Supervised Machine Learning
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2022 ◽  
Vol 127 ◽  
pp. 108548
Edward J. Camp ◽  
Robert J. Quon ◽  
Martha Sajatovic ◽  
Farren Briggs ◽  
Brittany Brownrigg ◽  

Renáta Németh ◽  
Fanni Máté ◽  
Eszter Katona ◽  
Márton Rakovics ◽  
Domonkos Sik

AbstractSupervised machine learning on textual data has successful industrial/business applications, but it is an open question whether it can be utilized in social knowledge building outside the scope of hermeneutically more trivial cases. Combining sociology and data science raises several methodological and epistemological questions. In our study the discursive framing of depression is explored in online health communities. Three discursive frameworks are introduced: the bio-medical, psychological, and social framings of depression. ~80 000 posts were collected, and a sample of them was manually classified. Conventional bag-of-words models, Gradient Boosting Machine, word-embedding-based models and a state-of-the-art Transformer-based model with transfer learning, called DistilBERT were applied to expand this classification on the whole database. According to our experience ‘discursive framing’ proves to be a complex and hermeneutically difficult concept, which affects the degree of both inter-annotator agreement and predictive performance. Our finding confirms that the level of inter-annotator disagreement provides a good estimate for the objective difficulty of the classification. By identifying the most important terms, we also interpreted the classification algorithms, which is of great importance in social sciences. We are convinced that machine learning techniques can extend the horizon of qualitative text analysis. Our paper supports a smooth fit of the new techniques into the traditional toolbox of social sciences.

Sensors ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 22 (1) ◽  
pp. 395
Takunori Shimazaki ◽  
Daisuke Anzai ◽  
Kenta Watanabe ◽  
Atsushi Nakajima ◽  
Mitsuhiro Fukuda ◽  

Recently, wet-bulb globe temperature (WBGT) has attracted a lot of attention as a useful index for measuring heat strokes even when core body temperature cannot be available for the prevention. However, because the WBGT is only valid in the vicinity of the WBGT meter, the actual ambient heat could be different even in the same room owing to ventilation, clothes, and body size, especially in hot specific occupational environments. To realize reliable heat stroke prevention in hot working places, we proposed a new personalized vital sign index, which is combined with several types of vital data, including the personalized heat strain temperature (pHST) index based on the temperature/humidity measurement to adjust the WBGT at the individual level. In this study, a wearable device was equipped with the proposed pHST meter, a heart rate monitor, and an accelerometer. Additionally, supervised machine learning based on the proposed personalized vital index was introduced to improve the prevention accuracy. Our developed system with the proposed vital sign index achieved a prevention accuracy of 85.2% in a hot occupational experiment in the summer season, where the true positive rate and true negative rate were 96.3% and 83.7%, respectively.

2022 ◽  
pp. joi.2022.1.220
Edward N. W. Aw ◽  
Joshua Jiang ◽  
John Q. Jiang

2022 ◽  
Vol 2161 (1) ◽  
pp. 012023
Mukta Nivelkar ◽  
S. G. Bhirud

Abstract Mechanism of quantum computing helps to propose several task of machine learning in quantum technology. Quantum computing is enriched with quantum mechanics such as superposition and entanglement for making new standard of computation which will be far different than classical computer. Qubit is sole of quantum technology and help to use quantum mechanism for several tasks. Tasks which are non-computable by classical machine can be solved by quantum technology and these tasks are classically hard to compute and categorised as complex computations. Machine learning on classical models is very well set but it has more computational requirements based on complex and high-volume data processing. Supervised machine learning modelling using quantum computing deals with feature selection, parameter encoding and parameterized circuit formation. This paper highlights on integration of quantum computation and machine learning which will make sense on quantum machine learning modeling. Modelling of quantum parameterized circuit, Quantum feature set design and implementation for sample data is discussed. Supervised machine learning using quantum mechanism such as superposition and entanglement are articulated. Quantum machine learning helps to enhance the various classical machine learning methods for better analysis and prediction using complex measurement.

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