Journal of Oncology
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Published By Hindawi Limited

1687-8469, 1687-8450
Updated Monday, 29 November 2021

2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 1-8
Author(s):  
Yonghoon Lee ◽  
Michael P. Guertin ◽  
Spencer Summers ◽  
Sheila A. Conway ◽  
Mothasem Al Maaieh ◽  
...  

Background. Myxofibrosarcoma (MFS) is notorious for its infiltrative growth pattern, making wide excisions difficult to achieve. Our objective was to assess the impact of surgical margins and other factors that affected rates of local recurrence (LR), distant metastasis (DM), and overall survival (OS) of individuals undergoing resection for MFS. Methods. We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 209 patients with appendicular soft tissue sarcomas between January 2012 and June 2018. Of these, 29 patients (14%) were diagnosed with myxofibrosarcoma. These patients underwent a total of 33 resections. The pathological analyses were conducted by an experienced musculoskeletal (MSK) pathologist. Demographics data, operative details, adjuvant therapy, and oncological outcomes were assessed. Results. Of the 29 patients (33 resections), the overall LR rate was 24% (7/29) and the 2-year LR rate was 17% (5/29). Factors associated with negative oncological outcomes were as follows: tumor size ≤10 cm (2-year local recurrence-free rates (LRFRs), 65%; 95% CI, 44–86%; p = 0.02 ) and positive surgical margins grouped with surgical margins ≤0.1 cm (hazard ratio (HR), 11.74; 95% CI, 1.41–97.74; p = 0.02 ). Chemotherapy and radiotherapy together increased the 2-year LRFR (LRFR, 100%; 95% CI, 100%, p = 0.001 ). Two-year DM and OS rates were 15% and 79%, respectively. Female gender was a predictor of distant metastasis. Local recurrence had a negative impact on overall survival. Intraoperative analysis of resection margin accuracy was 75% (12/16) when non-MSK pathologists were involved but 100% accurate (12/12) when analyzed by an MSK pathologist. Conclusion. Myxofibrosarcomas showed high LR rates after treatment. Close margins (≤0.1 cm) should be considered as a risk factor for LR, and LR is associated with negative overall survival. Neoadjuvant therapy in terms of combined chemotherapy and radiation therapy associates with decreased LR rates. If intraoperative assessment of margins is to be done, it should be performed by an experienced MSK pathologist.


2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 1-14
Author(s):  
Gaoyang Chen ◽  
Zhisheng Zhang ◽  
Yan Li ◽  
Lu Wang ◽  
Yanqing Liu

Objectives. Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common malignant tumors. LncRNA PTPRG-AS1 (PTPRG-AS1) has been confirmed to function as a regulator in various cancers, whose function during HCC tumorigenesis is still not clear now. Thus, we aim to dig out the biological function and its mechanisms of PTPRG-AS1 in HCC. Methods. PTPRG-AS1 relative expression in tissues and cells was detected and analyzed using real-time quantitative PCR (qRT-PCR). Subcellular distribution of PTPRG-AS1 was examined by FISH experiments. The effects of PTPRG-AS1 in the growth of HCC were studied by in vitro CCK-8 experiments, transwell invasion experiments, and in vivo xenograft tumor experiments. Dual-Luciferase reporter assay was performed to verify the interaction between PTPRG-AS1 and miR-199a-3p or miR-199a-3p and its target gene, YWHAG. Results. PTPRG-AS1 was upregulated in HCC tissues compared with adjacent normal tissues. We identified PTPRG-AS1 mainly localized in the cytoplasm of HCC cells. Downregulation of PTPRG-AS1 suppressed HCC progression, while overexpression of PTPRG-AS1 showed the opposite effects. Furthermore, PTPRG-AS1 served as a miR-199a-3p sponge and positively regulated YWHAG expression. Besides, PTPRG-AS1 could promote HCC through miR-199a-3p/YWHAG axis. Conclusions. Taken together, we demonstrated PTPRG-AS1 may serve as a ceRNA and reversely regulates the expression of miR-199a-3p, thus facilitating HCC tumorigenesis and metastasis, which is expected to provide new clues for the treatment of HCC.


2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 1-11
Author(s):  
Dongjie Ma ◽  
Yingzhi Qin ◽  
Shanqing Li ◽  
Li Li ◽  
Jia He ◽  
...  

