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2022 ◽  
Vol 8 ◽  
Lili Wang ◽  
Rong Wu

Acute craniocerebral injury is a common traumatic disease in clinical practice, characterized by rapid changes in condition and a high rate of death and disability. Early and effective emergency care throughout the pre-hospital and in-hospital period is the key to reducing the rate of death and disability and promoting the recovery of patients. In this study, we conducted an observational study of 130 patients with acute craniocerebral injury admitted between May 2020 and May 2021. Patients were randomly divided into a regular group and an optimization group of 65 patients each, with patients in the regular group receiving the conventional emergency care model and patients in the optimization group receiving the pre-hospital and in-hospital optimal emergency care process for intervention. In this study, we observed and compared the time taken to arrive at the scene, assess the condition, attend to the patient and provide emergency care, the success rate of emergency care within 48 h, the interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-8 (IL-8), and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) after admission and 1 day before discharge, the National Institute of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) and the Short Form 36-item Health Survey (SF-36) after resuscitation and 1 day before discharge, and the complications of infection, brain herniation, central hyperthermia, and electrolyte disturbances in both groups. We collected and statistically analyzed the recorded data. The results showed that the time taken to arrive at the consultation site, assess the condition, receive the consultation, provide first aid was significantly lower in the optimized group than in the regular group (P < 0.05); the success rate of treatment was significantly higher in the optimized group than in the regular group (P < 0.05). In both groups, IL-6, IL-8, and ICAM-1 decreased on the day before discharge compared with the day of rescue, with the levels of each index lower in the optimization group than in the regular group (P < 0.05); the NIHSS scores decreased and the SF-36 scores increased on the day before discharge compared with the successful rescue in both groups, with the NIHSS scores in the optimization group lower than in the regular group and the SF-36 scores higher than in the control group (P < 0.05). The overall complication rate in the optimization group was significantly lower than that in the regular group (P < 0.05). This shows that optimizing pre-hospital and in-hospital emergency care procedures can significantly shorten the time to emergency care for patients with acute craniocerebral injury, increase the success rate, reduce inflammation, improve neurological function and quality of life, reduce the occurrence of complications, and improve patient prognosis.

2022 ◽  
Vol 38 (3) ◽  
Xu Zhang ◽  
Bin Liu ◽  
Quan Wang ◽  
Hongtao Shang

Objectives: To explore the curative effect of minimally invasive percutaneous plate osteosynthesis (MIPPO) technology combined with locking compression plates (LCP) guided by C-arm X-ray machine in the treatment of tibial metaphyseal fracture and its impact on the surgical indexes and postoperative complications. Methods: The present study was a retrospective analysis focusing on the clinical data of 104 cases of tibial metaphyseal fracture who were treated surgically in our hospital from February 2019 to February 2021. According to different surgical methods, patients who were treated by using MIPPO technology combined with LCP guided by C-arm X-ray machine were divided into the observation group (n=54), while those who underwent traditional open reduction and internal fixation were classified into the control group (n=50). Further comparison was made on the differences of the curative effect, surgical index (operation time, intraoperative blood loss, incision length, and healing time) and postoperative complications between the two groups. In addition, the differences in ankle function, knee function and quality of life [Medical Outcomes Study 36-item Short-Form Health Survey (MOS SF-36)] were evaluated between the two groups before treatment and 6 months after treatment. Results: The clinical curative effect and total efficacy of the observation group were better than those of the control group (All p<0.05). The operation time, intraoperative blood loss, incision length, and healing time were lower in the observation group when compared to those of the control group (All p<0.05). The total incidence of postoperative complications was also lower in the observation group than that in the control group (p<0.05). In addition, the scores of ankle function, knee function and MOS SF-36 in both groups were higher after 6 months of treatment than those before treatment; besides, the inter-group comparison showed that the scores of ankle function, knee function and MOS SF-36 in the observation group were higher than those in the control group (All p<0.05). Conclusion: MIPPO technology combined with LCP guided by C-arm X-ray machine has a significant curative effect on the treatment of tibial metaphyseal fracture. It can significantly improve the surgical index, reduce postoperative complications, and have an obvious effect on postoperative recovery of ankle function, knee joint function and quality of life. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.38.3.4757 How to cite this:Zhang X, Liu B, Wang Q, Shang H. Minimally Invasive Percutaneous Plate Osteosynthesis technique combined with locking compression plates guided by C-Arm X-Ray machine in treatment of tibial metaphyseal fractures: Curative effect and postoperative complications. Pak J Med Sci. 2022;38(3):---------. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.38.3.4757 This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

