Integration Policy
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Eli Auslender

AbstractThis paper will explore a model of best practice, the Leverkusen Model, as well as its impact on both the city and the refugees it serves by utilising key stakeholder interviews, civil servants, non-profits, and Syrian refugees living in Leverkusen. The core argument to be presented here is that the dynamic fluidity of the Leverkusen Model, where three bodies (government, Caritas, and the Refugee Council) collaborate to manage the governance responsibilities, allows for more expedited refugee integration into society. This paper utilises an analytical model of multi-level governance to demonstrate its functional processes and show why it can be considered a model of best practice. Started in 2002, the Leverkusen Model of refugee housing has not only saved the city thousands of euros per year in costs associated with refugee housing, but has aided in the cultivation of a very direct, fluid connection between government, civil society, and the refugees themselves. Leverkusen employs a different and novel governance structure of housing for refugees: with direct consultations with Caritas, the largest non-profit in Germany, as well as others, refugees who arrive in Leverkusen are allowed to search for private, decentralised housing from the moment they arrive, regardless of protection status granted by the German government. This paper fills a gap in the existing literature by addressing the adaptation of multi-level governance and collaborative governance in local refugee housing and integration management.

Chifundo Colleta Zimba ◽  
Christopher F. Akiba ◽  
Maureen Matewere ◽  
Annie Thom ◽  
Michael Udedi ◽  

Abstract Background Integration of depression services into infectious disease care is feasible, acceptable, and effective in sub-Saharan African settings. However, while the region shifts focus to include chronic diseases, additional information is required to integrate depression services into chronic disease settings. We assessed service providers’ views on the concept of integrating depression care into non-communicable diseases’ (NCD) clinics in Malawi. The aim of this analysis was to better understand barriers, facilitators, and solutions to integrating depression into NCD services. Methods Between June and August 2018, we conducted nineteen in-depth interviews with providers. Providers were recruited from 10 public hospitals located within the central region of Malawi (i.e., 2 per clinic, with the exception of one clinic where only one provider was interviewed because of scheduling challenges). Using a semi structured interview guide, we asked participants questions related to their understanding of depression and its management at their clinic. We used thematic analysis allowing for both inductive and deductive approach. Themes that emerged related to facilitators, barriers and suggested solutions to integrate depression assessment and care into NCD clinics. We used CFIR constructs to categorize the facilitators and barriers. Results Almost all providers knew what depression is and its associated signs and symptoms. Almost all facilities had an NCD-dedicated room and reported that integrating depression into NCD care was feasible. Facilitators of service integration included readiness to integrate services by the NCD providers, availability of antidepressants at the clinic. Barriers to service integration included limited knowledge and lack of training regarding depression care, inadequacy of both human and material resources, high workload experienced by the providers and lack of physical space for some depression services especially counseling. Suggested solutions were training of NCD staff on depression assessment and care, engaging hospital leaders to create an NCD and depression care integration policy, integrating depression information into existing documents, increasing staff, and reorganizing clinic flow. Conclusion Findings of this study suggest a need for innovative implementation science solutions such as reorganizing clinic flow to increase the quality and duration of the patient-provider interaction, as well as ongoing trainings and supervisions to increase clinical knowledge. Trial registration This study reports finding of part of the formative phase of “The Sub-Saharan Africa Regional Partnership (SHARP) for Mental Health Capacity Building—A Clinic-Randomized Trial of Strategies to Integrate Depression Care in Malawi” registered as NCT03711786

2021 ◽  
Vol 29 ◽  
pp. 69
Barbara Fouquet-Chauprade ◽  
Julia Napoli

The Swiss context presents a specific pattern being a confederal country relying on a subsidiarity principle. Thus, the cantons operate in a framework of a reduced power of central authority (Boulenger et al., 2012; Revaz, 2020) and are autonomous regarding education policies at local level (Akkari, 2019). However, since the adoption of a new law in 2005, the Federal Council, cantons, municipalities and cities officially collaborate on migration policy (Chifelle, 2018; Facchinetti, 2012). In this particular context, the confederation developed migration policies giving guidance to cantonal governments. Our research aimed at analyzing a confederal policy guidance on migrants’ education and its interpretation in the canton of Geneva. In particular, we examined the ”decoupling” between general guidance from the Confederation and the implementation at local level. For this purpose, we studied the implementation of a cantonal program named L’école des mamans (mothers’ school) dedicated to prepare migrants’ families for their children enrolment in primary school. Our main results show that there is a distortion between policy objectives and the implementation phase.  We also observe a model of resistance to change with no modification of actors’ practices towards migrants’ parents despite the new integration policy guidance.

2021 ◽  
Vol 9 (1) ◽  
Jenny Phillimore ◽  
Linda Morrice ◽  
Kunihiko Kabe ◽  
Naoko Hashimoto ◽  
Sara Hassan ◽  

AbstractThere is an urgent need to expand the scale and scope of refugee resettlement schemes, and yet country approaches to resettlement vary markedly and there is little cross-country learning from approaches and refugee experiences. In Japan, resettlement focuses on economic self-sufficiency through employment; whereas the UK, through Community Sponsorship volunteers, on providing social connections to facilitate integration. This paper explores the strengths and short-comings of each approach and examines the ways in which refugee resettlement programmes prioritising different integration domains might influence refugee experiences of integration more widely. Drawing on principles and domains set out in the Indicators of Integration Framework (Ndofor-Tah, C. Strang, A. Phillimore, J. Morrice, L., Michael, L., Wood, P., Simmons, J. (2019) Home Office Indicators of Integration framework 2019), insight is provided into the multi-dimensionality of integration and new understandings about the nature of social connections are offered. The findings highlight the context specific nature of integration policy and practice and underline the importance of a holistic approach. We conclude that resettlement initiatives might incorporate both employers and local communities working in collaboration to support newly arrived refugees but with some state involvement.

