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2022 ◽  
Vol 185 ◽  
pp. 111306
Author(s):  
Jasmine Vergauwe ◽  
Bart Wille ◽  
Elien De Caluwé ◽  
Filip De Fruyt

2021 ◽  
Vol 10 (4) ◽  
pp. 237-244
Author(s):  
Ahmed Senouci ◽  
Ali Jedinia ◽  
Neil Eldin

This paper presents a case study of a safety training program developed by an international leading construction firm. The study was prompted by the continuing challenge of work- related accidents in the construction industry. Even with the measurable safety improvements in the last several decades, the construction industry still exhibits high rate of occupational fatal injuries compared to other industries. A linear regression model was developed using Microsoft Excel to determine the level of impact of the number of training hours on the resulting safety performance. The analysis confirmed that the number of training hours had a strong impact on reducing safety incidents. The coefficient of determination (R2) demonstrated that the number of training hours accounted for 81% of the variance in the incidents rate. The study results should assist in quantifying the cost-benefits of implementing safety programs, and in justifying the mandating of a certain number of training hours.


2021 ◽  
Vol 86 ◽  
pp. 103226
Author(s):  
S. Mohamaddan ◽  
M.A. Rahman ◽  
M. Andrew_Munot ◽  
S.J. Tanjong ◽  
B.M. Deros ◽  
...  

Author(s):  
Vallari Chandna Chandna

Organizations have over time, become concerned with non-work aspects of their employees’ lives such as their life satisfaction and their happiness. This is because extant research has shown these states of being, truly have an impact on their job performance, intra-organizational relationships, and other important work- related outcomes. The World Values Survey assesses the cultural values of people across the world, what is important to them in life, their physical and mental state of being, and other valuable information. Using a random portion of this international dataset and drawing on the literatures pertaining to work centrality and meaning of work, the hypothesized model is developed to test the relationship between work centrality and the flow at work (i.e., type of work done) on the life satisfaction of individuals. These aspects of the work domain were found to have a minimal direct impact on life satisfaction leading to the reaffirmation that the different domains (work, family, values) have unequal impacts on life satisfaction and within each domain, different components have differing levels of impact as well.


2022 ◽  
Vol 75 (2) ◽  
Author(s):  
Leandro Corrêa Figueiredo ◽  
Aline Cristina Martins Gratão ◽  
Gustavo Carrijo Barbosa ◽  
Diana Quirino Monteiro ◽  
Lucas Nogueira de Carvalho Pelegrini ◽  
...  

ABSTRACT Objective: to evaluate musculoskeletal symptoms in formal and informal caregivers of elderly people, and check association with personal and work-related factors. Methods: this is a cross-sectional study. Instruments for assessment were the International Physical Activity Questionnaire, Self-Reporting Questionnaire-20, Borg’s effort perception scale and Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire. Results: informal caregivers had been working for a longer time (60.2% vs. 41%), had more hours of work (37.4% >12h for day), less time off (85.4% vs. 2.5%) and lack of care guidelines (90.2%). The region with the most musculoskeletal symptoms was the spine and the greater dependence of the elderly, the greater the chances of developing musculoskeletal symptoms (OR= 1.3, 95% CI= 1.1-1.6, p <0.05). Conclusion: personal and work-related factors were more prevalent in informal group and the elderly person’s dependence interferes with the increase in musculoskeletal symptoms of caregivers.


Author(s):  
Naoki SHIOTA ◽  
Tomohiro ISHIMARU ◽  
Makoto OKAWARA ◽  
Yoshihisa FUJINO ◽  
Takahiro TABUCHI

2021 ◽  
Vol 2 ◽  
Author(s):  
Hussein H. Mwanga ◽  
Roslynn Baatjies ◽  
Tanusha Singh ◽  
Mohamed F. Jeebhay

