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2022 ◽  
Vol 8 ◽  
Zhan Chen ◽  
Yan Lv ◽  
Lu He ◽  
Shunli Wu ◽  
Zhuang Wu

Background: Clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) is the most frequent and lethal type of kidney cancer. Although differential expression of cyclin-dependent kinase-like 2 (CDKL2) has been reported to be associated with tumor progression in other cancers, its prognostic value, and potential mechanism in patients with ccRCC still remain unknown.Methods: Gene expression analysis was conducted using The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA), Gene Expression Omnibus, and International Cancer Genome Consortium databases. Further, clinicopathologic analysis; Kaplan–Meier survival analysis; weighted gene co-expression network analysis; gene set enrichment analysis; gene ontology enrichment; methylation; and immune infiltration analyses were performed using TCGA-kidney renal clear cell carcinoma profiles. CDKL2 translational levels were analyzed using The Human Protein Atlas database.Results:CDKL2 expression was decreased in ccRCC samples retrieved from the four databases. Gender, survival status, histologic grade, clinical stage, TNM classification, and tumor status were closely related to CDKL2 expression. In addition, CDKL2 downregulation was an independent prognostic factor for poor prognosis in multivariate analysis. Enrichment analyses using multiple tests revealed that CDKL2 is not just closely related to immune response but this association is highly correlated as well. Further, we found that CDKL2 expression was significantly correlated with the infiltration levels of T cell CD4 memory resting; monocytes; macrophages M0, M1, and M2; dendritic cells resting; mast cells resting; plasma cells; T cell CD8; and T cell regulatory.Conclusion: This is the first report to study the expression of CDKL2 in ccRCC, wherein we suggest that decreased CDKL2 expression is closely correlated with poor prognosis in ccRCC. We consider that CDKL2 is a novel and potential prognostic biomarker associated with immune infiltrates in ccRCC.

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Wen Wang ◽  
Hao Bo ◽  
Yumei Liang ◽  
Guoli Li

Lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) is the most common histological lung cancer, and it is the leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been implicated in tumorigenesis. LINC00467 is a novel lncRNA that is abnormally expressed in several cancer types including LUAD. However, its function and regulatory mechanism in LUAD progression remain unclear. In this study, based on The Cancer Genome Atlas data mining, we demonstrated that DNA copy number amplification and hypomethylation was positively correlated with LINC00467 expression in LUAD. In addition, DNA copy number amplification was significantly associated with distant metastasis, immune infiltration and poor survival. Microarray analysis demonstrated that LINC00467 knockdown in the LUAD A549 cell line led to a distinct microRNA expression profile that impacted various target genes involved in multiple biological processes. This finding suggests that LINC00467 may regulate LUAD progression by functioning as a competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA). Finally, we constructed a ceRNA network that included two microRNAs (hsa-miR-1225-5p, hsa-miR-575) and five mRNAs (BARX2, BCL9, KCNK1, KIAA1324, TMEM182) specific to LINC00467 in LUAD. Subsequent Kaplan-Meier survival analysis in both The Cancer Genome Atlas and Gene Expression Omnibus databases revealed that two genes, BARX2 and BCL9, were potential prognostic biomarkers for LUAD patients. In conclusion, our data provide possible mechanisms underlying the abnormal upregulation of LINC00467 as well as a comprehensive view of the LINC00467-mediated ceRNA network in LUAD, thereby highlighting its potential role in diagnosis and therapy.

2022 ◽  
Vol 2022 ◽  
pp. 1-20
Ji Chen ◽  
Qiqi Tao ◽  
Zhichao Lang ◽  
Yuxiang Gao ◽  
Yan Jin ◽  

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common malignancies worldwide. However, there is a lack of adequate means of treatment prognostication for HCC. Pyroptosis is a newly discovered way of programmed cell death. However, the prognostic role of pyroptosis in HCC has not been thoroughly investigated. Here, we generated a novel prognostic signature to evaluate the prognostic value of pyroptosis-related genes (PRGs) using the data from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database. The accuracy of the signature was validated using survival analysis through the International Cancer Genome Consortium cohort ( n = 231 ) and the First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University cohort ( n = 180 ). Compared with other clinical factors, the risk score of the signature was found to be associated with better patient outcomes. The enrichment analysis identified multiple pathways related with pyroptosis in HCC. Furthermore, drug sensitivity testing identified six potential chemotherapeutic agents to provide possible treatment avenues. Interestingly, patients with low risk were confirmed to be associated with lower tumor mutation burden (TMB). However, patients at high risk were found to have a higher count of immune cells. Consensus clustering was performed to identify two main molecular subtypes (named clusters A and B) based on the signature. It was found that compared with cluster B, better survival outcomes and lower TMB were observed in cluster A. In conclusion, signature construction and molecular subtype identification of PRGs could be used to predict the prognosis of HCC, which may provide a specific reference for the development of novel biomarkers for HCC treatment.

