cardiac resynchronization
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2022 ◽  
MariaGiovanna Trivieri ◽  
Philip M Robson ◽  
Vittoria Vergani ◽  
Gina LaRocca ◽  
Angelica M Romero-Daza ◽  

Objectives: To evaluate an extended hybrid MR/PET imaging strategy in cardiac sarcoidosis (CS) employing qualitative and quantitative assessment of PET tracer uptake, and to evaluate its association with cardiac-related outcomes. Background: Invasive endomyocardial biopsy is the gold standard to diagnose CS, but it has poor sensitivity due to the patchy distribution of disease. Imaging with hybrid late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) MR and 18F-fluorodexyglucose (18F-FDG) PET allows simultaneous assessment of myocardial injury and disease activity and has shown promise for improved diagnosis of active CS based on the combined positive imaging outcome, MR(+)PET(+). Methods: 148 patients with suspected CS were enrolled for hybrid MR/PET imaging. Patients were classified based on presence/absence of LGE (MR+/MR-), presence/absence of 18F-FDG (PET+/PET-), and pattern of 18F-FDG uptake (focal/diffuse) into the following categories: MR(+)PET(+)FOCAL, MR(+)PET(+)DIFFUSE, MR(+)PET(-), MR(-)PET(+)FOCAL, MR(-)PET(+)DIFFUSE, MR(-)PET(-). Patients classified as MR(+)PET(+)FOCAL were designated as having active CS [aCS(+)], while all others were considered as having inactive or absent CS and designated aCS(-). Quantitative values of standard uptake value (SUVmax), target-to-background ratio (TBRmax), target-to-normal-myocardium ratio (TNMRmax) and T2 were measured. Occurrence of a cardiac-related clinical outcome was defined as any of the following during the 6-month period after imaging: cardiac arrest, ventricular arrhythmia, complete heart block, need for cardiac resynchronization/defibrillator/pacemaker/monitoring device (CRT-D, ICD/WCD, or ILR). MR/PET imaging results were compared to the presence of the composite clinical outcome. Results: Patients designated aCS(+) had more than 4-fold increased odds of meeting the clinical endpoint compared to aCS(-) (unadjusted odds ratio 4.8; 95% CI 2.0-11.4; p<0.001). TNMRmax achieved an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of 0.90 for separating aCS(+) from aCS(-). Conclusions: Hybrid MR/PET imaging with an extended image-based classification of CS was statistically associated with clinical outcomes in CS. TNMRmax had high sensitivity and excellent specificity for quantifying the imaging-based classification of active CS.

Biology ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 11 (1) ◽  
pp. 120
Matteo Ziacchi ◽  
Leonardo Calò ◽  
Antonio D’Onofrio ◽  
Michele Manzo ◽  
Antonio Dello Russo ◽  

Aims: The utilization of remote monitoring platforms was recommended amidst the COVID-19 pandemic. The HeartLogic index combines multiple implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) sensors and has proved to be a predictor of impending heart failure (HF) decompensation. We examined how multiple ICD sensors behave in the periods of anticipated restrictions pertaining to physical activity. Methods: The HeartLogic feature was active in 349 ICD and cardiac resynchronization therapy ICD patients at 20 Italian centers. The period from 1 January to 19 July 2020, was divided into three phases: pre-lockdown (weeks 1–11), lockdown (weeks 12–20), post-lockdown (weeks 21–29). Results: Immediately after the implementation of stay-at-home orders (week 12), we observed a significant drop in median activity level whereas there was no difference in the other contributing parameters. The median composite HeartLogic index increased at the end of the Lockdown. The weekly rate of alerts was significantly higher during the lockdown (1.56 alerts/week/100 pts, 95%CI: 1.15–2.06; IRR = 1.71, p = 0.014) and post-lockdown (1.37 alerts/week/100 pts, 95%CI: 0.99–1.84; IRR = 1.50, p = 0.072) than that reported in pre-lockdown (0.91 alerts/week/100 pts, 95%CI: 0.64–1.27). However, the median duration of alert state and the maximum index value did not change among phases, as well as the proportion of alerts followed by clinical actions at the centers and the proportion of alerts fully managed remotely. Conclusions: During the lockdown, the system detected a significant drop in the median activity level and generated a higher rate of alerts suggestive of worsening of the HF status.

