self sufficiency
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2022 ◽  
Vol 8 ◽  
pp. 680-695
Qusay Hassan ◽  
Marek Jaszczur ◽  
Ammar M. Abdulateef ◽  
Jasim Abdulateef ◽  
Ali Hasan ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 133 ◽  
pp. 126437
Yucheng Wang ◽  
Shaobing Peng ◽  
Jianliang Huang ◽  
Yali Zhang ◽  
Lu Feng ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 14 (2) ◽  
pp. 733
Muhammad Adnan Hayat ◽  
Farhad Shahnia ◽  
GM Shafiullah ◽  
Remember Samu

Historically, minimum system demand has usually occurred overnight. However, in recent years, the increased penetration of rooftop photovoltaic systems (RPVs) has caused an even lower demand at midday, forcing some of the conventional generators to shut down only hours before the evening peak demand period. This further complicates the job of power system operators, who need to run the conventional generator at the minimum stable level at the midday low-demand period so that they can reliably supply power during the peak periods. Employing a community battery storage system can alleviate some of the technical issues caused by the high penetration of RPVs. This paper proposed a design criterion for community battery energy storage systems and employed the battery for the improvement of the duck curve profile and providing the desired level of peak-shaving. Furthermore, remote communities with high penetration of RPVs with a community battery energy storage can achieve the desired level of self-sufficiency. To this end, this study recommends and confirms an applicable design criterion for community battery energy storage. The study shows that the suitable size of community battery storage should be based on the community’s daily excess generation and consumption requirements. The results of various scenarios performed on the proposed design criterion show the extent to which the desired objectives of peak-shaving, duck curve mitigation, and self-sufficiency can be achieved.

Anna Maria Santiago ◽  
Joffré Leroux

Utilizing administrative data from the Family Self-Sufficiency (FSS) Program operated by the Denver Housing Authority, four program outcomes, (a) savings and escrow growth, (b) credit and debt reduction, (c) employment and earnings, and (d) positive exits from subsidized housing, are examined to assess if any differences exist between participants ( n = 424) who enrolled during or after the Great Recession. Propensity score matching with replacement was employed to match FSS enrollees. Compared to post-Great Recession enrollees, results suggest that enrollees entering the program during the Great Recession were more likely to reduce their monthly contractual debt and derogatory debt, increase monthly earned income, and remain in the FSS Program longer. Findings suggest that attaining participant financial capability goals is possible during severe economic shocks and may provide vulnerable families with additional capacity to weather such shocks.

Jin Guo ◽  
Tetsuji Tanaka

AbstractAlthough food self-sufficiency is regarded as a potent strategy to secure food supply in the policy circle, the efficacy of policy measures, especially in terms of their quantitative effects, is still not fully understood. We analysed the relationships between international and local prices of pork between January 2001 and December 2018 for 10 net pork-importing countries. The primary outcome obtained in our research is that high self-sufficiency and a small trade volume of pig meat commodities could impair price volatility transmission from the global market. This result does not suggest that a protectionist regime should be established to stabilise the national food supply. It presents useful information to balance the benefit from highly efficient resource allocation and the market steadiness gained from higher self-sufficiency in food, considering the maximisation of the expected utility of economic agents.

Weisheng Lin ◽  
Xiaogang Wang ◽  
Xueqiao Xu ◽  
Defeng Kong ◽  
Yumin Wang ◽  

Abstract Tritium self-sufficiency in future DT fusion reactor is a crucial challenge. As an engineering test reactor, CFETR requires a burning fraction of 3% for the goal to test the accessibility to the future fusion plant. To self-consistently simulate burning plasmas with profile changes in pellet injection scenarios and to estimate the corresponding burning fraction, a one-dimensional (1-D) multi-species radial transport model is developed in BOUT++ frame. Several pellet-fueling scenarios are then tested in the model. Results show that the increased fueling depth improves the burning fraction by particle confinement improvement and fusion power increase. Nevertheless, by increasing the depth, the pellet cooling-down may significantly lower the temperature in the core region. Taking the density perturbation into consideration, the reasonable parameters of the fueling scenario in these simulations are estimated as the pellet radius r_p=3 mm, the injection rate = 4 Hz , the pellet injection velocity =1000–2000 m/s without drift or 450 m/s with high filed side (HFS) drift.

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