Interfacial Adhesion
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2022 ◽  
Vol 218 ◽  
pp. 105294
Guoyang Liu ◽  
Junfang Xia ◽  
Kan Zheng ◽  
Jian Cheng ◽  
Kaixuan Wang ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 8 ◽  
You Song ◽  
Zhenbo Lan ◽  
Jiangang Deng ◽  
Zhuolin Xu ◽  
Yu Nie ◽  

The weak interfacial adhesion has significantly affected the durability, long-term reliability, and performance of glass fiber–reinforced epoxy composites. The coating of graphene and carbon nanotubes on the glass fiber can have a positive effect on the strength, toughness, and thermal insulation performance of glass fiber-reinforced composites. However, the strengthening mechanism of carbon nanomaterial coating on the interfacial adhesion between glass fiber and epoxy has not been fully explored. In this work, the effect of graphene and single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) on the interfacial properties of the glass fiber–reinforced epoxy has been investigated at atomistic scale. The graphene and SWCNTs are sandwiched between epoxy and silica to study the debonding behavior of the sandwiched structures. It is found that the interfacial energy is significantly improved with the incorporation of graphene and SWCNTs between epoxy and silica, causing an obvious improvement in adhesion stress for graphene coating and in debonding displacement for SWCNT coating. Compared with the epoxy/silica without coatings where the silica and epoxy detach from the contact surface, the sandwiched structures display different failure modes. The sandwiched structure with graphene coating fails at the epoxy matrix close to the interface, exhibiting a cohesive failure mode because of the relatively stronger interfacial interactions. The structures with SWCNTs fail at the interface between silica and SWCNTs, representing an adhesive failure mode due to the interlocking between SWCNTs and polymer chains. This work provides a theoretical guideline to optimize the interface adhesion of coated glass fiber–reinforced epoxy via structure design and surface modification of coating materials.

Chillu Naresh ◽  
Gandluri Parameswarreddy ◽  
Asapu Vinaya Kumar ◽  
Rengaswamy Jayaganthan ◽  
Venkatachalam Subramanian ◽  

Abstract In the present study, hybrid composites are prepared by reinforcing various concentrations of high permittivity zirconia nanofiller into epoxy/CNT compositions to test their usability in EMI shielding applications in the X and Ku bands. ZrO2 nanofiller is added in different proportions to improve absorbance shielding while maintaining the composite conductivity uniform by adding constant CNT concentration to restrict the reflectance shielding. The microscopic studies have revealed an efficient dispersion of ZrO2 nanoparticles in the CNT networks and provided a smoother surface. The presence of zirconia nanofillers increased the dielectric properties, viz. the dielectric constant (194 at 0.1 Hz) and loss tangent (1.57 at 0.1 Hz), respectively, whereas the conductivity was found to be invariantly constant. The increased permittivity of composites enhanced the shielding by absorption, while the shielding by reflection is least influenced by the addition of zirconia nanofiller. The addition of zirconia nanofillers increased the permittivity and tan delta, allowing charges to accumulate at the interfacial areas for incoming EM radiations, resulting in increased absorbance shielding. Limiting the CNT concentration in all composites to the same level resulted in the formation of conductive networks, thus resulting in uniform reflectance shielding for all the hybrid composites in the present study. The dynamic mechanical analysis showed the improvement in the storage modulus and activation energy due to the enhanced interfacial adhesion and cross-linked polymer density.

Polymers ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 14 (2) ◽  
pp. 239
Ruben Demets ◽  
Marie Grodent ◽  
Karen Van Van Kets ◽  
Steven De De Meester ◽  
Kim Ragaert

Current recycling technologies rarely achieve 100% pure plastic fractions from a single polymer type. Often, sorted bales marked as containing a single polymer type in fact contain small amounts of other polymers as contaminants. Inevitably, this will affect the properties of the recycled plastic. This work focuses on understanding the changes in tensile deformation mechanism and the related mechanical properties of the four dominant types of polyolefin (PO) (linear low-density polyethylene (LLDPE), low-density polyethylene (LDPE), high-density polyethylene (HDPE), and polypropylene (PP)), contaminated with three different non-polyolefin (NPO) polymers (polyamide-6 (PA-6), polyethylene terephthalate (PET), and polystyrene (PS)). Under the locally elevated stress state induced by the NPO phase, the weak interfacial adhesion typically provokes decohesion. The resulting microvoids, in turn, initiate shear yielding of the PO matrix. LLDPE, due to the linear structure and intercrystalline links, is well able to maintain high ductility when contaminated. LDPE shows deformation similar to the pure material, but with decreasing ductility as the amount of NPO increases. Addition of 20 wt% PA-6, PET, and PS causes a drop in strain at break of 79%, 63%, and 84%, respectively. The typical ductile necking of the high-crystalline HDPE and PP is strongly disturbed by the NPO phase, with a transition even to full brittle failure at high NPO concentration.

Friction ◽  
2022 ◽  
Xue Fan ◽  
Zelong Hu ◽  
Wenchao Huang

AbstractCarbon films with two different kinds of sp2 nanocrystallited structure were investigated to study the stick-slip friction with the in-situ and ex-situ tests. In-situ transmission electron microscope (TEM) observation and nanofriction tests revealed that the origins of stick and slip varied with shear stress and film deformation. At the stick stage, shear stress gradually increased with the contact strengthened until reached the shear strength to break the interfacial adhesion; at the slip stage, the shear stress decreased and accompanied with film deformation. During the sliding process, adhesive deformation resulted in the large stick-slip step while ploughing deformation led to a smoother step. Ex-situ nanofriction tests on a series of sp2 nanocrystallited carbon films with different irradiation energies showed the expected sliding behavior with the in-situ results. This study first clarified the mechanism of stick-slip friction with the in-situ TEM observation, which plays the important role for the micro and nano application of sp2 nanocrystallited carbon films.

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