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Author(s):  
Chotijatun Nasriyah ◽  
Amanda Marselin

Background: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a chronic disease with multiple aetiologies characterized by an increase in blood glucose levels exceeding normal limits. The world health organization predicts an increase in people with DM2 in Indonesia from 8.4 million to 21.3 million in 2030. Diabetes mellitus is one of the ninth main causes of decreased life expectancy, so it will greatly affect the quality of life of a person suffering from DM. Several factors that affect the quality of life of DM patients include age, gender, length of suffering, complications, education, marital status, level of compliance and occupation.Methods: This type of research is descriptive research with total sampling and obtained a sample of 26 respondents. Measurement of quality of life using the SF-36 instrument then the results were analysed using the chi square test to see the relationship between the factors that affect the quality of life.Results: The results obtained statistically that the complication factor (p=0.189) and the control frequency factor (p=0.596) did not significantly affect the quality of life. While the level of education statistically (p=0.006) affects the quality of life of DM patients.Conclusions: The results of the statistical study between complication factors and the frequency of control on the quality of life of DM patients showed no significant relationship. Meanwhile, the education level factor, both statistically and clinically, showed that there was a significant relationship with the quality of life of DM patients.


PLoS ONE ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 16 (10) ◽  
pp. e0258716
Author(s):  
Anna Turesson Wadell ◽  
Linnea Bärebring ◽  
Erik Hulander ◽  
Inger Gjertsson ◽  
Lars Hagberg ◽  
...  

Background Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) often report impaired health-related quality of life (HrQoL) such as difficulties in daily life, pain, fatigue and an affected social life. Even when lowering disease activity, pharmacological treatment does not always resolve these factors. Objective To investigate if a proposed anti-inflammatory diet improves HrQoL in patients with RA. Design In this controlled crossover trial, 50 patients were randomized to start with either an intervention diet (anti-inflammatory) or a control diet (usual Swedish intake) for ten weeks followed by a wash out period before switching to the other diet. Participants received food equivalent to ~1100 kcal/day, five days/week, and instructions to consume similarly for the remaining meals. HrQoL was evaluated using Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ), 36-item Short Form Survey (SF-36), Visual Analogue Scales (VAS) for pain, fatigue and morning stiffness, and a time scale for morning stiffness. Results Forty-seven participants completed ≥1 diet period and were included in the main analyses. No significant difference between intervention and control diet at end of diet periods was observed for any outcome. However, significant improvements were obtained for SF-36 Physical Functioning (mean:5.79, SE: 2.12, 95% CI: 1.58, 10.01) during the intervention diet period. When excluding participants with anti-rheumatic medication changes, the differences between diet periods increased for most outcomes, favoring the intervention diet period, and the difference for SF-36 Physical Functioning became significant (n = 25, mean:7.90, 95% CI:0.56, 15.24, p = 0.036). Conclusions In main analyses, the proposed anti-inflammatory diet did not significantly improve HrQoL for patients with RA compared to control diet. In sub-analyses, significant improvements in physical functioning were detected. Larger studies with consistent medication use and in populations more affected by the disease may be needed to obtain conclusive evidence.


2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
Madoka Mori-Yoshimura ◽  
Hiroyuki Yajima ◽  
Yasushi Oya ◽  
Katsuhiro Mizuno ◽  
Satoru Noguchi ◽  
...  

Abstract BackgroundA number of clinical trials targeting GNE myopathy patients have been conducted. However, useful clinical parameters for post-marketing surveillance and long-term clinical observation have not yet been established. ObjectiveWe conducted a 5-year observational follow-up natural history study to identify evaluation parameters which may be useful for the long-term observation of GNE myopathy patients. MethodsThirty-three genetically-confirmed GNE myopathy patients were recruited and evaluated at study entry (baseline) and yearly in a 5-year follow-up. Hand-held dynamometer measurements of knee extension strength, grip power, and pinch power, summed Manual Muscle Testing (MMT) score of 17 muscles, Gross Motor Function Measure (GMFM), 6-minute walk test, percent vital capacity and percent force vital capacity (%FVC), lean body mass (whole body, arms, and legs), creatine kinase (CK), Barthel Index, modified Rankin Scale, and SF-36 national standard scores were examined. ResultsOf the 33 patients, 22 (66%) completed evaluations for the entire 5-year follow-up period. These patients had a significant reduction in summed MMT score (p=0.001), GMFM (p=0.001), grip power (p=0.013), pinch power (p<0.001), CK (p=0.030), %FVC (p<0.001), leg lean body mass (p=0.040), and the Physical Functioning subscale score of the SF-36 (p=0.015) at the 5th year evaluation relative to baseline. Among these parameters, summed MMT score, GMFM, pinch power, and %FVC showed significant changes even in non-ambulant patients.ConclusionsMMT, GMFM, pinch power, CK, %FVC, lean body mass, and Physical Functioning subscale score of the SF-36 are useful parameters for the long-term evaluation of GNE myopathy patients.