2022 ◽  
Vol 22 (1) ◽  
Zahra Akbari Namvar ◽  
Reza Mahdavi ◽  
Masood Shirmohammadi ◽  
Zeinab Nikniaz

Abstract Background In this trial, we investigated the effect of a group-based education program on gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms and quality of life (QOL) in patients with celiac disease (CD). Method In the present study, 130 patients with CD who were on a GFD for at least 3 months, randomly assigned to receive group-based education (n = 66) or routine education in the celiac clinic (n = 64) for 3 months. We assessed gastrointestinal symptoms and quality of life using the gastrointestinal symptom rating scale (GSRS) questionnaire and SF-36 questionnaire at baseline and 3 months after interventions. Results The mean age of the participants was 37.57 ± 9.59 years. There were no significant differences between the two groups regarding the baseline values. Results showed that the mean score of total GSRS score in the intervention group was significantly lower compared with the control group 3 months post-intervention (p = 0.04). Also, there was a significant difference in the mean score of SF-36 between the two groups 3 months post-intervention (p = 0.02). Conclusion Results showed that group-based education was an effective intervention in patients with celiac disease to improve gastrointestinal symptoms and quality of life. Trial registration IRCT code: IRCT20080904001197N21; registration date: 5/23/2019.

Genes ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 13 (1) ◽  
pp. 118
Luis Alfredo Utria Acevedo ◽  
Aline Morgan Alvarenga ◽  
Paula Fernanda Silva Fonseca ◽  
Nathália Kozikas da Silva ◽  
Rodolfo Delfini Cançado ◽  

Background: Hemochromatosis is a genetic condition of iron overload caused by deficiency of hepcidin. In a previous stage of this study, patients with suspected hemochromatosis had their quality of life (QL) measured. We observed that QL scores differed among genotypic groups of patients. In this reported final phase of the study, the aims were to compare QL scores after a treatment period of approximately 3 years and to analyze a possible association of the serum ferritin values with QL scores. Methods: Sixty-five patients were enrolled in this final phase and divided into group 1 (patients that showed primary iron overload and homozygous genotype for the HFE p.Cys282Tyr mutation) and group 2 (other kinds of genotypes). Short Form 36 (SF-36) was performed and consisted of eight domains with a physical and also a mental component. Results: Both groups had a significant decrease in serum ferritin concentrations: group 1 had a variation from 1844 ± 1313 ng/mL to 281 ± 294 ng/mL, and group 2 had a variation from 1216 ± 631 ng/mL to 236 ± 174 ng/mL. Group 1 had a smaller mean value for these six SF-36 domains compared with group 2, indicating a worse QL. Conclusions: In this final stage, six domains demonstrated a difference among genotypic groups (role emotional and mental health, adding to the four of the initial phase), reassuring the impact of the identified genotype on the QL of hemochromatosis patients. Furthermore, despite that both patient groups demonstrated similar and significant decreases in serum ferritin values, no association was found between the decrease in this biological parameter and the SF-36 domains.

2022 ◽  
Vol 20 (1) ◽  
Huan Wen ◽  
Zhongfang Yang ◽  
Zheng Zhu ◽  
Shuyu Han ◽  
Lin Zhang ◽  

Abstract Objective To identify and assess the psychometric properties of patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in people living with HIV (PLWH). Methods Nine databases were searched from January 1996 to October 2020. Methodological quality was assessed by using the Consensus-based Standards for the Selection of Health Measurement Instruments (COSMIN) Risk of Bias Checklist. We used the COSMIN criteria to summarize and rate the psychometric properties of each PROM. A modified Grading, Recommendations, Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) system was used to assess the certainty of evidence. Results Sixty-nine studies reported on the psychometric properties of 30 identified instruments. All studies were considered to have adequate methodological quality in terms of content validity, construct validity, and internal consistency. Limited information was retrieved on cross-cultural validity, criterion validity, reliability, hypothesis testing, and responsiveness. High-quality evidence on psychometric properties was provided for the Medical Outcomes Study HIV Health Survey (MOS-HIV), the brief version of the World Health Organization's Quality of Life Instrument in HIV Infection (WHOQoL-HIV-BREF), 36-Item Short Form Survey (SF-36), Multidimensional Quality of Life Questionnaire for Persons with HIV/AIDS (MQoL-HIV), and WHOQoL-HIV. Conclusions The findings from the included studies highlighted that among HIV-specific and generic HRQoL PROMs, MOS-HIV, WHOQoL-HIV-BREF, SF-36, MQoL-HIV, and WHOQoL-HIV are strongly recommended to evaluate HRQoL in PLWH in research and clinics based on the specific aims of assessments and the response burden for participants.

