fusarium wilt
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2022 ◽  
Vol 171 ◽  
pp. 104334
Liangliang Liu ◽  
Yuanyuan Yan ◽  
Ahmad Ali ◽  
Jun Zhao ◽  
Zucong Cai ◽  

Horticulturae ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 8 (1) ◽  
pp. 82
Simranpreet Kaur ◽  
Sat Pal Sharma ◽  
Navraj Kaur Sarao ◽  
Jaideep Kaur Deol ◽  
Rupeet Gill ◽  

Ten genetically diverse inbred lines, including two genic male sterile lines, of muskmelon (Cucumis melo L.) were crossed in a half-diallel to generate 45 F1 hybrids. These hybrids, along with the parental lines and commercial check, were evaluated for their fruit yield, level of phytochemicals and Fusarium wilt resistance. Both additive and non-additive genetic variances were important in governing the expression of all of the traits; however, the additive gene action for the fruit weight (g), flesh thickness (cm), rind thickness (mm), firmness (lb inch−2), β-carotene content (mg/100 g), non-additive variance for fruit yield (t ha−1), fruit number, total soluble solids (TSS, °Brix), ascorbic acid (mg/100 g) and reaction to Fusarium wilt were comparatively more important. The parental line MM-625 was the best general combiner for fruit yield, rind thickness and β-carotene content (mg/100 g). The exotic line Riogold was the best combiner for flesh thickness and firmness. The netted inbred line MM-610 was the best general combiner for fruit weight, ascorbic acid and reaction to Fusarium wilt. The inbred lines KP4HM-15 and MM-916 were the best general combiners for the number of fruits per vine and TSS. The best cross-combinations for fruit yield ha−1 and TSS were MS-1×M-610 and Kajri×MM-904, respectively. The hybrids KP4HM-15×MM Sel-103 and KP4HM-15×MM-1831 recorded the highest standard heterosis for fruit yield and TSS. The landrace-derived inbred lines Kajri, MM Sel-103 and KP4HM-15 produced moderate-to-highly FW-resistant hybrids. Out of the 121 SSR markers applied, 70 exhibited parental polymorphism. The markers DM0561, CMAAAGN14, TJ147, CMMS35_3, CMAGN45 and DE1337 identified specific/unique alleles in certain parental genotypes. Thus, the findings of this study revealed that the novel inbred lines can effectively be combined to generate heterotic F1 hybrids for yield and other traits, such as rind and flesh thickness, TSS, β-carotene content and firmness. Furthermore, SSR markers can potentially be utilized to confirm the genetic diversity among the parental lines, and for the DNA fingerprinting of F1 hybrids.

Biology ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 11 (1) ◽  
pp. 137
Maedeh Kamali ◽  
Dianjing Guo ◽  
Shahram Naeimi ◽  
Jafar Ahmadi

Tomato Fusarium wilt, caused by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici (Fol), is a destructive disease that threatens the agricultural production of tomatoes. In the present study, the biocontrol potential of strain KR2-7 against Fol was investigated through integrated genome mining and chemical analysis. Strain KR2-7 was identified as B. inaquosorum based on phylogenetic analysis. Through the genome mining of strain KR2-7, we identified nine antifungal and antibacterial compound biosynthetic gene clusters (BGCs) including fengycin, surfactin and Bacillomycin F, bacillaene, macrolactin, sporulation killing factor (skf), subtilosin A, bacilysin, and bacillibactin. The corresponding compounds were confirmed through MALDI-TOF-MS chemical analysis. The gene/gene clusters involved in plant colonization, plant growth promotion, and induced systemic resistance were also identified in the KR2-7 genome, and their related secondary metabolites were detected. In light of these results, the biocontrol potential of strain KR2-7 against tomato Fusarium wilt was identified. This study highlights the potential to use strain KR2-7 as a plant-growth promotion agent.

Plants ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 11 (2) ◽  
pp. 156
Feiying Zhu ◽  
Zhiwei Wang ◽  
Yong Fang ◽  
Jianhua Tong ◽  
Jing Xiang ◽  

Fusarium wilt disease is one of the major diseases causing a decline in watermelon yield and quality. Researches have informed that phytohormones play essential roles in regulating plants growth, development, and stress defendants. However, the molecular mechanism of salicylic acid (SA), jasmonic acid (JA), and abscisic acid (ABA) in resistance to watermelon Fusarium wilt remains unknown. In this experiment, we established the SA, JA, and ABA determination system in watermelon roots, and analyzed their roles in against watermelon Fusarium wilt compared to the resistant and susceptible varieties using transcriptome sequencing and RT-qPCR. Our results revealed that the up-regulated expression of Cla97C09G174770, Cla97C05G089520, Cla97C05G081210, Cla97C04G071000, and Cla97C10G198890 genes in resistant variety were key factors against (Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. Niveum) FON infection at 7 dpi. Additionally, there might be crosstalk between SA, JA, and ABA, caused by those differentially expressed (non-pathogen-related) NPRs, (Jasmonate-resistant) JAR, and (Pyrabactin resistance 1-like) PYLs genes, to trigger the plant immune system against FON infection. Overall, our results provide a theoretical basis for watermelon resistance breeding, in which phytohormones participate.

