rubber latex
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2022 ◽  
Hirooki Higami ◽  
Yoshifumi Kashima ◽  
Kensuke Yokoi ◽  
Shinnosuke Nomura ◽  
Hikaru Tateyama ◽  

Abstract PurposeRotational atherectomy (RA) and orbital atherectomy (OA) are effective procedures for severe calcified coronary artery disease. Nonetheless, vessel perforation remains an adverse complication of these procedures. This study aimed to evaluate factors affecting elastic material damage caused by RA and OA.MethodsAn in vitro assessment was conducted in which the damage to the rubber latex, an elastic material, after RA was evaluated under various conditions, including burr rotational speed (100,000–220,000 rotations per minute), approaching curve, burr size (1.25 mm, 1.75 mm, and 2.0 mm), and fluid viscosity (water and low-molecular weight dextran). Similarly, the rubber latex damage after OA was evaluated in the same experimental system under various conditions, including crown rotational speed, approaching curve, and fluid viscosity.ResultsIn RA, the rubber latex was damaged at lower rotational speeds (p = 0.003), tighter approaching curves (p < 0.0001), and lower fluid viscosity (p = 0.03). In OA, the rubber latex was generally severely damaged.ConclusionA higher rotational speed, coaxial approach for the wall, and higher viscosity contributed to lesser elastic material damage in RA. The safety mechanism for elastic material in OA proved less effective.

Benxiang Hu ◽  
Haipeng Cui ◽  
Shujuan Shi ◽  
Aichun Long ◽  
Yanfang Zhao ◽  

2022 ◽  
pp. 119121
Azin Adibi ◽  
David Valdesueiro ◽  
Jorge Mok ◽  
Natnael Behabtu ◽  
Christian Lenges ◽  

2021 ◽  
Vol 46 (4) ◽  
pp. 333-336
Keerthy Vijayan ◽  
R. Suganthasakthivel ◽  
T.V. Sajeev ◽  
Fred Naggs

The giant African snail Lissachatina fulica (Bowdich, 1822) is reported as a pest in rubber plantations adjoining forest fringes in the Western Ghats region of Kerala. The snail was causing damage to rubber (Hevea brasiliensis) and nutmeg (Myristica fragrans) trees, by feeding on rubber latex and nutmeg twigs and leaves. L. fulica infestation on M. fragrans is a new record. The snail infestation in rubber plantations is the first report from the Western Ghats region in Kerala.

2021 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
pp. 296
Bahruddin Ibrahim ◽  
Zuchra Helwani ◽  
Ivan Fadhillah ◽  
Arya Wiranata ◽  
Joni Miharyono

The direct use of natural rubber latex (NRL) as a binder for emulsion paints did not produce emulsion paints with good opacity, washability resistance, and regulated touch drying time, even when mixed with polyvinyl acetate (PVAc). This study aimed to study the properties of opacity (hiding power), washability resistance, and set drying touch time of emulsion paint with a binder added from a mixture of modified natural rubber latex (NRL) and PVAc. NRL modifications included UV photodepolymerization with TiO2 catalyst and grafting copolymerization of methyl methacrylate and styrene (NRL-g-(MMA-co-St)). NRL was mixed with PVAC at ratios of 0/100; 15/85; 25/75; 35/65; 50/50; 100/0% w/w before being used as a binder for emulsion paint. Emulsion paint samples had different binder contents, namely 2, 4, 6, and 8% w/w. Tests on paint samples included opacity using a UV-Vis spectrophotometer (EASYSPEC safas Monaco), washability using the Digital BGD 526 Wet Abrasion Scrub Tester, and drying time set using the ASTM STP500 procedure. The results showed that the opacity (hiding power), washability resistance, and set drying touch time met the emulsion paint standards for all binder levels, except the 100% w/w modified NRL composition. The higher level of NRL in the binder causes these properties to decrease and become unstable. The best opacity (hidden power), washing resistance, and drying touch time were obtained on modified NRL with a concentration of 15% w/w. The binder content in the paint was around 4% w/w, with an opacity of about 1.78% abs, washing resistance of 12 times, and the set drying touch time to 80 min.

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