Objective. To investigate the effects of circDENND4C on the malignant biological behavior of lung cancer and its downstream target genes and molecular mechanisms. Methods. The expression of circDENND4C in lung cancer tissues and cells was detected. After transfection with silenced circDENND4C, the expression levels of circDENND4C, miR-141-3p, and BRD4 in lung cancer cells were detected by qRT-PCR. The targeting relationship between circDENND4C and miR-141-3p as well as miR-141-3p and BRD4 was verified. Cell activity was detected by CCK-8 and EdU assay. Transwell assay was used to detect the invasiveness of A549 and NCI-H1299 in each group. Effects of circDENND4C on proliferation and metastasis of lung cancer in nude mice were studied. Results. In vitro and in vivo results showed that circDENND4C silencing reduced the proliferation, invasion, and metastasis of lung cancer cells. Mechanism studies showed that circDENND4C has a targeting relationship with miR-141-3p. However, miR-141-3p has a targeting relationship with BRD4. circDENND4C indirectly upregulated BRD4 through sponge adsorption of miR-141-3p, thereby promoting metastasis and proliferation of NSCLC. Conclusion. circDENND4C, as an oncogene, promotes the proliferation, invasion, and metastasis of lung cancer cells.


2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 1-18
Author(s):  
Jiani Guo ◽  
Xuesong Yi ◽  
Zhuqing Ji ◽  
Mengchu Yao ◽  
Yu Yang ◽  
...  

Background. Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) remains the most incurable subtype of breast cancer owing to high heterogeneity, aggressive nature, and lack of treatment options. It is generally acknowledged that epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is the key step in tumor metastasis. Methods. With the application of TCGA and GEO databases, we identified EMT-related lncRNAs by the Cox univariate regression analysis. Optimum risk scores were calculated and used to divide TNBC patients into high-/low-risk subgroups by the median value using the Lasso regression analysis. The Kaplan–Meier and ROC curve analyses were applied for model validation. Then, we assessed the risk model from multi-omic aspects including immune infiltration, drug sensitivity, mutability spectrum, signaling pathways, and clinical indicators. We also analyzed the expression pattern of lncRNAs involved in the model using qRT-PCR in TNBC cell lines and constructed the ceRNA network. Results. The risk model was composed of EMT-related long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs), which seemed to be valuable in the prognostic prediction of TNBC patients. The model could act as an independent prognostic factor of TNBC and showed a robust prognostic ability in the stratification analysis. Further investigation demonstrated that the expression of lncRNAs was different between high aggressive and low aggressive TNBC cell lines, as well as TNBC patients. Conclusions. Together, our study successfully established a risk model with great accuracy and efficacy in the prognostic prediction of TNBC patients.


2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 1-10
Author(s):  
Zhi Li ◽  
Jin Wang ◽  
Hui-bing Chen ◽  
Xiao-Mei Guo ◽  
Xiao-Ping Chen ◽  
...  

Background. MicroRNA-423 (miR-423) rs6505162 polymorphism is found to be associated with breast cancer (BC) risk. However, the results were inconsistent. This study meta-analyzed the literature on possible association between rs6505162 polymorphism and BC risk. Methods. PubMed, Embase, Google Scholar, and the Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) databases were systematically searched to identify relevant studies. Meta-analyses were performed to examine the association between rs6505162 polymorphism and BC. Results. None of the five genetic models suggested a significant association between rs6505162 polymorphism and BC risk: allelic model, OR 1.02, 95% CI 0.18–1.28, P = 0.85 ; recessive model, OR 0.99, 95% CI 0.72–1.38, P = 0.97 ; dominant model, OR 0.93, 95% CI 0.72–1.21, P = 0.60 ; homozygous model, OR 1.04, 95% CI 0.66–1.65, P = 0.87 ; and heterozygous model, OR 1.07, 95% CI 0.90–1.28, P = 0.45 . Similar results were obtained in subgroup analyses of Asian, Chinese, and Caucasian patients. Conclusion. The available evidence suggests no significant association between rs6505162 polymorphism and BC risk. These conclusions should be verified in large, well-designed studies.


