Mental Illness
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2021 ◽  
Vol 36 (6) ◽  
pp. 296-304
Author(s):  
Kaitlyn E. Starr ◽  
Kimberly Burns ◽  
Tammie Lee Demler

2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (10) ◽  
pp. 1352
Author(s):  
Gianluca Pandolfo ◽  
Fiammetta Iannuzzo ◽  
Giovanni Genovese ◽  
Antonio Bruno ◽  
Giovanni Pioggia ◽  
...  

Amyloid precursor protein and its derivates represent a central factor in the process of neurodegeneration in Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Since mental illnesses share with AD cognitive impairment, amyloid indicators have been used to explore the unknown pathophysiologic mechanisms underlining psychiatric illness. This work aims to compare the role of amyloid markers, together with tau proteins, among various mental disorders evaluating the possible role of altered amyloid metabolism in the onset and in the course of psychiatric diseases, considering the relationship with cognitive impairment in dementia. This review includes articles written in English, published between 1 January 2011 and 31 January 2021, which evaluated amyloid and tau proteins in psychiatric patients. After screening, 31 studies were included in the review. Results suggest that amyloid metabolism is altered in major psychiatric disorders and that it could be a marker of cognitive impairment. Nevertheless, the role of amyloid in mental diseases seems to be related to neurodevelopmental alteration as well as neurodegeneration processes, like in AD. The role of amyloid in the pathogenesis of mental disorders is still unknown. Amyloid should not be only considered as a marker of cognitive impairment in mental illness, but also for altered neurodevelopment.


2021 ◽  
Vol 10 (1) ◽  
pp. 43-49
Author(s):  
P. Jha ◽  
P.K. Mandal

Introduction: Mental disorders are widely recognized as a major contributor to the global burden of disease. Mental illness often generates misunderstanding, prejudice, confusion and fear; therefore it should be a concern for all of us, rather than only for those who suffer from a mental disorder. Aim of this study is to assess the knowledge and attitude on mental illness among people of a selected community. Material And Method: Descriptive cross-sectional research design was used to assess knowledge and attitude in selected community of Biratnagar. Sample size was 92. Non-probability purposive sampling technique was used to collect data through face to face interview using Semi-structured questionnaire. Data entry and analysis was done on SPSS version 16. Descriptive statistics was calculated. Results: Finding of the study shows 88% views mental illness as a medical condition. All respondents identified that mentally ill people cannot held his/her responsibility and are prone to violent. Mental illness perceived as treatable by 66.7% with regular treatment and follow-up and 20.7% preferred treatment with traditional healer. Findings of the study showed adequate level of knowledge among 97.8% respondents. Conclusion: The finding of the study suggests level of knowledge was adequate among respondents whereas most of them had negative attitude towards mental illness. The level of negative attitude suggests the strong emphasis on public education towards mental illness.


2021 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Author(s):  
S. Katherine Nelson-Coffey ◽  
Ernst T. Bohlmeijer ◽  
Marijke Schotanus-Dijkstra

People with reduced levels of mental well-being might be at risk for developing future mental illness. Although several positive psychology interventions successfully improve mental well-being and psychological distress, less is known about their efficacy in a sample at risk for mental disorders. A Dutch sample of 289 participants with low or moderate levels of well-being were randomly assigned to other-focused kindness with reflection, other-focused kindness without reflection, self-focused kindness, or waitlist control (Trial register: NTR6786). Results of multilevel growth curve analyses revealed that other-focused kindness, but not self-focused kindness, led to improvements in the primary outcome mental well-being relative to waitlist control up to 6-week follow-up. By contrast, only other-focused kindness without reflection led to improvements in psychological distress. The three kindness conditions mainly did not differ from one another, and mainly no differences were found up to 6-months follow-up. An exception was that perceived stress was significantly more reduced up to 6-week and 6-months follow-up when people practiced other-focused kindness without reflection then when participants had practiced self-focused kindness. These findings point to the benefits of practicing kindness for others when people might be at risk for future mental illness. The study also indicates that reflecting about practicing kindness does not seem to have added value.


2021 ◽  
Vol 10 (1) ◽  
pp. 19-23
Author(s):  
B. Kafle ◽  
Y. Bagale

Introduction: Caring for a person with mental disorder is a challenge for the caregivers. Little is known about the ways in which families cope while caring for a relative with mental illness in developing countries. This study has tried investigating the family burden and coping behaviour among the family caregivers of the people with mental illness. Material And Method: This is a descriptive cross-sectional study conducted at Devdaha Medical College during the period of July 2019-December 2019. The research was approved by the Ethical Committee of the Institutional Review Board of Devdaha Medical College. The protocol approval number is 028/2019. Convenient sampling method was used. Data analysis was done in SPSS (Version 23, SPSS Inc, Chicago, USA). Results were presented as frequencies and percentages where required. Results: Moderate Burden was experienced by 72% of the caregivers while the rest 28% experienced severe burden. People whose spouses were mentally ill had severe burden. Males coped with higher degree of problem and emotional focused coping strategy than females. Males felt more burden in comparison to the females and burden was found to be significantly higher among the caregivers who were taking care of their mentally ill spouses. Conclusion: Caregiving is physically and psychologically demanding as it requires an enormous physical and emotional commitment as well as some basic skills. Teaching skills in the form of problem solving and communication are needed to promote the coping abilities and lessen the burden of caregivers.