2021 ◽  
pp. 147490412110094
Anki Bengtsson ◽  
Larissa Mickwitz

This article investigates the professional integration of a group of newly arrived teachers, mainly from Syria, who participated in the labour market Fast-track programme in Sweden, which aims at facilitating quicker pathways to teaching positions. Drawing on the institutional perspective, our analysis focuses on formal and informal institutional conditions that hinder or enable newly arrived teachers in their striving for legitimacy as professional teachers. Analysis of focus group interviews and observations show that despite their professional experiences there are limits to their prior professional skills and competences being recognized within the Swedish school. The main institutional challenges identified were acquiring Swedish, understanding and managing the pupil-centred curriculum and its associated communication skills and taking on the facilitator teacher role. Handling and negotiating these challenges are important for gaining recognition as professional teachers, which, it seems, influences their opportunities for employment. To afford them opportunities for professional socialization, it is important to enable them to become acquainted with, handle and negotiate institutional conditions within a new school culture. In contrast to the quick-fix view of European integration policy, our study shows that the professional integration process takes time and includes a socialization process.

2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (1) ◽  
pp. 67-76
Pekka Kettunen

Local governments have become more important in the integration of immigrants, constituting a local turn in integration policy. However, the empirical evidence is still limited and variation between countries is presumably high. The present paper analyses the role played by Finnish local governments in the integration process, with municipal governments being highly autonomous from a general European perspective. The paper delineates the basic features of local integration policy, i.e. who does what, and thereafter it assesses the integration plans of local governments and how they justify the current policy. A closer look at Finnish integration policy, however, suggests that state administration actually has a strong role and that most resources are being directed to integration courses administered by the labour administration of the state. What remains for the local governments is to foresee that their services are suitable for immigrants, too. There is an asymmetry between local governments, though, as immigrants mostly live in larger cities, and half of them in the capital city area. While local governments are obliged to assess their integration policies, such assessments mostly deal with outputs and the feedback of service users. In sum, only a weak local turn seems to be emerging in Finland.

2021 ◽  
Vol 2 (390) ◽  
pp. 229-234
G. D. Bayandina ◽  
M.A. Altybasarova ◽  
R.B. Sartova ◽  
G.S. Dusembekova ◽  
B.B. Salimzhanova ◽  

The economic growth of the Republic of Kazakhstan causes an increasing need for the migrants, and the key task of the government of the Republic of Kazakhstan is to develop the measures to integrate migration resources into the national economy. The purpose of this article is to develop the priority measures, to create the conditions for the successful integration of labor migrants in the Republic of Kazakhstan. A review of the migration situation and analysis of the regional migration dynamics in the Republic of Kazakhstan showed that stable economic development and the emergence of opportunities for small business allowed Kazakhstan to become the regional center of attraction for migrant workers. At the moment, the regulatory framework, regulating internal and external migration in terms of conditions and procedures for foreign citizens’ stay in the territory of the Republic of Kazakhstan is mostly formed. The main flow of the migrant workers is made up of the citizens of Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan, most of them work illegally and do not have social rights. Despite the measures, taken by the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan to adapt and integrate labor migrants, the problems of their aware-ness, regarding employment, social protection, pension provision, and limited access to health services are quite acute. Taking into account the identified problems, measures of the state integration policy should include: informa-tion support for potential migrants in the framework of pre-departure events; creating conditions for improving the language competence of migrants and ensuring the portability of social rights of migrants, in particular, ensuring the mobility of the pensions within the framework of the integration Association of the EAEU.

2021 ◽  
Vol 10 (38) ◽  
pp. 158-167
Denys Manko ◽  
Liydmyla Panova ◽  
Hanna Holovach ◽  
Viktoriia Kobko-Odarii ◽  
Liliya Radchenko

The study aims to establish the role of "soft law" as a tool of legal technology, its importance for the formation of the legal system within the regulation of various types of legal relations. The current pace of development of society requires a rapid response from the authorities to certain situations. Sometimes the settlement of certain legal relations by customary law is insufficient, as the range of such legal relations cannot be covered by national or international acts. In this case, it is advisable to follow the prescriptions of "soft law", which contain general ideas and principles that determine the main vectors of the settlement of legal relations. Besides, "soft law" serves the purpose of harmonization of the legal framework of different states, which results in the creation of related mechanisms of interaction. In the context of the desire for global cohesion, in particular, European integration, the definition of the impact and role of "soft law" on rule-making processes becomes especially important. The result of this work is to identify the importance of acts of "soft law" for the settlement of various legal relations at both national and international levels; the role of such acts in the implemented European integration policy; features of legal technologies within the application of "soft law" acts.

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