Author(s):  
Darius Kalasauskas ◽  
Naureen Keric ◽  
Salman Abu Ajaj ◽  
Leoni von Cube ◽  
Florian Ringel ◽  
...  

Abstract Purpose The patients’ burden with asymptomatic meningiomas and patients with good clinical outcome after meningioma resection often remains neglected. In this study, we aimed to investigate the longitudinal changes of psychological distress and quality of life in these patient groups. Methods Patients with conservatively managed (CM) or operated (OM) meningiomas and excellent neurological status, who were screened for psychological distress during the follow-up visit (t1), were included. We performed a follow-up mail/telephone-based survey 3–6 months (t2) after t1. Distress was measured using Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), Distress Thermometer (DT), 36-item Short Form (SF-36), and Brief Fatigue Inventory (BFI). Results Sixty-two patients participated in t1 and 47 in t2. The number of patients reporting increased or borderline values remained high 3 months after initial presentation, with n = 25 (53%) of patients reporting increased anxiety symptom severity and n = 29 (62%) reporting increased depressive symptom severity values. The proportion of distressed patients according to a DT score remained similar after 3 months. Forty-four percent of patients reported significant distress in OM and 33% in CM group. The most common problems among distressed patients were fatigue (t2 75%) and worries (t2 50%), followed by pain, sleep disturbances, sadness, and nervousness. Tumor progress was associated with increased depression scores (OR 6.3 (1.1–36.7)). Conclusion The level of psychological distress in asymptomatic meningiomas and postoperative meningiomas with excellent outcome is high. Further investigations are needed to identify and counsel the patients at risk.


Author(s):  
Paulo Henrique Vogt ◽  
Renê Hobi ◽  
Heloisa Zimmermann Faggion ◽  
Giro Alberto Yoshiysu ◽  
Lucas Antônio Ferraz Marcon ◽  
...  
Keyword(s):  

Resumo Objetivo Avaliar a qualidade de vida dos pacientes em uso do fixador externo do tipo Ilizarov para tratamento de fraturas complexas e de suas sequelas Método Trata-se de um estudo observacional e transversal, em que foi aplicado o questionário 36-item short form survey (SF-36) (traduzido para a língua portuguesa) durante as consultas ambulatoriais em 2 períodos, nos meses de julho de 2018 e janeiro de 2019. Os pacientes que participaram do estudo realizaram seus procedimentos cirúrgicos no período de janeiro a junho de 2018. Resultados Foram avaliados 36 pacientes em uso de fixador externo do tipo Ilizarov. Foi observado predomínio do sexo masculino e idade média de 37,9 anos. As fraturas de ossos da perna e suas complicações representaram metade da amostra. Foi observada melhora na capacidade funcional e nos aspectos emocionais dos pacientes ao longo do tratamento. Conclusão O uso do fixador externo circular constitui um método importante e eficaz para o tratamento cirúrgico de fraturas complexas e de suas sequelas. Este trabalho permitiu concluir que, após o tratamento, os pacientes alcançaram retorno funcional às atividades diárias com adequada qualidade de vida.