2022 ◽  
Vol 24 (1) ◽  

Fusarium wilt incited by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. ciceris is an economically damaging disease of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). Field experiments on epidemiological studies revealed that sowing during second fortnight of November curtailed the disease severity index (22.50 and 20.83% during 2018-19 and 2019-20, respectively) whereas, sowing during first fortnight of October enhanced the disease severity index (34.86 and 30.41%). The area under disease progress curve was significantly higher in susceptible variety JG 62 and was the least in resistant variety HC 1. The correlation analysis exhibited positive correlation of disease severity index with maximum and minimum temperature while negative correlation with relative humidity morning and evening, irrespective of date of sowing. The principal component analysis depicted resistance index, sowing time and weather parameters as positional factors in determining Fusarium wilt progression.  In susceptible variety, Gompertz model was the best fitted model for simulating the Fusarium wilt epidemic over time.

2022 ◽  
Vol 8 (1) ◽  
pp. 53
Raman Thangavelu ◽  
Esack Edwinraj ◽  
Muthukathan Gopi ◽  
Periyasamy Pushpakanth ◽  
Kotteswaran Sharmila ◽  

Fusarium wilt caused by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense (Foc), is the most lethal soil-borne fungal pathogen infecting bananas. Foc race 1 (R1) and 4 (R4) are the two most predominant races affecting the economically important Cavendish group of bananas in India. A total of seven vegetative compatibility groups (VCGs) from three pathogenic races were isolated during our field survey and were found to be highly virulent towards cv. Grande Naine. According to comparative genome analyses, these Indian Foc VCGs were diverse in genomic organization and effector gene profiles. As a result, false-positive results were obtained with currently available molecular markers. In this context, the study has been initiated to develop PCR-based molecular markers for the unambiguous identification of Indian Foc R1 and R4 isolates. Whole-genome sequences of Foc R1 (GCA_011316005.3), Foc TR4 (GCA_014282265.3), and Foc STR4 (GCA_016802205.1), as well as the reference genomes of Foc (ASM799451v1) and F. oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici (Fol; ASM14995v2), were aligned to identify unique variable regions among the Foc races. Using putative chromosome and predicted gene comparison, race-specific unique Foc virulence genes were identified. The putative lineage-specific identified genes encoding products secreted in xylem (SIX) that may be necessary for disease development in the banana. An in silico analysis was performed and primers were designed from a region where sequences were dissimilar with other races to develop a specific marker for Foc R1, R4, TR4, and STR4. These race-specific markers allowed target amplification in the characterized highly virulent Foc isolates, and did not show any cross-amplification to any other Foc races, VCGs or banana pathogens, Fusarium species, and non-pathogenic Fusarium oxysporum isolates. The study demonstrated that the molecular markers developed for all the three Foc races of India could detect the pathogen in planta and up to 0.025 pg µL−1 DNA levels. Thus, the markers developed in this study are novel and could potentially be useful for the accurate diagnosis and detection of the Indian Foc races which are important for the effective management of the disease.

2022 ◽  
pp. 1-24
Esnart Nyirenda Yohane ◽  
Hussein Shimelis ◽  
Mark Laing ◽  
Isack Mathew ◽  
Admire Shayanowako

2022 ◽  
Vol 8 (1) ◽  
pp. 46
Khonesavanh Chittarath ◽  
Chung Huy Nguyen ◽  
Wendy C. Bailey ◽  
Si-Jun Zheng ◽  
Diane Mostert ◽  

Fusarium wilt, caused by the fungus Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense (Foc), poses a major threat to global banana production. The tropical race 4 (TR4) variant of Foc is a highly virulent form with a large host range, and severely affects Cavendish bananas. Foc TR4 was recently observed within the Greater Mekong Subregion, after Chinese private companies expanded Cavendish production to the region. In this study, extensive surveys conducted across Laos and Vietnam show that Foc TR4 is still mainly constricted to the northern regions of these countries and is limited to Cavendish cultivation settings. In Laos, Foc TR4 is associated with large-scale Cavendish plantations owned by or involved with Chinese companies through which infected planting material could have been imported. In Vietnam, mostly small-holder Cavendish farmers and backyard gardens were affected by Foc TR4. In Vietnam, no direct link is found with Chinese growers, and it is expected the pathogen mainly spreads through local and regional movement of infected planting materials. Foc TR4 was not recorded on banana cultivars other than Cavendish. The extensively cultivated ‘Pisang Awak’ cultivar was solely infected by VCGs belonging to Foc race 1 and 2, with a high occurrence of VCG 0123 across Laos, and of VCG 0124/5 in Vietnam. Substantial diversity of Foc VCGs was recorded (VCGs 0123, 0124/5, 01218 and 01221) from northern to southern regions in both countries, suggesting that Fusarium wilt is well established in the region. Interviews with farmers indicated that the local knowledge of Fusarium wilt epidemiology and options for disease management was limited. Clear communication efforts on disease epidemiology and management with emphasis on biosecurity practices need to be improved in order to prevent further spread of Foc TR4 to mixed variety smallholder settings.

2022 ◽  
Vol 291 ◽  
pp. 110586
Yolanda González-García ◽  
Gregorio Cadenas-Pliego ◽  
Ángel Gabriel Alpuche-Solís ◽  
Raúl I. Cabrera ◽  
Antonio Juárez-Maldonado

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