lipoic acid
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2022 ◽  
Vol 146 ◽  
pp. 112467
Radoslaw Piotr Radzki ◽  
Marek Bienko ◽  
Dariusz Wolski ◽  
Tomasz Oniszczuk ◽  
Agnieszka Radzka-Pogoda ◽  

2022 ◽  
pp. 1-9
Yahya M. Hodeeb ◽  
Emad M. El-Rewiny ◽  
Abdullah M. Gaafar ◽  
Ahmed N. Zayed ◽  
Mohamed S. Hasan ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 13 ◽  
Chih-Yuan Ko ◽  
Jian-Hua Xu ◽  
Yu-Wei Chang ◽  
Yangming Martin Lo ◽  
James Swi-Bea Wu ◽  

Background and objectives: This study aimed to investigate the enhancing effect of vitamin-like alpha-lipoic acid (ALA) on phagocytosis of oligomeric beta-amyloid (oAβ)1–42 in BV-2 mouse microglial cells.Methods: An in vitro model was established to investigate phagocytosis of oAβ1–42 in BV-2 cells. Transmission electron microscopy images indicated that the morphology of prepared oAβ1–42 was spherical particles. BV-2 cells treated with ALA were incubated with 5(6)-carboxyfluorescein-labeled oAβ1–42 (FAM-oAβ1–42) for 24 h, followed by flow cytometer analysis, western blotting, real-time quantitative PCR, and immunocytochemistry (ICC) analysis to assess the in vitro phagocytosis ability of oAβ1–42.Results: Alpha-lipoic acid significantly increased messenger RNA (mRNA) expression of the CD36 receptor in BV-2 cells. ICC analysis showed that ALA significantly elevated CD36 protein expression in BV-2 cells both with and without oAβ1–42 treatment. Results from the flow cytometry analysis indicated that the CD36 receptor inhibitor significantly attenuated ALA-promoted phagocytosis of FAM-oAβ1–42 in BV-2 cells. Moreover, ICC analysis revealed that ALA caused the translocation of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPAR-γ), which is known to regulate the expression of CD36 mRNA in BV-2 cells. ALA also elevated both the mRNA and protein expression of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), which is a key enzyme involved in the synthesis of 15-deoxy-Δ12,14-prostaglandin J2 in BV-2 cells.Conclusion: We postulated that ALA enhances oAβ1–42 phagocytosis by upregulating the COX-2/15-deoxy-Δ12,14-prostaglandin J2/PPAR-γ/CD36 pathway in BV-2 cells. Finally, future studies should be conducted with an in vivo study to confirm the findings.

2022 ◽  
Vol 134 (1) ◽  
Aishwarya Nadgir ◽  
Malatesh S Pujar ◽  
Shivaprasadagouda Patil ◽  
Ashok H Sidarai

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
Mahnaz Rezaei Kelishadi ◽  
Amirmansour Alavi Naeini ◽  
Fariborz Khorvash ◽  
Gholamreza Askari ◽  
Zahra Heidari

AbstractThe current study was performed to evaluate the effects of alpha-lipoic acid (ALA) supplementation on lactate, nitric oxide (NO), vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) levels, and clinical symptoms in women with episodic migraines. Considering the inclusion and exclusion criteria, ninety-two women with episodic migraines participated in this randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-design trial. The participants were randomly assigned to receive either 300 mg/day ALA or placebo, twice per day for 12 weeks. The primary outcomes included headache severity, headache frequency per month, and duration of attacks and the secondary outcomes included lactate (a marker of mitochondrial function), NO, and VCAM-1 serum levels were measured at baseline and the end of the intervention. At the end of the study, there was a significant decrease in lactate serum levels (− 6.45 ± 0.82 mg/dl vs − 2.27 ± 1.17 mg/dl; P = 0.039) and VCAM-1 (− 2.02 ± 0.30 ng/ml vs − 1.21 ± 0.36 ng/ml; P = 0.025) in the ALA as compared to the placebo group. In addition, the severity (P < 0.001), frequency (P = 0.001), headache impact test (HIT-6) (P < 0.001), headache dairy results (HDR) (P = 0.003), and migraine headache index score (MHIS) (P < 0.001) had significantly decreased in the intervention as compared to the control group. No significant changes were observed for NO levels and duration of migraine pains. ALA supplementation can be considered a potential adjunct treatment in patients with migraine due to its improving mitochondrial and endothelial functions and clinical symptoms.

