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Ahmed Abdulmula ◽  
Kamaruzzaman Sopian ◽  
Norasikin Ahmad Ludin ◽  
Lim Chin Haw ◽  
Abdelnaser Elbreki ◽  

This study investigates the technical and cost-effective performance of options renewable energy sources to develop a green off-grid telecommunication tower to replace diesel generators in Malaysia. For this purpose, the solar, wind, pico-hydro energy, along with diesel generators, were examined to compare. In addition, the modeling of hybrid powering systems was conducted using hybrid optimization model for energy (HOMER) simulation based on techno-economic analysis to determine the optimal economically feasible system. The optimization findings showed that the hybrid high-efficiency fixed photovoltaic (PV) system with battery followed by 2 kW pico-hydropower and battery are the optimal configurations for powering off-grid telecommunication towers in Malaysia with the lowest net present cost (NPC) and cost of energy (COE). These costs of NPC and COE are more down than diesel generator costs with battery by 17.45%, 16.45%, 15.9%, and 15.5%, respectively. Furthermore, the economic evaluation of the high-efficiency solar fixed PV panels system annual cash flow compared to the diesel generator with the battery system indicated a ten-year payback period.

2022 ◽  
Vol 8 ◽  
pp. 1463-1472
Qianli Ma ◽  
Wei Wei ◽  
Wei Chai ◽  
Shengwei Mei

Energies ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 15 (2) ◽  
pp. 606
Krunalkumar Thummar ◽  
Roger Abang ◽  
Katharina Menzel ◽  
Matheus Theodorus de Groot

Renewable energy sources are becoming a greater component of the electrical mix, while being significantly more volatile than conventional energy sources. As a result, net stability and availability pose significant challenges. Energy-intensive processes, such as chlor-alkali electrolysis, can potentially adjust their consumption to the available power, which is known as demand side management or demand response. In this study, a dynamic model of a chlor-alkali membrane cell is developed to assess the flexible potential of the membrane cell. Several improvements to previously published models were made, making the model more representative of state-of-the-art CA plants. By coupling the model with a wind power profile, the current and potential level over the course of a day was simulated. The simulation results show that the required ramp rates are within the regular operating possibilities of the plant for most of the time and that the electrolyte concentrations in the cell can be kept at the right level by varying inlet flows and concentrations. This means that a CA plant can indeed be flexibly operated in the future energy system.

2022 ◽  
Vol 8 (1) ◽  
pp. 56-60
E. Gudoshnik ◽  
D. Chernogorodov

Along with the extensive use of classical energy keys in modern society, efforts are being made to integrate so-called non-traditional (or alternative) energy sources into the economic circulation. The article examines the types of alternative energy sources, their advantages and disadvantages in relation to the climatic and geographical circumstances of the territory. Annotation. Along with the extensive use of classical energy sources in society, efforts are being made to integrate so-called non-traditional (or alternative) energy sources into economic circulation. This article discusses the types of alternative energy sources, their benefits.

2022 ◽  
Vol 8 (4) ◽  
pp. 242-244
S Ravichandran ◽  
R M Madhumitha Sri ◽  
Mahrukh Mehraj ◽  
Chundru Sowmya

Renewable energy (wind energy, solar power, geothermal energy and tidal power) is the inexhaustible energy resulted from contineous regeneration. The main features of renewable energy is that it can be obtained without damaging the environment. It has been found that renewable energy sources have the ability to give solutions to environmental related problems being faced by mankind. India is highly populated country on this planet and has more energy demand. The renewable energy is one of the major options to meet this quality. Today, renewable energy account for 37% of India’s most energy consumptions. In this paper, efforts have been made to discuss the future of renewable energy of our country.

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
Talat Ozden

AbstractThe world is still heavily using nonconventional energy sources, which are worryingly based on carbon. The step is now alternative energy sources hoping that they will be more environmentally friendly. One of the important energy conversion forms by using these sources is photovoltaic solar systems. These type of power plants is on the increase in everyday on the world. Before investment a solar power plant in a specified region, a techno-economic analyse is performed for that power plant by using several meteorological data like solar irradiance and ambient temperature. However, this analyses generally lacks evaluation on effects of climatic and geographical conditions. In this work, 5 years of data of 27 grid-connected photovoltaic power plants are investigated, which are installed on seven different climate types in Turkey. Firstly, the power plants are categorized considering the tilt angles and Köppen–Gieger climate classification. The performance evaluations of the plants are mainly conducted using monthly average efficiencies and specific yields. The monthly average efficiencies, which were classified using the tilts and climate types were from 12 to 17%, from 12 to 16% and from 13 to 15% for tilts 30°/10°, 25° and 20°, respectively. The variation in the specific yields decrease with elevation as y(x) =  − 0.068x + 1707.29 (kWh/kWp). As the performances of photovoltaic systems for some locations within the Csb climatic regions may relatively lower than some other regions with same climate type. Thus, techno-economic performance for PVPP located in this climate classification should be carefully treated.

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