2022 ◽  
Vol 11 (2) ◽  
pp. 326
Iwona Olszewska-Czyz ◽  
Sarkis Sozkes ◽  
Agata Dudzik

Halitosis is considered to be extremely unattractive in the context of social interactions. The main research objective of this study was to evaluate whether intra-oral halitosis may impact patients’ quality of life (QOL). One hundred generally healthy adult participants complaining about oral malodor and diagnosed with intra-oral halitosis were enrolled in this study. For halitosis diagnosis, a gas chromatography (GC) analysis by the Oral Chroma portable device was used. QOL assessment was based on the Short Form 36-item Health Survey (SF-36). The respondents had the highest scores in the physical functioning (PF), activity limitations caused by emotional problems (RE) and activity limitations caused by physical problems (RP) domains, and the weakest in the general health perception (GH), vitality (VT) and emotional wellbeing (MH) ones. The total volatile sulfur compounds (VSCs) level was negatively correlated with SF-36 domains. The SF-36 domains’ scores decreased the higher the level of VSC was. The respondents assessed their QOL to be at its best in physical functioning and activity limitations caused by emotional and physical problems and the worst in general health perception, vitality and emotional wellbeing. The strongest correlation between halitosis and decreased QOL was found in the social functioning (SF), vitality, emotional wellbeing and general health perception domains.

2022 ◽  
pp. 193864002110682
Amir Reza Vosoughi ◽  
Amin Kordi Yoosefinejad ◽  
Yasaman Safaei Dehbarez ◽  
Zeinab Kargarshouraki ◽  
Hamideh Mahdaviazad

Background The use of a valid and reliable outcome scoring system is crucial for evaluating the result of different treatment interventions. The aims of this study were to translate and culturally adapt the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) midfoot scoring system into the Persian language and assess its validity and reliability. Method In total, 57 patients with midfoot injuries were enrolled. Forward-backward translation and cultural adaptation methods were used to develop the Persian version of AOFAS midfoot scoring system. Reliability and internal consistency were assessed using intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) and Cronbach’s alpha. The discriminant and convergent validities of the scoring system were assessed using the total score of the mental and physical component of SF-36. Results The mean age of the participants was 46.2 ± 16.3 years. The intra-observer reliability of the totals core of the Persian version of AOFAS midfoot scoring system was 0.96 (confidence interval [CI]: 0.92-0.97) and the inter-observer reliability of the scoring system was 0.90 (CI: 0.86-0.95). The Persian version of AOFAS midfoot scoring system had acceptable convergence with physical component scoring system of SF-36 and its subscales (0.57); moreover, it had acceptable discriminant validity with the mental component of SF-36 and its subscales (0.36). Conclusion The Persian version of AOFAS midfoot is a reliable and valid instrument and could be used by Persian language clinicians and researchers. Level of Clinical Evidence: 3

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Chih-Chin Hsu ◽  
Yu-Ting Lin ◽  
Tieh-Cheng Fu ◽  
Shu-Chun Huang ◽  
Cheng-Hsien Lin ◽  

Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) results in insufficient flow to lower extremities. Aerobic exercise provides health benefits for individuals with PAD, but basic science behind it is still debated. Twenty-one PAD patients aged about 70 years with female/male as 7/14 were recruited. Among them, 11 were randomized to have supervised cycling training (SCT) and 10 to receive general healthcare (GHC) as controls. SCT participants completed 36 sessions of SCT at the first ventilation threshold within 12 weeks and the controls received GHC for 12 weeks. Ankle-brachial index (ABI), 6-min walk test (6MWT), peak oxygen consumption (V˙O2peak), minute ventilation (V˙E), minute carbon dioxide production (V˙CO2), erythrocyte rheology, including the maximal elongation index (EImax) and shear stress at 50% of maximal elongation (SS1/2), and the Short Form-36 (SF-36) questionnaire for quality of life (QoL) were assessed before and 12 weeks after initial visit. SCT significantly decreased the SS1/2 as well as SS1/2 to EImax ratio (SS1/2/EImax) and increased the erythrocyte osmolality in the hypertonic region as well as the area under EI-osmolality curve. The supervised exercise-induced improvement of erythrocyte deformability could contribute to the increased peripheral tissue O2 delivery and was possibly related with increased V˙O2peak. The physiological benefit was associated with significantly increased ABI, 6-min walking distance, cardiorespiratory fitness, and SF-36 score. However, no significant changes in aerobic capacity and erythrocyte rheological properties were observed after 12-week of GHC. In conclusion, SCT improves aerobic capacity by enhancing erythrocyte membrane deformability and consequently promotes QoL in PAD patients.

2022 ◽  
Jeetinder Kaur Makkar ◽  
Ankita Goyal ◽  
Rajni Sharma ◽  
Vishal Kumar ◽  
Babita Ghai ◽  

Abstract Aim of the study was to validate Hindi version of WHOQOL-BREF in chronic low back pain patients (CLBP). In this cross-sectional study, 111 patients with CLBP were recruited. In addition to demographic information, two questionnaires Hi WHOQOL-BREF and SF-36 (Reference scale) were administered at day 0 and day 3. NRS was used for pain evaluation. Cronbach’s alpha coefficient was used for scale reliability. Construct validity was analysed using Pearson correlation coefficient. Confirmatory factor analysis was performed to determine the relationships between the eight domains of SF-36 and four domains of the WHOQOL-BREF.Cronbach’s alpha coefficients were acceptable for all domains of both Hi WHOQOL-BREF (0.869 - 0.938) and SF-36 (0.752 - 0.943) questionnaires. Pearson correlation coefficients of both instruments were partly to strongly correlate with most domains (r ≥0.40). Correlations for domains with similar constructs were stronger than those measuring varied constructs. Confirmatory factor analysis recommended approximately good relationships among the SF-36 and WHOQOL-BREF domains. Our study suggests that WHOQOL-BREF Hindi version is a reliable and valid tool for clinical and research use in CLBP.

2022 ◽  
Vol 2022 ◽  
pp. 1-8
Xiaohu Xu ◽  
Mingmin Zhang ◽  
Xiao Wu ◽  
Cuihong Zheng ◽  
Guangying Huang

Background. Electroacupuncture (EA) may have a role in the treatment of diarrhea symptoms. However, the efficacy and safety of EA with different current intensities in improving gastrointestinal function, psychology, and quality of life (QOL) of functional diarrhea (FD) remain unknown. Objective. To investigate the efficacy and safety of EA with different current intensities in improving gastrointestinal function, psychology, and QOL for FD patients. Methods. 73 FD patients were randomly divided into three groups: low current intensity group (LI) of EA, high current intensity group (HI) of EA, and loperamide control group (LC). Four weeks of treatment were provided in the three groups. The primary outcome was the proportion of normal defecation. Additional outcomes included the change from baseline for the weekly spontaneous bowel movements (SBMs) and the change from baseline for the mean Bristol Stool Form Scale (BSFS). QOL was assessed by the 36-item short-form health survey (SF-36). Self-rating Anxiety Scale (SAS) and Self-rating Depression Scale (SDS) were used to assess the psychology state. Results. Low current intensity of EA significantly improved the proportion of normal defecation during treatment and follow-up period ( P < 0.01 ). EA significantly improves the mean BSFS scores and weekly SBMs, and this efficacy is equivalent to loperamide ( P < 0.05 ). The SF-36 scores of general health in LI and HI groups and vitality and mental health in LI group were significantly increased compared to baseline ( P < 0.05 ). Low current intensity of EA can significantly improve SAS and SDS scores ( P < 0.05 ). Conclusions. EA significantly improved stool consistency and weekly SBMs in FD patients. Compared with loperamide, low current intensity of EA may have a better sustainable effect in restoring normal defecation in patients with FD, and it can also effectively improve QOL, anxiety, and depression. However, larger sample sizes are needed to determine safety and efficacy. Trial registration number: NCT01274793.

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