early learning
Recently Published Documents





Natalie Spadafora ◽  
Caroline Reid-Westoby ◽  
Molly Pottruff ◽  
Jade Wang ◽  
Magdalena Janus

AbstractWhen the COVID-19 pandemic was declared in March 2020, the lives of families all over the world were disrupted. Many adults found themselves working from home while their children were unable to go to school. To better understand the potential impact of these educational disruptions, it is important to establish what learning looked like during the first school shutdown in the spring of 2020, particularly for the youngest learners who may feel the longest lasting impacts from this pandemic. Therefore, the purpose of the current descriptive study was to gather information on how kindergarten teaching and learning occurred during this time, what the biggest barriers were, and what concerns educators had regarding returning in person to the classroom setting. The sample for the current study was 2569 kindergarten educators (97.6% female; 74.2% teachers, 25.8% early childhood educators) in Ontario, Canada. Participants completed a questionnaire consisting of both quantitative scales and qualitative open-ended questions. Educators reported that parents most often contacted them regarding technological issues or how to effectively support their child. The largest barrier to learning was the ability of both parents and educators to balance work, home life, and online learning/teaching. With regards to returning to school, educators were most concerned about the lack of ability of kindergarten aged children to do tasks independently and to follow safety protocols. Our findings highlight unique challenges associated with teaching kindergarten during the pandemic, contributing to our understanding of the learning that occurred in Ontario during the first COVID-19 shutdown.

2022 ◽  
Richard G. Frank ◽  
Mahnum Shahzad ◽  
Aaron S. Kesselheim ◽  
William Feldman

Jessie-Lee D. McIsaac ◽  
Marla E. Smith ◽  
Joan Turner ◽  
Christine McLean ◽  
Mary Jane Harkins

AbstractPan-Canadian efforts to support universal access to quality early childhood education and care (ECEC) for families are underway. Focusing on a universally available ECEC program in Nova Scotia, this study explored the impact of the perceived value of this publicly funded ECEC program on parental decisions for enrollment. A thematic analysis of data from focus groups and interviews (n = 42 families represented) from two separate, but related studies, revealed themes (Ease of access, Communication, Supporting familiarity with school and Early learning) which provide insight on the value that parents place on a universal ECEC program and may help to inform other jurisdictions.

2022 ◽  
Jasmine Herszage ◽  
Marlene Bönstrup ◽  
Leonardo G Cohen ◽  
Nitzan Censor

Abundant evidence shows that consolidated memories are susceptible to modifications following their reactivation through reconsolidation. Processes of memory consolidation and reconsolidation have been commonly documented after hours or days. Motivated by studies showing rapid consolidation in early stages of skill acquisition, here we asked whether skill memories are susceptible to modifications through rapid reconsolidation, even at initial stages of learning. In a set of experiments, we collected crowdsourced online motor sequence data to test whether post-reactivation interference and enhancement occur through rapid reconsolidation. Results indicate that memories forming during early learning are not susceptible to interference nor to enhancement within a rapid reconsolidation time window, relative to control conditions. This set of evidence suggests that memory reconsolidation might be dependent on consolidation at the macro-timescale level, requiring hours or days to occur.

2022 ◽  
Vol 58 ◽  
pp. 35-46
Catalina Rey-Guerra ◽  
Carolina Maldonado-Carreño ◽  
Liliana Angelica Ponguta ◽  
Ana María Nieto ◽  
Hirokazu Yoshikawa

2021 ◽  
pp. 46-58
Mila Kingsbury ◽  
Leanne Findlay ◽  
Rubab Arim ◽  
Lan Wei

This study used data from the Survey on Early Learning and Child Care Arrangements (SELCCA) and the Longitudinal Immigration Database (IMDB) to examine patterns of child care use among Canadian immigrant and nonimmigrant families. Overall, children from immigrant backgrounds were less likely to be in child care. When considering only those in child care, children from immigrant families were more likely to be in licensed care than those from nonimmigrant families. Parents of children with immigrant backgrounds indicated various reasons for not enrolling their child in child care. Ensuring access to child care may have a positive impact on immigrant families.

