charging stations
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A. R. Safin ◽  
I. V. Ivshin ◽  
A. N. Tsvetkov ◽  
T. I. Petrov ◽  
V. R. Basenko ◽  

THE PURPOSE. Charging infrastructure is one of the factors influencing the transition to electric vehicles, as the electric vehicles in operation are characterized by a small range and a long battery charge period. Today, the development of the charging infrastructure depends only on the networks of stationary charging stations, which also have disadvantages (high cost, lack of mobility, etc.). Therefore, the purpose of this work is to study the design features of mobile electric vehicle charge units (MCSEU) for the development of draft design documentation for the creation of a new MCSEU project. This issue includes the study of the world market of manufacturers of modern mobile chargers, the study of technical and operational features that are today presented to modern energy storage and storage systems.MATERIALS. The authors of the article processed and analyzed data on the current state of the charging infrastructure in Russia and the world, based on materials from Russian and foreign authors, as well as information on the development strategy of the electric transport industry in Russia and the world, in particular, data from Madison Gas and Electric.RESULTS. The obtained analytical results are one of the aspects that will be taken into account when developing mobile charging devices for electric vehicles. This mobile charger technology significantly expands the possibilities of using electric vehicles, in particular electric vehicles, and also solves various problems of the fuel and energy complex associated with autonomous power sources and distributed generation systems.CONCLUSION. The charging infrastructure is one of the factors influencing the transition to electric vehicles, as the electric vehicles in operation are characterized by a small range and a long period of charging the traction battery. However, this process will be long and in the near future networks of charging stations will be created, including mobile charging units for electric vehicles.

Kamal Rachid ◽  
Hassan El Fadil ◽  
Fouad Giri ◽  
Aziz Rachid ◽  
Fatima-Zahra Chaoui

Energy ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 239 ◽  
pp. 122276
Emre Anıl Kakillioglu ◽  
Melike Yıldız Aktaş ◽  
Nilgun Fescioglu-Unver

2022 ◽  
pp. 38-67
Toni Zhimomi ◽  
Mohammad Saad Alam ◽  
Hafiz Malik

Charging infrastructure is a key factor in successful electric vehicle adoption. Charging stations are still a fragmented market in terms of ownership, lack of standards, and charging protocols. The increasing decentralised grid has made energy and communication flow bi-directional. Challenges arise in maintaining the increasing decentralised structure, security, and privacy of the network. Blockchain facilitates the interconnectedness of such a distributed and decentralised network. Blockchain's versatility lies in its transparent and immutable decentralized architecture that enables direct transactions between users without the need of a middleman. It provides powerful safeguards against cyberattacks with its advanced cryptography enabling privacy-preserving authentication. This chapter presents a comprehensive review on the application of blockchain technology in EV charging infrastructure such as facilitating the peer-to-peer energy exchange, increased security and privacy, immutable transactions, and mitigating trust issues among the participants in the charging infrastructure.

2022 ◽  
pp. 96-113
Mamdouh Ahmed Ezzeldin ◽  
Ahmed Mohsen Ali ◽  
Jomana Ashraf Mahmoud ◽  
Sohaila Ahmed Rabie ◽  
Hossam Hassan Ammar

Electrical vehicles are the future of the world; hence, there is a necessity to pave the way for the upcoming technology and to ensure its contribution to the society fairly. Nevertheless, if the EVs completely replaced the fuel-based cars, more EV charging stations would be needed which might develop overconsumption of the main grid power causing remarkable instability. Consequently, the micro grids become the solution to this problem, in which they are defined as relatively small networks of energy sources and loads at the distribution level that aim to provide electricity to remote locations where the charging stations are located. In this chapter, the EV is considered as a load to the micro grid indirectly through the EV charging stations. Thus, micro grid loads will be retrieved from experimental data of an actual prototype electric vehicle to reflect on the battery degradation in a micro-grid connected system.

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