Francesca Romana Prandi ◽  
Federica Illuminato ◽  
Chiara Galluccio ◽  
Marialucia Milite ◽  
Massimiliano Macrini ◽  

Left ventricular non-compaction (LVNC) is a rare congenital cardiomyopathy caused by arrest of normal endomyocardial embryogenesis and characterized by the persistence of ventricular hypertrabeculation, isolated or associated to other congenital defects. A 33-year-old male, with family history of sudden cardiac death (SCD), presented to our ER with typical chest pain and was diagnosed with anterior STEMI. Coronary angiography showed an anomalous origin of the circumflex artery from the right coronary artery and a critical stenosis on the proximal left anterior descending artery, treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention. The echocardiogram documented left ventricular severe dysfunction with lateral wall hypertrabeculation, strongly suggestive for non-compaction, confirmed by cardiac MRI. At 3 months follow up, for the persistence of the severely depressed EF (30%) and the family history for SCD, the patient underwent subcutaneous ICD (sICD) implantation for primary prevention. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case of LVNC associated with anomalous coronary artery origin and STEMI reported in the literature. Arrhythmias are common in LVNC due to endocardial hypoperfusion and fibrosis. sICD overcomes the risks of transvenous ICD, and it is a valuable option when there is no need for pacing therapy for bradycardia, cardiac resynchronization therapy and anti-tachycardia pacing.

2022 ◽  
Vol 9 (1) ◽  
pp. 17
Bartosz Krzowski ◽  
Jakub Rokicki ◽  
Renata Główczyńska ◽  
Nikola Fajkis-Zajączkowska ◽  
Katarzyna Barczewska ◽  

Background: Cardiovascular disease remains the leading cause of death in the European Union and worldwide. Constant improvement in cardiac care is leading to an increased number of patients with heart failure, which is a challenging condition in terms of clinical management. Cardiac resynchronization therapy is becoming more popular because of its grounded position in guidelines and clinical practice. However, some patients do not respond to treatment as expected. One way of assessing cardiac resynchronization therapy is with ECG analysis. Artificial intelligence is increasing in terms of everyday usability due to the possibility of everyday workflow improvement and, as a result, shortens the time required for diagnosis. A special area of artificial intelligence is machine learning. AI algorithms learn on their own based on implemented data. The aim of this study was to evaluate using artificial intelligence algorithms for detecting inadequate resynchronization therapy. Methods: A total of 1241 ECG tracings were collected from 547 cardiac department patients. All ECG signals were analyzed by three independent cardiologists. Every signal event (QRS-complex) and rhythm was manually classified by the medical team and fully reviewed by additional cardiologists. The results were divided into two parts: 80% of the results were used to train the algorithm, and 20% were used for the test (Cardiomatics, Cracow, Poland). Results: The required level of detection sensitivity of effective cardiac resynchronization therapy stimulation was achieved: 99.2% with a precision of 92.4%. Conclusions: Artificial intelligence algorithms can be a useful tool in assessing the effectiveness of resynchronization therapy.

2022 ◽  
Vol 23 (1) ◽  
Minki Hwang ◽  
Jae-Sun Uhm ◽  
Min Cheol Park ◽  
Eun Bo Shim ◽  
Chan Joo Lee ◽  

Abstract Background Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) is an effective treatment option for patients with heart failure (HF) and left ventricular (LV) dyssynchrony. However, the problem of some patients not responding to CRT remains unresolved. This study aimed to propose a novel in silico method for CRT simulation. Methods Three-dimensional heart geometry was constructed from computed tomography images. The finite element method was used to elucidate the electric wave propagation in the heart. The electric excitation and mechanical contraction were coupled with vascular hemodynamics by the lumped parameter model. The model parameters for three-dimensional (3D) heart and vascular mechanics were estimated by matching computed variables with measured physiological parameters. CRT effects were simulated in a patient with HF and left bundle branch block (LBBB). LV end-diastolic (LVEDV) and end-systolic volumes (LVESV), LV ejection fraction (LVEF), and CRT responsiveness measured from the in silico simulation model were compared with those from clinical observation. A CRT responder was defined as absolute increase in LVEF ≥ 5% or relative increase in LVEF ≥ 15%. Results A 68-year-old female with nonischemic HF and LBBB was retrospectively included. The in silico CRT simulation modeling revealed that changes in LVEDV, LVESV, and LVEF by CRT were from 174 to 173 mL, 116 to 104 mL, and 33 to 40%, respectively. Absolute and relative ΔLVEF were 7% and 18%, respectively, signifying a CRT responder. In clinical observation, echocardiography showed that changes in LVEDV, LVESV, and LVEF by CRT were from 162 to 119 mL, 114 to 69 mL, and 29 to 42%, respectively. Absolute and relative ΔLVESV were 13% and 31%, respectively, also signifying a CRT responder. CRT responsiveness from the in silico CRT simulation model was concordant with that in the clinical observation. Conclusion This in silico CRT simulation method is a feasible technique to screen for CRT non-responders in patients with HF and LBBB.

2022 ◽  
Yuki Saito ◽  
Toshiko Nakai ◽  
Yukitoshi Ikeya ◽  
Rikitake Kogawa ◽  
Naoto Otsuka ◽  

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