2022 ◽  
Vol 13 (1) ◽  
John K. L. Wong ◽  
Christian Aichmüller ◽  
Markus Schulze ◽  
Mario Hlevnjak ◽  
Shaymaa Elgaafary ◽  

AbstractCancer driving mutations are difficult to identify especially in the non-coding part of the genome. Here, we present sigDriver, an algorithm dedicated to call driver mutations. Using 3813 whole-genome sequenced tumors from International Cancer Genome Consortium, The Cancer Genome Atlas Program, and a childhood pan-cancer cohort, we employ mutational signatures based on single-base substitution in the context of tri- and penta-nucleotide motifs for hotspot discovery. Knowledge-based annotations on mutational hotspots reveal enrichment in coding regions and regulatory elements for 6 mutational signatures, including APOBEC and somatic hypermutation signatures. APOBEC activity is associated with 32 hotspots of which 11 are known and 11 are putative regulatory drivers. Somatic single nucleotide variants clusters detected at hypermutation-associated hotspots are distinct from translocation or gene amplifications. Patients carrying APOBEC induced PIK3CA driver mutations show lower occurrence of signature SBS39. In summary, sigDriver uncovers mutational processes associated with known and putative tumor drivers and hotspots particularly in the non-coding regions of the genome.

2022 ◽  
Vol 8 ◽  
Tinghao Li ◽  
Hang Tong ◽  
Junlong Zhu ◽  
Zijia Qin ◽  
Siwen Yin ◽  

The clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) is not only a malignant disease but also an energy metabolic disease, we aimed to identify a novel prognostic model based on glycolysis-related long non-coding RNA (lncRNAs) and explore its mechanisms. With the use of Pearson correlation analysis between the glycolysis-related differentially expressed genes and lncRNAs from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) dataset, we identified three glycolysis-related lncRNAs and successfully constructed a prognostic model based on their expression. The diagnostic efficacy and the clinically predictive capacity of the signature were evaluated by univariate and multivariate Cox analyses, Kaplan–Meier survival analysis, and principal component analysis (PCA). The glycolysis-related lncRNA signature was constructed based on the expressions of AC009084.1, AC156455.1, and LINC00342. Patients were grouped into high- or low-risk groups according to risk score demonstrated significant differences in overall survival (OS) period, which were validated by patients with ccRCC from the International Cancer Genome Consortium (ICGC) database. Univariate Cox analyses, multivariate Cox analyses, and constructed nomogram-confirmed risk score based on our signature were independent prognosis predictors. The CIBERSORT algorithms demonstrated significant correlations between three-glycolysis-related lncRNAs and the tumor microenvironment (TME) components. Functional enrichment analysis demonstrated potential pathways and processes correlated with the risk model. Clinical samples validated expression levels of three-glycolysis-related lncRNAs, and LINC00342 demonstrated the most significant aberrant expression. in vitro, the general overexpression of LINC00342 was detected in ccRCC cells. After silencing LINC00342, the aberrant glycolytic levels and migration abilities in 786-O cells were decreased significantly, which might be explained by suppressed Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway and reversed Epithelial mesenchymal transformation (EMT) process. Collectively, our research identified a novel three-glycolysis-related lncRNA signature as a promising model for generating accurate prognoses for patients with ccRCC, and silencing lncRNA LINC00342 from the signature could partly inhibit the glycolysis level and migration of ccRCC cells.

2022 ◽  
Vol 2022 ◽  
pp. 1-17
Zhihong Chen ◽  
Yiping Zou ◽  
Yuanpeng Zhang ◽  
Zhenrong Chen ◽  
Fan Wu ◽  

Background. Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), an aggressive malignant tumor, has a high incidence and unfavorable prognosis. Recently, the synergistic effect of pyroptosis in antitumor therapy and regulation of tumor immune microenvironment has made it possible to become a novel therapeutic method, but its potential mechanism still needs further exploration. Methods. Differentially expressed genes with prognostic value in Liver Hepatocellular Carcinoma Project of The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA-LIHC) cohort were screened and incorporated into the risk signature by Cox proportional hazards regression model and least absolute shrinkage and selection operator. Kaplan-Meier (KM) curves and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were applied to conduct survival comparisons and estimate prediction ability. The dataset of Liver Cancer-RIKEN, Japan Project from International Cancer Genome Consortium (ICGC-LIRI-JP) cohort was used to verify the reliability of the signature. Correlation analysis between clinicopathological characteristics, immune infiltration, drug sensitivities, and risk scores was conducted. Functional annotation analyses were performed for the genes differentially expressed between high-risk and low-risk groups. Results. A risk signature consisting of 6 pyroptosis-related genes in HCC was developed and validated. KM curves and ROC curves revealed its considerable predictive accuracy. Higher risk scores meant more advanced grade, higher alpha-fetoprotein level, and stronger invasive ability. Overexpressed genes in high-risk population were more enriched in the immune-associated pathways, and these patients might be more sensitive to immune checkpoint inhibitors instead of Sorafenib. Intriguingly, 6 identified genes were promising to be prognostic biomarkers and therapeutic targets of HCC. Conclusions. The signature may have crucial clinical significance in predicting survival prognosis, immune infiltration, and drug efficacy based on pyroptosis-related genes.