Background: Work-related asthma phenotypes in health workers (HWs) exposed to cleaning agents have not been investigated extensively as other occupational exposures. This study aimed to describe asthma phenotypes and to identify important host risk factors associated with various asthma-related outcomes.Methods: A cross-sectional study of 699 HWs was conducted in two large tertiary hospitals. A total of 697 HWs completed questionnaire interviews. Sera collected from 682 HWs were analyzed for atopy (Phadiatop) and IgE to occupational allergens (NRL—Hev b5, Hev b6.02; chlorhexidine and ortho-phthalaldehyde—OPA). Methacholine (MCT), bronchodilator challenge (BDR) and fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) were performed. An asthma symptom score (ASS) used five asthma-related symptoms reported in the past 12 months. Current asthma was based on use of asthma medication or an asthma attack or being woken up by an attack of shortness of breath in the past 12 months. Nonspecific bronchial hyperresponsiveness (NSBH) was defined as having either a positive MCT or a significant bronchodilator response. Two continuous indices of NSBH [continuous index of responsiveness (CIR) and dose-response slope (DRS)] were calculated.Results: The prevalence of current asthma was 10%, atopic asthma (6%) and non-atopic asthma (4%). Overall, 2% of subjects had work-related asthma. There was a weak positive association between NSBH and FeNO [CIR: Beta coefficient (β) = 0.12; CI: 0.03–0.22 and DRS: β = 0.07; CI: 0.03–0.12]. Combining FeNO ≥ 50 ppb with a BDR [mean ratio (MR) = 5.89; CI: 1.02–34.14] or with NSBH (MR = 4.62; CI: 1.16–18.46) correlated better with ASS than FeNO alone (MR = 2.23; CI: 1.30–3.85). HWs with current asthma were twice as likely to be atopic. FeNO was positively associated with atopy (OR = 3.19; CI: 1.59–6.39) but negatively associated with smoking status (GMR = 0.76; CI: 0.62–0.94). Most HWs sensitized to occupational allergens were atopic.Conclusion: Atopic asthma was more prevalent than non-atopic asthma in HWs. Most asthma-related outcomes were positively associated with allergic predictors suggesting a dominant role for IgE mechanisms for work-related symptoms and asthma associated with sensitization to OPA or chlorhexidine.


Author(s):  
Shada M. Alharbi ◽  
Abdullah K. Alghanem ◽  
Hanan A. Alessa ◽  
Raghad S. Aldoobi ◽  
Fatimah A. Busayli ◽  
...  

In the different healthcare settings, evidence shows that healthcare workers can be exposed to various work-related hazards, which might be ergonomics, biological, psychological, and physical hazards. Work-related musculoskeletal disorders are frequently reported among the different healthcare workers, and estimates indicate that surgeons are the most commonly affected. Disorders and injuries related to the backbone, shoulders, wrist, and knees are mainly reported by healthcare workers as relevant ergonomic hazards. In the present literature review, we have discussed the commonest ergonomics that have been reported in the literature among healthcare workers. Musculoskeletal disorders as back, knee, and wrist pain are the most frequently reported among the different settings. We have also assessed the different reasons that might attribute to the development of such events, and increased workload and working hours, in addition to the harmful postures are the main reasons that have been reported in the literature. Each clinical and surgical setting might be associated with significant risk factors over others, and therefore, specific interventions should be applied within these settings to enhance satisfaction among healthcare workers. Healthcare authorities are mainly responsible to achieve this. However, further epidemiological investigations are still needed to adequately plan the righteous interventional programs.


2021 ◽  
Vol 10 (1) ◽  
pp. 6-13
Author(s):  
Pawan Sharma ◽  
Swarndeep Singh ◽  
Umakanta Tiwari ◽  
Rahul Ranjan ◽  
Nabin Lekhak ◽  
...  

Introduction: The current COVID-19 pandemic has increased emotional and physical toll on healthcare workers. The burnout among doctors could be another psychological outcome due to this. Considering the dearth of literature we planned this study with an aim to explore burnout and its correlates among medical doctors of Nepal. Material And Method: An online survey using a cross-sectional design and purposive sampling was conducted during the lock-down due to COVID-19 pandemic in Nepal. The tools used were basic proforma, Copenhagen Burn out Inventory (CBI) and Perceived Stress Scale (PSS). Descriptive and inferential statistical analysis (bivariate analysis followed by multiple linear regression) was performed with an objective to study prevalence of burnout and its correlates among the medical doctors. Results: The average age of participants was 30.44 years with the majority being male. All the study participants reported moderate to severe level of perceived stress. Around half of them reported moderate to high burnout. The multiple linear regression analyses showed that perceived stress, and working in surgical department were significant correlates for personal and work-related burnout among medical doctors. Additionally, being front-line worker was a significant correlate for client-related burnout. Conclusion: The burden and severity of burnout and perceived stress reported by the medical doctors during COVID-19 pandemic in the present study, suggests it to be an important mental health issue in Nepal. Suitable interventions for targeting this urgent issue of effectively reducing the burnout are warranted.


2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 (4) ◽  
pp. 4841-4846
Author(s):  
DANIELA ONOFREJOVA ◽  
◽  
JAROSLAVA KADAROVA ◽  
JAROSLAVA JANEKOVA ◽  
◽  
...  

Industry 5.0 follows the idea of continuous digitization and transfer to digital factory. Industries must adopt the green and digital transitions to continue to be competitive. Besides the preservation of resources, climate change, the social stability is in the focus. Industries strive to become more resilient against external disturbances, such as Covid-19 crisis. Work environment considerably affects the productivity, health and safety of workers. Monitoring of the working environment with reliable miniaturized technology can guarantee suitable working conditions. In the line with the EU Strategic Framework on Health and Safety at Work 2014-2020, one of EU-OSHA's priorities is to fortify the prevention of work-related diseases.


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