musculoskeletal disorders
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2022 ◽  
pp. 11-11
Author(s):  
Nurcan ERDOĞAN KURTARAN ◽  
Mehmet KURTARAN ◽  
Samime ŞARLI GÜNDÜZ ◽  
Levent ÖZTÜRK

2022 ◽  
Vol 146 ◽  
pp. 112583
Author(s):  
Ming-Yang Liu ◽  
Hai-jun Li ◽  
Chen Yang ◽  
Wei-dong Zang ◽  
Zhen-dong Liu ◽  
...  

Author(s):  
LEILA IBRAHIMI GHAVAMABADI1 ◽  
BEHZAD FOULADI DEHAGHI ◽  
BEHNOUSH JAFARI

Shift work is a social phenomenon with adverse effects on the lives and health of people in various aspects. This adverse effect decreases shift workers’ ability over a time period. The aim of the present study was to survey disturbances due to shift work and some disorders associated with work ability index among nurses in educational hospitals, Ahvaz, Iran. This cross-sectional survey was conducted among 33 nurses at the Golestan Hospital, Ahvaz, Iran. The survey of shift workers questionnaire (SOS) and the Work Ability Index (WAI) questionnaire was used as data collection tools. The related data was analyzed based on the descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation test, and Spearman correlation test using IBM SPSS software version 19. The results showed that 97% of problems related to the effects of shift work on the individuals’ lives, families, and musculoskeletal disorders, 87.9% related to insomnia and social problems, and 75.8% related to mental disorders. Although it showed a significant relationship between the workability index with the variable of experience and mental disorders, it showed no significant relationship between the prevalence of insomnia and musculoskeletal disorders variables. The results of this study showed that shift working disrupts mental, social, and physical health that ultimately adversely affect the ability of shift workers. Therefore, it was recommended to adjust working hours and allocate the appropriate shifts to improve the workability of individuals.


2022 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Author(s):  
Heather M. Macdonald ◽  
Stéphanie K. Lavigne ◽  
Andrew E. Reineberg ◽  
Michael H. Thaut

ObjectivesDuring their lifetimes, a majority of musicians experience playing-related musculoskeletal disorders (PRMD). PRMD prevalence is tied to instrument choice, yet most studies examine heterogeneous groups of musicians, leaving some high-risk groups such as oboists understudied. This paper aims to (1) ascertain the prevalence and nature of PRMDs in oboists, (2) determine relevant risk factors, and (3) evaluate the efficacy of treatment methods in preventing and remedying injuries in oboe players.MethodsA 10-question online questionnaire on PRMDs and their treatments was completed by 223 oboists. PRMDs were compared across gender, weekly playing hours, career level, age, and years of playing experience.ResultsOf all respondents, 74.9% (167/223) reported having had at least one PRMD in their lifetime. A majority of these injuries (61.9% of all respondents) were of moderate to extreme severity (5 or higher on a scale of 1 to 10). Females (mean = 5.88) reported significantly more severe injuries than males. No significant effects of career level (i.e., professional vs. student vs. amateur), age, or years of playing experience were observed. We found significant non-linear relationships between weekly playing hours and PRMD prevalence and severity. Injuries were most commonly on the right side of the body, with the right thumb, wrist, hand, and forearm being most affected in frequency and severity. Of those injuries for which recovery information was provided, only 26.1% of injuries were “completely recovered.” The perceived effectiveness of a few treatments (physical therapy, rest, stretching, occupational therapy, massage) tended to be ranked more highly than others.ConclusionThe oboists in this study experienced high rates of PRMD, particularly in the right upper extremities. Females and those playing 7-9 and 16-18 h per week reported a significantly higher severity of injuries than other groups.


Author(s):  
Juliana dos Santos Müller ◽  
Eduardo Mendes da Silva ◽  
Rita Franco Rego

Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) can be characterized from their occupational etiology and their occurrence; their chronicity generates negative repercussions for the health of workers, especially of artisanal fishing. To investigate the prevalence of generalized musculoskeletal disorders by body region and self-reported pain in a fishing population of northeastern Brazil, an epidemiological cross-sectional study was carried out in Santiago do Iguape, Bahia-Brazil, in 2017. The Brazilian version of the Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire (NMQ), in addition to a questionnaire containing the socio-demographic and labor conditions were applied to a random stratified sample of 248 artisanal fisheries. There were 170 female shellfish gatherers and 78 fishermen, with a mean age of 36.7 years (SD = 10.5 years) and 43.3 years (SD = 11.8 years), respectively. The beginning of the labor activity was initiated at approximately 11 years of age. The average weekly income varied from 17.64 USD to 29.10 USD. The prevalence of MSD independent of occupation occurred in at least one body region in 93.5% and the presence of musculoskeletal pain/discomfort over the last seven days in 95.2% of the fishing workers. The highest prevalence of MSD was found in shellfish gatherers in: lower back (86.4%), wrist and hand (73.5%), and upper back (66.8%). In relation to the presence of pain in the last year, the frequency of pain was greater in the fishermen compared to the shellfish gatherers. The generalized severity of the MSD in 93.5% of this community of fishermen is evident, with emphasis in the following regions: lower back, wrist and hand and upper back in both groups, with occurrence of pain in more than one body region at the same time.


2022 ◽  
Vol 7 (1) ◽  
pp. 632
Author(s):  
Windy Yuliani Putri Kaha ◽  
Moh. Dian Kurniawan ◽  
Hidayat Hidayat

PT. Click Media adalah perusahaan di Kabupaten Lamongan yang bergerak di sektor jasa web marketing guna melakukan pemasaran produk iklan ke media sosial maupun situs website, dimana komputer sebagai media utama dalam melaksanakan pekerjaannya. Karyawan Bagian Kreator Akun Facebook PT. Click Media bekerja 8 jam perharinya dengan sikap kerja yang berhadapan dengan komputer secara terus-menerus. Kondisi ini menyebabkan karyawan mengalami keluhan masalah musculoskeletal atau keluhan pada bagian otot rangka. Berdasarkan wawancara awal dengan kuesioner NBM menyatakan bahwa bagian punggung adalah keluhan tertinggi sebesar 81,8%, 54,5% di bagian leher atas, 54,5% di bagian tangan kanan, pergelangan tangan kanan dan 50% di bagian bahu kanan. Agar keluhan pada karyawan pengguna komputer dapat diminimalkan, maka perlu dilakukan identifikasi terhadap sikap kerja dengan metode Rappid Office Strain Asessment (ROSA) dan Rappid Upper Limb Asessment (RULA) yang merupakan metode ergonomi khusus identifikasi masalah musculoskeletal disorders pada pengguna komputer. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa 67% karyawan dengan score akhir ROSA >5 (berisko) dan 8,3% karyawan dengan score akhir RULA 7 memiliki tingkat risiko kerja sangat tinggi


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