Cancers ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 14 (1) ◽  
pp. 237
Qilin Wang ◽  
Qian Liu ◽  
Sihan Qi ◽  
Junyou Zhang ◽  
Xian Liu ◽  

Pyroptosis is a newly characterized type of programmed cell death. However, its function in cancer progression and its response to treatments remain controversial. Here, we extensively and systematically compiled genes associated with pyroptosis, integrated multiomics data and clinical data across 31 cancer types from The Cancer Genome Atlas, and delineated the global alterations in PRGs at the transcriptional level. The underlying transcriptional regulations by copy number variation, miRNAs, and enhancers were elucidated by integrating data from the Genotype-Tissue Expression and International Cancer Genome Consortium. A prognostic risk model, based on the expression of PRGs across 31 cancer types, was constructed. To investigate the role of pyroptosis in immunotherapy, we found five PRGs associated with effectiveness by exploring the RNA-Seq data of patients with immunotherapy, and further identified two small-molecule compounds that are potentially beneficial for immunotherapy. For the first time, from a pyroptosis standpoint, this study establishes a novel strategy to predict cancer patient survival and immunotherapeutic outcomes.

2022 ◽  
Vol 11 ◽  
Yue Wang ◽  
Bao Xuan Li ◽  
Xiang Li

Ovarian cancer (OC) is a highly heterogeneous disease with different cellular origins reported; thus, precise prognostic strategies and effective new therapies are urgently needed for patients with OC. A growing number of studies have shown that most malignancies have intensive angiogenesis and rapid growth. Therefore, angiogenesis plays an important role in the development of tumor metastasis. However, the prognostic value of angiogenesis-related genes (ARGs) in OC remains to be further elucidated. In this study, the expression data and corresponding clinical data from patients with OC and normal control samples were downloaded with UCSC XENA. A total of 1,960 differentially expressed ARGs were screened and functionally annotated through Gene Ontology (GO) terms and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathways. Univariate Cox regression analysis was performed to identify ARGs associated with prognosis. New ARGs signatures (including ESM1, CXCL13, TPCN2, PTPRD, FOXO1, and ELK3) were constructed for the prediction of overall survival (OS) in OC based on the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) and multivariate Cox regression analysis. Patients were divided based on their median risk score. In the The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) training dataset, the survival analysis showed that overall survival was lower in the high-risk group than that in the low-risk group (p < 0.0001). The International Cancer Genome Consortium (ICGC) database was used for validation, and the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves showed good performance. Univariate and multivariate Cox analyses were conducted to identify independent predictors of OS. The nomogram, including the risk score, age, stage, grade, and position, can not only show good predictive ability but also can explore the correlation analysis based on ARGs for immunogenicity, immune components, and immune phenotypes with risk score. Risk scores were correlated strongly with the type of immune infiltration. Furthermore, homologous recombination defect (HRD), NtAIscore, LOH score, LSTm score, stemness index (mRNAsi), and stromal cells were significantly correlated with risk score. The present study suggests that the novel signature constructed from six ARGs may serve as effective prognostic biomarkers for OC and contribute to clinical decision making and personalized prognostic monitoring of OC.

2022 ◽  
Junliang Chen ◽  
Huaitao Wang ◽  
Lei Zhou ◽  
Zhihao Liu ◽  
Hui Chen ◽  

Abstract Background: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains a growing threat to global health. Necroptosis is a newly discovered regulated cell necrosis that plays a vital role in cancer development. Thus, we conducted this study to develop a predictive signature based on necroptosis-related genes.Methods: The tumor samples in The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) Liver Hepatocellular Carcinoma (LIHC) cohort were subtyped using the consensus clustering algorithm. Univariate Cox regression and LASSO-Cox analysis were performed to construct a gene signature model from differentially expressed genes between tumor clusters. Then we integrated TNM stage and the prognostic model to build a nomogram. The gene signature and the nomogram were externally validated in the GSE14520 cohort from the gene expression omnibus (GEO) and LIRP-JP cohort from the International Cancer Genome Consortium (ICGC). Predictive performance evaluation was conducted using Kaplan-Meier plot, time-dependent receiver operating characteristic curve, principal components analysis, concordance index, and decision curve analysis. The tumor microenvironment was estimated using seven published methods. Finally, we also predicted the drug responses to immunotherapy, conventional chemotherapy and molecular-targeted therapy using two algorithms and two datasets. Results: We identified two necroptosis-related clusters and a ten-gene signature (MTMR2, CDCA8, S100A9, ANXA10, G6PD, SLC1A5, SLC2A1, SPP1, PLOD2, and MMP1). The gene signature and the nomogram had good predictive ability in TCGA, ICGC, and GEO cohorts. The risk score was positively associated with the degree of necroptosis and immune infiltration (especially immunosuppressive cells). The high-risk group could benefit more from immunotherapy. Chemotherapy and molecular-targeted therapy should be adapted to the molecular profiles of each patient.Conclusion: The necroptosis-related gene signature provides reliable evidence for prognosis prediction, comprehensive treatment, and new therapeutic targets for HCC patients. The nomogram can further improve predictive accuracy.

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