2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 1-12
Author(s):  
Xiean Ling ◽  
Jun Wan ◽  
Bin Peng ◽  
Jing Chen

Objective. This study aims to investigate the effect of heat shock protein-70 (Hsp70) on epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of lung cancer cells under heat stimulation and to explore its possible molecular mechanism. Methods. qRT-PCR and immunohistochemistry assay were used to detect the expression of Hsp70 in lung cancer tissues and adjacent tissues. EdU assay was used to detect the cell activity. The effect of Hsp70 on the migration and invasion of A549 and NCI-H446 cells was detected by the wound-healing assay and Transwell assay. A tumor transplantation animal model was established to detect the effect of overexpression of Hsp70 on proliferation and metastasis of lung cancer cells. Western blot assay was used to detect the effect of thermal stimulation and overexpression of Hsp70 on SUMO modification of HIF-1α. Results. The wound-healing rate of A549 and NCI-H446 cells under Hsp70 stimulation was significantly higher than blank control group. At the same time, the number of cells passing through the membrane increased significantly. Hypodermic tumor transplantation in nude mice proved that knockout Hsp70 can inhibit proliferation and metastasis of lung cancer cells. Thermal stimulation upregulated the expression of Hsp70 and promoted SUMO modification of HIF-1α, ultimately promoting the proliferation and metastasis of lung cancer. Inhibition of Hsp70 reverses the effect of thermal stimulation on lung cancer by reducing the SUMO modification of HIF-1α. Conclusion. Thermal stimulation can promote EMT in A549 and NCI-H446 cells and promote cell migration and invasion in vitro and in vivo by upregulation of Hsp70. This process is associated with the promotion of SUMO modification of HIF-1α.


2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 1-10
Author(s):  
Jia Chen ◽  
Cheng-Bo Yuan ◽  
Bo Yang ◽  
Xuan Zhou

Background. Baicalin is a naturally occurring compound with anticancer, antioxidant, and anti-inflammatory properties. However, the mechanism underlying its anticancer activity on nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC) remains unclear. Methods. The effects of baicalin on the progression and metastasis of experimental NSCLC cell lines were studied in vitro and in vivo. Wound-healing and transwell assays were performed to evaluate the potency of baicalin and the motility and migration ability of NCI-H460 cells. Immunofluorescence assay, western blot assay, and immunohistochemistry test were conducted to investigate the inhibiting effect of baicalin on the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of NSCLC. Results. Baicalin inhibited the proliferation and migration of NCI-H446 human NSCLC cells in a dose-dependent manner, reduced the expression levels of phospho-3-phosphoinositide-dependent protein kinase 1 (p-PDK1) and phosphor-serine/threonine-protein kinase (p-AKT), reversed the levels of EMT markers, and inhibited the migration of NSCLC cells. Conclusions. Baicalin impedes EMT by inhibiting the PDK1/AKT pathway in human NSCLC and thus may be an effective alternative treatment for carcinoma and a new candidate antimetastasis drug.


2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 1-12
Author(s):  
Nana Shi ◽  
Yingwan Luo ◽  
Ying Xu ◽  
Junyu Liang ◽  
An Ma ◽  
...  

B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia is the most common malignant tumor in children. About 10–15% of patients will relapse with a 5-year OS of 57.5% for the past 20 years. As tumor microenvironment plays an important role in the disease process, many types of immunotherapy are approached. New immunotherapies including CAR-T cells have been developed for refractory B-ALL treatment. However, CAR-T treatment faces several problems, including loss of the target antigen and in vivo T-cell persistence. Here, we analyzed the tumor microenvironment of pediatric B-ALL patients in TARGET database. Using Cox analysis and PPI network, we finally sorted out the DAP10 gene. We found that DAP10 was hardly expressed in leukemic B cells. DAP10 was downregulated in B-ALL compared with normal individuals, and low expression level of DAP10 predicted poor survival. Furthermore, we found the tumor microenvironment was different in DAP10 high and low expression children. The CD8+ T cells might be hard to activate and more likely to suffer from exhaustion in DAP10 lowly expressed children. In conclusion, our results showed that DAP10 was a well biomarker to indicate the prognosis and tumor microenvironment in pediatric B-ALL. The treatment strategy of immunotherapy for the leukemic children with DAP10 lowly expressed should be adjusted if needed.


