 microns deep. All patients got coated with a thrombofibrin PRP clot from autologous blood. Prior to the study, all patients received standard treatment for 2 weeks to 3 months, including multiple amniotic membrane coating, with no effect. The thrombofibrin clot was produced by the Scientific Department of Biotechnology and Transfusiology of the N.V. Sklifosovsky Research Institute for Emergency Medicine. The ready clot was placed on the surface of the cornea and covered with an amniotic membrane. The membrane was fixed to the episclera along the border of the limb with a circular suture, whereupon autologous serum was injected along the limb in 4 quadrants, to be followed by temporary lateral blepharography. Results. On the 2nd day following the procedure, the patients noted a decrease in lacrimation and pain in the operated eye. As shown by optical coherence tomography, the average depth of the corneal ulcer at the beginning of the study in all patients was 129 ± 28.5 microns. On the 5th day, the depth lowered to an average of 71 ± 32.6 microns, and on the 10th day, to 23.3 ± 15.1 microns. In 7 patients (35%), complete healing of the defect was observed on the 15th day, while in 9 patients (45%) it was stated between the 16th and the 20th day. Thus, the average time of healing of the ulcer with complete epithelization occurred was 15 days. In four patients with the consequences of severe burns (20%), the ulcer did not heal due to extensive damage to the limbal zone. Conclusion. The use of a thrombofibrin PRP clot in combination with amniotic membrane transplantation allows achieving a stable and fairly rapid healing of corneal ulcers of various origins. However, this method is ineffective in patients with limbal cell insufficiency, severe burns and extensive damage to the limbal zone. In such cases, it is advisable to use more radical surgical methods, such as buccal or limbal cell transplantation, or allolimbal transplantation.

Safi Abbas Rizvi

<p>Platelet rich plasma (PRP) is a promising treatment choice for patients with thinning hair. Despite excellent clinical safety and low cost, its clinical standing is still weak. The effectiveness of this method depends on its dosage, number of sessions, their intervals and technique of injection incorporated. PRP can produce particularly some phenomenal effects when applied in cosmetic dermatology. The therapeutic value of PRP is equivalent to stem cells and considered as one of the promising therapeutic agents in regenerative medicine. Harvesting of PRP plays a significant role, which is obtained from the patient's blood after centrifugation of the sample i.e., the platelet concentrates above the baseline which is the plasma fraction of the autologous blood. There are many applications of PRP in the medical field and has an incredibly significant role in dermatologic conditions e.g., tissue regeneration, wound healing, scar revision, skin rejuvenation and alopecia. In this review, we will be analyzing the authenticity of the use of PRP in the treatment of alopecia. PRP, in current scenario, is considered as a novel treatment modality. The efficacy of PRP therapy carries some deficiencies, which include lacking standard in preparation and concentration of platelets in PRP.</p><p><strong> </strong></p>

2021 ◽  
Vol 8 ◽  
Yiqi Chen ◽  
Jun Wang ◽  
Xin Ye ◽  
Jiafeng Yu ◽  
Jiwei Tao ◽  

Purpose: To investigate the surgical outcomes of the inverted internal limiting membrane (ILM) flap technique for macular hole retinal detachment (MHRD) in high myopia.Methods: This was a retrospective interventional study on 45 highly myopic eyes with MHRD after ILM peeling (n = 24, peeling group) or the inverted ILM flap technique (n = 21, inverted group). The inverted group was consisted of autologous blood (AB) subgroup (n = 10) and perfluorocarbon liquid (PFCL) subgroup (n = 11). MH closure, best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), foveal microstructures, and excessive gliosis were analyzed during a follow-up of over 12 months.Results: The inverted group achieved a higher MH closure rate (95.24%) than the peeling group (41.67%; p &lt; 0.001). No significant difference was found in postoperative BCVA between the two groups (p = 0.98) or between the closed MH with or without excessive gliosis (p = 0.60). Excessive gliosis was identified in 9 eyes in the inverted group, and there was no difference in the incidence of excessive gliosis between the AB subgroup (4 in 10 eyes, 40%) and the PFCL subgroup (5 in 11 eyes, 45.45%) (p &gt; 0.999).Conclusion: The inverted ILM flap technique was effective in MH closure but had no advantage in postoperative BCVA and microstructural restoration. Excessive gliosis was only detected in the inverted group but did not affect the postoperative BCVA. Additionally, the incidence of excessive gliosis was not affected by adjuvants.

PLoS ONE ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 16 (12) ◽  
pp. e0261640
Wei Zhu ◽  
Yufeng Gao ◽  
Che-Feng Chang ◽  
Jie-ru Wan ◽  
Shan-shan Zhu ◽  

Respiration ◽  
2021 ◽  
pp. 1-5
Jane A. Shaw ◽  
Elisma Wilken ◽  
Brian W. Allwood ◽  
Elvis M. Irusen ◽  
Coenraad F.N. Koegelenberg

Patients with secondary spontaneous pneumothorax (SSP) complicated by persistent air leak (PAL) and who are poor surgical candidates have limited treatment options. This case series explored autologous blood patch pleurodesis as a possible cost-effective management option. A total of 46 episodes of SSP with PAL were included. The procedure was successful in 33 (71.7%). Of these, 17 (51.5%) resolved within 1 day. The mean duration of intercostal drainage prior to the blood patch was 22 days in the successful group. Pneumothoraces with incomplete lung re-expansion at the time of procedure were successful in 20 of 30 (66.7%). Only human immunodeficiency virus infection was associated with failure (<i>p</i> = 0.03). Adverse events included transient fever (<i>n</i> = 3) that resolved spontaneously, and empyema (<i>n</i> = 3) which were successfully managed with antibiotics and pigtail drainage. We conclude that a large proportion of patients with SSP complicated by PAL who are unfit for surgery may be liberated from intercostal drainage by an autologous blood patch pleurodesis, with minimal adverse effects.

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