Psikhiatriya ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 19 (3) ◽  
pp. 90-99
Author(s):  
N. N. Petrova ◽  
B. G. Butoma ◽  
M. V. Dorofeikova

Background: although the search for biomarkers of mental disorders that is aimed at improving diagnosis, individualizing therapy based on knowledge of pathophysiological processes and preventing the development of mental illness is actively underway for endogenous mental disorders, the study of biological markers in non-endogenous mental disorders and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in particular has received much less attention. Aim: to analyze current state of research dedicated to genetic and biochemical biomarkers that can be used to identify high risk groups and clarify the diagnosis of PTSD. Material and method: keywords “biomarkers”, “post-traumatic stress disorder”, “pathogenesis” have been used to fi nd in PubMed articles published in 2010–2020. Conclusion: research methods for elucidating the mechanisms of PTSD are actively developing, however, the identifi cation of specifi c biomarkers (biochemical, molecular, genetic, epigenetic, neuroimaging, psychophysiological) is a complicated task. This complexity is associated with numerous pathogenic mechanisms of PTSD and frequent comorbidity with mental disorders (depression, anxiety) and somatic diseases, as well as lack of specifi city of detected biomarkers.


2021 ◽  
Vol 10 (1) ◽  
pp. 62-71
Author(s):  
S. Adhikari ◽  
A. Jha

Introduction: Mental health is an integral component of overall health. Various factors along with stigma affect knowledge, perspectives and behavior of the people ultimately affecting help seeking and treatment. The patient and their caregivers are directly involved in overall management and outcome. Hence ascertaining those aspects among them is important and so are aims of this study. Material And Method: A cross sectional comparative study was carried out among 160 participants (80 patients and 80 caregivers) visiting neuropsychiatry outpatient department of a tertiary care hospital. Data was collected through semi-structured proforma and Attitude towards mental illness questionnaire (modified). Data were analysed by using SPSS version 25 and Microsoft excel. Results: The socio-demographic profiles between both groups were similar. About 75% from both the groups had good knowledge about mental illness. Almost 60% from both groups had positive perception/attitude regarding mentally ill and mental illness with an only significant difference in relation to rights to mentally ill. More than 70% from both groups had positive attitude regarding help-seeking with only significant difference in view about people with mental illness seeking help from psychiatrist. About 50% from both groups had positive attitude regarding care and treatment. Conclusion: With good knowledge and positive attitude/perception regarding mental illness, self-stigma persisted regarding some domains. Despite positive attitudes for help-seeking, ambivalent views regarding care and treatment into both groups necessitate easy accessibility and upgrading of mental health services.


2021 ◽  
Vol 23 ◽  
Author(s):  
Anthony Alexander Infantino ◽  
Sarah Paprotna ◽  
Siddharth Anilkumar

Because of the COVID-19 pandemic, the importance of good mental health is becoming more and more relevant. Outdoor therapies have been used as treatments for mental health for years, so the researchers investigated if stargazing has the potential to have the same benefits. Rather than surveying people on how often they stargaze, the researchers used light pollution data as a metric for the ability of a region to stargaze. The light pollution data was gathered from the Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) and the mental health data was collected from a survey conducted by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA). All fifty states were stratified based on light pollution and ten were chosen for analysis. From these states, the number of people with mental illness, number of people who received mental illness treatment, and number of attempted suicides were all considered. Linear regression was performed for these three metrics against light pollution. Overall, the correlation coefficient is too low to confidently establish correlation. Further research and different methods are required to determine the existence of a correlation.


Author(s):  
Karen L. Fortuna ◽  
Amanda L. Myers ◽  
Cynthia Bianco ◽  
George Mois ◽  
Mbita Mbao ◽  
...  

2021 ◽  
Vol 42 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Hundzukani P. Khosa-Nkatini ◽  
Wonke Buqa

Christian doctrine has by and large held that suicide is morally wrong, however in psychology, suicidal tendencies and suicidal ideations are a major health problem, and for every suicide, there are many more who attempt suicide every year. In this article, we seek to advance the knowledge on suicide by identifying particular psychological characteristics and Christian spiritual controversies. This research proceeds to a transversal interdisciplinary conversation where practical theology and psychology reflect their voices about suicide. A transversal interdisciplinary approach articulates that theology and science can share concerns, and converge on commonly identified issues like suicide, although they differ in discipline. We aim to create a dialogue between psychology and the Christian faith concerning suicide. Christianity has always viewed suicide as a sinful act, and anyone who commits suicide would go straight to hell. Even though there are no direct scripture texts on suicide being a sin, biblical texts are used to prove that it is. However, God’s Word makes clear the sanctity of life, thou shall not murder. According to psychology, suicide is a highly complex and multifaceted phenomenon, and amongst others it can be a result of mental illness. We attempt to balance the non-theological interpretation with the theological discipline. This research challenges the Christian ideology of suicide as a sin; this perspective remains a challenge among our fellow ministers. This study is relevant for both theology and psychology because both the disciplines deal with the well-being of people.Intradisciplinary and/or interdisciplinary implications: The contextual perspective challenged by this research is the understanding of suicide according to theological and psychological perspectives. This research is done using a literature review on suicide according to both Christianity and psychology.


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