2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 1-7
Author(s):  
Yuan Zheng ◽  
Xiaoyan Xu ◽  
Birong Zheng

Objective. To explore the influence of systematic nursing intervention on the life ability and quality of senile dementia patients. Methods. Total of 82 senile dementia patients who were admitted to our hospital from January 2018 to January 2020 were divided into two groups according to the random number table, and the nursing intervention was analyzed. 41 patients in the control group were given routine nursing care, and 41 patients in the observation group were given systematic nursing intervention. Patients were assessed cognitively using the Montreal Cognitive Assessment Scale (MoCA). The Barthel index and SF-36 were used to evaluate the patients’ daily activity function and quality of life. A Symptom Checklist-90-Revised (SCL-90-R) was used to assess mental distress. The Social-Adaptive Function Rating Scale (SAFE) and Social Skills Inventory (SSC) were used to evaluate the patients’ social interaction ability before and after nursing intervention. Nursing satisfaction was distributed to patients in the form of a self-prepared nursing satisfaction questionnaire for scoring. Results. After the nursing intervention, the MoCA scores of patients in the two groups were higher than those before the nursing intervention, and the scores in the observation group were higher than those in the control group P < 0.05 . After the nursing intervention, the Barthel index scores of patients in the two groups were higher than those before the nursing intervention, and the scores in the observation group were higher than those in the control group P < 0.05 . After the nursing intervention, the SF-36 scores of patients in the two groups were higher than those before the nursing intervention, and the scores in the observation group were higher than those in the control group P < 0.05 . After nursing intervention, the SCL-90-R scores of patients in the two groups were lower than those before nursing intervention, and the scores in the observation group were lower than those in the control group P < 0.05 . After the nursing intervention, the SAFE scores of patients in the two groups were lower than those before the nursing intervention, and the safe scores of the observation group were lower than those of the control group P < 0.05 . After the nursing intervention, the SSC scores of patients in the two groups were lower than those before the nursing intervention, and the scores in the observation group were lower than those in the control group P < 0.05 . After nursing intervention, the total satisfaction degree of the control group (80.49%) was lower than that of the observation group (97.56%) P < 0.05 . Conclusion. The implementation of systematic nursing intervention is conducive to improve the cognitive function, activity of life, and quality of life of senile dementia patients who have a positive effect, and nursing satisfaction is higher.


2021 ◽  
Vol 16 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Solrun Sigurdardottir ◽  
Birgitte Bjerkely ◽  
Trond G. Jenssen ◽  
Per Mathisen ◽  
Charlotte von der Lippe ◽  
...  

Abstract Background Fabry disease (FD) is an X-linked lysosomal storage disorder characterized by multiorgan dysfunction. Since individuals with FD usually experience progressive clinical disease manifestations, their health-related quality of life (HRQOL) is expected to change over time. However, there is limited longitudinal research examining HRQOL outcomes in individuals with FD. We aimed to: assess longitudinal outcomes in HRQOL in adults with FD; examine the physical- and mental HRQOL trajectories at the initial registration (baseline), 3–5 year, and 7–13 year follow-ups; and evaluate the possible associations of age, sex and medical complications with the physical- and mental HRQOL trajectories. Methods Forty-three individuals with FD (53% female) who were aged 18 to 81 years at baseline attended clinical follow-up visits between 2006 and 2020. Medical records were extracted retrospectively. Demographics and the 36-item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36) were recorded at scheduled visits, except for the last data collection which was prospectively obtained in 2020. The physical (PCS) and mental (MCS) composite scores (SF-36) were chosen as outcome measures. Results The eight SF-36 domain scores were stable over a span of 13 years, and only physical- and social functioning domains worsened clinically over this follow-up period. Mean baseline SF-36 domain scores were all significantly lower (decreased HRQOL) in the FD sample compared with Norwegian population norms. Two hierarchical linear models were run to examine whether demographics and medical complications (measured at the last clinical visit) predicted physical and mental HRQOL trajectories. Age above 47 years (p < 0.001), male sex (p = 0.027), small fibre neuropathy (p < 0.001), renal dysfunction (p < 0.001), and cerebrovascular events (p = 0.003) were associated with lower HRQOL over time. No significant interactions were found between the time of follow up and the abovementioned predictors of HRQOL. Conclusions Overall HRQOL trajectories remained stable between baseline, 3–5 year, and 7–13 year follow-ups, with the majority of individuals reporting decreased physical and mental HRQOL. Medical complications in combination with older age and male sex are important predictors of lower HRQOL in FD. Awareness of this relationship is valuable both for health care providers and for patients. The findings provide indicators that can guide treatment decisions to improve physical and mental HRQOL outcomes.


2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Yi-Hsuan Lin ◽  
Hsiao-Ting Chang ◽  
Yen-Han Tseng ◽  
Harn-Shen Chen ◽  
Shu-Chiung Chiang ◽  
...  

