microporous material
Recently Published Documents





AIP Advances ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
pp. 015216
Gaofa Nie ◽  
Zhanyong Li ◽  
Qian Chen

2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 1-22
Emmanuel E. Okoro ◽  
Rachael Josephs ◽  
Samuel E. Sanni ◽  
Yuven Nchila

The adoption of nanodoped membranes in the areas of gas stream separation, water, and wastewater treatments due to the physical and operational advantages of such membranes has significantly increased. The literature has shown that the surface structure and physicochemical properties of nanodoped membranes contribute significantly to the interaction and rejection characteristics when compared to bare membranes. This study reviews the recent developments on nanodoped membranes, and their hybrids for carbon capture and gas separation operations. Features such as the nanoparticles/materials and hybrids used for membrane doping and the effect of physicochemical properties and water vapour in nanodoped membrane performance for carbon capture are discussed. The highlights of this review show that nanodoped membrane is a facile modification technique which improves the membrane performance in most cases and holds a great potential for carbon capture. Membrane module design and material, thickness, structure, and configuration were identified as key factors that contribute directly, to nanodoped membrane performance. This study also affirms that the three core parameters satisfied before turning a microporous material into a membrane are as follows: high permeability and selectivity, ease of fabrication, and robust structure. From the findings, it is also observed that the application of smart models and knowledge-based systems have not been extensively studied in nanoparticle-/material-doped membranes. More studies are encouraged because technical improvements are needed in order to achieve high performance of carbon capture using nanodoped membranes, as well as improving their durability, permeability, and selectivity of the membrane.

Processes ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 9 (6) ◽  
pp. 934
Nahum A. Medellín-Castillo ◽  
Raúl Ocampo-Pérez ◽  
Angélica Forgionny ◽  
Gladis J. Labrada-Delgado ◽  
Ana I. Zárate-Guzmán ◽  

In the present work, the preparation of activated carbon pellets from cigarette butts by thermal treatment was evaluated. The morphological, textural, topological, and surface chemical properties were studied by SEM-EDX, N2 adsorption, Raman, and FTIR spectroscopy. For adsorption assays, activated carbon was tested for the adsorption of phenol as a model molecule at different solution pH, temperature, and type of water. In addition, leaching tests before and after carbonization were conducted to evaluate the lixiviation of ions present in the solid. The results revealed a microporous material, composed of cylindrical fibers (thickness of 13 µm) with a microporous area of 713 m2/g and narrow and uniform slit-shaped pores (0.4–0.8 nm). The surface chemistry analysis evidenced the presence of oxygenated groups (carboxylic, esters, and phenolics). Activated carbon leaching tests indicated that the concentrations of the leached ions did not exceed the maximum permissible limit for drinking water. Phenol adsorption revealed an exothermic process with a maximum adsorption capacity of 272 mg/g at 10 °C. Finally, it was confirmed that phenol diffusion was drastically affected by hindered phenomena due to the similarity in the molecular size of phenol and the average size of micropores, and as a result an effective diffusion coefficient between 6.10 × 10−0 and 5.50 × 10−12 cm2/s and a maximum tortuosity value of 3.3 were obtained.

2021 ◽  
Vol 5 (4) ◽  
pp. 102
Reyna Ojeda-López ◽  
Armando Domínguez-Ortiz ◽  
Carlos Felipe ◽  
A. Cervantes-Uribe ◽  
Isaac J. Pérez-Hermosillo ◽  

The isosteric enthalpy of adsorption (∆adsh ) of CO2 in three different micro and mesoporous materials was evaluated in this work. These materials were a microporous material with functional groups of nitrogen and oxygen (CMFs, carbon microfibers), a mesoporous material with silanol groups (SBA-15, Santa Barbara Amorphous), and a mesoporous material with amine groups (SBA-15_APTES, SBA-15 amine-functionalized with (3-Aminopropyl)-triethoxysilane). The temperature interval explored was between 263 K and 303 K, with a separation of 5 K between each one, so a total of nine CO2 isotherms were obtained. Using the nine isotherms and the Clausius–Clapeyron equation, the reference value for ∆adsh was found. The reference value was compared with those ∆adsh obtained, considering some arrangement of three or five CO2 isotherms. Finally, it was found that at 298 K and 1 bar, the total amount of CO2 adsorbed is 2.32, 0.53, and 1.37 mmol g−1 for CMF, SBA-15, and SBA-15_APTES, respectively. However, at a coverage of 0.38 mmol g−1, ∆adsh is worth 38, 30, and 29 KJ mol−1 for SBA-15_APTES, CMFs, and SBA-15, respectively. So, physisorption predominates in the case of CMF and SBA-15 materials, and the ∆adsh values significantly coincide regardless of whether the isotherms arrangement used was three or five. Meanwhile, in SBA-15_APTES, chemisorption predominates as a consequence of the arrangements used to obtain . This happens in such a way that the use of low temperatures (263–283 K) tends to produce higher ∆adsh values, while the use of high temperatures (283–303 K) decreases the ∆adsh values.

Li Yang ◽  
Lei Sun ◽  
Yan-Liang Zhao ◽  
Jikai Sun ◽  
Qi-Wen Deng ◽  

Microporous organic polymers (MOPs) are a new kind of microporous material. Due to their high porosity, large pore volume, and large surface area, MOPs exhibit excellent performance in gas adsorption...

2020 ◽  
Vol 57 (3) ◽  
pp. 117-124
Doru Mihai ◽  
Narcisa Elena Pogurschi ◽  
Nicoleta Daniela Sarbu ◽  
Constanta Valentina Tudor ◽  
Adina Horablaga ◽  

This research aims to establish the behaviour of geomembranes used for base sealing and for covering municipal waste facilities. The geomembranes used for base sealing are subjected to leachate pressure and to the action of chemical and microbiological pollutants. Geomembranes used for covering waste facilities are subjected to the action of precipitation water and released gases. This paper analyzes the following: the permeability mechanism of geomembranes made of polymers, the process of water vapours diffusion through polymers, diffusion flow, characteristic of permeability and influencing factors. The study also presents data on the permeability of some polymers - the most commonly used in the structure of geomembranes used in household waste facilities - as well as some of the results of ongoing research on the behaviour of high density polyethylene geomembranes in contact with the waste facilities� leachate. Diffusion was determined by measuring the weight of the vessel (water loss) daily for 30 days. The polymer influences the permeability and diffusion through the molecular and intermolecular chemical structure, the packing density, the degree of crystallinity, the crosslinking density and through the flexibility of the macromolecular chains. The results show that the permeability of polymeric geomembranes is comparable to that of a microporous material (cement stone, bentonite).

2020 ◽  
Vol 391 ◽  
pp. 123575 ◽  
Nicholaus Prasetya ◽  
Nurul F. Himma ◽  
Putu Doddy Sutrisna ◽  
I G. Wenten ◽  
Bradley P. Ladewig

Sign in / Sign up

Export Citation Format

Share Document