motion prediction
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2022 ◽  
Vol 120 ◽  
pp. 102916
Matthew L. Schirmann ◽  
Matthew D. Collette ◽  
James W. Gose

2022 ◽  
Vol 82 ◽  
pp. 103160
Tomoki Takami ◽  
Jørgen Juncher Jensen ◽  
Ulrik Dam Nielsen

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (2) ◽  
pp. 598
Derrick Cheriberi ◽  
Eric Yee

Uganda is situated between the two seismically active branches of the East African Rift Valley System, which are characterized by high levels of seismicity. A probabilistic approach has been used to assess the seismic hazard for Uganda and the surrounding areas. A probabilistic seismic hazard analysis requires the availability of an earthquake catalog, relevant ground motion prediction equations, and an outline of how the hazard calculations will be conducted. Using online sources, an earthquake catalog for Uganda and the immediate areas around Uganda was compiled spanning 108 years, from 1912 to 2020. This catalog was homogenized to moment magnitude to match with the selected ground motion prediction equations from Toro and Idriss. A logic tree accounting for the two ground motion prediction equations and dividing the study region into four seismic zones was used for calculating the seismic hazard. As an example, the seismic hazard results at two sites close to each other showed how different seismic hazards can be. Results from the probabilistic seismic hazard analyses was expressed through seismic hazard maps for peak ground acceleration at 10% probability of exceedance in 5, 10, 20, 50, 100 and 500 years, corresponding to return periods of 50, 100, 200, 500, 1000 and 5000 years, respectively. The seismic hazard map for 10% probability of exceedance in 5 years calculated PGAs from 0.02 to 0.10 g and 0.10 to 0.27 g outside of and within the western branch of the East African Rift Valley System, respectively. The estimated PGAs from previous studies at a similar probability of exceedance level are within the range of these findings, although the ranges calculated herein are wider.

Mathematics ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 10 (1) ◽  
pp. 164
Yan Li ◽  
Mengyu Zhao ◽  
Huazhi Zhang ◽  
Yuanyuan Qu ◽  
Suyu Wang

A Multi-Agent Motion Prediction and Tracking method based on non-cooperative equilibrium (MPT-NCE) is proposed according to the fact that some multi-agent intelligent evolution methods, like the MADDPG, lack adaptability facing unfamiliar environments, and are unable to achieve multi-agent motion prediction and tracking, although they own advantages in multi-agent intelligence. Featured by a performance discrimination module using the time difference function together with a random mutation module applying predictive learning, the MPT-NCE is capable of improving the prediction and tracking ability of the agents in the intelligent game confrontation. Two groups of multi-agent prediction and tracking experiments are conducted and the results show that compared with the MADDPG method, in the aspect of prediction ability, the MPT-NCE achieves a prediction rate at more than 90%, which is 23.52% higher and increases the whole evolution efficiency by 16.89%; in the aspect of tracking ability, the MPT-NCE promotes the convergent speed by 11.76% while facilitating the target tracking by 25.85%. The proposed MPT-NCE method shows impressive environmental adaptability and prediction and tracking ability.

Zhenguang Liu ◽  
Shuang Wu ◽  
Shuyuan Jin ◽  
Qi Liu ◽  
Shouling Ji ◽  

2021 ◽  
Vol 152 (A4) ◽  
G Thomas ◽  
T Turner ◽  
T Andrewartha ◽  
B Morris

During replenishment at sea operations the interaction between the two vessels travelling side by side can cause significant motions in the smaller vessel and affect the relative separation between their replenishment points. A study into these motions has been conducted including theoretical predictions and model experiments. The model tests investigated the influence of supply ship displacement and longitudinal separation on the ships’ motions. The data obtained from the experimental study has been used to validate a theoretical ship motion prediction method based on a 3-D zero-speed Green function with a forward speed correction in the frequency domain. The results were also used to estimate the expected extreme roll angle of the receiving vessel, and the relative motion between the vessels, during replenishment at sea operations in a typical irregular seaway. A significant increase in the frigate’s roll response was found to occur with an increase of the supply ship displacement, whilst a reduction in motion for the receiving vessel resulted from an increase in longitudinal separation between the vessels. It is proposed that to determine the optimal vessel separation it is vital that the motions of the vessels are not considered in isolation and all motions need to be considered for both vessels simultaneously.

2021 ◽  
Muhammad Waseem ◽  
Mustafa Erdik

Abstract Probabilistic seismic hazard assessment of Pakistan is carried out to compute hazard in terms of peak ground acceleration (PGA) and spectral acceleration (SA) for 975 and 2475 years return periods. A composite earthquake catalogue consisting of 32,700 events has been compiled having a magnitude range of Mw 4.0-8.2 in this study and used in the analysis to make computations at a rectangular grid of 5 km in the OpenQuake plateform. Ground motion values have been obtained for flat rock reference seismic site conditions with shear wave velocity of 760 m/s. The epistemic uncertainties inherent in ground motion prediction equations and maximum magnitude potential of seismic sources are taken into account through logic tree. Ground motion prediction equations are assigned equal weights in the logic tree while different various weight are assigned to the maximum magnitude potential models. Results of the study are expressed as ground motion contour maps, mean uniform hazard spectra for important cities in Pakistan. PGA ranges from 0.16 to 0.54g for 10 % of probability of exceedance, 0.23 to 0.72g of probability of exceedance 0.32 to 1.02 g for 2 % of probability of exceedance in 50 years. Spectral acceleration at 0.2 s range from 0.67 to 2.19g for 2% chance of exceedance in 50 years, respectively. While spectral acceleration at 1.0 s values range from 0.09 to 0.52g 2% chance of exceedance in 50 years. Comparison of results of this study with other well regarded references of suggest that results of the study are rational and are reliable.

2021 ◽  
pp. 103-112
Manan Doshi ◽  
Jimil Shah ◽  
Aumkar Gadekar ◽  
Anish Dixit ◽  
Shloka Shah ◽  

2021 ◽  
Chhotu Kumar Keshri ◽  
William Kumar Mohanty

Abstract India's Indo-Gangetic Plains (IGP) and its proximity to the Himalayas are seismically the most vulnerable zone. For seismic hazard analysis, it requires a reliable Ground Motion Prediction Equations (GMPEs) for this region. The strong motion accelerometer data are used for the present study from 2005 to 2015. PSA of 5% damped linear pseudo-absolute acceleration response spectra at 27 periods ranging from 0.01 s to 10 s used for regression. Two-stage nonlinear regression is used to train the functional form of a nonlinear magnitude scaling, distance scaling, and site conditions. The model includes a regionally independent geometric attenuation finite fault distance metric, style of faulting, shallow site response, basin response, hanging wall effect, hypocentre depth, regionally dependent anelastic attenuation, site conditions, and magnitude-dependent aleatory variability. We consider our new GMPE is valid for earthquakes from active tectonic shallow crustal continental earthquakes for estimating horizontal ground motion for rupture distances ranging from 1 km to 1500 km and magnitudes ranging from 3.3 to 7.9, and focal depth 1-70 km. The proposed GMPEs developed in this study for predicting PGA and PSA are compared with the Campbell and Bozorgnia 2008, 13 and 14, and North Indian GMPEs for IGP, which is agreed upon consistently. Calibration with observed data gives us the confidence to predict the ground motion from the seismic gaps of Himalaya ranges for the Indo-Gangetic plains. The predicted coefficients of the nonlinear model are anticipated to be valuable for probabilistic seismic hazard analysis over the IGP.

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