AbstractMetabolic syndrome (MetS) is associated with cardiovascular diseases, type 2 diabetes, chronic renal diseases, and all-cause mortality. Furthermore, MetS is associated with poor health-related quality of life (HRQOL). However, the impact of dynamic changes in MetS on changes in the HRQOL was not previously explored. This was an eight-year, prospective cohort study in which 906 middle-aged adults from Shipai, Taipei in northern Taiwan were enrolled during 2009–2010 (baseline). Of those sampled, 427 participants completed the follow-up investigation after 8 years. The HRQOL was measured using the Short Form Health Survey (SF-36). Other variables including age, sex, marital status, level of education, smoking, alcohol consumption, baseline body mass index, and changes in physical activity were adjusted. Compared with adults who never experienced MetS, adults with persistent MetS had a negative change in mental HRQOL (β − 4.20, 95% CI − 7.54 to − 0.86, p = 0.01). The negative changes of persistent MetS on the HRQOL were in the domains of vitality and mental health (β − 4.42, 95% CI − 8.10 to − 0.73 and β − 3.47, 95% CI − 6.90 to − 0.04, respectively). Women and overweight adults were vulnerable to the detrimental effects of persistent MetS. For better HRQOL, more resources should be devoted to reversing MetS in public health.


2021 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Author(s):  
Li Zhang ◽  
Zhongju Xu ◽  
Tao Jiang ◽  
Jialu Zhang ◽  
Pinxian Huang ◽  
...  

Equus asinus L [Equidae; Asini Corii Colla] (donkey-hide gelatin, Ejiao), a well-known traditional Chinese medicine, has been widely used to nourish the blood, especially for women. The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy and safety of Ejiao in blood-deficient patients. A total of 210 participants were recruited and randomly allocated into the placebo control group and Ejiao-treated group (6 g/day). The primary outcomes on the efficacy of Ejiao included traditional Chinese medicine symptom scores, blood indicators, and SF-36. The secondary outcomes were changes in fireness and safety evaluation. Results showed that Ejiao treatment for 8 weeks had significantly improved dizziness symptoms. Among the tested 24 blood biochemical parameters, the hematocrit and red blood cell numbers decreased in the placebo control group, but decreased significantly less in the Ejiao treatment group. The white blood cell and neutrophil counts increased in the Ejiao group but were within the normal range. In addition, the quality of life improved as the scores in SF-36 domains were significantly higher in the Ejiao group. At the same time, there was no significant change in the fire–heat symptoms score or other safety parameters. Considering all these, our study showed that Ejiao has a promising effect in women suffering from blood deficiency without obvious adverse effects.


Author(s):  
Kostiantyn Romanenko ◽  
Dmytro Prozorovskiy ◽  
Yaroslav Doluda

An adequate planning of the curative measures is an important factor providing good functional results in the treatment of consequences of long bones injuries, in particular, malunions (post traumatic deformities). 3D-modeling in the preoperative planing gives an opportunity to assess both deformity itself and joint status. Visua­lization of injured segment with three-dimensional model manufactured using 3D-print in actual size (1:1 scale) provides additional capacities. Objective. To analyze the capacity provided by the usage of three-dimensional models of damaged segments in scale 1:1 while the planning of corrective surgery. Methods. Practicability of the usage of 3D-models, that was  worked out on the base of CT-scanning, was studied in the treatment of 52 patients with different post traumatic extraarticular deformities of femur and tibia, after the fractures with intraarticular extension. Clinical results were evaluated using SF-36 and AOFAS scales. Results. Calculation for 3D-modeling was performed mostly virtually using standard computer programs with 3D-reconstruction, but 3D-print technology was used for 5 patients with the most severe and sophisticated deformities of the lower extremities. Changes in functional outcomes, according to SF-36 and AOFAS, for the patients undergone opera- tive treatment, were positive at 12 month of follow-up. Fore­ign colleagues expose analogous results of the investigations and suggest that the modeling with 3D-print provides mostly more safe, reliable and standardized clinical decisions for every particular patient. Conclusions. Preoperative usage of 3D-print on the stage of preoperative planing allows the surgeons to simulate different stages of operative intervention on the physical model, thus, help him to realize possible technical problems, choose adequate fixation device and proper instrumentation. It facilitates the shortening of surgery time, elimination of possible complications rate and achievement, in sum, good functional results in the treatment of this kind of patients.


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