2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 1-17
Author(s):  
Hua Chang ◽  
Yuyan Zhu ◽  
Jiahui Zheng ◽  
Lian Chen ◽  
Jiaxing Lin ◽  
...  

Background. High-grade serous ovarian cancer (HGSOC) carries the highest mortality in the gynecological cancers; however, therapeutic outcomes have not significantly improved in recent decades. Macrophages play an essential role in the occurrence and development of ovarian cancer, so the mechanisms of macrophage infiltration should be elucidated. Method. We downloaded transcriptome data of ovarian cancers from the Gene Expression Omnibus and The Cancer Genome Atlas. After rigorous screening, 1566 HGSOC were used for data analysis. CIBERSORT was used to estimate the level of macrophage infiltration and WGCNA was used to identify macrophage-related modules. We constructed a macrophage-related prognostic model using machine learning LASSO algorithm and verified it using multiple HGSOC cohorts. Results. In the GPL570-OV cohort, high infiltration level of M1 macrophages was associated with a good outcome, while high infiltration level of M2 macrophages was associated with poor outcomes. We used WGCNA to select genes correlated with macrophage infiltration. These genes were used to construct protein-protein interaction maps of macrophage infiltration. IFL44L, RSAD2, IFIT3, MX1, IFIH1, IFI44, and ISG15 were the hub genes in the network. We then constructed a macrophage-related prognostic model composed of CD38, ACE2, BATF2, HLA-DOB, and WARS. The model had the ability to predict the overall survival rate of HGSOC patients in GPL570-OV, GPL6480-OV, TCGA-OV, GSE50088, and GSE26712. In exploring the immune microenvironment, we found that CD4 memory T cells and activated mast cells showed that the degree of infiltration was higher in the high-risk group, while M1 macrophages were the opposite, and HLA molecules were overexpressed in the high-risk group. Conclusion. We constructed a macrophage infiltration-related protein interaction network that provides a basis for studying macrophages in HGSOC. Our macrophage-related prognostic model is robust and widely applicable. It predicts overall survival in HGSOC patients and may improve HGSOC treatment.


2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 1-11
Author(s):  
Boheng Liu ◽  
Mingbo Wang ◽  
Jiawei Dong ◽  
Hao Wang ◽  
Ziqiang Tian

The study focused on the risk factors of postoperative arrhythmia and lung infection and the preventive effects of targeted low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) on the occurrence of deep venous thrombosis (DVT) in patients with esophageal/cardia cancer. In this article, 82 patients who were pathologically diagnosed with esophageal/cardia cancer and underwent surgical treatment were selected as the research subjects. According to the different preoperative treatment methods, the patients were divided into the control group (without anticoagulant drugs before the operation, 44 cases) and the anticoagulation group (anticoagulant drugs were administered before the operation, 38 cases), and they were compared for basic clinical indicators and disease history. Logistic regression analysis was performed to analyze the risk factors of adverse events, and the Wells and Autar scale scores were calculated. Different groups were compared for the operation time, blood loss, and postoperative drainage volume during the operation. D-dimer was detected on the first 1, 3, 5, and 7 days after the operation, and the lower extremity venous color Doppler ultrasound was performed on the 1st and 7th days after the operation. The results showed that age ≥65 years, abnormal preoperative ECG, preoperative coronary heart disease (CHD), preoperative chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), operative time ≥4 h, and preoperative blood sodium <4.04.0 mmol/L were all risk factors for postoperative arrhythmia. Age, preoperative diabetes mellitus, preoperative COPD, length of hospital stay, and FEV1 were all risk factors for postoperative lung infections. In the control group and anticoagulation group, 11 cases (13.41%) and 5 cases (16.10%) had lower extremity DVT, respectively. The incidence of lower extremity DVT was lower in the anticoagulation group than in the control group P < 0.01 . It suggested that age, preoperative disease history, hospital stay, and operation time were risk factors for postoperative adverse events in patients with esophageal/cardia cancer. The targeted anticoagulant LMWH has a significant preventive effect on the occurrence of lower extremity DVT in patients with esophageal/cardia cancer, providing an effective reference for the prognosis and prevention of esophageal/cardia cancer.


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