Antioxidants ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 11 (1) ◽  
pp. 112
Ángel Cores ◽  
Patrycja Michalska ◽  
José Miguel Pérez ◽  
Enrique Crisman ◽  
Clara Gómez ◽  

Hybrids based on an aza-analogue of CGP37157, a mitochondrial Na+/Ca2+ exchanger antagonist, and lipoic acid were obtained in order to combine in a single molecule the antioxidant and NRF2 induction properties of lipoic acid and the neuroprotective activity of CGP37157. The four possible enantiomers of the hybrid structure were synthesized by using as the key step a fully diastereoselective reduction induced by Ellman’s chiral auxiliary. After computational druggability studies that predicted good ADME profiles and blood–brain permeation for all compounds, the DPPH assay showed moderate oxidant scavenger capacity. Following a cytotoxicity evaluation that proved the compounds to be non-neurotoxic at the concentrations tested, they were assayed for NRF2 induction capacity and for anti-inflammatory properties and measured by their ability to inhibit nitrite production in the lipopolysaccharide-stimulated BV2 microglial cell model. Moreover, the compounds were studied for their neuroprotective effect in a model of oxidative stress achieved by treatment of SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells with the rotenone–oligomycin combination and also in a model of hyperphosphorylation induced by treatment with okadaic acid. The stereocenter configuration showed a critical influence in NRF2 induction properties, and also in the neuroprotection against oxidative stress experiment, leading to the identification of the compound with S and R configuration as an interesting hit with a good neuroprotective profile against oxidative stress and hyperphosphorylation, together with a relevant anti-neuroinflammatory activity. This interesting multitarget profile will be further characterized in future work.

2022 ◽  
Chetna Dhembla ◽  
Usha Yadav ◽  
Suman Kundu ◽  
Monica Sundd

Lipoic acid is a sulfur containing cofactor, indispensable for the function of several metabolic enzymes. In microorganisms, lipoic acid can be salvaged from the surroundings by Lipoate protein ligase A (LplA), an ATP-dependent enzyme. Alternatively, it can be synthesized by the sequential action of Lipoate protein ligase B (LipB) and Lipoyl synthase (LipA). LipB uptakes octanoyl- chain from C8-acyl carrier protein (C8-ACP), a byproduct of the type II fatty acid synthesis pathway and transfers it to a conserved lysine of the lipoyl domain of a dehydrogenase. The molecular basis of substrate recognition by LipB is still not fully understood. Using E. coli LipB as a model enzyme, we show that an octanoyl-transferase mainly recognizes the 4-phosphopantetheine tethered acyl-chain of its donor substrate and weakly binds the apo-acyl carrier protein. LipB can accept octanoate- from its own ACP, noncognate ACPs, as well as C8-CoA. Further, our NMR studies demonstrate the presence of an adenine and phosphate binding site in LipB, akin to LplA. A loop containing 71RGG73 sequence, analogous to the lipoate binding loop of LplA is also conserved in LipB. Collectively, our studies highlight commonalities between LipB and LplA in their mechanism of substrate recognition. This knowledge might be of significance in the treatment of mitochondrial fatty acid synthesis related disorders.

BioMed ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 2 (1) ◽  
pp. 1-12
Dominika Mačáková ◽  
Markéta Plchová ◽  
Lubica Cibičková ◽  
Ondřej Krystyník ◽  
David Karásek ◽  

Introduction: One of the most common chronic complications of diabetes mellitus is diabetic neuropathy. The aim of the study was to elucidate the association between selected markers of oxidative stress and markers of vascular stiffness and to contribute to the understanding of the pathophysiological links between oxidative stress and micro- and macrovascular complications of diabetes. Methods: We enrolled patients with type 2 DM (n = 49), with moderate to severe diabetic polyneuropathy of lower extremities, and a control group without microvascular complications (n = 29). The neuropathy group received alpha-lipoic acid infusion therapy. Sampling was performed before and after treatment to determine the level of oxidative markers (advanced glycation end-products—AGEs, glycation products of AOPP proteins, MDA malondialdehyde and oxidized LDL), parameters of metabolic control and parameters of vascular wall stiffness were measured by sphygmomanometry. Results: After the administration of alpha-lipoic acid, we demonstrated a significant reduction in the level of three selected oxidation markers (AOPP: p < 0.001, AGE: p < 0.001, oxLDL: p < 0.05). In contrast, the level of MDA did not change significantly (p = 0.83). Throughout the group, oxLDL was significantly correlated with central BP (SBP and DBP in the aorta, p < 0.05 and <0.01) and with the augmentation index (AiX/75 bpm, p < 0.01). AOPP significantly correlated with systolic BP in the aorta (p < 0.05). We did not find significant associations in the remaining oxidation markers. Conclusion: In our study, we demonstrated a reduction in the level of oxidative markers after alpha-lipoic acid administration and also an association between markers of oxidative damage to lipids and proteins (oxLDL and AOPP) and some parameters of vascular stiffness.

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