2021 ◽  
pp. 146394912110607
Adam WJ Davies ◽  
Alice Simone-Balter ◽  
Tricia van Rhijn

Open conversations regarding sexuality education and gender and sexual diversity with young children in early childhood education settings are still highly constrained. Educators report lacking professional training and fearing parental and community pushback when explicitly addressing these topics in their professional practices. As such, gender and sexual diversity and conversations of bodily development are left silenced and, when addressed, filtered through heteronormative and cisnormative frameworks. Through a Foucauldian post-structural lens, this article analyses data from open-ended qualitative questions in a previous research study regarding early childhood educators’ perceptions on discussing the development of sexuality in early learning settings in an Ontario, Canada context. Through this Foucauldian post-structural analysis, the authors discuss forms of surveillance and regulation that early childhood educators experience in early learning settings regarding the open discussion of gender and sexuality. The authors explore how both the lack of explicit curricula addressing gender and sexuality in the early years in Ontario and taken-for-granted notions of developmentally appropriate practice, childhood innocence, and the gender binary – employed in discourses of sexuality education in the early years – regulate early childhood educators’ professional practices. The authors provide recommendations which critique the developmentalist logics – specifically, normative development – that are used to silence non-heterosexual and non-cisgender identities in the early years, while articulating the need for explicit curricula for educators in the early years regarding gender and sexuality in young children.

2021 ◽  
Vol 7 ◽  
pp. 71-95
Elena F. Moretti

This article describes a research project focused on evaluation capacity building and internal evaluation practice, in a small sample of early learning services in Aotearoa New Zealand. Poor evaluation practice in this context has persisted for several decades, and capacity building attempts have had limited impact. Multiple methods were used to gather data on factors and conditions that motivated successful evaluation capacity building and internal evaluation practice in five unusually high-performing early learning services. The early learning sector context is described and discussed in relation to existing research on evaluation capacity building in organisations. This is followed by a brief overview of the research methodology for this study, with the majority of the article devoted to findings and areas for future exploration and research. Quotes from the research participants are used to illustrate their views, and the views of the wider early learning sector, on evaluation matters. Findings suggest that motivation is hindered by a widespread view of internal evaluation as overly demanding and minimally valuable. In addition, some features of the Aotearoa New Zealand early learning context mean that accountability factors are not effective motivators for evaluation capacity building. Early learning service staff are more motivated to engage in evaluation by factors and conditions related to their understandings of personal capability, guidance and support strategies, and the alignment of internal evaluation processes to positive children’s outcomes. The strength of agreement within the limited sample size and scope of this study, particularly considering the variation in early learning service contexts of the research participants, supports the validity of the findings. Understandings of evaluation capacity building motivators in this context will contribute to discussions related to organisation evaluation, internal evaluation, social-sector evaluation, and evaluation capacity building.

2021 ◽  
pp. 25-30
Veronica Griffiths ◽  
Erin Hall ◽  
Derek Hartley ◽  
Fleur Hohaia-Rollinson ◽  
Karen Illston ◽  

He Taonga te Tamaiti, Every Child a Taonga: Early Learning Action Plan 2019–2029 (Ministry of Education, 2019) presents goals directed towards strengthening quality provision in early childhood education (ECE) in Aotearoa New Zealand, including actions needed to attract and retain a diverse range of kaiako in the sector. Because “Kaiako are the key resource in any ECE service” (Ministry of Education, 2017, p. 59), they must feel safe, included, valued, and respected within early learning services and have good working conditions. We surveyed early childhood kaiako to find out more about the barriers to and facilitators of inclusion and equity in the workplace for diverse kaiako. The findings show that more can and should be done at all levels to support and protect the rights, wellbeing, belonging, mana, and needs of diverse kaiako in ECE.

Sign in / Sign up

Export Citation Format

Share Document